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austra lumina
Hacking For Defense, MS&E 297
Stanford University, Spring 2017
[ VIDEO ]
austra lumina
Sponsor: USSOUTHCOM
Week 10
Problem: Lack of communication and
situational awareness capabilities
with forei...
Xuan Hao Ong Sam Jackson Vishakh Hegde Benjamin Tan James Hennessy
MS MS&E
BS Aero. Engineering
MBA
BA Political Science
M...
101 Total Interviews
Our product journey…
Week
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
4
Situational Awareness and
Communications
3
Predictive
Modeling
2
Persis...
Week
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
4
Situational Awareness and
Communications
3
Predictive
Modeling
2
Persistent
Monitoring
1
Dat...
Week
EmotionalState
“So much to
learn!”
“It’s something
they want!”
“This could be
years.”
“So much we
learned!”
0 2 4 6 8...
“You don’t know how much you don’t know”
- H4D Teaching Team
The starting point for our journey
Joint Inter-Agency Task Force - South
(JIATF-S)
Law Enforcement /
International Partners
Dept. of
Justice
Our sponsor’s mi...
Joint Inter-Agency Task Force - South
(JIATF-S)
Law Enforcement /
International Partners
Dept. of
Justice
First Focus
Our ...
Targeting and Detection are the key mission goals;
Analysts are the key beneficiary;
Analytics tools can improve targeting...
Key finding:
Ocean is very, very big
“Even if you know where a
[suspect] boat is, it may be
days to intercept…”
- Captain,...
“We’re trying to detect
small, fast-moving
objects, in very large
parts of the ocean… with
persistent monitoring
capacity ...
Pivot #1
Detection → Monitoring
Sensor capability, persistence are the challenges;
Low-cost, unmanned platforms are the so...
Joint Inter-Agency Task Force - South
(JIATF-S)
Law Enforcement /
International Partners
Dept. of
Justice
New Focus
New fo...
“We already have more known threats than we can
pursue with our current assets…”
- Captain, U.S. Coast Guard
However…
“The...
Data supported this concern
25%
Targeted
7%
10%
Detected
7%
Disrupted
100%
Key discovery:
Monitoring is not the
bottleneck!
Our next question:
If detection and monitoring are not
bottlenecks, can we improve efficiency of
existing missions?
Pivot #2
Persistent Monitoring
→ Mission Efficiency
Joint Inter-Agency Task Force - South
(JIATF-S)
Law Enforcement /
International Partners
Dept. of
Justice
New FocusPrior F...
“Knowing where to look
and where not to look
can drastically increase
the efficiency of the
search.”
- U-2 Pilot, U.S. Air...
Goals:
1. Actionably
predict red
forces behaviors
1. Allocate assets
(U.S., foreign)
more efficiently
austra
lumina
Predic...
“We understand the travelling salesman problem, but we
do not even have a blue force tracker for foreign
partners.”
- JIAT...
Pivot #3
Prediction Model
→ Tactical Communication
- Foreign Liaison
Officers
- Innovation and
Technology, JIATF-S
- U.S. P-3 Pilot,
formerly operating
out of El Salvador
ES...
2. Situational Awareness App1. Satellite Communication Device
Final MVP
“Sounds like people want to give you
funding…”
- US SOUTHCOM Sponsor
“You guys are definitely on the right
track… show the...
Week
EmotionalState
“So much to
learn!”
“It’s something
they want!”
“This could be
years.”
“So much we
learned!”
0 2 4 6 8...
Data Analytics US SOUTHCOM
JIATF-S
Watch Floor
US
Interdiction Crew
Tactical
Communication
US SOUTHCOM
JIATF-S
Watch Floor...
Mission Model Canvas
BeneficiariesKey Activities
Key Resources
Key Partners Buy-In/Support
Deployment
Mission AchievementM...
Week
EmotionalState
“So much to
learn!”
“It’s something
they want!”
“This could be
years.”
“So much we
learned!”
0 2 4 6 8...
Workflows Influencers
This is an extremely complex space...
Key Factors influencing MVP
BeneficiariesKey Activities
Key Resources
Key Partners Buy-In/Support
Deployment
Mission Achie...
Buy-in and Support
Key finding:
Trust matters…
But is sometimes lacking
Country 1 Country 2
“We do not want to reveal
pattern of life.”
- Operational Test and Evaluation,
JIATF-S
“Many startups fail because
they ne...
“Communicating common
situational picture currently
takes up a huge bandwidth
and [satellite comm.] is
expensive”
- Deputy...
