Indonesia Port Security - International Standards for Success - The Maritime Executive - English version
INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL FOR EXECUTIVESIndonesia Port Security: International Standards for SuccessThursday, March 18th, 2010By Scott M. Bernat, Special Agent U.S. Naval Criminal Investigative ServiceIndonesia, rich in natural and man-made resources, is dependent on its port and maritime industry toadvance its economic interests and attract business development. The safety and security ofIndonesia’s ports and maritime infrastructure remains paramount to achieving success as a leader inworld trade. Destination countries need to be assured that maritime assets and associated cargo fromIndonesia have been subjected to the highest security standards possible. Indonesia expects no less acommitment to security from countries involved in exporting goods and products there. TheInternational Maritime Organization (IMO) headquartered in London, England sets the standard forimproving and maintaining the safety and security of international shipping and associated facilities.Worldwide adherence to IMO standards ensures mutual safety and security standards are met,increases confidence in commercial trade and promotes business opportunity and growth.ChallengesThe criminal and terrorist threat to ports and the maritime supply chain remains a global constant andis routinely highlighted in the media. Corruption serves to fuel the fire and raises serious questionsregarding the overall integrity of even the best security plan. Piracy, in its current form is arguablynothing more than criminal activity, spurring the public imagination and ultimately interfering with thefree flow and confidence of maritime trade. In many locations throughout the world, poverty and/orgreed drives some company and facility insiders to link with outside criminal elements to furtherbreakdown security efforts. Routine reports of container break-ins, as well as the theft of wholecontainers, continue to highlight the justification behind the adoption, implementation andmaintenance of internationally recognized security standards. A cost effective security program beginswith a clear understanding of the threat faced and the application of tailored and focused securitypractices and procedures.
IMO / ISPS CodeFollowing the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the United States, the IMO promulgated a set of standards andprocedures to address and promote the global need for port and maritime security. These standards,known as the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code, were specifically designed,based on existing local threat conditions and environment, to enhance security practices andprocedures for and between ships and port facilities involved in international trade. These include theroutine conduct of ship and port security exercises and the partnering of private and governmententities to ensure the sharing of threat information and security best practices. The ISPS Code utilizessound risk management concepts to effectively address and mitigate potential threats to ships andports, thereby protecting against potential criminal and terrorist threats. A ship or port facilityadhering to the ISPS Code highlights a commitment to security excellence and is often awardedpreferred treatment by the international community. Preferential action includes decreased portentry/exit delays for both ships and cargo.ISO 28000An integral part of maritime trade confidence is the establishment, application and management ofeffective supply chain security procedures. In 2007, the International Organization for Standardization(ISO) published a series of supply chain security management standards. These standards, knowncollectively as ISO 28000, establish security best practices and procedures to protect against potentialthreats to the safety and security of the supply transportation and logistics system. Ships and portfacilities are essential components of the international supply chain and their successful operationsremain dependent on sound supply chain practices.ResourcesResources are available to assist countries, companies and facilities with a vested interest and/orinvolved in international maritime trade, to develop, establish and maintain an effective securityprogram. These include both private companies involved in fee-based ISPS Code and ISO 28000standards training, as well as governmental organizations that provide similar services at no cost,dependent on eligibility. The US Coast Guard (USCG) International Port Security Program focuses onworldwide maritime trading nations and the implementation of the ISPS Code. The USCG InternationalTraining Division offers port safety and security training, often partnering with the Asia PacificEconomic Cooperation (APEC) and Organization of American States (OAS) to provide port securitysubject matter experts familiar with the various port operating environments. The US Naval CriminalInvestigative Service (NCIS), through its Security Training, Assistance and Assessment Teams(STAAT), also provides port and facility security training, primarily focusing on locations and facilitiesfrequented by and/or contracted with the US Navy.
ConclusionIndonesia’s maritime trade and economic growth depend heavily on its ability to secure and protectthe supply chain and associated ship and port facilities. The fast-paced maritime commercial shippingindustry, focused on the import and export of in-demand commodities, requires high confidence in thesafety and security of its operations. The uninterrupted ability of a ship to deliver and a port to clearand account for discharged cargo is critical to this success and remains reliant on the successfulimplementation of ISPS Code and ISO 28000 standards.ReferencesIMO / ISPS Code Information | Website: http://www.imo.orgISO 28000 Information | Website: http://www.iso.orgUSCG International Port Security Program: The Maritime Security Help Desk | Website:http://homeport.uscg.mil | Navigate to the IPS Program TabUS Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) | Website: http://www.ncis.navy.milBritish Ship photo - AMCHAM at: www.belgian-navy.be ***** Scott M. Bernat is a civilian Special Agent of the US Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS), currently assigned to the US Embassy Jakarta, Indonesia Force Protection Detachment as the Resident Agent in Charge and Chief of US Military Security. During his 22 year career, he has worked as a security professional throughout Asia, Australia/Oceania, Central America, Europe, Middle East and the United States. He is a recognized expert in Maritime and Port Security.