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Ways of the world


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Ways of the world

  1. 1. Ways of the World <ul><li>Samantha Baker </li></ul><ul><li>August 1, 2010 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Chapter 17 Abolitionism <ul><li>Abolition is a movement that put an end to slavery </li></ul><ul><li>The Enlightenment caused rational thinkers to view slavery as a violation of a person’s rights </li></ul><ul><li>The Slave Trade Act of 1807 was a huge step to abolish slavery by making slave trade illegal throughout the British Empire </li></ul><ul><li>On August 1, 1834, all the slaves in the British Empire were emancipated </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter 17 Feminism <ul><li>Feminism is a movement desiring to obtain greater rights, legal protection, or liberation for women </li></ul><ul><li>It was particularly popular in Europe and North America </li></ul><ul><li>This movement provided women with more access to schools and careers that were traditionally only available to men </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 17 French Revolution <ul><li>The revolution began after the French helped the US in their own revolution, the North American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>1789 marked the beginning of the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>One of the leaders in the revolution was Napoleon Bonaparte </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter 18 Mexican Revolution <ul><li>The Mexican Revolution begin in 1910 </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution lasted a duration of 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>1 million lives were lost </li></ul><ul><li>Women were directly involved in this revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They fought and assisted with medical aid </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 18 Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Technological advances brought huge changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It affected every aspect of life from the way people worked to the way they were paid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The revolution began in Great Britain but has spread to every part of the world and has affected everything in one way or another </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chapter 18 After Latin American Independence <ul><li>Political life was very unstable </li></ul><ul><li>Joining the military was a great opportunity for men </li></ul><ul><li>Many people desired a central government </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chapter 19 Ottoman Empire <ul><li>The Ottoman Empire spanned a total of three continents during the 16th and 17th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled over much of the Arab world </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire came to an end on November 1, 1922, </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chapter 19 Industrial Revolution Effects on Europe <ul><li>The Industrial Revolution changed every life in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Europe became the main player in the world economy because of the progress made during the revolution </li></ul><ul><li>The technological advances made it much easier to manufacture products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, Europe produced more faster than the people could buy </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Chapter 19 Crisis in China <ul><li>Population outgrew the amount of food produced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This resulted in impoverished and starving people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The state quickly became unable to perform regular duties and corruption became rampant among authority figures </li></ul><ul><li>Occurred under the Qing Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>This crisis took over a decade for China to recover from </li></ul>
  11. 11. Chapter 20 Missionaries <ul><li>Missionaries were taking the message of Christianity to Asia and Africa </li></ul><ul><li>They benefited from the education countries were experiencing </li></ul><ul><li>Their messages were often times either accepted with opposition or great appreciation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Chapter 20 Education in the West <ul><li>Education provided access to many things including a better paying job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It provided a way for people to escape horrible conditions like forced labor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A large gap was created between the educated and un-educated people </li></ul>
  13. 13. Chapter 20 Cash Crops <ul><li>A cash crop is a crop grown for profit (as opposed to being grown for feeding the farmers family or livestock) </li></ul><ul><li>The growth of the cash crop industry was aided by the colonial rule </li></ul><ul><li>Local farmers benefited from this increase </li></ul><ul><li>However, there were also issues with these cash crop increases such as: a shortage of labor and a greater tension between classes </li></ul>
  14. 14. Chapter 21 World War 1 <ul><li>The war began in 1914 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand is seen as the official beginning of the war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There were two teams: the Allies and the Central Powers </li></ul><ul><li>The war finally concluded in 1918 with 15 million lives lost </li></ul>
