Gender is refers to as a social aspects and opportunities associated with being male or female


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Gender is refers to as a social aspects and opportunities associated with being male or female

  1. 1. Gender isrefers to as a social aspects and opportunities associated with being male or female. Gender dealswith the relationships between women and men, girls and boys, as well as the relations between women themselves and those between men.These aspects, opportunities and relationships are socially constructed and are cultured through socialization processes from infancy within the family and have started with the sexes upon adulthood. A person’s gender governs what is expected, allowed and valued in both sex in a given environment. In most societies there are differences and inequalities between women and men in responsibilities assigned, activities undertaken, access to and control over resources, as well as decision-making opportunities; perfect example of the decision making is in the patriarchal family. Gender is part of the broader socio-cultural perspective. Other important measures for socio-cultural analysis include class, race, poverty level, ethnic group and age. The underlying concepts have been developed by OSAGI. Base on these underlying theories, society and culture has a lot to do with gender inequality and equality among men and women, boys and girls. In this essay we will be discussing gender equality, the rights and responsibilities of men and women in all spheres of life and society at large and how gender equality contributes to the health provision for the both sex. Gender equality between women and menrefers to the equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities of women and men and girls and boys in a given society. Gender equality does not mean that women and men will become the same but that women’s and men’s rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not be governed only because of the fact thatthey are born male or female, but because of the human rights act that will ensure that equal value aregiven to the both sex includingequal treatment by all means eliminating gender biases. Gender equality implies that the interests, needs and priorities of both women and men are taken into consideration, recognizing the diversity of different groups of women and men. Gender equality is not a women’s issue but should concern and fully engage men as well as women. Equality between women and men is seen both as a human rights issue and as a precondition forsustainable people-centered development. Gender equality seeks to promote equal representation of women and men through the human rights act. Gender equality intended to advance gender equality and women’s empowerment by reducing discrimination, social perspective on what is expected by men and women, economic favoritisms even political power inequalities betweenwomen and men. The
  2. 2. human right act will also ensure that women benefitequally with men from the activity or jobs done. It points out that empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancing development. And its aimis to develop equitable relationships.This type of relationships is known as gender equity which is the process of being fair to women and men. To ensure fairness, strategies and measures must often be available to compensate for women's historical and social disadvantages that prevent women and men from otherwise operating on a level playing field. Gender equality is basicallyrelated to supportable development of human rights for all. The overall objective of gender equality is a society in which women and men enjoy the same opportunities, rights and obligations in all spheres of life or society at large, in the home or even in the work place and other institutions they find themselves in. Gender equality between men and women exists when both sexes are able to share equally in the distribution of power and influence; have equal opportunities for financial independence through work or through setting up businesses, climbing the cooperate ladder, removal of the glass ceiling for women and enjoy equal access to education privilege and the opportunity to develop personal ambitions, interests and talents; share responsibility for the home and children, completely freedom from pressure, intimidation and gender-based violence both at work and at home not forgetting having rights to their own body and the amount of children they want to make. Gender equality and the society at large is critical because it will enable women and men to make decisions at all levels that will impact more positively on their own sexual and reproductive health as well as that of their spouses and families. Decision-making with regard to such issues as age at marriage, timing of births, use of contraceptives and recourse to harmful practices (such as female genital cutting) stands to be improved with the achievement of gender equality. However it is important to acknowledge that where gender inequality exists, it is generally women who are excluded or disadvantaged in relation to decision-making and access to economic and social resources. Therefore a serious aspect of promoting gender equality is the empowerment of women, with a focus on identifying and redressing power imbalances and giving women more autonomy to manage their own lives. This would enable them to make decisions and take actions to achieve and maintain their own reproductive and sexual health. The achievement of gender equality implies changes for both men and women.
  3. 3. Gender Equality in health means that women and men have equal opportunities For realizing their full rights and potential to be healthy, contribute to health development, and benefit from the results.
  4. 4. Aside from the obvious differences in reproductive health, there are several other ways that men's health differs from women's. Men and women often experience different symptoms for the same medical problem. Men are also at higher risk of developing certain conditions, such as kidney stones, and women are at higher risk of developing others, such as osteoporosis, or thinning bones. Because there are differences in men's and women's health, different approaches are sometimes taken to prevent and treat various health conditions. Read more: In eight out of the 10 leading causes of death, the death rate is higher for men than for women, Harvard Medical School reports. These include the top three causes of death for both sexes: heart disease, cancer and stroke. Men not only become ill and die at a younger age than women, they develop more chronic diseases throughout their lifetimes. Men are also more than twice as likely as women to die from liver disease, HIV/AIDS and suicide. Women, on the other hand, are somewhat more likely to die from Alzheimer's disease. Read more: Some health conditions affect both men and women, but occur more frequently in one or the other. For example, both men and women see urologists for urinary tract issues such as kidney or bladder stones, but men also see urologists for specific health care issues as enlarged prostate, prostate cancer and other conditions that only affect men. Some urological conditions affect both men and women, but at significantly different rates. Men are twice as likely to get kidney stones, but women are almost five times as like to develop interstitial cystitis, or inflammation of the bladder.
  5. 5. Read more: Risk Factors High blood cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease that affects both men and women. From the age of 55 on, however, women have higher cholesterol levels than men, according to the American Heart Association. When women have high levels of triglycerides, or blood fats, and low levels of protective HDL cholesterol, they may be at higher risk than men of developing heart disease. In addition to clinical risk factors such as cholesterol levels and general medical history, risk factors that put men at higher risk than women of developing and dying from certain medical conditions may include risky behavior, aggression, alcohol and substance abuse, diet, lack of social networks and lack of routine medical care, according to Harvard Medical School. Anatomy The difference in men's and women's anatomies account for many ways that men's health differs from women's. Hormone types and levels vary between men and women and these variations affect health in different ways. Men and women develop different types of medical problems, including different types of cancers, due to gender-specific body parts. Health concerns that are specific to women's anatomy include uterine fibroids and cervical and ovarian cancer. Health conditions specific to men's anatomy include prostatitis and testicular cancer. At the same time, men and women both experience sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but anatomical differences may cause different symptoms and create different risk factors. Considerations Some ways that men's health differs from women's health are due to lifestyle choices. For instance, Dr. Stephanie Hochman, at the Partnership for Gender-Specific Medicine at Columbia University, finds that hammertoes are much more common in women than in men, as are nerve problems in the feet, because women are more likely to wear poorly-fitted shoes. On the other hand, Dr. Hochman finds that men are treated for more tendon tears and fractures in the feet. As a result, some of her general preventive health care advice is tailored more towards one sex or the other. Read more: References
  6. 6. Northwestern University/Kellogg School of Management: Gender Disparity in Urology American Heart Association: Women, Heart Disease and Stroke Harvard Health Publications: Mars vs. Venus: The Gender Gap in Health Columbia University Partnership for Gender-Specific Medicine: Interview with Dr. Stephanie Hochman Read more: