Directions 3


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Directions 3

  1. 1. DIRECTION 3<br />
  2. 2. B Top and Bottom<br />On top of is a preposition.<br />There`s a monument on top of the hill.<br />We can also use top and bottom in<br /> patterns like these.<br />When you get to the top of the hill,<br /> you turn left.<br />Sign your name at the bottom of the page.<br />
  3. 3. CThrough, Across, and Along<br />When you go through, you go in at one end out at the other . <br />We talk about going through a gate, <br />a tunnel, a forest, a hole, and so on .<br />The water is pumped through pipes.<br />The burglar got in through the window. <br />
  4. 4. When you go across, you go from one side to the other . <br />We talk abut going across a road, <br />a river, a bridge, a frontier, and so on.<br />You can get across the channel by ferry.<br />We use along when we follow something that goes in a line . <br />We talk about. going along a path, a road, <br /> a cost, a corridor, and so on.<br />We were walking along the line of the old Iron Curtain .<br />Compare along and across in these examples.<br />We cruised along the canal for a few miles.<br />We Walked across the canal by a footbridge .<br />
  5. 5. DTo, Towards, and Up to <br />We use to for a destination and towards for a direction.<br />We&apos;re going to Oxford . We&apos;re going to look around<br /> the colleges.<br />We&apos;re going towards oxford. <br />I think we&apos;re going the wrong way. <br />Up to means moving to a position right<br /> in front of someone or something.<br />A man came up to me in the street and asked for money .<br />Lisa walked boldly up to the front door and rang the bell. <br />
  6. 6. It can also mean movement to a higher level.<br />I filled the bottle up to the top.<br />Note that we also use up to<br />to talk about a maximum number.<br />Up to thirty people are believed to<br /> have been killed in the explosion<br />
  7. 7. E Near, Close, by, and Next to <br />Near, near to, and close to mean not `far from`.<br />Mother well is near Glasgow.<br />There`s a taxi rank quite near (to) the hotel.<br />You shouldn`t put a heater close to curtains.<br />Near (to) and close to have <br />comparative and superlative forms.<br />We were gradually getting nearer (to) our destination.<br />I was sitting closest to the door.<br />
  8. 8. Near by and Close by mean `not far away`.<br />We don`t serve dinner, but there is an excellent <br />restaurant nearby/close by.<br />By means `at the side of ` or `very near`.<br />We live right by the hospital.<br />Come and sit by me .<br />Next to means `directly at the side of `.<br />The woman sitting next to me was smoking the whole time .<br />There`s a newsagent next to the post office.<br />Nowhere near means `a long way from`. <br />Birmingham is nowhere near Glasgow.<br />
  9. 9. FIn front of , Before, Behind, After, and Opposite <br />When we are talking about position, we prefer in front of <br />to before.<br />There`s a statue in front of the museum. <br />Tina spends hours in front of the mirror.<br />We prefer behind to after .<br />The car behind us ran into the back of us.<br />Before usually means ` earlier in time`, and after means `later in time` . But we also use before and after to talk about what order things come in. <br />J comes before K. K comes afterJ.<br />
  10. 10. Opposite means `on the other side from`. <br />Compare in front of and opposite.<br />Simon was sitting in front of me in the cinema.<br />Simon was sitting opposite me at lunch.<br />
  11. 11. G Between and Among <br />We use between with a small number of thing, especially with two things.<br />The bungalow is between two houses.<br />(= There is house on both sides of the bungalow )<br />The ball went between the player`s legs.<br />It`s an area of countryside between three quite large towns.<br />Among suggests a larger number.<br />I thought I caught sight of someone among the trees.<br />
  12. 12. H Around and About<br />Around or round means movement in a circle. <br /> We can also use it to means `in different direction` or `in different place`.<br />We just like driving around/round the country visiting different places.<br />There were piles of old magazines lying around/round the flat.<br />Americans use roundrather than around.<br /> We can use about in the same way.<br />Everyone was rushing around / about the place in a panic.<br />