Week
EmotionalState
“So much to
learn!”
“It’s something
they want!”
“This could be
years.”
“So much we
learned!”
0 2 4 6 8...
The path forward…
… May involve pursuing ONR or
USSOUTHCOM resources to keep going!
… but at the least will include detail...
Proof of concept with
a simple prototype of
low-fidelity Minimum
Viable Product
Video has more
details of prototype
in act...
Our work would not have been possible without our sponsors (and other supporters)
Special thanks to:
• Our direct sponsors...
Additional questions?
Contact us at:
o australumina@lists.stanford.edu
Or individually:
o xong@stanford.edu
o bentwk@stanf...
Appendix
We have sought to capture the flow of mission
achievement from a tactical, operational, and strategic
level
We have also d...
(Not included in submitted
materials)
Available for upload for final documentation purposes
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mission model, mission model canvas, customer development, Hacking for Defense, lean startup, stanford, startup, steve blank, Pete Newell, Joe Felter, minimum viable product

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Austra Lumina Hacking for Defense 2017

  1. austra lumina Hacking For Defense, MS&E 297 Stanford University, Spring 2017
  2. [ VIDEO ]
  3. austra lumina Sponsor: USSOUTHCOM Week 10 Problem: Lack of communication and situational awareness capabilities with foreign partners hinders success of tactical operations. Solution: Create low-cost situational awareness and comms capability using commercial satellite networks linked to a mobile application. Week 0 Problem: New capabilities for persistent Illicit Maritime Activity Detection and Monitoring desired by SOUTHCOM/JIATF-S. Solution: Improve detection rates with data analytics. 101 interviews conducted
  4. Xuan Hao Ong Sam Jackson Vishakh Hegde Benjamin Tan James Hennessy MS MS&E BS Aero. Engineering MBA BA Political Science MS ICME BS & MS Physics MS MS&E BSc Actuarial Science BS CS & Applied Mathematics Aerospace, Military Engineering & Design Technology Strategy & Ops Machine Learning, Computer Vision Military UAVs, Statistical Modeling Computer Science, Genomics Our Team
  5. 101 Total Interviews
  6. Our product journey… Week 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4 Situational Awareness and Communications 3 Predictive Modeling 2 Persistent Monitoring 1 Data Analytics
  7. Week 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4 Situational Awareness and Communications 3 Predictive Modeling 2 Persistent Monitoring 1 Data Analytics Primary Beneficiary Ops Analyst, Pilots Nav Officer, Ops Analyst Detection Crews JIATF-S + Foreign Law Enforcement Ops Analyst Our beneficiary journey…
  8. Week EmotionalState “So much to learn!” “It’s something they want!” “This could be years.” “So much we learned!” 0 2 4 6 8 10 Our own (emotional) journey…
  9. “You don’t know how much you don’t know” - H4D Teaching Team The starting point for our journey
  10. Joint Inter-Agency Task Force - South (JIATF-S) Law Enforcement / International Partners Dept. of Justice Our sponsor’s mission
  11. Joint Inter-Agency Task Force - South (JIATF-S) Law Enforcement / International Partners Dept. of Justice First Focus Our first focus: Targeting and Detection
  12. Targeting and Detection are the key mission goals; Analysts are the key beneficiary; Analytics tools can improve targeting & detection success Focus: Targeting and Detection
  13. Key finding: Ocean is very, very big “Even if you know where a [suspect] boat is, it may be days to intercept…” - Captain, U.S. Coast Guard
  14. “We’re trying to detect small, fast-moving objects, in very large parts of the ocean… with persistent monitoring capacity issues.” - US SOUTHCOM Sponsor Key finding: Insufficient sensor data, sensor platforms, to feed proposed models
  15. Pivot #1 Detection → Monitoring Sensor capability, persistence are the challenges; Low-cost, unmanned platforms are the solution
  16. Joint Inter-Agency Task Force - South (JIATF-S) Law Enforcement / International Partners Dept. of Justice New Focus New focus: Monitoring First Focus
  17. “We already have more known threats than we can pursue with our current assets…” - Captain, U.S. Coast Guard However… “The amount of drugs out of South America significantly exceeds our assets available to interdict.” - P-3 Pilot, U.S. Air Force
