God, Man and what He promises to do.Gen. 1: 26 “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: andlet them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, andover the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing thatcreepeth upon the earth.”•This verse summaries the totality of your life and what to do, including vocations.Gen. 2:15 “And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden ofEden to dress it and to keep it.”God ordained work:I Thessa. 4:11 “And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, andto work with your own hands, as we commanded you”2 Thessa. 3: 10 “For even when we were with you, this we commandedyou, that if any would not work, neither should he eat.•The Lord had ordained what you will become. Ps. 65:9 “Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it withthe river of God, which is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hastso provided for it.”
•Your steps are ordered by God.Ps. 37:23 “The steps of a good man are ordered by the LORD: and he delighteth inhis way”.OverviewMany high school students think that career planning is something that beginsonce they have entered college. On the contrary, career planning is a processthat begins before high school, and most naturally should continue into thecollege years. Career planning, in fact, is an ongoing process that allows you torethink and reevaluate yourself and your career options as you haveexperiences, and as you grow and develop.At the high school level, perhaps the best way of starting is to begin the processof self-exploration. Self-exploration allows you to think about your:•Skills and abilities•Interests•Personal priorities•Training and education•Life experiences
Getting StartedThere are five components to career planning:1.Assess YourselfLearn about your interests and preferences by completing an inventory.2.Generate OptionsIdentify University majors and general career options that relate to yourinterests.3.Gather InformationLearn more about specific University majors, such as academicrequirements and jobs related to each major. Get career information suchas job descriptions, salary, and outlook.4.Make a DecisionReview the decision-making process and determine the status of yourdecision.5.Take the Next StepIdentify the steps you need to take to move forward with your academicand career plans.
Assess Yourself – High School StudentsThe first step in career planning is self-assessment. You need to learnabout your interests, personality style, skills, and values. Once youhave a better understanding of your preferences, you can choosecollege majors and career options that fit "you" and tend to beconsistent with those preferences.• This theory maintains that based on your interests you can be looselyclassified into six different categories:realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, andconventional. College majors and careers can also be organized intothese same six categories. If you choose a college major and careerfrom one of the six categories that is consistent with your interests, youare more likely to be satisfied with your choice.•The results obtained may help you brainstorm some academic andcareer choices. This exercise is not likely to result in a final choice, butshould be regarded as a starting point in your career development.
Interests Assessment – High School StudentsBelow is a simple interests assessment that may help youlearn more about your preferences. It is based on JohnHollands Theory of Vocational Choice. This theory maintainsthat people can be loosely classified into six categories:Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, andConventional. College majors and careers can also be sortedinto these same categories. This assessment will help youlearn about which of the six areas tend to relate to yourinterests. Next, you can look at college majors and careersthat may match your preferences. You are more likely to besatisfied with career choices that are consistent with your skills,interests, and values.
REALISTICRate the level of interest you think you have for each area listed below from 0(very little interest) to 9 (a high level of interest). Dont worry about yourskill level. Just consider how much you like each activity. Participate in athletic activities Spend time working outdoors Use your hands and tools to build something Operate machinery to make a product Take care of animals Help plants grow and stay healthy
INVESTIGATIVERate the level of interest you think you have for each area listed belowfrom 0 (very little interest) to 9 (a high level of interest). Dont worryabout your skill level. Just consider how much you like each activity. Calculate and solve math problems Study scientific issues and problems Research scientific topics independently Analyze numerical and quantitative data Invest your time to understand complex concepts Investigate new mathematical or scientific projects
ARTISTICRate the level of interest you think you have for each area listed belowfrom 0 (very little interest) to 9 (a high level of interest). Dont worryabout your skill level. Just consider how much you like each activity. Design a new picture, flyer, or poster Generate innovative ideas and solutions to a problem Perform in a drama production Write a creative story or essay Play a musical instrument Express your emotions freely and openly
SOCIALRate the level of interest you think you have for each area listed belowfrom 0 (very little interest) to 9 (a high level of interest). Dont worryabout your skill level. Just consider how much you like each activity. Advise a friend with a personal problem Counsel children in a community group Teach people new skills Participate in activities which improve society Join a group discussion and share ideas, thoughts, feelings Help others less fortunate than you
ENTERPRISINGRate the level of interest you think you have for each area listed belowfrom 0 (very little interest) to 9 (a high level of interest). Dont worryabout your skill level. Just consider how much you like each activity. Manage a group to complete a project Persuade others to adopt your beliefs Sell products or services to the public Determine goals and motivate others to achieve them Lead a team to victory Work in an upscale, plush environment
CONVENTIONALRate the level of interest you think you have for each area listed below from0 (very little interest) to 9 (a high level of interest). Dont worry aboutyour skill level. Just consider how much you like each activity. Follow an organized set of rules Work in a predictable and structured environment Process data or records in an orderly manner Perform numerical calculations Use a computer to complete work assignments efficiently Work in an office where expectations and goals are clear and definite.
