Why is an animal, an animal and a  plant a plant?
The answer requires that welook at examples of theseorganisms at the level of thebasic unit of life……..
their cells.
Before we worry about animalsand plants, we need to look atsome other organisms.Bacteria are among the simplestorganisms.
Right: Streptococcus, thebacteria that cause Strepthroat, are spherical in shape. Each bacterium aligns withothers to form...
Bacteria, like all organisms,have DNA. The DNA ofbacteria floats freely in thecell’s cytoplasm. The DNAof all other organi...
This is an Amoeba, a species of protozoan.It has some characteristics in common withbacteria, however there are fundamenta...
This is a plant cell.Like the Amoeba, ithas a nucleus, althoughit is not visible in thisphotomicrograph.Plants consist of ...
NucleusThe nucleusis clearlyillustrated inthis plant celldiagram.
So, do you have some ideas ofwhat characterizes……a bacterium?a protozoan?a plant?
How does an animal differ from other    organisms?
Would youconsiderthis Toucanan animal?If so, why?
How about thisseahorse?Reasons?
What aboutthese babywhite-footedmice?Why?
Are toadsanimals?
Is a bat ananimal?Why isn’t it aplant, bacteria,or protozoan?
All animals havesomething in common. It’swhat makes them animals.Any ideas?
This is adiagram of ananimal cell.What is absenthere that waspresent in plantcells?            Cell       nucleus         ...
You’ll need to writedown the followingwords in your notes.
Eukaryotic
Eukaryotic –organisms whoseDNA is confinedwithin a nucleus.
Prokaryotic -
Prokaryotic –organisms that donot have a nucleus ormembrane boundorganelles.
Heterotrophic -
Heterotrophic –organisms thatmust obtain foodby consuming it.
Autotrophic -
Autotrophic –organisms that arecapable of producingtheir own food.
Unicellular -
Unicellular –organisms thatconsist of onlyone cell.
Multicellular -
Multicellular –organisms whosebody consists ofmany cells.
From the previous list ofterms, which ones apply      to animals?
Animals are organismsthat are…..
Animals are organismsthat are…..multicellular,
Animals are organismsthat are…..multicellular,eukaryotic,
Animals are organismsthat are…..multicellular,eukaryotic,heterotrophic,
Animals are organismsthat are…..multicellular,eukaryotic,heterotrophic, and lackcell walls.
Five kingdoms  zoology
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Five kingdoms zoology

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Five kingdoms zoology

  1. 1. Why is an animal, an animal and a plant a plant?
  2. 2. The answer requires that welook at examples of theseorganisms at the level of thebasic unit of life……..
  3. 3. their cells.
  4. 4. Before we worry about animalsand plants, we need to look atsome other organisms.Bacteria are among the simplestorganisms.
  5. 5. Right: Streptococcus, thebacteria that cause Strepthroat, are spherical in shape. Each bacterium aligns withothers to form a chain. These bacteria are called Bacilli (singular: Bacillus). Each one is rod-shaped.
  6. 6. Bacteria, like all organisms,have DNA. The DNA ofbacteria floats freely in thecell’s cytoplasm. The DNAof all other organisms iscontained within a nucleus.
  7. 7. This is an Amoeba, a species of protozoan.It has some characteristics in common withbacteria, however there are fundamentaldifferences as well. as well. Bacteria and protozoans consist of only one cell, but Nucleus protozoans have one or more nuclei.
  8. 8. This is a plant cell.Like the Amoeba, ithas a nucleus, althoughit is not visible in thisphotomicrograph.Plants consist of manycells, not just one likebacteria andprotozoans. Cell Wall Chloroplasts
  9. 9. NucleusThe nucleusis clearlyillustrated inthis plant celldiagram.
  10. 10. So, do you have some ideas ofwhat characterizes……a bacterium?a protozoan?a plant?
  11. 11. How does an animal differ from other organisms?
  12. 12. Would youconsiderthis Toucanan animal?If so, why?
  13. 13. How about thisseahorse?Reasons?
  14. 14. What aboutthese babywhite-footedmice?Why?
  15. 15. Are toadsanimals?
  16. 16. Is a bat ananimal?Why isn’t it aplant, bacteria,or protozoan?
  17. 17. All animals havesomething in common. It’swhat makes them animals.Any ideas?
  18. 18. This is adiagram of ananimal cell.What is absenthere that waspresent in plantcells? Cell nucleus membrane
  19. 19. You’ll need to writedown the followingwords in your notes.
  20. 20. Eukaryotic
  21. 21. Eukaryotic –organisms whoseDNA is confinedwithin a nucleus.
  22. 22. Prokaryotic -
  23. 23. Prokaryotic –organisms that donot have a nucleus ormembrane boundorganelles.
  24. 24. Heterotrophic -
  25. 25. Heterotrophic –organisms thatmust obtain foodby consuming it.
  26. 26. Autotrophic -
  27. 27. Autotrophic –organisms that arecapable of producingtheir own food.
  28. 28. Unicellular -
  29. 29. Unicellular –organisms thatconsist of onlyone cell.
  30. 30. Multicellular -
  31. 31. Multicellular –organisms whosebody consists ofmany cells.
  32. 32. From the previous list ofterms, which ones apply to animals?
  33. 33. Animals are organismsthat are…..
  34. 34. Animals are organismsthat are…..multicellular,
  35. 35. Animals are organismsthat are…..multicellular,eukaryotic,
  36. 36. Animals are organismsthat are…..multicellular,eukaryotic,heterotrophic,
  37. 37. Animals are organismsthat are…..multicellular,eukaryotic,heterotrophic, and lackcell walls.

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