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  2. 2. MEANING AND OBJECTIVE OF DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES <ul><li>The state should keep in mind while framing the lows and formulating Policy. </li></ul><ul><li>To take positive action to promote welfare. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish economic democracy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY <ul><li>It have been enshrined Part IV of the Indian constitution aims at realizing high ideals of justice, equality, fraternity as outlined in the preamble of Indian constitution </li></ul><ul><li>This high ideal Inspire the state to worth for the common good for the people and to establish social and economic democracy in the country. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MAJOR INFLUENCING FACTOR’S OF CONSTITUTION <ul><li>Irish Republic </li></ul><ul><li>The Charter of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>The Charter of UN </li></ul><ul><li>Mahathma Gandhi’s ideas </li></ul>
  5. 5. ARTICLE 37-PART IV <ul><li>It is not enforceable by court, nevertheless it is the fundamentals in the governance of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>It shall be the duty of the state to apply these Principles in making lows </li></ul>
  6. 6. DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES <ul><li>Restatement of the ideals stated in the preamble. </li></ul><ul><li>They are intend to serve, as instructions to government of the state and the centre to act in a way so as to promote fraternity and equality and to guarantee justice and liberty to the people. </li></ul>
  7. 7. VIEWS FROM BHIM RAO AMBEDKAR <ul><li>D.P have a great value. </li></ul><ul><li>Our ideal is an economic democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>We did not want a Parliamentary foam of governance. </li></ul><ul><li>We owe a debt to Irish govt. </li></ul>
  8. 8. DISTINCTION BETWEEN D.P AND FUNDEMENTAL RIGHTS <ul><li>According to Gledhill:- </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental rights are injections to prohibit the government but D.P is affirmative instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental rights have legal sanction behind it but D.P have moral sanction only. </li></ul><ul><li>It is enforceable by court, D.P are not enforceable by court. </li></ul>
  9. 9. VIEWS OF Dr MARKANDAN <ul><li>For the national interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be deprived of the fundamental rights. </li></ul>
  10. 10. CLASSIFICATION OF DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES <ul><li>Out lined from article 39 to 51. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an amalgamation of socialistic, Gandhian and liberal Principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles which help in the establishment of a welfare state or socialistic principles. </li></ul>
  11. 11. ARTICLE 38 <ul><li>The primary state shall be to promote the welfare of the people and create a social order in which Justice-social, economic and political shall be practiced by all the national institutions. </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE IDEAL OF THE WELFARE STATE TO BE ACHIEVED BY THE STATE BY: <ul><li>Providing adequate means of livelihood. </li></ul><ul><li>Distributing the ownership of material resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Reorganizing the economic system </li></ul><ul><li>Securing equal pay for equal work. </li></ul><ul><li>Securing suitable employment for men, women and children. </li></ul><ul><li>Securing children and young men against exploitation and moral degradation. </li></ul>
  13. 13. GANDHIAN IDEALS <ul><li>The state shall take steps to organize village Panchayats and make them powerful. </li></ul><ul><li>To start cottage industries. </li></ul><ul><li>Work for the up-liftment of the Scheduled Tribes. </li></ul><ul><li>Separate the judiciary from the executive. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote international peace. </li></ul>
  14. 14. ARTICLE 51 <ul><li>To secure international peace and security. </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain good and honourable relations between nations. </li></ul><ul><li>To foster respect to international law and Treaty obligations. </li></ul>
  15. 15. NEW DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES ADDED BY 42 nd AMENDMENT : <ul><li>The cannot be any socialism of poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Free legal aid to poor.(39A) </li></ul><ul><li>To enable the workers to participate in management.(43A) </li></ul><ul><li>In Article 39 of the Constitution. </li></ul>
  16. 16. ARTICLE 39A <ul><li>The children and Youth protected against exploitation. </li></ul><ul><li>39 A. </li></ul><ul><li>Article 43A. </li></ul><ul><li>Article 48A. </li></ul>