Summary of Interest Assessment ScoresDo the summary of your scores. Click on the 3 areas in which your scores arehighest to develop a better understanding of that type and learn how it relates toUniversity college majors and career options. Discuss your findings with yourguidance counselor, parents, teachers, and/or friends. Realistic Social Investigative Enterprising Artistic ConventionalAfter you complete the interests assessment, go to the next section, "GenerateOptions," to brainstorm ideas of University college majors and related careers thatmight be suitable for you. If you already have enough ideas of college majorsand/or career options, go to "Gather Information" to learn more about thoseoptions.
Generate Options – High SchoolThe Interest Assessment helped you explore your interests and preferences. Yourresults indicated that you may have either realistic, investigative, artistic,social, enterprising, or conventional tendencies.We all have characteristics related to each of the six research types listed above.However, most of us tend to be dominant in at least one or two types. Once youlearn the types in which you are dominant, you can explore specific Universitymajors and career options that tend to relate to those types. Choosing collegemajors and career paths that are consistent with your interests and skills mayincrease the likelihood of satisfaction and success with those choices.Choose the types in which your scores were highest, as measured by the interest assessment.Learn about University majors and general career options that tend to relate to your interests:•Realistic•Investigative•Artistic•Social•Enterprising•ConventionalWe recommend you brainstorm as many college majors and career options as possible right now.When you have finished visiting the six areas above, move to the next section, Gather Information tolearn more specific information about each area you are considering.
The Realistic TypePeople with strong realistic characteristics tend to enjoy being outdoors and working withmachines, tools, animals and/or things. They often prefer using mechanical, athletic and manualskills to interacting with groups and using interpersonal skills. Realistic people view themselves aspractical and conservative.Below are examples of Rutgers University college majors and sample career options that relate tothe realistic type. Review these lists and brainstorm ideas of possible college majors and careerpaths you might want to explore.Related University Majors Aerospace Engineering Biotechnology Environ. Science/Studies Agricultural Science Ceramic Engineering Geography Animal Science Chemical Engineering Geological Sciences Anthropology Chemistry Marine Sciences Biochemistry Civil Engineering Mathematics/Stats Bioenvironmental Engineering Computer Engineering Mechanical Engineering Biological Sciences Computer Science Packaging Engineering Biomathematics Electrical Engineering Physics Biomedical Technology Environ. Plan./Design Plant Science Bioresource Engineering Environmental Policy Statistics
Related Career OptionsAeronautical Test Engineer Forester Plant SuperintendentAgricultural Inspector Geologist, Petroleum PodiatristAgricultural Program Associate Health Physicist Production PlannerAnimal Control Officer Helicopter Pilot Public Health InspectorAppraiser Horticulturist Radio Station OperatorAthletic Director Instrumentation Technician Remediation SpecialistAutomotive Engineer Laboratory Animal Researcher Research AssistantBiomedical Equipment Technician Landscape Architect Software TechnicianChemical Test Engineer Marine Surveyor Soil ConservationistCommercial Airplane Pilot Mathematical Technician Sporting Goods Manufacturers Rep.Conservationist Mechanical Engineer Sports Information DirectorCounty Agent Natural Resources Manager Stress AnalystDirector of Sports Facilities Nuclear Medical Technologist SurveyorEcotourism Coordinator Oceanographer TechnicianElectrical Engineer Optical Engineer Ultrasound TechnologistEnvironmental Health Specialist Orthotist VeterinarianEnvironmental Project Manager Parks Conservationist Vocational/Agricultural TeacherExtension Agent/Specialist Control Inspector Water Resources ManagerFacilities Planner Petroleum Engineer Wildlife ManagerField Researcher Physical Therapist Writer, Technical PublicationsFitness Program Coordinator Plant Geneticist