  18. Data supported this concern 25% Targeted 7% 10% Detected 7% Disrupted 100%
  19. Key discovery: Monitoring is not the bottleneck!
  20. Our next question: If detection and monitoring are not bottlenecks, can we improve efficiency of existing missions?
  21. Pivot #2 Persistent Monitoring → Mission Efficiency
  22. Joint Inter-Agency Task Force - South (JIATF-S) Law Enforcement / International Partners Dept. of Justice New FocusPrior Focus New focus: Monitoring & Interdiction
  23. “Knowing where to look and where not to look can drastically increase the efficiency of the search.” - U-2 Pilot, U.S. Air Force Predicting the search space can enhance the effectiveness of each asset Key finding:
  24. Goals: 1. Actionably predict red forces behaviors 1. Allocate assets (U.S., foreign) more efficiently austra lumina Prediction Model
  25. “We understand the travelling salesman problem, but we do not even have a blue force tracker for foreign partners.” - JIATF-S Innovation Council However…
  26. Pivot #3 Prediction Model → Tactical Communication
  27. - Foreign Liaison Officers - Innovation and Technology, JIATF-S - U.S. P-3 Pilot, formerly operating out of El Salvador ES New focus: Tactical Communication
  28. 2. Situational Awareness App1. Satellite Communication Device Final MVP
  29. “Sounds like people want to give you funding…” - US SOUTHCOM Sponsor “You guys are definitely on the right track… show the affordability model, and it will definitely be used.” - - Senior Executive Service, - Office of Naval Research Product Mission Fit (!)
  30. Week EmotionalState “So much to learn!” “It’s something they want!” “This could be years.” “So much we learned!” 0 2 4 6 8 10 From Discovery to Product Mission Fit
  31. Data Analytics US SOUTHCOM JIATF-S Watch Floor US Interdiction Crew Tactical Communication US SOUTHCOM JIATF-S Watch Floor US Interdiction Crew Foreign Interdiction Crew Foreign Command Center Initial problem might not be the problem!!!
  32. Mission Model Canvas BeneficiariesKey Activities Key Resources Key Partners Buy-In/Support Deployment Mission AchievementMission Budget/Costs Value Proposition 1. Market research into sat- comm device 2. Develop Comms App interface 3. Procure Sat-Comms device 4. Workflow optimization and automation - J72, USSOUTHCOM - JIATF-S, USSOUTHCOM - International Affairs, J9 - Foreign LNOs and militaries (S. America) - Sat-comms companies (eg Garmin, SPOT, TextAnywhere) Strategic - 15% increase in number of interdicted drug vessels Operational - x% reduction in number of illegal vessels “lost” at foreign partner level Tactical - x% reduction in a single OODA loop cycle (foreign interdiction missions) - x% reduction in time spent on detection - Introduce MVP to Local Interceptor Crew, Nav Officers, and Proxies - Small scale deployment of MVP to foreign interdiction crews of a single country - JIATF-S and foreign partner level adoption and integration Fixed: - Design & engineering (software/hardware) - Market research - Technology acquisition Variable: - Technology updates - Access to computational power - Open-source data analysis tools - UAV SMEs (as key sensor platform) - Access to existing communication system - Support from Internat. Affairs J9 and Foreign LNOs - Ride on existing / introduce CotS systems - Implementation by foreign interdiction crews or local proxies - Increase detection effiiency: reduce time taken for detection through a clear, secured, line of direct communication - Improve decision effectiveness and efficiency: allow Ops Analyst to better assist detection effort by allowing for instantaneous communication and real-time input of new intel - Ease interdiction resource constraint: improve coordination/communication with interdiction agencies Primary - Foreign partners’ Interceptor Crew deployed to investigate illegal ships - Foreign partners’ Operations Center to coordinate the mission - JIATF-S J3 Watch Floor Ops part of coordination effort Secondary - USCG interdiction teams deployed to investigate illegal ships Tertiary - Sat comm companies - UIUX companies Value Proposition - Increase detection efficiency - Improve decision effectiveness and efficiency - Ease interdiction resource constraint Beneficiaries Primary - Foreign partners’ interceptor crew deployed to investigate illegal ships - Foreign partners’ operations center in charge of the mission - JIATF-S J3 Watch Floor Ops as part of the overall coordination agency
  33. Week EmotionalState “So much to learn!” “It’s something they want!” “This could be years.” “So much we learned!” 0 2 4 6 8 10 But what about Deployment?
