Extremophiles

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Extremophiles

  1. 1. Extremophiles
  2. 2. An extremophile is an organism thatthrives in extreme conditions.Extremophile literally means ‘extremeloving’
  3. 3. There are different types of extremophiles:halophilesThese survive and thrive in very salty environments
  4. 4. There are other types of extremophiles:Acidophiles:like acidic environments (low pH) (eg thehuman stomach)Alkaliphiles:like alkaline environments (high pH)
  5. 5. Anaerobic extremophiles:thrive in areas without oxygen; some cannotgrow where there is oxygen.Cryophiles:loves extremely cold temperaturesPiezophiles/barophiles:like high pressures
  6. 6. Psychrophiles:flourish in low temperaturesThermophiles:do well in temperatures of 40°C or higherHyperthermophiles:bloom at temperatures of 80°C or higherXerophiles:like environments with little water

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