Common Sense Design - MAS.671

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A presentation given for MAS.671, New Paradigms in Human Computer Interaction, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology by Solomon Bisker

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Common Sense Design - MAS.671

  1. 1. common sense design bringing common sense design to the semantic web solomon bisker new paradigms in hci april eleventh two thousand and seven
  2. 2. up front _________________ the semantic web is… …a platform for computer reasoning …but not a substitute for human knowledge So, we ask, how can we leverage human knowledge?
  3. 3. crash course: semantic web semantic web is one of relationships between facts that can be understood by computers we can say: <subject> <verb> <object> pat is a person a person is a mammal a mammal is a … and so on, and so on, and so on…
  4. 4. crash course: ontologies data is swell…but ontologies are the lingua franca of the semantic web without ontologies with ontologies <#pat> <#isA> <#Person> <#pat> <rdfs:isA> <foaf:Person> to me and you: to me and you: pat is a person pat conforms to foaf:Person to me: a person has a name foaf tells me and you: a person has a name a person has a body names are text a body has a neck a person has a body a body has a torso a body has a neck to you: a body has a torso a person has a name … a person has a neck a person has a torso
  5. 5. crash course: fresnel crash course: fresnel fresnel is, “simply put”, a presentation language for data that conforms to ontologies
  6. 6. why fresnel: why fresnel: fresnel lets designers define UI’s that “mold” to the structure of their content …and since it’s semantic rdf data, the data can come from anywhere
  7. 7. why fresnel: why fresnel: fresnel is data-centric fresnel fragments are “copy and paste-able” fresnel is as flexible as CSS why (not (just) fresnel: why not just) fresnel: fresnel is not visual thinking :personLabelLens rdf:type fresnel:Lens ; fresnel:purpose fresnel:defaultLens ; fresnel:classLensDomain foaf:Person ; fresnel:showProperties ( foaf:name ph:tel_sha1sum foaf:mbox ) ; fresnel:group :gr .
  8. 8. fresnel as a designer fresnel as designer fresnel lets you create custom design situations for each data scenario… …but, fails at helping you build a consistent, solid design across scenarios
  9. 9. fresnel as a designer fresnel as designer November, 2006 - Gus Gollings proposes the “Common Sense Design Agent”, modeled on Push Singh’s Emotional Machine Goal: Dynamically create Fresnel lenses based on: -structure of data (RDF) -the goal of the user (context) -“common sense design” principles The first two are fine… …but what is “common sense design”!?
  10. 10. my projectdesigner fresnel as (finally): The Idea: PEOPLE KNOW GOOD DESIGN WHEN THEY SEE IT (even if they’ve got no idea why they like it) Can we build a corpus of common sense design… …by letting designers point out good and bad examples?
  11. 11. one idea: designer fresnel as Leverage Thresher (Hogue-Google, Karger-CSAIL - 2005) *When you want to mark data as having “common structure”… …you mark it as a “wrapper”
  12. 12. one idea: designer fresnel as *Then data of similar structure can match this “wrapper” (via a very cute DOM edit distance algorithm)… *…and can be used semantically (“Chat with”, “Remind me to read this”, etc…)
  13. 13. my proposal: fresnel as designer Start small: highlight a chunk of data, pull out the associated CSS tags
  14. 14. my proposal: fresnel as designer *When you find a presentation you like, create a wrapper for the data’s structure…
  15. 15. my proposal: fresnel as designer Now the agent looks at design relationships to similar data on the same page…
  16. 16. my proposal: fresnel as designer …as well as semantically similar data on other sites entirely.
  17. 17. my proposal: fresnel as designer Designers can rate the design of a data instance subjectively…. “Computer, this presentation of ‘Contact Info’ data is *a 8 or 9 in terms of cleanliness *a 10 in terms of readablity *a 7 in terms of formality…”
  18. 18. my proposal: fresnel as designer …or selection of larger design elements can point out “the big picture” “Computer, the style of ‘Contact Info’ data here comes from THIS [short, wide] presentation”
  19. 19. scenario designer fresnel as Kim wants to generate a Fresnel display for her address data… “Computer, this is the sort of data I want to display” “Computer, I like this design here, and that one, but not…” Design Agent looks at *White Space *Color *Contrast *Font selection *Relationship in size between semantic items *Relationship in focus (color, placement) between semantic items *Relationship between multiple instances … produces Fresnel-based options for the user and
  20. 20. challengesdesigner fresnel as Data design is often in the context of a larger page design, and the design of unrelated data
  21. 21. challengesdesigner fresnel as How can designers explain related data separated visually? (In this case, data has a “focus” style element) “Computer, this data…” “…is tied structurally to this data”
  22. 22. challenges: fresnel as designer What about highly abstracted data in a pure image form? Can we analyze the image itself to relate image elements to corresponding data structure? (In SVG, yes. In pixel-based formats…have fun.)
  23. 23. fin(ally) as designer fresnel Questions? Gollings, G. Common Sense Design: Aided Visualisation of the Semantic Web. (Conference Paper) SWUI Workshop 2006. Pietriga, E.: http://www.w3.org/2005/04/fresnel-info/fsl-20050726 (2005) Fresnel Selector Language for RDF. Bizer, C., Lee, R., Pietriga, E.: Fresnel — A Browser-Independent Presentation Vocabulary for RDF. In: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Interaction Design and the Semantic Web, Galway, Ireland (2005) Thresher: Automating the Unwrapping of Semantic Content from the World Wide Web (Conference Paper) WWW 2005 Andrew Hogue and David Karger Quan, D., Huynh, D., Karger, D.R.: Haystack: A platform for authoring end user semantic web applications. In: 2nd International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC). (2003) 738–753

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