  34. Workflows Influencers This is an extremely complex space...
  35. Key Factors influencing MVP BeneficiariesKey Activities Key Resources Key Partners Buy-In/Support Deployment Mission AchievementMission Budget/Costs Value Proposition 1. Market research into sat- comm device 2. Develop Comms App interface 3. Procure Sat-Comms device 4. Workflow optimization and automation - J72, USSOUTHCOM - JIATF-S, USSOUTHCOM - International Affairs, J9 - Foreign LNOs and militaries (S. America) - Sat-comms companies (eg Garmin, SPOT, TextAnywhere) Strategic - 15% increase in number of interdicted drug vessels Operational - x% reduction in number of illegal vessels “lost” at foreign partner level Tactical - x% reduction in a single OODA loop cycle (foreign interdiction missions) - x% reduction in time spent on detection - Introduce MVP to Local Interceptor Crew, Nav Officers, and Proxies - Small scale deployment of MVP to foreign interdiction crews of a single country - JIATF-S and foreign partner level adoption and integration Fixed: - Design & engineering (software/hardware) - Market research - Technology acquisition Variable: - Technology updates - Access to computational power - Open-source data analysis tools - UAV SMEs (as key sensor platform) - Access to existing communication system - Support from Internat. Affairs J9 and Foreign LNOs - Ride on existing / introduce CotS systems - Implementation by foreign interdiction crews or local proxies - Increase detection effiiency: reduce time taken for detection through a clear, secured, line of direct communication - Improve decision effectiveness and efficiency: allow Ops Analyst to better assist detection effort by allowing for instantaneous communication and real-time input of new intel - Ease interdiction resource constraint: improve coordination/communication with interdiction agencies Primary - Foreign partners’ Interceptor Crew deployed to investigate illegal ships - Foreign partners’ Operations Center to coordinate the mission - JIATF-S J3 Watch Floor Ops part of coordination effort Secondary - USCG interdiction teams deployed to investigate illegal ships Tertiary - Sat comm companies - UIUX companies Information Security Trust Upkeep Cost
  36. Buy-in and Support Key finding: Trust matters… But is sometimes lacking
  37. Country 1 Country 2
  38. “We do not want to reveal pattern of life.” - Operational Test and Evaluation, JIATF-S “Many startups fail because they neglected security concerns.” - H4D Teaching Team Lesson Engage security experts early on in product development Problem: Information Security
  39. “Communicating common situational picture currently takes up a huge bandwidth and [satellite comm.] is expensive” - Deputy Director of International Affairs, JIATF-S Solution Leverage existing devices - Light communication Problem: Cost
  40. Week EmotionalState “So much to learn!” “It’s something they want!” “This could be years.” “So much we learned!” 0 2 4 6 8 10 Where do we end?
  41. The path forward… … May involve pursuing ONR or USSOUTHCOM resources to keep going! … but at the least will include details for how our sponsor can pursue the next steps Where do we end?
  42. Proof of concept with a simple prototype of low-fidelity Minimum Viable Product Video has more details of prototype in action! Where does our product end? (TRL / IRL)
  43. Our work would not have been possible without our sponsors (and other supporters) Special thanks to: • Our direct sponsors at USSOUTHCOM: Mr. Juan Hurtardo, LTC Todd Moe, Dr. Andrew Higier • Our supporters in JIATF-S: Mr. Fred Scali, MAJ Marada Phillips • Our mentor: Daniel Bardenstein And not least, the additional 80+ contacts who generously provided their time… Thank you for your consistent support, feedback, and engagement! Acknowledgement and Thanks
  44. Additional questions? Contact us at: o australumina@lists.stanford.edu Or individually: o xong@stanford.edu o bentwk@stanford.edu o vishakh@stanford.edu o samuel.jackson@Stanford.edu o jameshennessy@stanford.edu Additional questions? Read more about our journey: australumina.wordpress.com
  45. Appendix
  46. We have sought to capture the flow of mission achievement from a tactical, operational, and strategic level We have also drawn a distinction between “mission achievement” and “systems achievement” Based on in-depth sponsor and stakeholder interviews, we believer we will deliver results in both dimensions Mission achievement: • Mission speed ++ • Mission success rate ++ Systems achievement: • Cost -- • Capability ++ These will support the ultimate mission of JIATF-S, USSOUTHCOM, and partner nations: disrupt illict activities, and illict networks Mission Achievement Mission achievement – draft framework
  47. (Not included in submitted materials) Available for upload for final documentation purposes

mission model, mission model canvas, customer development, Hacking for Defense, lean startup, stanford, startup, steve blank, Pete Newell, Joe Felter, minimum viable product

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