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What causes skin cancer


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What causes skin cancer

  1. 1. What causes Skin Cancer? By: Sandra Beltran Period:6
  2. 2. Standards <ul><li>Unit 1: Cell Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Unit summary </li></ul><ul><li>This unit will focus on the structure and functions of cells. This includes distinguishing between cellular organisms and viruses, as well as between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. It also includes understanding the function of the plasma membrane and the process of diffusion, osmosis, and active transport. Additionally, this unit will address the functions of various cell organelles, including the chloroplasts role in photosynthesis and the mitochondria's role in cellular respiration. </li></ul><ul><li>Unit 10: Immune System </li></ul><ul><li>Unit Summary </li></ul><ul><li>This unit focuses n the human immune system. It addresses both the specific and nonspecific immune responses the role of antibodies in immunity, the differences between viral and bacterial infections, compromised immunity, and the role of vaccinations in protecting against infections. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Skin Cancer <ul><li>Skin cancer is occurred when errors form in the DNA of healthy skin cells. The mutations cause the cells to grow out of control and form a mass of cancer cells -Skin cancer begins in your skin's top layer, the epidermis. The epidermis is a thin layer that provides a protective cover of skin cells that your body continually sheds. It contains three type of cells: the squamous , basal , melanocytes cells. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Skin Cancer <ul><li>Skin cancer is almost always curable when it is detected in its early stages. Although melanoma accounts for only a small percentage of skin cancer, it is far more dangerous than other skin cancers and causes most skin cancer deaths. </li></ul><ul><li>Melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer, will account for about 68,130 cases of skin cancer in 2010 and of the 11,790 deaths due to skin cancer each year. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Percentage of Skin Cancer . <ul><li>More than 3.5 million skin cancers in over two million people are diagnosed annually. </li></ul><ul><li>Each year there are more new cases of skin cancer than the combined incidence of cancers of the breast, prostate, lung, and colon. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 40 and 50 percent of Americans who live to age 65 will have either skin cancer at least once. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Percentage of Skin Cancer <ul><li>These graphs are showing different kinds of race having skin cancer. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pictures
  8. 8. Pictures
  9. 9. What are the risk factors for skin cancer? <ul><li>People who have freckles , light colored eyes or hair , lots of moles , and who have a history of skin cancer can get it easier. </li></ul><ul><li>Also , if you spend a lot of time working or playing outdoors. </li></ul><ul><li>And if you live somewhere where its really hot , it can cause you to get sun burns and might end up with skin cancer. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What are the risk factors for skin cancer? <ul><li>Unprotected and/or excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation </li></ul><ul><li>Fair complexion </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational exposures to coal tar, pitch, creosote, arsenic compounds, or radium </li></ul><ul><li>Family history </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple or atypical moles </li></ul><ul><li>Severe sunburns as a child </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ways to protect yourself from skin cancer <ul><li>Some ways to stop skin cancer are: </li></ul><ul><li>Keep away from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Put a lot of sunscreen </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid tanning salons </li></ul><ul><li>Check moles if you have some </li></ul><ul><li>*This is a picture of moles </li></ul><ul><li>that are starting to get big. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Ways to protect yourself from skin cancer <ul><li>To avoid skin cancer is to wear clothes that protects your skin very well. </li></ul><ul><li>You can wear light colored clothes to keep you fresh , instead of dark color of clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>And you can use hats , umbrellas , sunscreen and other stuff to keep your skin safe from the sun. </li></ul>