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Team Networks - 2022 Technology, Innovation & Great Power Competition

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Team Networks - 2022 Technology, Innovation & Great Power Competition

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Technology Innovation and Great Power Competition,TIGPC, Gordian knot Center, DIME-FIL, department of defense, dod, intlpol 340, joe felter, ms&e296, raj shah, stanford, Steve blank, AI, ML, AI/ML, china, networks

Technology Innovation and Great Power Competition,TIGPC, Gordian knot Center, DIME-FIL, department of defense, dod, intlpol 340, joe felter, ms&e296, raj shah, stanford, Steve blank, AI, ML, AI/ML, china, networks

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Team Networks - 2022 Technology, Innovation & Great Power Competition

  1. Networks
  2. Original Problem Statement: How might we implement a ubiquitous secure global access to the internet in order to help circumvent censorship in authoritarian regimes? Total Interviews: 40 XX ‘23 xx ‘24 xx ‘23 xx ‘23 xxx ‘23 xx ‘23 Final Problem Statement: How can we create an open, free Internet and maintain effective lines of communication in Taiwan in preparation for a potential invasion?
  3. OUR TUMULTUOUS JOURNEY Week 1 Weeks 7, 8, 9 Tackling Taiwan Week 6 Branching out Week 5 Time for a Change in Direction Weeks 2, 3, 4 Initial Investigation Week 1 Defining Original Problem Week 10 Final Solution
  4. DEFINING THE ORIGINAL PROBLEM Week 1 Week 1 Looking at secure, ubiquitous global access to the internet to circumvent censorship in authoritarian regimes (specifically China) Defining Original Problem
  5. THE INITIAL INVESTIGATION Weeks 2-4 Weeks 2, 3, 4 Week 1 Defining Original Problem How can we possibly overcome the Great Firewall? Would doing so be productive? Initial Investigation
  6. 2. CRACK THE GREAT FIREWALL Weeks 2-4 Satellite Networks - SpaceX’s Starlink - Amazon’s Project Kuiper Anonymity Networks - Tor Onion - Encrypt traffic and hide identity VPNs - Secure, encrypted connection through VPN service providers’ servers - Rerouted around firewall Other Tech - Flash Drives - Phones - Mobile Hotspots
  7. Weeks 2-4 CHINA IS TOO LARGE, COMPLEX, AND TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED
  8. 3. GREAT FIREWALL IS TOO TOUGH TO CRACK Weeks 2-4 Internet Already Partially Available in the PRC Technical Solutions Only Short Term Until PRC Responds High Fear of Repercussions for Chinese Civilians Target Population Unlikely to Use Internet in Desired Ways Interviewee Organizations
  9. TIME FOR A DIRECTION SHIFT Week 5 Week 5 Weeks 2, 3, 4 Week 1 The Great Firewall is too tough with too little benefit to crack, instead we look at countering Chinese censorship influence abroad. Initial Investigation Defining Original Problem Time for a Change in Direction
  10. 4. SOLVING CHINESE CENSORSHIP IS BOILING THE OCEAN Week 5 1. Problem of the Great Firewall too robust 1. Looked for strategic solutions on a smaller scale 1. Thought abroad in the Global South 1. Still too broad We needed to rescope our project to tackle a specific network issue.
  11. BRANCHING OUT- TAIWAN AND IRAN Week 6 Week 6 Week 5 Weeks 2, 3, 4 Week 1 Combatting Chinese censorship abroad isn’t getting us anywhere, instead we turn attention to relevant current events Branching out Defining Original Problem Initial Investigation Time for a Change in Direction
  12. 5. TAIWAN C2 INFRASTRUCTURE VS. CENSORSHIP/PROPAGANDA IN IRAN? ● Taiwan: protecting vulnerable populations ○ Conflict in Ukraine taught important lessons ○ PRC will eliminate Taiwanese critical infrastructure, which includes network systems ○ Maintain communications with Taiwanese people and Western world ○ OSINT for military C2 Week 6 ● Iran: supporting opposition against censorship and propaganda ○ Censorship of protests ○ Distinct and smaller country might help us fight disinformation or censorship ○ Less technologically advanced than China and has people in active resistance Option A Option B
  13. 5. TAIWAN C2 INFRASTRUCTURE VS. CENSORSHIP/PROPAGANDA IN IRAN? ● Taiwan: protecting vulnerable populations ○ Conflict in Ukraine taught important lessons ○ PRC will eliminate Taiwanese critical infrastructure, which includes network systems ○ Maintain communications with Taiwanese people and Western world ○ OSINT for military C2 Week 6 ● Iran: supporting opposition against censorship and propaganda ○ Censorship of protests ○ Distinct and smaller country might help us fight disinformation or censorship ○ Less technologically advanced than China and has people in active resistance Option A Option B
  14. TACKLING TAIWAN Weeks 7-9 Weeks 7, 8, 9 Tackling Taiwan Week 6 Week 5 Weeks 2, 3, 4 Week 1 Defining Original Problem Initial Investigation Branching Out Time for a Change in Direction We dive into our investigations on how to harden Taiwan’s internet connection in the case of PRC invasion
  15. Weeks 7-9 6. TAIWAN’S VULNERABLE STATE ● Only 15 undersea cables ○ Japan has 20, Singapore has 17 ○ Incentivize international corporations ○ Tunnel/Landline Project: Entanglement strategy ● Laws - Disincentivizing international support ○ Limits on foreign ownership and control of local firms ■ Telecommunications (49% directly held) ○ Metadata Sharing Law with Taiwan Government
  16. Weeks 7-9 7. ADDRESSING TAIWAN’S VULNERABILITIES ● Satellite initiative to provide digital resiliency during a conflict ○ Utilize static & dynamic ground network system ○ Prototype by 2023 | Operational by 2025 ● Ham radios provide short-range resilient communications ○ 100 km range & no reliance on ground stations ○ Used for hospitals & emergency services
  17. FINDING SOLUTIONS Week 10 Weeks 7, 8, 9 Tackling Taiwan We dive into our investigation on how Taiwan can harden its internet connection in the case of PRC invasion Week 6 Branching Out Combatting Chinese censorship abroad isn’t getting us anywhere, instead we turn attention to relevant current events Week 5 Time for a Change in Direction The Great Firewall is too tough with too little benefit to crack, instead we look at countering Chinese censorship influence abroad. Weeks 2, 3, 4 Initial investigation How can we possibly overcome the Great Firewall? Would doing so be productive? Week 1 Defining Original Problem Looking at secure, ubiquitous global access to the internet to circumvent censorship in authoritarian regimes (specifically China) Week 10 We have finally reached a point where we make suggestions on how to harden Taiwan’s internet connection
  18. Week 10 8. WINNING COMMUNICATION FOR TAIWAN 1. Harden Current Infrastructure 2. Commercial technology adoption 4. International institution strengthening 3. Policy solutions i. USG - TRA Representative ii. Taiwan internal
  19. 9. NEXT STEPS Sharing our final paper and findings: US State Department Taiwan Ministry of Digital Affairs Interested in exploring other topics in H4D

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