The audio lingual method (1)


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The audio lingual method (1)

  1. 1. The audio-lingual method
  2. 2. Sabra bazai
  3. 3. The background of ALM history In the first half of twentieth century. World war ii (because of the military necessary) Direct method didn’t take hold in us. Us education institution is dedicated in reading approach.
  4. 4. National defensed college usa 1st used of this method Language courses focus on oral skills  →Army specialized program(ASTP) 1950s known as audio lingual method (structural linguistic + behavior psychology) The audio-lingual approach dominated foreign language teaching in the 1950s aud 1960s
  5. 5. Suitable for… • In small classes of mature • Highly motivated students
  6. 6. The Audiolingual Method structural linguistic theory contrastive analysis behaviorism
  7. 7. Contrastive analysis • Errors should be avoided and corrected right away. • Teacher can anticipate the learning of difficulties (Sheep, ship)
  8. 8. Structural linguistic theory Structural patterns are taught using repetitive drills. Structural patterns
  9. 9. CHARLES FRIES OF THE UNI OF MICHIGAN  applying principle from  structural linguistic in developing the method that language is consisted with phonetic lexicon pattern and syntax
  10. 10. Behaviorism a process of habit • S-R chain formation • Positive reinforcement • Mimicry Drills (repetition Drill ) T: I am going to school. Ss: I am going to school.
  11. 11. Behavioral linguistic • B.F skinner (1904 -1990) Stimuli  response shaping reinforcement habit forming
  12. 12. Principles • 1. Instructions are given in the target language. • 2. Language forms occur within A context. • 3. Students’ native language interferes as little as possible.
  13. 13. • 4. Analogy provides A better foundation for language learning than analysis • 5. Errors are carefully avoided because they lead to the formation of bad habits.
  14. 14. Advantages of ALM: • Language learning is A process of habit formation. • Students are given drills. • In this method students can make sentence pattern without stopping to think. • IN ALM students can increase their pronunciation and speaking ability.
  15. 15. • It achieves noticeable success in developing oral fluency. • It can also improve their listening ability, in ALM sometimes teacher use tape and language lab to hear dialogue from it. • This method promotes the use of ENGLISH for communication in everyday situation
  16. 16. Disadvantages of ALM: • Students were not exposed to real or realistic language. • This method is too rigid ,classes tend to drag • Students complain about the boredom caused by endless pattern drills.
  17. 17. • Pupil turns into parrot because of repetition who can reproduce many things but never create anything new • This method is time consuming
  18. 18. CONCLUSION •Background . Theoretical background . OBJECTIVES