Last year in Florence
      (I think it was) Stu Card asked:
       “Are we even talking about the
       same thing?”
  ...
Coherence, Engagement, and Usefulness
as Sensemaking Criteria in
Participatory Media Practice
Sensemaking Workshop, ACM CH...
This talk describes…

    How the concepts of coherence,
     engagement, and usefulness…

    …can contribute to an und...
Practitioner sensemaking
                A teacher stands in front of a class,
                 lecturing on a math probl...
Participatory media
                      Involving participants
                      in the creation of media
          ...
Participatory media practitioner

               The person(s) orchestrating
                the participatory event,
   ...
Participatory hypermedia




  Collaborative, real-time shaping of
  a hypermedia artifact
A framework for participatory
hypermedia practice
Specific focus
        Practitioner moves and choices in
         participatory hypermedia sessions

        How these c...
Setting


   Workshops held at NASA Ames
   And Rutgers University in 2007

   Participants and practitioners had
   varyi...
Setting
Format for the workshops
        Small groups given a common task
             Working from a prepared set of images,
  ...
Analytical tools
 Shaping     CEU       Narrative      Grid     Framing
  form     analysis   description   analysis   ana...
Analytical tools
 Shaping       CEU         Narrative      Grid     Framing
  form       analysis     description   analys...
Analytical tools
 Shaping     CEU        Narrative         Grid     Framing
  form     analysis    description      analys...
Analytical tools
 Shaping     CEU       Narrative      Grid     Framing
  form     analysis   description   analysis   ana...
Analytical tools
 Shaping      CEU       Narrative      Grid      Framing
  form      analysis   description   analysis   ...
The CEU criteria
     Coherence
          keeping the hypermedia representation and participant
           interactions ...
CEU grid
                        Narrative
                        descriptions
                        of the
           ...
Comparing CEU across sessions

                      1
                      2
                      3
                   ...
What does this get us?
      Insights into how shaping of participatory media
       artifacts takes place, and the chara...
This research is part of…



          kmi.open.ac.uk/projects/hyperdiscourse




compendium.open.ac.uk/institute    knowl...
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Coherence, Engagement, and Usefulness as Sensemaking Criteria in Participatory Media Practice (CHI 2009)

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Selvin, A.M. and Buckingham Shum, S. (2009). Coherence, engagement, and usefulness as sensemaking criteria in participatory media practice. In: Sensemaking Workshop, ACM Computer-Human Interaction (CHI) Conference, 2009, 4-5 April 2009, Boston, MA, USA. ePrint: http://oro.open.ac.uk/12910

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Coherence, Engagement, and Usefulness as Sensemaking Criteria in Participatory Media Practice (CHI 2009)

