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Sustainable Strawberry Production in Eastern Arkansas and Surrounding Areas

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2014 National Sustainable Strawberry Initiative Project Leader Meeting

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Sustainable Strawberry Production in Eastern Arkansas and Surrounding Areas

  1. 1. National Sustainable Strawberry Initiative Project Meeting The Chancellor Hotel, Fayetteville, Arkansas May 21 & 22, 2014 Leonard Githinji, Ph.D. Extension Horticulture Specialist School of Agriculture, Fisheries and Human Sciences University of Arkansas Pine Bluff Establishing and expanding Sustainable Strawberry Production in Eastern Arkansas and Surrounding Areas
  2. 2. To increase the production season and regional diversity of US strawberry production Project Priority Area:
  3. 3. Project Objectives:  Increase the season for strawberry production using high tunnels, low tunnels, and plastic mulches;  Reduce the chemical inputs by utilizing sustainable soil fertility management practices- Cover crops and Compost;  Control soil pests and diseases using solarization and anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD);  Conserve water resources using drip irrigation system; and  Reduce the risk of human pathogens on fresh berries.
  4. 4. Project Objectives:  Increase the season for strawberry production using high tunnels, low tunnels, and plastic mulches;  Reduce the chemical inputs by utilizing sustainable soil fertility management practices- Cover crops and Compost;  Control soil pests and diseases using solarization and anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD);  Conserve water resources using drip irrigation system; and  Reduce the risk of human pathogens on fresh berries.
  5. 5. Project Objectives:  Increase the season for strawberry production using high tunnels, low tunnels, and plastic mulches;  Reduce the chemical inputs by utilizing sustainable soil fertility management practices- Cover crops and Compost;;  Control soil pests and diseases using solarization and anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD);  Conserve water resources using drip irrigation system; and  Reduce the risk of human pathogens on fresh berries.
  6. 6. Project Objectives:  Increase the season for strawberry production using high tunnels, low tunnels, and plastic mulches;  Reduce the chemical inputs by utilizing sustainable soil fertility management practices- Cover crops and Compost;;  Control soil pests and diseases using solarization and anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD);  Conserve water resources using drip irrigation system; and  Reduce the risk of human pathogens on fresh berries.
  7. 7. Project Objectives:  Increase the season for strawberry production using high tunnels, low tunnels, and plastic mulches;  Reduce the chemical inputs by utilizing sustainable soil fertility management practices- Cover crops and Compost;;  Control soil pests and diseases using solarization and anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD);  Conserve water resources using drip irrigation system; and  Reduce the risk of human pathogens on fresh strawberries through GAP/GHP training.
  8. 8. Project Activities: Preparation of demonstration sites for hands-on training  Three demonstrations sites were prepared for hands-on training at:  The UAPB’s research farm (Jefferson County);  The UAPB’s Lonoke Farm (Lonoke County);  UAPB’s Agriculture Demonstration and Outreach Center (ADOC) facility in Marianna (Lee County).
  9. 9. High Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  10. 10. High Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  11. 11. High Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  12. 12. High Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  13. 13. High Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  14. 14. High Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  15. 15. High Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  16. 16. High Tunnel Demonstration site at ADOC
  17. 17. High Tunnel Demonstration site at ADOC
  18. 18. Low Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  19. 19. Low Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  20. 20. 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 Chandler C. Real Camarosa Chandler C. Real Camarosa No LT No LT No LT LT LT LT Weigh(g) Strawberry Production 18-Apr 24-Apr 2-May 8-May 16-May Low Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  21. 21. Low Tunnel Demonstration site at UAPB
  22. 22. Demonstration Site on Soil treatment Demonstration Site for Soil treatment
  23. 23. Demonstration Site for Soil treatment
  24. 24. Demonstration Site for Soil treatment
  25. 25. Experimental Layout Field C1 Field D1 Field E1 Field F1 Solarization Solarization + ASD Control ASD Field C2 Field D2 Field E2 Field F2 Solarization + ASD ASD Solarization Control Field C3 Field D3 Field E3 Field F3 Control Solarization + ASD ASD Solarization Demonstration Site for Soil treatment
  26. 26. Demonstration Site for Soil treatment ASD SOL + ASD SOL CONTROL
  27. 27. Results of the soil treatment 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 Control Clear plastic ASD + clear plastic ASD + black plastic Weedsdrymass(g) Soil Treatment Weeds Dry Mass
  28. 28. Project Activities: Educational Workshops  Strawberry Production Workshop for Master Gardeners in Jefferson County (08/30/2013).  Sustainable Strawberry Production Workshop in Jefferson County (12/18/2013)  Season Extension and Soil Management for Strawberry Production during the 58th Annual Rural Life Conference (02/28/2014).  Sustainable Strawberry Production Workshop at Jefferson County (04/15/2014).  Sustainable Strawberry Production Workshop, at UAPB’s ADOC facility in Marianna, Lee County (04/23, 2014).
  29. 29. Sustainable Strawberry Workshop at UAPB (December 18, 2013) Educational Workshops
  30. 30. Educational Workshops Sustainable Strawberry Workshop at UAPB (April 15, 2014)
  31. 31. Educational Workshops Sustainable Strawberry Production at ADOC in Marianna (April 22, 2014).
  32. 32. Project Activities: Demonstrations and Hands-on Exercises  A hands-on training session part I on sustainable strawberry production practices (12/18/2013);  A hands-on training session part II on sustainable strawberry production practices, (04/15/2014);  A hands-on training session part III on sustainable strawberry production practices (04/22/2014).
  33. 33. Demonstrations and Hands-on Exercises A hands-on training session low tunnel production (12/18/2013)
  34. 34. Demonstrations and Hands-on Exercises A hands-on demonstration on high tunnel production (04/15/2014)
  35. 35. Demonstrations and Hands-on Exercises A hands-on session on laying out the plastic mulch and drip tape (04/22/2014)
  36. 36. Demonstrations and Hands-on Exercises A hands-on training session on sustainable strawberry production practices (04/22/2014)
  37. 37.  Increase in awareness and knowledge gain by participants following the training program.  Growers learned the various sustainable strawberry production techniques including: season extension, soil management, pest management, and water conservation.  Over 100 individuals have been trained period through workshops, demonstrations and hands-on exercises. Project Outcomes
  38. 38.  Five new strawberry growers were reported during the project period. These growers adopted sustainable practices including use of high tunnels to grow strawberries.  There was an increase in strawberry acreage as a result of new growers coming into production.  We anticipate that the long-term outcome will be increased strawberry production, reduced chemical input, and increased produce sales, leading to enhanced economic and environmental sustainability. Project Outcomes
  39. 39. Thank you for listening Leonard Githinji, Ph.D. Extension Horticulture Specialist School of Agriculture, Fisheries and Human Sciences University of Arkansas Pine Bluff 870-575-7224 (Office) githinjil@uapb.edu

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