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Presentation on use and understanding of articulation

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  1. 1. Articulation Smooth flowing speech or Sludgy contaminated speech…
  2. 2. What emotion can you make with your voice? <ul><li>What emotions do you hear in the following voices? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Shrek
  4. 4. What emotion can you make with your voice? <ul><li>Pick an emotion that you can create with your voice </li></ul>
  5. 5. What Did You Observe?
  6. 6. SODA <ul><li>Substitution </li></ul><ul><li>Omission </li></ul><ul><li>Distortion </li></ul><ul><li>Addition </li></ul>
  7. 7. Have you met…
  8. 8. What causes this speech? <ul><li>Laziness </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous tension </li></ul><ul><li>Apathy </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with health </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul>Only 3 in 100 people have good or superior articulation
  9. 9. Sloppiness vs. Artificiality <ul><li>Speech needs to sound real and unforced </li></ul><ul><li>Neither undercooked or overcooked </li></ul><ul><li>Articulation should seem natural and not like you are trying too hard </li></ul>
  10. 10. A Smooth Blend
  11. 11. Assimilation <ul><li>Helps to make sounds and sound combinations easier to pronounce </li></ul><ul><li>It facilitates the various movements of the articulators </li></ul><ul><li>It is when your overlapping or assimilation is to the extreme then we get… </li></ul>WAASAP?
  12. 12. Articulation <ul><li>Means joined </li></ul><ul><li>So it is natural to join or link your words smoothly </li></ul><ul><li>It is when it is incomprehensible that it becomes a problem </li></ul>
  13. 13. Movements <ul><li>Lips- pout & protrude/squeeze & relax </li></ul><ul><li>Front teeth (“Say, Velma, cook the veal thoroughly.”) </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Jaw </li></ul><ul><li>Tongue (variable positions) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think, These, Bust, Buzz, Fool, Show </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Velum- soft palate </li></ul>
  14. 14. Exercises for the Articulators <ul><li>In your groups, practice these tips on pages 68-69 </li></ul><ul><li>Make notice of each other’s movements </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sound Families <ul><li>Consonants </li></ul><ul><li>Vowels </li></ul><ul><li>Diphthongs </li></ul>
  16. 16. Consonants <ul><li>Separate vowel sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Obstruct breathing-Closed Sounds </li></ul><ul><li>The backbone of modern language </li></ul><ul><li>65% of all sounds are consonants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Therefore problems and defects involve more consonants then vowels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Movement of our articulators helps to create smooth consonant sounds </li></ul>
  17. 17. Vowels <ul><li>No obstruction in breath stream </li></ul><ul><li>Open mouth sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Vowels are the flesh and blood of sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Provide emotion </li></ul>
  18. 18. Diphthongs <ul><li>A rapid blending together of two separate vowel sounds within the same syllable </li></ul><ul><li>Problems involving dialects involve vowels and diphthongs </li></ul>
  19. 19. Try this sentence… <ul><li>Gear and tear but wear and tear…Meat and feat, but sweat and great. That last word rhymes with freight and weight. Quite different again is height which sounds like bite, indict, and light… crew and blew and few, but sew, cow and row… </li></ul>
  20. 20. Consonants <ul><li>Voiced or unvoiced </li></ul><ul><li>Unvoiced- vocal folds are at rest </li></ul><ul><li>Voiced- vocal folds are vibrating </li></ul>
  21. 21. 26- No not Championships <ul><li>26 Letters, but 50 different sounds </li></ul><ul><li>43 of them are represented by the International Phonetic Alphabet </li></ul><ul><li>18 are vowels and diphthongs </li></ul>
  22. 22. Phonetics <ul><li>The study of the sounds of spoken language </li></ul><ul><li>International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is universal </li></ul><ul><li>Each symbol in IPA represents a phoneme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A basic unite or sound family </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. [Phonetic Symbol] <ul><li>K vs. [k] </li></ul><ul><li>I can open a can of beans </li></ul><ul><li>Allophone- variation of a phoneme </li></ul><ul><li>The Phoneme is a family of sounds </li></ul>
  24. 24. IPA Has Usefulness in Developing More Awareness of Speech <ul><li>Helps to distinguish all the sounds of spoken English </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eartraining tool </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Associate symbols with actual movements of the speech mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Solves the problem created by English spelling; provides a symbol for each sound </li></ul>
  25. 25. Dialects <ul><li>Can differ in pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Florida </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sack or Bag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I be going, I am going </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Regional Dialects <ul><li>Here are the regional dialects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern (sub dialect NY Metro) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General American </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Word “Car” </li></ul>
  27. 27. Standard vs. Nonstandard Speech <ul><li>Standard- Language of the majority of educational people in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Non-standard- different pronunciation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quincy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The standard of the area usually carries more prestige for the speaker simply because it reflects the way well-educated speak </li></ul>
