COMPARATIVE HISTORYARTICLE READINGS<br />Sayda Vega<br />History 141<br />Class # 50587<br />
THE GREAT DEPRESSION<br />*The Great Depression was the time in which the American economy dramatically descended during t...
*Herbert Hoover was a Republican president of the U.S elected in 1928.<br />*The “trade cycle” of boom and slump was commo...
*Incredible lack of social security and unemployment relief.<br />*”When world trade fell by 60% states found themselves b...
*The United States was the largest economy nation in the world by 1913<br />*The United States gained not only the popular...
*According to the author of the second article, “The U.S. did not much need the rest of the world.”<br />*“The second pers...
World war II<br />*The war started in 1939 and reached America in 1941.<br />*Mobilization for war ended the Great Depress...
*Although the U.S. remained neutral, it permitted the sale of arms and provisions to England in a “cash-and-carry” basis.<...
*Neville Chamberlain became the Prime Minister in May 1937.<br />*He tried to talk to Hitler and Mussolini to come up with...
*America declared war on Japan and Hitler declared war on America.<br />*Japan attacked the Pearl Harbor in December 1941....
*Japanese were considered primitive, childish and mad.<br />*Sometimes they were portrayed as supermen.<br />*Japanese bec...
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Comparative History

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Comparative History

  1. 1. COMPARATIVE HISTORYARTICLE READINGS<br />Sayda Vega<br />History 141<br />Class # 50587<br />
  2. 2. THE GREAT DEPRESSION<br />*The Great Depression was the time in which the American economy dramatically descended during the 1920’s<br />*It lasted for many years until the beginning of World War II in 1939.<br />*It is believed that the Great Depression started with the crisis of the New York Stock Exchange of October 29, 1929.<br />*There is no doubt that this event was a devastating impact for the American nation.<br />*“Between 1929 and 1933 over 11,000 American banks failed, and almost every person was unemployed.”<br />*There were stronger central governments as a result of the Depression.<br />
  3. 3. *Herbert Hoover was a Republican president of the U.S elected in 1928.<br />*The “trade cycle” of boom and slump was common in the 19th Century.<br />*The world economy, technology and globalization increased since the Industrial Revolution.<br />*Globalization stopped advancing during the years of war.<br />*The United States experienced a huge amount of migrants before the years of war and Great Depression.<br />*Prices collapsed everywhere.<br />*The years of 1932 and 1933 are said to be the worst period of the slump.<br />*According to historical records this has been the worst economic catastrophe in the world.<br />
  4. 4. *Incredible lack of social security and unemployment relief.<br />*”When world trade fell by 60% states found themselves building high barriers to protect their national markets.”<br />*Economic liberalism was also affected by The Great Depression.<br />*Priority on social considerations rather than economic considerations in state policies.<br />*John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946) was a British economist during this time.<br />*As a consequence of the Great Depression, installation of welfare systems had to be implemented.<br />
  5. 5. *The United States was the largest economy nation in the world by 1913<br />*The United States gained not only the popularity of being the world’s greatest industrial producer, it turned to be the world’s greatest creditor after war.<br />*Some countries of the Americas ended up being worldwide lenders.<br />*When The Great Depression arrived, the U.S’s exports severely decreased.<br />*Periodic crisis and settlements under American patronage.<br />
  6. 6. *According to the author of the second article, “The U.S. did not much need the rest of the world.”<br />*“The second perspective on the Great Depression fixes on the failure of the world economy to generate enough demand for lasting expansion.”<br />*The fundamentals of success of the 1920’s were not stable.<br />*“The Great Depression confirmed activists, intellectuals and ordinary citizens in the belief that something was fundamentally wrong with the world they live in.” <br />*J.M. Keynes became the most influential economist during that time.<br />*The Great Depression was a catastrophe that destroyed people’s hope.<br />
  7. 7. World war II<br />*The war started in 1939 and reached America in 1941.<br />*Mobilization for war ended the Great Depression.<br />*The World War II ended the American isolation.<br />*Japan ended up being the world’s economic and political center and rival of America.<br />*David Dimbleby and David Reynolds were the authors of the first essay.<br />*Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leader of Germany played an important role.<br />*At the beginning of war, President Roosevelt declared the nation neutral.<br />
  8. 8. *Although the U.S. remained neutral, it permitted the sale of arms and provisions to England in a “cash-and-carry” basis.<br />*There is people who believe that World War II could have been avoided.<br />*Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933.<br />*An important allied of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi movement was the Italian dictator Mussolini.<br />*President Roosevelt considered that he could use the U.S influences to maintain peace.<br />*The U.S. didn’t want to get involved into world affairs due to the big problems caused by the Great Depression.<br />
  9. 9. *Neville Chamberlain became the Prime Minister in May 1937.<br />*He tried to talk to Hitler and Mussolini to come up with an agreement.<br />*Meanwhile the American trade still was declining.<br />*August 31, 1939 Hitler invaded Poland and three days later Britain and France declared war.<br />*The Phony War: period of inactivity.<br />*Winston Churchill requested President Roosevelt’s help.<br />*Roosevelt wanted, “ninety-nine year leases on eight British possessions in the Americas to build air and naval bases” in exchange of America’s help.<br />*Churchill had no other option but to accept Roosevelt’s offer.<br />*Many American people didn’t want to get involved in Britain’ war.<br />
  10. 10. *America declared war on Japan and Hitler declared war on America.<br />*Japan attacked the Pearl Harbor in December 1941.<br />*”Japanese were looked upon as something subhuman an repulsive, the way people feel about cockroaches of mice.”<br />*No one expected the attack and power of Japanese<br />*Japanese people always suffered of discrimination and racism.<br />*The genocide of Jews by Hitler was a perfect example of racism.<br />*Japanese were looked up as subhuman.<br />*”They were little men inferior to white.”<br />
  11. 11. *Japanese were considered primitive, childish and mad.<br />*Sometimes they were portrayed as supermen.<br />*Japanese became the nightmare came true for its enemy nations thanks to their attacks in World War II.<br />*Before the attack on Pearl Harbor, people tended to think that Japanese could not shoot, sail or fly.<br />*Everybody underestimated the Japanese’s capacity to keep fighting and the damage they could provide.<br />*August 1945 Japan was surrounded.<br />*Japan appeared three decades later as an economic superpower.<br />

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