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Rhetorical situation power point

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A PowerPoint I use in my composition course.

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Rhetorical situation power point

  1. 1. The Rhetorical Situation
  2. 2. What Is Rhetoric? • Argument • Communication • Presenting your view of the world to others
  3. 3. Components of the Rhetorical Situation • Author – speaker, message sender • Audience – receiver, must participate • Context – time, place, attitudes, etc. • Purpose – why you are communicating • Topic – what you are communicating about • Genre – medium, way of communicating
  4. 4. Author • Beliefs, values • Experience • Ethos – credibility • Personal choices
  5. 5. Audience • Real • What does the audience value? • Interesting • Original • Makes sense • Length • Trust/ integrity
  6. 6. Audience Where on the line does the audience fall? • ---------------------------------------------------------------------- - • Completely agree Unsure/uniformed/uninterested Completely Disagree
  7. 7. Context and Exigency • Situation that calls for change • Situation calls for rhetoric and argument
  8. 8. Purpose • Persuade • Inform • Analyze – look closely at • Entertain • Describe • Ask for something
  9. 9. Topic • What you are communicating about
  10. 10. Genre • Website • News clip • Documentary • Magazine Article • Newspaper Article • Books – novel, fiction, scientific, biography
  11. 11. Rhetorical Strategies
  12. 12. Ethos Appeals to Credibility • Position • Education • Knowledge/ background • Experience • How one presents oneself • Present research of others, responsibly and accurately • Published and where published • Proofread/ professional presentation
  13. 13. Pathos: Appeals to Emotion and Values • Health • Family • Patriotism • Education • Hunger • Taste • Money • Emotions like anger, fear, sadness, joy, etc.
  14. 14. Logos: Appeals to Logic • Makes sense • Logic • Facts and figures
  15. 15. Logical Techniques • Sign - A sign of something else - Someone who is extremely thin might be a sign of malnutrition • Induction - Many examples to prove a point - To say that global warming exists means showing examples from many countries, not just one or two • Cause - One thing logically causes another - HIV virus, if untreated, causes AIDS virus • Definition - Be sure to define your terms! Remember, poverty in one country may be defined differently than in another country • Analogy - Comparing one thing to another - This depends on both things being similar - For example, immigration laws in some states may work in this state. • Deduction - Start from a general principle and work down - All cats are mammals. Whiskers is a cat. Whiskers is a mammal. • Statistics - Numbers, percentages, ratios, results of studies, etc.
  16. 16. Organization and Structure • Cause & Effect • Comparison • Chronological • Emphatic • General to Specific
  17. 17. Language • Language is used to convey emotion, logic, and credibility!

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