Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Polaris H4D Stanford 2018

50,600 views

Published on

business model, customer development, hacking for defense, H4D, lean launchpad, lean startup, stanford, startup, steve blank, pete newell, bmnt

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Polaris H4D Stanford 2018

  1. Team Polaris Stanford Hacking for Defense 2018
  2. Nathaniel Simon Mechanical Engineering Original Problem: “Provide a way for pilots shot down in combat to keep critical electronic devices such as survival radios powered for 28 days until they can be rescued.” Hristo Stoyanov Computer Science Final problem: “In a future conflict, fewer downed pilots will be rescued because the survival radio is cumbersome, dies quickly, and provides limited situational awareness.” Aidan McCarty Business Experience 106 interviews Sponsor Air Force Research Lab
  3. Overview of Our Path #1 - Better battery & power management #2 - Better comms between IP and rescue #3 - Faster comms to allow faster rescue #4 - Solar & other ways to generate power Pivot! #5 - Fire-based generation & new radio CSEL is old & unfit for mission Time is critical in rescue Solar is limited + CSEL needs replacement Pivot! #6 - Radio supplement: smartphone + satellite transceiver Power generation is infeasible. Supplement solves the endurance problem. Pivot!
  4. Our Journey 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Weeks Team Morale
  5. Our Journey 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Weeks Team Morale Power generation Improved Radio Improved comms Power management
  6. Our Journey 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Power management
  7. Hypothesis: Single large battery ? days 28 days
  8. - Primary: Military pilots that crash and the individuals assigned to rescue them Solo fighter, attack, and reconnaissance aircraft pilots - Secondary: Anyone in an IP (isolated person) environment with extreme size, weight, and environmental constraints. Improved power supply and management for variety of pilot devices. Standardized and integrated battery across devices. Electrical system endurance improvement from 4 to 28 days. Beneficiaries Mission AchievementMission Budget/Costs Buy-In/Support Deployment Value Proposition Key Activities Key Resources Key Partners Power Management MMC ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
  9. 1. Incorporate innovative energy storage and production mechanisms 2. Improve energy efficiency of radio 3. Optimize rescue processes (SAR/SERE practices) 4. Optimize pack contents to reduce weight - Air Force SERE - 9 RW Beale AFB -88 TES (Guardian Angel) - Air Force Research Laboratory - Material suppliers to the Air Force (incl. survival gear, batteries, and electronics) - FAA and NTSB - Stanford University1 - National Renewable Energy Lab - Primary: Military pilots that crash and the individuals assigned to rescue them Solo fighter, attack, and reconnaissance aircraft pilots - Secondary: Anyone in an IP (isolated person) environment with extreme size, weight, and environmental constraints. Improved power supply and management for variety of pilot devices. Standardized and integrated battery across devices. Electrical system endurance improvement from 4 to 28 days. - Build electrical system that powers CSEL radio and other devices 28 days - Preliminary testing batteries as power supply and similar devices - Feedback from 88 Test and Evaluation Squadron (Guardian Angel) Costs: - Materials, equipment, and facilities to prototype - Time with experts and travel costs - $3,000 Timeline: - 10 weeks - Relationship with Sponsors, military contacts and experts - Team (mechanical and electrical engineering expertise, business experience) -Stanford and course mentors - pilots and rescue personnel, by involving them in design processes - 88 TES (Guardian Angel Test and Evaluation Squadron) - USAF will implement/ evaluate suggestions to pilot / implement our solutions Beneficiaries Mission AchievementMission Budget/Costs Buy-In/Support Deployment Value Proposition Key Activities Key Resources Key Partners Power Management MMC
  10. - Primary: Military pilots that crash and their rescuers Solo fighter, attack, and reconnaissance pilots - Secondary: Anyone in an IP (isolated person) environment with extreme constraints. Improved power supply and management Standardized battery for all devices Beneficiaries Mission AchievementMission Budget/Costs Buy-In/Support Deployment Value Proposition Key ActivitiesKey Partners Key Resources Power Management MMC 6-8 days 28 days 1. Incorporate innovative energy storage and production mechanisms 2. Improve energy efficiency of radio 3. Optimize rescue processes (SAR/SERE practices) 4. Optimize pack contents to reduce weight - Air Force SERE - 9 RW Beale AFB -88 TES (Guardian Angel) - Air Force Research Laboratory - Material suppliers to the Air Force (incl. survival gear, batteries, and electronics) - FAA and NTSB - Stanford University1 - National Renewable Energy Lab - Build electrical system that powers CSEL radio and other devices 28 days - Preliminary testing batteries as power supply and similar devices - Feedback from 88 Test and Evaluation Squadron (Guardian Angel) Costs: - Materials, equipment, and facilities to prototype - Time with experts and travel costs - $3,000 Timeline: - 10 weeks - Relationship with Sponsors, military contacts and experts - Team (mechanical and electrical engineering expertise, business experience) -Stanford and course mentors - pilots and rescue personnel, by involving them in design processes - 88 TES (Guardian Angel Test and Evaluation Squadron) - USAF will implement/ evaluate suggestions to pilot / implement our solutions