  1. 1. Last year in Florence   (I think it was) Stu Card asked: “Are we even talking about the same thing?”   I’m still not sure Informational Experiential Sensemaking Sensemaking
  2. 2. Coherence, Engagement, and Usefulness as Sensemaking Criteria in Participatory Media Practice Sensemaking Workshop, ACM CHI 2009 Conference, Boston Al Selvin * ** Simon Buckingham Shum * * Knowledge Media Institute Open University Milton Keynes, UK MK7 6AA ** Verizon Information Technology White Plains, NY USA 10604
  3. 3. This talk describes…   How the concepts of coherence, engagement, and usefulness…   …can contribute to an understanding of practitioner sensemaking…   …in the context of participatory media practice Current PhD research at the Knowledge Media Institute, Open University UK (advisor: Simon Buckingham Shum)
  4. 4. Practitioner sensemaking   A teacher stands in front of a class, lecturing on a math problem, when a student asks an unexpected question   A doctor gives a healthy patient their annual physical exam, and suddenly comes across a lump   A guitarist in the middle of a jazz improvisation hears the drummer change to an unusual beat An anomaly is encountered in the course of events, requiring action (often improvised) in response
  5. 5. Participatory media Involving participants in the creation of media artifacts
  6. 6. Participatory media practitioner   The person(s) orchestrating the participatory event, responsible for its success   Concerned with the quality of the representation and the participants’ relationship to it   Varying levels of intervention; not necessarily the ones with their hands on the equipment
  7. 7. Participatory hypermedia Collaborative, real-time shaping of a hypermedia artifact
  8. 8. A framework for participatory hypermedia practice
  9. 9. Specific focus   Practitioner moves and choices in participatory hypermedia sessions   How these contribute to the ways in which participants engage with the media artifacts   Special emphasis on the character of the real- time shaping of the representation   Not focusing on whether the tool/approach “works”   Rather, what’s the human experience of trying to make them work for participants
  10. 10. Setting Workshops held at NASA Ames And Rutgers University in 2007 Participants and practitioners had varying levels of experience with the tools
  11. 11. Setting
  12. 12. Format for the workshops   Small groups given a common task   Working from a prepared set of images, construct a collaborative representational task for the large group   Each group given 1 hour to plan a 15 minute session   Large group sessions   Typically, one person would act as mapper and one as facilitator   Each group took a different direction
  13. 13. Analytical tools Shaping CEU Narrative Grid Framing form analysis description analysis analysis
  14. 14. Analytical tools Shaping CEU Narrative Grid Framing form analysis description analysis analysis Characterizing the representational character of the whole session What kind of shaping took place?
  15. 15. Analytical tools Shaping CEU Narrative Grid Framing form analysis description analysis analysis Mapping the coherence, engagement, and usefulness dimensions of each timeslot to build up a signature for the session Aids in identifying sensemaking episodes
  16. 16. Analytical tools Shaping CEU Narrative Grid Framing form analysis description analysis analysis Rich description of sensemaking episode
  17. 17. Analytical tools Shaping CEU Narrative Grid Framing form analysis description analysis analysis Increasing theoretical sensitivity Characterizing the practitioner actions during the episode in aesthetic, ethical, and experiential terms (informed by theoretical framework)
  18. 18. The CEU criteria   Coherence   keeping the hypermedia representation and participant interactions understandable, clear, evocative, and organized   Engagement   the relationship of participants to the artifact   looking at it, talking about it, referring to it, and involved in its construction or reshaping   Usefulness   the extent to which the representation appears to be adding value for the participants and helping to fulfill the goals of the session
  19. 19. CEU grid Narrative descriptions of the activities in each 30 second timeslot CEU ratings for Coherence each Engagement timeslot Usefulness Absolute and Coherence relative timing descriptions for (bottom two rows each timeslot are timings from video recordings) Engagement descriptions Screenshots Usefulness when display descriptions had changed significantly
  20. 20. Comparing CEU across sessions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Ames Group 1 C E U Low Medium High Numeric Numeric Numeric Ames Group 2 C rating Color rating Color rating Color E 1 2 3 U 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Ames Group 3 C E Good places to look for U discontinuities & Ames Group 4 C sensemaking moments E U 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Rutgers Group 1 C Good places to look at E how (relative) equilibrium U was fostered and Rutgers Group 2 C maintained E U 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 Ames Rutgers Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 1 Group 2 Coherence 2.2 1.5 2.3 2.7 3.0 2.9 Engagement 2.7 2.0 2.6 2.9 2.9 2.9 Usefulness 2.0 1.4 2.2 2.8 2.8 3.0 Overall 2.3 1.7 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.0
  21. 21. What does this get us?   Insights into how shaping of participatory media artifacts takes place, and the character of practitioner sensemaking in situ   Working towards a methodology for characterizing the ethical dimensions of (participatory) media practice   Development of practitioner education and improved software support Making a complex phenomenon visible and fostering reflective practice
  22. 22. This research is part of… kmi.open.ac.uk/projects/hyperdiscourse compendium.open.ac.uk/institute knowledgeart.blogspot.com

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