Vocabulary

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This PowerPoint reviews technology terms for Middle School students.

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Vocabulary

  1. 1. Middle School Technology Vocabulary Review
  2. 2. Clip Art This picture is called a .GIF. This picture is called a .JPG.
  3. 3. JCPS Acceptable Use Policy <ul><li>Students will use the network for conducting research and assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Students will use appropriate language, avoid swearing, vulgarities, and abusive language </li></ul><ul><li>Students will not use unauthorized multi-user games. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will not forward chain letters. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will not create or share computer viruses. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will not damage/attempt to damage, move or </li></ul><ul><li>remove software, hardware or files. </li></ul>
  4. 4. E-Mail <ul><li>Kids’ Rules for Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Do’s and Don’ts for Any Message </li></ul><ul><li>Chat Do’s and Don’ts </li></ul><ul><li>One-to-One Instant Messaging Do’s and Don’ts </li></ul><ul><li>Message Board Do’s and Don’ts </li></ul>
  5. 5. Beware of Flame Wars! <ul><li>Flaming – using </li></ul><ul><li>e-mail to send mean angry messages meant to upset someone. Many times uses *$#@ characters. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Copyright <ul><li>The exclusive rights to reproduce, publish, and sell the matter and form (as of writing, music, or art). </li></ul><ul><li>With music you can use 10% or 30 seconds (whichever is less) without getting permission. </li></ul><ul><li>DON’T PLAGERIZE! ALWAYS </li></ul><ul><li>GIVE THE WRITER, SINGER, </li></ul><ul><li>OR ARTIST CREDIT! </li></ul>
  7. 7. SHAREWARE <ul><li>Software that can be freely copied for a limited period of time: however, if you decide to keep it, you must pay a fee to the author. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Thesaurus <ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Used to find a synonym – word that means the same thing. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Specific Alignment <ul><li>Found on your formatting toolbar </li></ul><ul><li>Left Align </li></ul><ul><li>Center </li></ul><ul><li>Right Align </li></ul><ul><li>Justify </li></ul>
  10. 10. Headers/Footers <ul><li>Adds text that will either print at the top or the bottom of every page of your document. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Window Menu <ul><li>If you have multiple documents open at the same time, you can switch back and forth between documents by using the drop-down menu called WINDOW </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rich Text Format <ul><li>We use RTF format when we want to save word processing documents and use/ open them on other computers and applications. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, if you have an Apple computer at home and want to forward your portfolio piece from home to a computer at school, you can save it as an RTF. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Correct Formulas <ul><li>Formulas in Excel ALWAYS begin with an equal (=) sign! </li></ul><ul><li>=A1+B1 </li></ul><ul><li>=A2*H7 </li></ul><ul><li>=B7/B3 </li></ul><ul><li>=H7-I7 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Excel Screen <ul><li>Rows are numbered and go across the screen. Think of theater rows. </li></ul><ul><li>Columns are letters and go up/down on the screen. Think of tall buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>If you need to format an entire row, you select the specific row number. </li></ul><ul><li>If you need to format an entire column, you select the column label or letter. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Functions <ul><li>Excel has several built-in functions that save you time in calculating data. </li></ul><ul><li>Select your function from the list. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sorting Data <ul><li>Remember to select all of the information in a row so you keep the information that belongs together, TOGETHER! </li></ul><ul><li>Use the DATA drop-down menu, then SORT. </li></ul>Header Row
  17. 17. Fill Feature <ul><li>In Excel you can copy the contents of one cell to one or more cells. You can do this by using the Fill Handle in the active cell. </li></ul><ul><li>Make the white plus sign ( + ) go to black when you move the mouse to the bottom right-hand corner. </li></ul><ul><li>Drag over the range (group of cells) you want to fill. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Fill Feature <ul><li>If you need to fill text or a formula in a column, you can use your fill handle on the active cell or you can use the EDIT drop-down menu and the fill command to fill down. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Large Ranges of Data <ul><li>If you have a large range of data, the easiest way to select it would be to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Position your active cell to the starting point of the range. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Next using your scroll bars, scroll so you can see the end of the range. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold your shift key down and then click on the last cell of the range. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Charts <ul><li>Bar Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Column Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Pie Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Line Charts </li></ul>