  11. Power Management MVP Battery Radio Lights NVGs Power Management System GPS
  12. Power Management Learnings “You’re picked up … [before battery is an issue].” - SERE Specialist, TSgt USAF
  13. Power Management Learnings “The primary objective [...] is persistent communication” - Combat Rescue Officer, Lt Col USAF
  14. Power Management Learnings
  15. Our Journey 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Improved comms
  16. Hypothesis: The CSEL radio is the bottleneck
  17. DOWNED PILOT CSEL JFACC RESCUE CENTER Key intel (e.g. where to evade) Intel + recommend action Rescue Team Direct & command PR Field Updates situation-dependent rescue vehicles (“low and slow”) Intelligence information Polaris ● Reliable tech for comms ● Specific, well-established chain of command ● Plenty of power Rescue team from JPRC/PRCC Intelligence ● Battery endurance is NOT the bottleneck ● Bottleneck the CSEL radio, between pilot and JPRC/PRCC ● Unreliable links to satellite for encrypted coms ● Cumbersome messaging UI ● Heavy and large ● Pilots unfamiliar, infrequent training Improved Comms MVP 1
  18. Improved Comms Learnings “[Want to] immediately get in touch with rescue team during ejection.” - Combat Rescue Officer, Lt Col USAF
  19. DOWNED PILOT CSEL JFACC RESCUE CENTER Key intel (e.g. where to evade) Intel + recommend action Rescue Team Direct & command PR Field Updates situation-dependent rescue vehicles (“low and slow”) Intelligence information ● Reliable tech for comms ● Specific, well-established chain of command ● Plenty of power Rescue team from JPRC/PRCC Intelligence ● Battery endurance is NOT the bottleneck ● CSEL radio is NOT the bottleneck ● Bottleneck is time ● Need a way to communicate critical information before the pilot hits the ground PILOT IN DISTRESS FRIENDLY FORCES Improved Comms MVP 2
  20. * *https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR1100/RR1106/RAND_RR1106.pdf Improved Comms Learnings
  21. We have no direction 3 Team Morale Weeks 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9
  22. Battery life will be a problem against a future near-peer threat.
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Power generation Our Journey
  24. Hypothesis: Power Generation Battery>
  25. Power Generation MVPs
  26. “Fire is a non-starter in an evasion scenario” - ACC, Technology Lead - SERE specialists Power Generation Learnings
  27. Power Generation Learnings COTS technology cannot generate the necessary amount of power > per lb
  28. Choosing a Direction Improved Radio Power Storage Power Generation - bite-size solution, easily deployable (smartphone) - could improve usability of CSEL - Definitely could make a positive impact right away for a downed pilot - addresses original problem in a creative way that’s possible in the course of the class - could have outside applications - lots of existing tech here, our solution wouldn’t make a big improvement - broadly applicable to lots of situations - helpful for a lot of different groups today - lots of existing research and tech will make it unlikely to make something better - no clear path forward - no solutions fit the requirements
  29. Choosing a Direction Improved Radio Power Storage Power Generation - bite-size solution, easily deployable (smartphone) - could improve usability of CSEL - Definitely could make a positive impact right away for a downed pilot - addresses original problem in a creative way that’s possible in the course of the class - could have outside applications - lots of existing tech here, our solution wouldn’t make a big improvement - broadly applicable to lots of situations - helpful for a lot of different groups today - lots of existing research and tech will make it unlikely to make something better - no clear path forward - no solutions fit the requirements
  30. Our Journey 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Improved radio
  31. Hypothesis: The CSEL radio is insufficient for evasion and rescue
  32. MVP 5: Radio Modifications Iridium Satellite Receiver Source: https://www.iridium.com/products/gdb-pager/ ~220 g, 0.26 L - Satellite text-message pager (RECEIVE ONLY) - Encrypted end-to-end - Eliminates need for ‘SPIN’ cycles, conserving CSEL battery - COFT: endurance ~ 66 hrs (3 days) Improved Navigation UI Source: https://explore.garmin.com/en-US/inreach/ ~212 g, 0.42 L - Satellite text-messaging device - Encrypted (inReach is currently unencrypted) - Push waypoints/SA data from CSEL (or directly to Nav unit)
