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California Part 1


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California Part 1

  1. 1. Sayda vega<br />History 141 <br />Class #50587<br />CALIFORNIAPart 1<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 1.- Queen Calafia’s Island*Place and First People*<br />-Garci Ordoñez de Montalvo was a Spanish writer from the 1510’s<br />-According to him, California was “an island on the right hand of the Indies” full of gold and precious stones.<br />-By this time California was under the rule of Queen Calafia; a beautiful, successful woman who later on became Christian.<br />-When for the very first time Spanish explorers arrived to this place in 1533 they thought it was a peninsula and they call it California.<br />-California resulted from a collision of the North American and Pacific plates.<br />-Edward Everett Hale.<br />-San Fancisco is one of the finest natural harbors on the planet.<br />
  3. 3. Chapter 1.- Queen Calafia’s Island*Place and First People*<br />-41 Californian mountains rise to more than 10,000 ft<br />-The highest point on the state is Dead Valley.<br />-There are two seasons in California, wet and dry.<br />-Since California is surrounded by water, it counts with a plenty variety of sea food.<br />-Red-woods.<br />-Variety of birds.<br />-Different types of bears including: black bears, brown bears and grizzly bears.<br />-Initial moment of European contact 1492.<br />Native Americans of California belonged to 22 linguistic families. Within these categories were some 135 separate language.<br />
  4. 4. Chapter 1.- Queen Calafia’s Island*Place and First People*<br />-There were many tribes all around California. Some of them were: the Yuki, Karok, The Pomo, the Wappo, The Miwok, the Costanoan and the Salinan among more.<br />-The Gabrielino zone was what would later be known as Orange County.<br />-Native Americans of California offered prototype of linguistic and cultural diversity.<br />-During that time, there were no disputes over territory or power, no war at all.<br />-Alfred and Theodora Kroeber, Thomas Waterman, and Saxton Pope studied first Californias.<br />
  5. 5. Chapter 2.-Laws of the Indies The Spanish Colonial Era<br />-Spanish explorers were motivated by dreams of beautiful places in the New World.<br />-The Isthmus of Panama was first explored by Vasco Nuñez in 1513.<br />-Ferdinand Magellan was a very important Portuguese navigator.<br />-Magellan was able to reach South America, the Pacific, the Marianas, and the Philippines.<br />-Hernan Cortes took over the Aztec Empire.<br />-Fortun Jimenez encountered what he believed to be an island.<br />He also crossed and inland sea that would later be called the Sea of Cortes of the Gulf of California.<br />
  6. 6. Chapter 2.-Laws of the Indies The Spanish Colonial Era<br />-On Sept 28, 1542 Juan Rodriguez anchored in San Diego Bay initiating European contact with the first of the 3 harbors of California.<br />-Sebastian Rodriguez called the harbor the Bay of San Francisco.<br />-Church and state were to cooperate in a program that would promote the worldly and otherworldly well-being of the colonists.<br />-Fortun Jimenez was one of the first who called this island “California.”<br />-Francisco de Ulloa was sent to explore the sea between Mexico and the island of California.<br />-Hernando de Alarcon and Melchor Diaz were the first Europeans to set foot in Alta California.<br />
  7. 7. Chapter 2.-Laws of the Indies The Spanish Colonial Era<br />-The “Sacred Expedition” was a phantasmagoria of physical hardship, deprivation, suffering and death.<br />-”For more than 25 generations Native Americans had lived with own myths, rituals until they were forced from their homelands, brought into the mission system. --They were treated as children, no yet ‘gente de razon’”<br />-Laws of the Indies 1680<br />-Evangelization of Native Americans as “Gente de Razon” <br />-Catholic baptism<br />-Important Jesuits: Eusebio Francisco Kino and Juan Maria de Salvatierra.<br />-Galvez’s plan was the expulsion of the Jesuits from Baja California.<br />
  8. 8. Chapter 3.- A Troubled Territory Mexican California<br />-”Rancho life represented Mexican California as its best, but it had its cruel even barbaric side too.”<br />-Treatment of Native Americans was cruel.<br />-After the trade made with New England, Latin America and the Far East began to bring to California a growing number of domestic luxuries.<br />-1821 Mexico’s independence from Spain.<br />-Annexation of territory of the U.S. 1846<br />-Many religious missions at the time, including: San Diego de Alcala, San Juan Capistrano, San Gabriel Arcangel, Santa Barbara and San Francisco de Asis.<br />-In now-a-days those continue to be active churches.<br />
  9. 9. Chapter 3.- A Troubled Territory Mexican California<br />-”During the 24 years of Mexican rule, trade and commerce promoted secularization as Mexican Californians found their values, prosperity and life style modified by contact with the wider world.<br />-Non-Mexicans took up residence married into local families, and thereby enlarged the definition of what it meant to be a citizen of Mexican California.<br />-The Non-Spanish occupation of Alta California began with the Russians.<br />-The single most talented and influential member of his generation of native-born Californios was Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo.<br />-First American Penetration led by Jedediah Smith.<br />
  10. 10. Chapter 3.- A Troubled Territory Mexican California<br />-William Hartnell, Alfred Robinson, Henry Fitch, Abel Stearns, Faxon Dean Atherton, Thomas Oliver Larking and William Gale were almost universally gentlemen traders.<br />-John Marsh was the first man with a medical degree.<br />-”The resulting design known as Monterey Colonial, in and of itself expressed the fusion of Mexican and Yankee peoples and traits that was occurring up and down the California coast.<br />-Mexico was planning to cede California to England, lest it be seized by the United States.<br />-Comte Eugene Duflot du Mofras was an Englishmen sent to California to scout Mexico and its northern possessions for opportunities for French settlement.<br />-Many people started to come to California in search of a better life.<br />