France 15th &16th Century

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France 15th &16th Century

  1. 1. EARLY MODERN EUROPE<br />*FRANCE*<br />
  2. 2. EARLY MODERN EUROPE<br />*European contact with the Americas, India, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia.<br />*Early Modern Europe refers to the period of the history of Western Europe and its first colonies. <br />*1453: The conquest of Constantinople by the Ottomans.<br />*1492: First voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus<br />*1517: The Reformation begins with Martin Luther<br />*1526: Archduke Ferdinand of Austria <br />*Important events during the15th and 16th Century in Europe: the Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution, the Reformation, and the Enlightenment.<br />
  3. 3. FRANCE 15TH &16TH CENTURY<br />*1453: The Hundred Years’ War is over with the removal of English forces from France<br />*France during the 15th Century is characterized by the Armagnacs and Burgundians which were two influential parties. <br />*An important person during this time was John Calvin who started the Reform<br />*1562-1598: The Wars of Religion are fought<br />15TH & 16TH CENTURY KINGS<br />1422-1461: Charles VII King of France<br />1515-1547: Francis I King of France<br />1589-1610: Henry IV King of France<br />*Civil wars between Protestants and Catholic groups <br />
  4. 4. MUSIC 15TH &16TH CENTURY<br />Chanson<br />*It was a diversity of secular songs mainly sung by three of four voices mostly without musical instruments.<br />*During the15th Century the Burgundy was the musical center<br />*Franco-Flemish was a new style in the early 16th Century. <br />Recognized composers<br />*Clement Janequin<br />*Claudin de Sermisy<br />*Pierre Certon<br />*Guillaume Dufay<br />*GuillesBinchois<br />*Francis I King of France, made “the creation of an opulent musical establishment a priority”<br />
  5. 5. *Chanson was progressively replaced by the air de cour, “the most popular song type in France in the early 17th century”.<br />Types of Chanson<br />*Chanson de geste<br />*Chansoncourtoise<br />*Burgundianchanson<br />*ParisianChanson<br />*Modernchanson<br />“Chanson is distinguished from the rest of French pop music by following the rhythm of the French language, rather than that of English”.<br />*Instruments like clavichord and organ were popular.<br />*Development of the violin and viol.<br />

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