  33. Somewear Labs Visit
  34. ‘Combat mode’: - only approved apps, e.g. ATAK - power saving - secure satellite comms only, no cell service - pilots already carry & know how to use Weight: 4oz Battery: enough to last a week with 10 min location updates GPS + satellite RESCUE CENTER RESCUERS DOWNED PILOT 4.7” iPhone 8 has a 6.96 Wh battery. Judicious use (airplane mode) = ~48 hours 2 CSEL batteries = 126 Wh iPhone + 2 CSEL batteries = ~36 days MVP 6: Radio Supplement Combat smartphone UHF transceiver
  35. Travis AFB SERE Exercise
  36. Radio Learnings “This appears to be a brilliant leap forward” - HH60G Rescue Pilot
  37. Radio Learnings How likely are you to carry this device in addition to your current survival kit? 80 responses
  38. Product-mission fit!
  39. - Primary: - Aircrew who carry survival radio (including high-risk pilots in ACC, AMC aircrew, and pilots in training) - Secondary: The rescue team from JPRC/PRCC - JFACC - PJRC/PRCC staff - Rescue team - SERE Personnel Saboteurs: - ACC PR science and technology leads - AFE Personnel Final Mission Model Canvas 1. Find champion (PM) 2. Develop technology 3. Integrate device with software for downed pilot 4. Secure funding and unit support 5. Integrate device into existing comms infrastructure 6. Testing and evaluation - ACC pilots (demand signal) - JPRA staff - JFACC - PM responsible for PR - Somewear Labs - DISA 1. Increase SA and better UI for navigation 2. SAT texting over a longer period Increased odds of rescuing IP and easier communication directly with IP New device easier to use and train on -- Pack more devices for each mission→ takes time and energy Want power generation instead Must learn to use and train pilots on the new devices Increase downed pilot survivability through transceiver - Double the number of days that the SAT text communication lasts - Increase time of evasion by 10% - Increase probability of rescue by 10% - Prove mission achievement factors - Support from pilots, SERE specialists, and JPRA staff to HQ - Negotiate OTA and understand joint service acquisition Costs: - $500K RDTE - $1.0M O&R - $8.5M OPAF Timeline: - 18 months - Demand signal from beneficiaries -IP and tech from Somewear Labs -Funds for prototyping -Test&Eval information from 88th TES - warfighters, by involving them in design processes - 88 TES (Guardian Angel Test and Evaluation Squadron) - ACC will implement/ evaluate suggestions to test/implement our solutions Beneficiaries Mission AchievementMission Budget/Costs Buy-In/Support Deployment Value Proposition Key Activities Key Resources Key Partners
  40. - Primary: - Aircrew who carry survival radio (including high-risk pilots in ACC, AMC aircrew, and pilots in training) - Secondary: The rescue team from JPRC/PRCC - JFACC - PJRC/PRCC staff - Rescue team - SERE Personnel Saboteurs: - ACC PR science and technology leads - AFE Personnel Final Mission Model Canvas 1. Find champion (PM) 2. Develop technology 3. Integrate device with software for downed pilot 4. Secure funding and unit support 5. Integrate device into existing comms infrastructure 6. Testing and evaluation - ACC pilots (demand signal) - JPRA staff - JFACC - PM responsible for PR - Somewear Labs - DISA 1. Increase SA and better UI for navigation 2. SAT texting over a longer period Increased odds of rescuing IP and easier communication directly with IP New device easier to use and train on -- Pack more devices for each mission→ takes time and energy Want power generation instead Must learn to use and train pilots on the new devices Increase downed pilot survivability through transceiver - Double the number of days that the SAT text communication lasts - Increase time of evasion by 10% - Increase probability of rescue by 10% - Prove mission achievement factors - Support from pilots, SERE specialists, and JPRA staff to HQ - Negotiate OTA and understand joint service acquisition Costs: - $500K RDTE - $1.0M O&R - $8.5M OPAF Timeline: - 18 months - Demand signal from beneficiaries -IP and tech from Somewear Labs -Funds for prototyping -Test&Eval information from 88th TES - warfighters, by involving them in design processes - 88 TES (Guardian Angel Test and Evaluation Squadron) - ACC will implement/ evaluate suggestions to test/implement our solutions Beneficiaries Mission AchievementMission Budget/Costs Buy-In/Support Deployment Value Proposition Key Activities Key Resources Key Partners
  41. Deployment longa, Quarter brevis
  42. Moving on Continuing Team Polaris Next Steps Cons Pros ● People already working on it ● Questionable size of opportunity ● Uniquely positioned ● Positive impact for aircrew
  43. Acknowledgements Teaching Team Col Pete Newell, Ret Steve Blank Steve Weinstein Jeff Decker Sam Jackson Annie Shiel Mentors LtCol G. D. Hasseltine Kevin Ray Col Jason ‘Shrek’ Terry Maj Kevin Sladek Sponsor Jeff Palumbo Mike Rottmayer, PhD Air Force Mentors Col Dean Winslow, Ret Maj James Hayes SSgt Catherine Norcom TSgt Jeffrey Ray Travis AFB SERE/AFE Somewear Labs James Kubik Alan Besquin

×