  15. 15. Chapter 21 World War 2 <ul><li>The war lasted around 6 years spanning from 1939 to 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>The two main teams were the Allies and the Axis </li></ul><ul><li>Major tragedies such as the Holocaust and use of nuclear weapons are badges of this war </li></ul><ul><li>An estimated 50 to 70 million lives were lost during this “total war” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Chapter 21 The Great Depression <ul><li>This worldwide depression began in 1929 and ended around the end of the 1930’s for most countries </li></ul><ul><li>The worst, widest, and longest depression of the 20th century </li></ul><ul><li>The stock market crash of 1929 was a huge downturning point in the Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment got as high as 33% in some countries </li></ul><ul><li>Countries that exported mainly only one or two products were hit incredibly hard by the economic downturn </li></ul>
  17. 17. Chapter 22 Mao Zedong <ul><li>Led the People’s Republic China from 1949 until 1976 when he died </li></ul><ul><li>Maoism consists of his Communist policies, military strategies, and his conrtibutions to Marxism-Leninism </li></ul><ul><li>Some of Mao’s social-political programs are blamed for terrible things, such as: the loss of millions of lives, famine, and damage to China </li></ul><ul><li>However, many people believe he laid the foundation of modern China </li></ul>
  18. 18. Chapter 22 Global Communism <ul><li>Communism is founded on the teachings of Karl Marx </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communism would be the final stage of society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A sociopolitical structure that results in a classless and stateless society where all possessions of property are held communally </li></ul><ul><li>Global communism cannot coexist with nation-states </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In order for global communism to be achieved, the nation -state must be eliminated </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Chapter 22 Communist China <ul><li>China was one of the countries that ruled by communism </li></ul><ul><li>It is the largest population ruled by Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Today the Chinese Communist Party is the world’s largest political party </li></ul><ul><li>Under communism China has experienced highs and lows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Their manufacturing and production levels have reached all time highs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But they have also suffered the loss of over 3 million people’s lives due to revolutions and conflicts </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Chapter 23 Ghandi <ul><li>Mohandas Karamchand Ghandi, more commonly known as Mahatma Ghandi, is officially honored in India as “The Father of the Nation” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is because he pioneered satyagraha, his famous non-violent approach, which helped India achieve its independence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He was the political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian Independence Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Some of Ghandi’s works include easing poverty, increasing the rights of women, and create unity for religions and ethnicities </li></ul><ul><li>Ghandi encouraged people to follow his lead on things like speaking the truth and non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>At 36 Ghandi became celibate even though he was married </li></ul>
  21. 21. Chapter 23 Indian Independence Movement <ul><li>The goal was independence from the British </li></ul><ul><li>The INC, Indian National Congress, was established in 1885 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ghandi played a huge role in gaining their independence by joining the INC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He called for a different type of action by desiring moral transformation of individuals rather than social revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On January 26, 1950, India declared itself a republic and created its own Constitution </li></ul>
  22. 22. Chapter 23 Nelson Mandela <ul><li>Mandela served many of his 27 years in prison on Robben Island before being released in 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>He led the negotiations that led to a multi-racial democracy in 1994 when he was elected president </li></ul><ul><li>Served as president of South Africa from 1994-1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He was the first president elected in a fully representative democratic election </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He was also the first black president and represents a huge step in conquering racism </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Chapter 24 Che Guevera <ul><li>He was an Marxist Revolutionary born in Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>He was heavily influenced by the poverty he witnessed while traveling for medical study which caused him to believe that world revolution was the only solution for such a huge problem </li></ul><ul><li>A huge proponent of guerilla warfare </li></ul><ul><li>He has become a popular symbol of counterculturist </li></ul>
  24. 24. Chapter 24 Environmentalism <ul><li>A social movement to help improve the condition of the environment that has become increasingly popular in the recent years </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentalism roots can be found in the 19th century poetry of Roman writers such as William Blake and William Wordsworth </li></ul><ul><li>The Environmentalist movement caught rapid worldwide momentum in the second half of the 20th century </li></ul>
  25. 25. Chapter 24 Hamas <ul><li>Hamas means Islamic Resistance Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Hamas was established in 1987 by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin </li></ul><ul><li>The group was banned in 1999 from Jordan </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict has always surrounded this group </li></ul><ul><li>Their main goal is “the replacement of Israel and the Palestinian Territories with an Islamic Palestinian state” </li></ul>
  26. 26. Sources <ul><li> (consulted for all topics and all pictures) </li></ul>