The Investigative TypePeople who lean toward the investigative type often like to work independently and on a cognitivelevel. They like to think about and analyze ideas, problems and issues. Investigative types may havestrong math, science, and analytical abilities. They prefer to study and understand situations andexpand their knowledge on subject matters.Below are examples of University college majors and sample career options that relate to theinvestigative type. Review these lists and brainstorm ideas of possible college majors and careerpaths you might want to explore.Related University Majors Aerospace Engineering Computer Engineering Marine Science Agricultural Science Computer Science Materials Science Engineering Animal Science Economics Mathematics Anthropology Electrical Engineering Mathematics/Stats Biochemistry Environ./Bus. Economics Medical Technology Bioenviron. Engineering Environ. Plan./Design Meteorology Biological Sciences Environ. Science/Studies Microbiology Biomathematics Environ. Engineering Pharmacy Bioresource Engineering Exercise Science Physician Assistant Ceramic Engineering Food Science Physics Chemical Engineering Geography Plant Science Chemistry Geological Sciences Public Health Civil Engineering Linguistics Sociology Statistics
Related Career OptionsActuary Ecologist Physician AssistantAeronautical Engineer Embryologist PhysicistAgronomist Entomologist Plant PathologistAir Analyst Environmental Analyst ProfessorAllergist Food & Drug Inspector ProgrammerAnesthesiologist Formulation Chemist PsychiatristApplications Engineer Geneticist PsychologistArchitect Geologist Public Health SpecialistAssistant Researcher Geophysicist Quality Control EngineerAssociate Scientist Health Physicist R & D SpecialistBiochemist Industrial Hygienist Research EngineerBiologist Information Scientist Safety & Health ManagerBiostatistician Laboratory Supervisor Scientific EditorBiotechnologist Laser Technician Software EngineerBotanist Management Analyst Soil ScientistCardiologist Market Research Analyst StatisticianCeramic Engineer Mathematician SurgeonChemist Medical Technologist Systems AnalystChiropractor Meteorologist Systems EngineerClinical Researcher Microbiologist Technical Staff MemberComputer Applications Mycologist Technical WriterCrime Lab Analyst Neurologist Telecommunications SpecialistEngineer Nuclear Medical Technologist Test EngineerDatabase Design Analyst Numerical Analyst ToxicologistDentist Nutritionist Water Purification ChemistDietitian Pathologist Wildlife Biologist Pharmacist Veterinarian
The Artistic Type:They may possess musical, artistic, and literary skills. Artistic people oftenenjoy innovative and open experiences over organized and structuredactivities. They prefer to let their emotions soar and guide them. Artistic typesgenerally avoid regimented and routine activities. Related University Majors Art History English Music Chinese Environmental Planning & Philosophy Design Classics European Studies Portuguese Communication French Religion Comparative Literature German Russian Dance Italian Spanish East Asian Studies Journalism/Mass Media Theatre Arts Economics Visual Arts