  28. 28. Consonants <ul><li>Classified by three factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voicing (voiced or unvoiced) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place of articulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method of articulation </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Voicing <ul><li>Gently rest fingers on either side of your thyroid or Adam’s Apple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Say vat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Say fat </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Place of Articulation <ul><li>Physical place of the articulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilabial (both lips) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labiodental (lip-teeth) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lingua-dental (tongue-teeth) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lingua-alveolar (tongue-gum ridge) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lingua-alveolo/palatal (tongue-gum ridge/palate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lingua-palatal (tongue-palate) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lingua-velar (tongue-soft palate) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glottal (the space between the vocal folds) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pet (bilabial sound-both lips needed to say the word) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Method of Articulation <ul><li>Plosives </li></ul><ul><li>Fricatives </li></ul><ul><li>Nasals </li></ul><ul><li>Glides </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Affricates </li></ul>
  32. 32. Plosives <ul><li>Stops- briefly blocking the air and building up pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Six of them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>p, t, k </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b, d, g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PET </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Fricatives <ul><li>Squeezes out some air through a narrow opening </li></ul><ul><ul><li>f, v </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>th, th </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>s, z </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sh, zh, h </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Nasals <ul><li>Block oral cavity with the lips or tongue and by lowering your soft palate </li></ul><ul><li>Air goes out your nostrils </li></ul><ul><ul><li>m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>n </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ng </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MAN </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Glides <ul><li>Consonant sounds you make while you are moving your articulators from one position to the other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hw (where, which, why) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>w (watch, wear, weather) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>r </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>y (onion, yes, yellow) </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Lateral <ul><li>Drop the sides of the tongue and allowing air to leave from the sides of the mouth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>l </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lull </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Affricates <ul><li>Consonant combinations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They can be voiced or unvoiced combinations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voiceless plosive, voiceless fricative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voiced plosive, voiced fricative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ch (chair, each) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>j (judge, Jane, wage) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Vowels <ul><li>What are the vowels? </li></ul><ul><li>How do they sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Speech sounds produced without obstruction of the breath stream </li></ul><ul><li>Classification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height of tongue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place of production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle tension </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Height of Tongue <ul><li>See </li></ul><ul><li>Saw </li></ul>
  40. 40. “ e” <ul><li>Pet, few, sew, eye women, mete, serve, sergeant and Jones </li></ul><ul><li>All different pronunciations of “e” </li></ul>
  41. 41. Place of Production & Muscle Tension <ul><li>Part of tongue responsible for producing the vowel sound </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tension of the muscle of the larynx changes the vowel sound </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sit </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Diphthongs <ul><li>Vowel blend </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Begins with one vowel and ends with the other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The result is one sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TIME </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Study <ul><li>Look over pages 72-73 </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to distinguish these symbols and write a sentence using them to help you pronounce the letters correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>We will share our sentences in class next time </li></ul>
  44. 44. Your “Elevator” Pitch <ul><li>You bump into a person with whom you would like to network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you say? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Read the Elevator Speech article on the sidebar of the blog </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to speak starting the week of April 6th </li></ul>