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April 5, 2013
T. Trimpe 2008

http://sciencespot.net/
Section A: Complete the chart using a periodic table to help you.
Answer these questions:

NEGATIVE
An atom that gains one or more electrons will have a ____________________
charge.
POSITI...
What is an ionic bond?
Atoms will transfer one or more ________________ to another to form the bond.
ELECTRONS
Each atom i...
Example B3: Potassium + Iodine

Example B4: Sodium + Oxygen

Example B5: Calcium + Chlorine

Example B6: Aluminum + Chlori...
What is a covalent bond?
Atoms ___________ one or more electrons with each other to form the bond.
SHARE
Each atom is left...
Example C3: Chlorine + Chlorine

Example C4: Oxygen + Oxygen

Example C5: Carbon + 2 Oxygen

Example C6: Carbon + 4 Hydrog...
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Bonding basics08

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Bonding basics08

  1. 1. April 5, 2013 T. Trimpe 2008 http://sciencespot.net/
  2. 2. Section A: Complete the chart using a periodic table to help you.
  3. 3. Answer these questions: NEGATIVE An atom that gains one or more electrons will have a ____________________ charge. POSITIVE An atom that loses one or more electrons will have a ____________________ charge. ION An atom that gains or loses one or more electrons is called an ____________. CATION A positive ion is called a ______________ and a negative ion is called an ANION _______________. “Cat-Eye-On” “An-Eye-On”
  4. 4. What is an ionic bond? Atoms will transfer one or more ________________ to another to form the bond. ELECTRONS Each atom is left with a ________________ outer shell. COMPLETE An ionic bond forms between a ___________ ion with a positive charge and a METAL ________________ ion with a negative charge. NONMETAL Example B1: Sodium + Chlorine Example B2: Magnesium + Iodine
  5. 5. Example B3: Potassium + Iodine Example B4: Sodium + Oxygen Example B5: Calcium + Chlorine Example B6: Aluminum + Chlorine
  6. 6. What is a covalent bond? Atoms ___________ one or more electrons with each other to form the bond. SHARE Each atom is left with a ________________ outer shell. COMPLETE A covalent bond forms between two _________________. NONMETAL Example C1: Hydrogen + Hydrogen Example C2: 2 Hydrogen + Oxygen
  7. 7. Example C3: Chlorine + Chlorine Example C4: Oxygen + Oxygen Example C5: Carbon + 2 Oxygen Example C6: Carbon + 4 Hydrogen

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