Related Career OptionsActor Curator MusicianAdvertising Account Executive Dance Therapist NarratorAnimator Decorator News EditorArchitect Design Director Orchestra LibrarianArchivist Designer OrchestratorArranger Display Manager Package DesignerArt Appraiser Drafter PainterArt Critic Dramatic Coach PhotographerArt Teacher Editor PlaywrightArtist Editorial Production Assistant Product DesignerAudiovisual Production Specialist Entertainment Agent Promotion DirectorBand Director Exhibit Artist Publications SpecialistBook Illustrator Exhibit Designer Publicity DirectorCalligrapher Fashion Artist Radio AnnouncerCartoonist Foreign Service Officer ReporterCasting Director Gallery Director Screen WriterChoreographer Graphic Designer SculptorClergy Member Humorist Set DesignerColor Expert Illustrator Singer/PerformerColumnist Interior Designer Special Events CoordinatorCommentator Journalist Stage ManagerCommercial Designer Landscape Architect Story EditorCommunications Specialist Layout Coordinator Talent AgentComposer Lyricist Technical IllustratorConservator Media Analyst Textile DesignerCopywriter Merchandise Display Coordinator Theatrical Press AgentCorporate Communications Specialist Museum Specialist Touring Production ManagerCostume Designer Music Teacher Video EditorCreative Director Writer
The Social TypeThose who tend to be dominant in the social area like to be around people. Theyenjoy helping others and contributing to the good of society. Social types havestrong interpersonal and communication skills and tend to be empathetic, patientand understanding. They may prefer to avoid technical work or activities involvingmachines or objects.Related MajorsAfricana Studies History Nutritional SciencesAmerican Studies History/Political Science PhilosophyChinese/French/German Jewish Studies Physician AssistantClassics Labor Studies Political ScienceCriminal Justice Latino & Hispanic Studies Planning & Public PolicyEast Asian Languages Management PsychologyEducation Marketing ReligionEuropean Studies Medical Technology Social WorkFinance Middle Eastern Studies Theatre ArtsFood Science Nursing Visual ArtsItalian/ Portuguese/Russian/ Womens & Gender StudiesSpanish
Related Career OptionsAcademic Dean District Supervisor Occupational TherapistAdmissions Counselor Educational Consultant Patient Services RepresentativeAffirmative Action Coordinator Educational Program Coordinator Peace Corps WorkerAgency Director EEO Representative Personnel RecruiterAir Traffic Controller Employee Welfare Manager Physical TherapistAnnouncer Employment Interviewer PodiatristArbitrator Family Therapist Probation OfficerAssignment Editor Foreign Service Officer Professor/TeacherAttorney Gerontologist Program Development SpecialistAuditor Government Agency Administrator Public Health AdvisorBenefits Consultant Guidance Counselor Public Information OfficerCase Management Specialist Historian Public Service OfficialCaseworker Hospice Specialist PsychologistChild Welfare Worker Hospital Administrator Real Estate AppraiserClaim Examiner Human Resources Specialist Recreation LeaderClergy Member Import-Export Agent Religious LeaderCoach Interpreter Research AssistantCommunity Action Specialist Librarian School SuperintendentCommunity Health Coordinator Loan Officer Social WorkerConflict Resolution Specialist Managed Care Coordinator SociologistConsumer Advocate Manager Speech PathologistCounselor Medical Record Administrator Staff Training CoordinatorCustomer Service Representative Multicultural Educator SupervisorCustoms Specialist Nonprofit Administrator TeacherDietician Nurse Travel ConsultantDisc Jockey Nursing Home Administrator Technical Support Specialist
The Enterprising TypeIndividuals with high enterprising scores generally enjoy interacting with people in amanner that involves leadership, persuasion and management. They tend to becomfortable with their decision-making skills and may be ambitious, competitive, andself-confident. Enterprising types are often attracted to economically rewardingendeavors and are comfortable exerting power over others.Related MajorsAfricana Studies History/Political Science Medieval StudiesAmerican Studies Industrial Engineering Middle Eastern StudiesArt History Jewish Studies MusicCriminal Justice Journalism/Mass Media Physics EngineeringDance Labor Studies Planning & Public PolicyEducation Latino & Hispanic Studies Political ScienceEnglish Management Public HealthEnvironmental Policy Marketing Social WorkFinance Mathematics SociologyHistory Mechanical Engineering Womens & Gender Studies
