The background of ALM
In the first half of twentieth
World war ii (because of the
Direct method didn’t take hold in
Us education institution is
National defensed college usa 1st
used of this method
Language courses focus on oral
1950s known as audio lingual
method (structural linguistic +
The audio-lingual approach
dominated foreign language teaching
in the 1950s aud 1960s
• In small classes of mature
• Highly motivated students
The Audiolingual Method
• Errors should be avoided and corrected right
• Teacher can anticipate the learning of
Structural linguistic theory
Structural patterns are taught using repetitive
CHARLES FRIES OF THE UNI
OF MICHIGAN applying
principle from structural
linguistic in developing the
method that language is
consisted with phonetic
lexicon pattern and syntax
a process of habit
• S-R chain
• Positive reinforcement
• Mimicry Drills (repetition Drill )
T: I am going to school.
Ss: I am going to school.
• 1. Instructions are given in the target
• 2. Language forms occur within A
• 3. Students’ native language interferes
as little as
• 4. Analogy provides A better
language learning than analysis
• 5. Errors are carefully avoided
because they lead
to the formation of bad habits.
Advantages of ALM:
• Language learning is A process of
• Students are given drills.
• In this method students can make
sentence pattern without stopping
• IN ALM students can increase their
pronunciation and speaking ability.
• It achieves noticeable success in
developing oral fluency.
• It can also improve their listening ability,
in ALM sometimes teacher use tape and
language lab to hear dialogue from it.
• This method promotes the use of
ENGLISH for communication in
Disadvantages of ALM:
• Students were not exposed to real or
• This method is too rigid ,classes tend to
• Students complain about the boredom
caused by endless pattern drills.
• Pupil turns into parrot because of
repetition who can reproduce many
things but never create anything
• This method is time consuming