  21. 21. Chart Options <ul><li>A legend is a part of a chart or graph that identifies the patterns or colors that are assigned to the data series or categories in a chart. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Chart Options <ul><li>Once a graph or chart is created and you need to go back to edit or add features, you can go to the CHART menu drop-down and make changes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change location of the chart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change the type of chart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add the X-axis or Y-Axis data </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Database <ul><li>A database is a collection of related information organized for rapid search and retrieval. </li></ul><ul><li>The Microsoft software for databases is called: ACCESS </li></ul>
  24. 24. What is a Hacker? <ul><li>A person who gains access to another person’s computer or a computer system WITHOUT permission. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a hacker intents to destroy or delete data/files or modify computer codes. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Internet Explorer <ul><li>The Internet Explorer is a browser that allows you to search for information on the internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Other browsers are Navigator and Netscape. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Keywords <ul><li>When searching for information on-line, you can narrow your search by putting a KEYWORD or KEYWORDS in the search line. </li></ul><ul><li>REMEMBER BOOLEAN OPERATORS: </li></ul><ul><li>AND, OR, NOT </li></ul>
  27. 27. Citing Electronic Pieces <ul><li>Must have: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author or originator. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of item. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[Online] Date of document or download or accessed (day, month, year). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>URL <http://address/filename>. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Trouble Shooting <ul><li>If your computer does not turn on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure that the tower and monitor are turned on. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the power cords to the way and to the tower. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember to check the print queue for documents that do not print. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. WAN/LAN <ul><li>A WAN is a wide area network that links computers and networks in different geographic areas. </li></ul><ul><li>A LAN is a local area network that links computers or networks in a smaller geographic area such as a room or building. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Presentations <ul><li>Presentations can contain: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple slides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information about any topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures or graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music and/or sound </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Insert Pictures in Presentations <ul><li>When inserting a picture found on the internet, you must cite the picture on the page in which it occurs. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Master Slides <ul><li>The slide master controls certain text characteristics — such as font type, size, and color — called &quot;master text,&quot; as well as background color and certain special effects, such as shadowing and bullet style. </li></ul><ul><li>The slide master contains text placeholders and placeholders for footers, such as the date, time, and slide number. </li></ul><ul><li>When you want to make a global change to the look of your slides, you don't have to change each slide individually. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Inserting Date/Time <ul><li>You can insert several date formats into a WORD document by choosing the INSERT drop-down menu and selecting DATE AND TIME. </li></ul>Updates Automatically
  34. 34. Page Setup <ul><li>In order to change the page orientation and margins, you can go to the FILE drop-down menu and select PAGE SETUP. </li></ul>Page Orientation
  35. 35. Columns <ul><li>To put a document into columns, use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Icon on the Standard Toolbar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FORMAT drop-down menu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Columns </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Create a Header/Footer <ul><li>Select VIEW from the drop-down menu </li></ul><ul><li>Headers are at the top of the document </li></ul><ul><li>Footers are at the bottom of the document </li></ul>Switch between header and footer
  37. 37. Wrapping Text <ul><li>In order for text to wrap or flow around a picture you must format the picture. </li></ul><ul><li>Select the graphic you want to wrap text around and then double click the picture, use the FORMAT drop-down menu or right click the mouse. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to choose square or tight for text to wrap. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Wrapping Text <ul><li>Select the type of wrapping. </li></ul>
  39. 39. To Bold Column Headings <ul><li>You can select the range and then press the “ B” on the formatting toolbar. </li></ul><ul><li>You can select the row number or the column label if you need to bold all items in either the row or column. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Format Column Width <ul><li>To format column width, you can position your pointer between the column labels until you get arrows pointing in two directions and then drag bigger or smaller. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also use the FORMAT drop down menu and selection COLUMN and then WIDTH. </li></ul>
  41. 41. FILE EXTENSIONS <ul><li>WORD: .doc </li></ul><ul><li>PowerPoint: .ppt </li></ul><ul><li>Claris Works: .cwk </li></ul><ul><li>Rich Text Format: .rtf </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures: .jpg, .gif, .mpg </li></ul><ul><li>Music: .wav </li></ul>
  42. 42. WINDOWS <ul><li>THE OPERATING SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>IT TELLS THE COMPUTER WHAT TO DO </li></ul>

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