Related Career OptionsAssociation Executive Fashion Coordinator Marketing RepresentativeAppraiser/Assessor Field Representative Media DirectorAttorney Financial Planner NewscasterAuditor Foreign Exchange Trader Park SuperintendentBenefits Administrator Fund Raiser/Development Officer Personnel RecruiterBrokers Floor Representative Global Operations Analyst PoliticianBudget Officer Government Agency Administrator Portfolio ManagerBusiness Applications Consultant Head Coach Program ManagerCampaign Manager Hospital Administrator Property ManagerChief Bank Examiner Industrial Engineer Public AdministratorChief Financial Officer Inspector Public Relations RepresentativeCity Auditor Insurance Agent Purchasing AgentColumnist International Sales Director Real Estate AgentCommodities Trader International Trade Specialist Recreation SupervisorCommunication Consultant Investment Banker Regional Business DirectorContract Specialist Job Developer ReporterController Judge Sales RepresentativeCourt Administrator Laboratory Supervisor Securities TraderCredit Analyst Labor Relations Specialist StockbrokerCredit Officer Lawyer SuperintendentCurrency Trader Legislative Assistant Telemarketing RepresentativeDirector Loan Counselor Training ConsultantEducational Specialist Loan Officer TreasurerEntrepreneur Lobbyist Trust OfficerEstate Planner Manager UnderwriterFBI/CIA Agent Marketing Analyst Urban Planner
The Conventional TypeThose who lean toward the conventional style prefer very structured andorganized activities. They like to have a clear understanding of expectationsand follow established procedures. Conventional types may have strongverbal and numerical abilities and prefer to avoid unstructured activities.They tend to prefer an orderly, calm, and efficient environment where theycan be part of a team with an organized, established routine. Related Majors Accounting Education Marketing Criminal Justice Management Social Work
Related Career OptionsAccount Administrator Copyright Specialist Investment AnalystAccount Analyst Cost Analyst Investment Banking AnalystAuditor Credit Analyst Loan Review AnalystBank Examiner Customs Inspector Management AccountantBibliographer Database Administrator Medical Record TechnicianBookkeeper Data Processing Auditor Polygraph ExaminerBudget Analyst Data Processing Specialist Procurement EngineerBuilding Inspector Electrical Inspector ProgrammerBursar Electronic Funds Transfer Quality Control Coordinator CoordinatorCartographer Financial Analyst Systems AccountantChief Business Programmer Fixed Capital Analyst Tax SpecialistClaims Examiner Fixed Capital Examiner Title ExaminerComputer Operator Foreign Exchange Specialist TreasurerComputer Security Coordinator Insurance Analyst UnderwriterController Internal Auditor User Support AnalystInventory Control Specialist
Gather Information - High School Other Sources of Information For Researching a Career Literature Books and articles dealing with specific career areas Career planning computer programs available in your high school People Family Friends, neighbors Teachers, guidance counselors Present and past employers Related Experience Part-time and summer jobs Volunteer work Reports, term papers, research projects
Make a Decision - High SchoolThis can be challenging. Sometimes decisions can beas easy as choosing a TV channel or picking an icecream flavor . These decisions dont really affect theway you live your life. Other decisions have a biggerimpact on your life so you may be slower to decide.Examples of these types of decisions include choosinga spouse and determining what you want to do withyour life with regard to work.
