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  1. 1. DIRECTIONS<br />Part Ⅱ<br />
  2. 2. At, On, In expressing place<br />A<br />We use At with a building or institution when mean the normal purpose the building is used for . <br />My friends are at the theatre <br />( = watching a play )<br />My sister is fifteen. She`s still at school<br />(=attending school ) <br />
  3. 3. We use at for someone’s home.<br />I had a cup of coffee at Alice`s ( house / flat )<br />We also use at with a social event.<br />We met at Adam`s party , didn`t we ?<br />Jo spent the afternoon at races.<br />
  4. 4. B<br />On is two-dimensional. <br />We use it for a surface . <br /> Don’t leave your glass on the floor .<br /> There were lots of pictures on the walls.<br />We use for position on a line such as a river, road, or frontier. <br />Paris is on the Seine .<br /> The house is right on the main road, so it’s a bit noisy.<br />Kirishima street is on fifth avenue.<br />Note <br />We use on to say that we are carrying something with us.<br />I&apos;m afraid I haven`t got any money on/with me.<br />
  5. 5. C<br />In is three-dimensional.<br /> I had five pounds in my pocket.<br /> Who`s that girl in the green dress?<br /> There were three people in the waiting room.<br />Compare in and at with buildings.<br />It was cold in the library. ( = inside the building ) <br /> We were at the library.( = using the library )<br />
  6. 6. D<br />In general we use in for a country or town.<br /> My sister works in Birmingham.<br /> Tom is in Canada at the moment<br /> With a small place we can use at or in.<br /> we used to live at/in a place called Menston. <br />
  7. 7. We can use at with a town or city if we see it as a point on a journey.<br /> I had to change trains at Birmingham.<br />We use on with a small island and in with a large island.<br />we spent a week on Corfu. <br />The company has a factory in Ireland.<br />
  8. 8. ECompare the use of at, on, and in in these phrases <br />at <br />at 52 Grove Road<br />at your house<br />at the station <br />at home / work / school<br />at the seaside<br />at the back<br />at the end <br />at the front of the queue <br /> on <br /> on 42nd Street (US)<br /> on the third floor <br /> on the platform<br /> on the page<br /> on the screen<br />on the island<br />on the beach/ coast<br />on the right/left<br />on the back of <br />in<br /> in Spain/Bristol.<br /> in Grove Road <br /> in the room /lesson<br /> in a book/newspaper<br /> in the photo/picture<br />in an envelope <br />in the country <br />in the middle<br />in the distance<br />in the back of the car <br />in a queue/ line / row <br />
  9. 9. More details abut preposition of place <br />A <br />Above, Over, Below, and Under <br />Above and over have similar meaning.<br />There was a clock above/over the entrance.<br /> My bedroom is above/over the kitchen, so I get all the cooking smells.<br />
  10. 10. When something covers an area, we prefer over.<br />Thick black smoke hangs over the town .<br />Whentwo things are in contact, we use over and not above.<br />Someone had spread a sheet over the body.<br />
  11. 11. We also use over for movement to the other side.<br />The horse jumped over the wall.<br />Did the ball go over the goal line?<br />Somehow we had to get over/across the river.<br />
  12. 12. We prefer over before a number.<br />There are well over fifty thousand people in the stadium.<br />But we use above for a measurement that we think<br />of as vertical.<br />Temperatures will rise above thirty degrees.<br />The land here is only a couple of meters above sea level.<br />
  13. 13. Below is the opposite of above.<br />The treasure was buried twelve meters belowground.<br />Temperatures will fall below freezing.<br />The opposite of over is under.<br />Come under the umbrella, or you`ll get wet.<br />The town lies under a thick black cloud of smoke.<br />
  14. 14. We use under rather than below with ages and with <br />sums of money.<br />You have to be under 15 to buy a half-price ticket.<br />The winner will collect just under 20 million .<br />With most other kinds of measurement, either below<br />or under is possible.<br />The party`s support has fallen to below/under20 percent.<br />