Arab Spring Towards IslamicGovernance Soukaina Brangui Mohamed Aafer Med Amine Almechatt Sultan Bel Fekih Wassim Sayerh
Introduction The Arab Spring as a favorable condition for the rise of the Islamic movement and its electoral success. The social, economic, and democratic issues faced by the Arab countries which were considered as main reasons for the Arab Spring.
Outline of the presentation Oppression of the Islamic Parties by the Old Regime The failure of the previous parties The success of the Islamic parties The Islamic Political Rise in Morocco
Oppression of the IslamicParties by the Old Regime Islamic Parties: Historial oppositionleaders The Use of Media by the Old Regime All Types Of Political Activities Monitored by the Old Regime
The failure of the previousparties:• The old regimesused despotism andsecularism that led totheir failure• Leaders of these partiesas figure of dictatorship, using succession and nepotism• The party controlled the local Medias
The success of the Islamicparties:• Long-established parties and charismatic leaders• Their role in the opposition and the provided social services• An ability to mobilize and organize the different resources needed
The Islamic PoliticalRise in Morocco • Islamic parties not being part of the government until 2011 helped them to be elected. • The PJD propositions of some changes in the new constitution encourage people to elect them. • The PJD is incapacity to answer people’s request for changes since the power is in the monarchy’s hands.• The 20th February movement lack of commitment aborted the opportunity for a concrete political change.• The new constitution and elections did not prevent Morocco from going up in the ranking of the Economist Intelligent Unit’s of Democracy 2011.
Conclusion Features of old parties Old parties oppression The success of the Islamic parties The Moroccan case.