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Layout types

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Layout types

  1. 1. Basic Layout Types <ul><li>Product Layouts </li></ul><ul><li>Process Layouts </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed-Position </li></ul><ul><li>Combination Layouts </li></ul><ul><li>Just In Time Layout </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  2. 2. Basic Layout Types <ul><li>Product Layout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Layout that uses standardized processing operations to achieve smooth, rapid, high-volume flow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process Layout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Layout that can handle varied processing requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fixed Position Layout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Layout in which the product or project remains stationary, and workers, materials, and equipment are moved as needed </li></ul></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  3. 3. Product Layouts <ul><li>Operations are arranged in the sequence required to make the product </li></ul><ul><li>Used when the operations system must handle a narrow variety of products in relatively high volumes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Product Layout Product A Product B Product C Step 1 Step 1 Step 1 Step 2 Step 2 Step 2 Step 3 Step 3 Step 3 Step 4 Step 4 Step 4 7-14 Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  5. 5. Characteristics of Product Layouts <ul><li>Special-purpose equipment are used </li></ul><ul><li>Changeover is expensive and lengthy </li></ul><ul><li>Material flow approaches continuous </li></ul><ul><li>Material handling equipment is fixed </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  6. 6. Characteristics of Product Layouts <ul><li>Little direct supervision is required </li></ul><ul><li>Planning, scheduling and controlling functions are relatively straight-forward </li></ul><ul><li>Production time for a unit is relatively short </li></ul><ul><li>In-process inventory is relatively low </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  7. 7. Process Layouts <ul><li>Equipment that perform similar processes are grouped together </li></ul><ul><li>Used when the operations system must handle a wide variety of products in relatively small volumes (i.e., flexibility is necessary) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Traditional Process Layout Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  9. 9. Characteristics of Process Layouts <ul><li>General-purpose equipment is used </li></ul><ul><li>Changeover is rapid </li></ul><ul><li>Material handling equipment is flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Operators are highly skilled </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  10. 10. Characteristics of Process Layouts <ul><li>Technical supervision is required </li></ul><ul><li>Planning, scheduling and controlling functions are challenging </li></ul><ul><li>Production time is relatively long </li></ul><ul><li>In-process inventory is relatively high </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  11. 11. Cellular Manufacturing (CM) Layouts <ul><li>Operations required to produce a particular family (group) of parts are arranged in the sequence required to make that family </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediate between product & process layout </li></ul><ul><li>Used when the operations system must handle a moderate variety of products in moderate volumes </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  12. 12. Characteristics of CM Relative to Process Layouts <ul><li>Equipment can be less general-purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Material handling costs are reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Training periods for operators are shortened </li></ul><ul><li>In-process inventory is lower </li></ul><ul><li>Parts can be made faster and shipped more quickly </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  13. 13. Characteristics of CM Relative to a Product Layout <ul><li>Equipment can be less special-purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Changeovers are simplified </li></ul><ul><li>Production is easier to automate </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  14. 14. Fixed-Position Layouts <ul><li>Product remains in a fixed position, and the personnel, material and equipment come to it </li></ul><ul><li>Used when the product is very bulky, large, heavy or fragile </li></ul>
  15. 15. JUST IN TIME LAYOUT <ul><li>Producing & delivering the right items at the right time </li></ul><ul><li>Technique to reduce inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Use of resources appropriately </li></ul><ul><li>Flow line is in sequence </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa

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