WHAT KIND OF A DECISION MAKER ARE YOU?Decision-Making StylesNot all individuals approach decision making in the same manner. There are different styles of decision making. There are "inner reliant"decision makers that take responsibility for their decisions and "outer reliant" decision makers who try and transfer the responsibility to othersfor their decisions. The following list identifies a number of different decision-making styles.Impulsive Decider One who takes the first choice: "Decide now; think later. Dont look before you leap."Fatalistic Decider One who leaves the decision up to the environment or fate: "Whatever will be will be."Compliant Decider One who goes along with someone elses plan rather than making his or her own decision: "If its OK with you, its OK with me. Anything you say."Delaying Decider One who delays thought and action on a problem: "Ill think about it later."Agonizing Decider One who spends much time and thought in gathering data and analyzing alternatives only to get lost in the accumulated data : "I cant make up my mind. I dont know what to do."Intuitive Decider One who decides based on what is felt, but cannot be verbalized: "It feels right."Paralytic Decider One who accepts the responsibility for decisions, but is unable to do much about it: "I know I should, but I just cant get with it. Cant face up to it."Escapist Decider One who avoids a decision or makes up an answer to end the discussion. For example, if asked by a relative about what he or she is majoring in, this type would respond, "Im thinking about pre-med." This allows the escapist to give a socially acceptable answer without taking responsibility.Play-it-Safe Decider One who almost always picks the alternative with the perceived lowest level of risk: " I like anthropology, but I can get a job in accounting."Planner One whose strategy is based on a rational approach with some balance between thoughts and feelings: "I am the captain of my fate; I am the master of my soul."
Career Decision-Making ModelStep 1: Identify the Decision to be MadeBefore you begin gathering information, you need to havea clear understanding of what it is you are trying to decide.Some decisions you might be facing could include:1. What will I choose for a college major?2. What do I want to do after graduation?
Step 2: Know Yourself (Self-Assessment)Before you begin exploring college majors and careers which will prove satisfying, you mustunderstand yourself: your skills, interests, values, and personality characteristics. Areas toconsider include:Skills:1. What are my strengths and weaknesses?2. What skills do I need to develop?Interests:1. What am I interested in doing?2. What activities do I like the most?Values:1. What is important to me in a career?2. In what ways must I be challenged and rewarded?Personality:1. What personal qualities do I possess that will help me in the classroom?2. How will my personal style influence my career choice?In the "Self-assessment" section of this website, you learned about your interests. We encourageyou to speak with your teachers, parents, and guidance counselor to further explore your skills andvalues and how they relate to your career plans.
Step 3: Begin Identifying Options (Career Exploration)To continue gathering information and researching careers,you will need to start identifying options. Questions you mightask yourself at this point are:1. At this point in time, what college majors and career pathsam I considering?2. What other types of options am I considering?In the "Generate Options" section of this presentation, youidentified majors and/or career options which related to yourinterests and personality style. Continue to brainstorm ideasof college majors and career plans for yourself. You haveplenty of time to make career decisions at this point.
Step 4: Gather InformationIf you completed the first three steps, you should havea list of majors and careers that you plan to exploreand research in more depth. You will now:1. Examine the information and resources you alreadyhave.2. Seek out and use new information.
Step 5: Evaluate OptionsIf you have completed your career research, you are nowready to evaluate each of the options you have identified:1. Identify the pros and cons of each college major/career.2. Explore how each major/career relates to your interests,skills, and values.3. Think about the probable future consequences of eachmajor or career choice.
Step 6: Select One of the OptionsBased on the information you have gathered youshould now be able to choose one of the options.1. Do you have enough information to choose oneoption over another? If not, you might need to do moreresearch .
Step 7: Make a Plan and Implement the DecisionHaving chosen one of the options, you can begindeveloping and implementing a plan of action. Askyourself:1. What do you need to follow through on your decision?2. What are the obstacles to implementing your decisionand how can you overcome them?
Take the Next Step - High School Congratulations! You have worked your way through four important phases. You are building a strong foundation for your future career plans. The next steps you take will be based on a better understanding of your interests and how they relate to future academic choices and career options.
What next after JAMB?• Learn some trades.•Sewing (Tailoring)•Plumbing.•Bricklaying.•Computer operations / Designers•Shoe Making•Electronics works.•Auto Mechanics.•Textile Design – Weaving, Tie-dye•Hat Making.•Interior Decoration•House Painting..•Baking and Confectionery Making•Learn Barbing.•Endeavour to secure paid job. e.t.c.