The troubles

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The troubles

  1. 1. The Troubles..<br />
  2. 2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LxOTQIPDU2o<br />
  3. 3. The parties involved..<br />UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force) – mostly Protestants<br />NICRA(Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association)<br />British government<br />IRA(Irish Republican Army)<br />
  4. 4. Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)<br />Aim: to eliminate the paramilitary Irish republican (Catholic) groups<br />Method: Violence<br />Retaliation for attacks on Protestants by the paramilitary Catholic groups<br />More than two-thirds of 481 victims were Catholic civilians <br />
  5. 5. Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA)<br />Aim: to bring about changes in NI by ending discrimination against the Catholics<br />Method: Non-violent protests<br />Included people from Trade Unions, political parties and students from Uni<br />Members: Formed by well-educated middle-class Catholics<br />
  6. 6. The Civil Rights Movement marked the start of a period known as “The Troubles” in Northern Ireland.<br />
  7. 7. Fighting often broke out between the Catholics, Protestants and the police.<br />British Army:<br />We will bring peace and restore stability in this land!<br />
  8. 8. The British Army<br />Aim: to bring peace between the C & P and restore order in Northern Ireland<br />Method: Aggressive and strict policing<br />A blizzard of reforms: including the setting up of a variety of bodies to allocate council housing, investigate the recent cycle of violence and review policing<br />A neutral force? – Welcomed by the Catholics<br />
  9. 9. The British Army<br />
  10. 10. The British Army<br />THE INTERNMENT LAWS<br />Gave the British Army power <br />to arrest, interrogate and <br />Detain without trial anyone<br />Suspected of being involved<br />In any acts to weaken the government <br />
  11. 11. The British Army<br />THE INTERNMENT LAWS<br />They searched the homes of <br />the Catholics and arrested <br />those suspected of terrorist<br />activities (IRA activities)<br /><ul><li>The Catholics lost faith in the British Army
  12. 12. More joined the paramilitaries (IRA)</li></li></ul><li>BLOODY SUNDAY<br />
  13. 13. More violence between Protestants and Catholics<br />Catholic homes were bombed frequently, forcing families to flee<br />Their shops and pubs were also burnt<br />The local police did not do anything<br />The British Army’s aggressive tactics (use of force) only exacerbated the conflict<br />
  14. 14. The IRA (Irish Republican Army)<br />Aim: Defence of the Catholics and to pursue a reunification of Ireland <br />Method: Violence<br />Responsible for two-thirds of the deaths<br />The political arm of IRA<br />Adopted a policy of contesting elections while supporting the use of violence to achieve its ends<br />Sinn Fein<br />
  15. 15. The IRA (Irish Republican Army)<br />
  16. 16. IRA prisoners held hunger strikes against the British<br />Bobby Sands- first to die from hunger strike<br />
  17. 17. RESULT?<br />Relations between the Republic of Ireland and Britain had reached a new low during the hunger strikes<br />
  18. 18. The Journey Towards Peace..<br />
  19. 19. Bloody Sunday:<br />NI govt suspended  receive direct orders from London<br />1972<br />Agreement was reached to introduce power sharing between Catholics and Protestants<br />1973<br />Agreement of power sharing removed through Protestant workers’ strike<br />1974<br />Another agreement reached to reintroduce power sharing but not implemented because political parties refuse to share power<br />1988<br />Good Friday Agreement<br />1998<br />
  20. 20. The 1998 Good Friday Agreement/ Belfast Treaty<br />It established the Northern Ireland Assembly with devolved legislative powers and marked a deescalation of violence in The Troubles<br />
  21. 21. Peace in NI?<br />Many problems still remain, and violence flares up again and again<br />Long history of internal conflict  take a long time to change the discrimination <br />Positive developments:<br />Steps towards arms decommissioning (2005)<br />Increased sensitivity<br />
  22. 22. What are some lessons we can learn?<br />

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