Module 4c

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Module 4c

  1. 1. ECG Rhythm Interpretation Module IV c AV Junctional Blocks
  2. 2. <ul><li>FOR MORE FREE MEDICAL POWERPOINT PRESENTATIONS VISIT WEBSITE </li></ul><ul><li>www.medicalppt.blogspot.com </li></ul>
  3. 3. Course Objectives <ul><li>To recognize the normal rhythm of the heart - “Normal Sinus Rhythm.” </li></ul><ul><li>To recognize the 13 most common rhythm disturbances. </li></ul><ul><li>To recognize an acute myocardial infarction on a 12-lead ECG. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Learning Modules <ul><li>ECG Basics </li></ul><ul><li>How to Analyze a Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Normal Sinus Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Arrhythmias </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosing a Myocardial Infarction </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced 12-Lead Interpretation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Arrhythmias <ul><li>Sinus Rhythms </li></ul><ul><li>Premature Beats </li></ul><ul><li>Supraventricular Arrhythmias </li></ul><ul><li>Ventricular Arrhythmias </li></ul><ul><li>AV Junctional Blocks </li></ul>
  6. 6. AV Nodal Blocks <ul><li>1st Degree AV Block </li></ul><ul><li>2nd Degree AV Block, Type I </li></ul><ul><li>2nd Degree AV Block, Type II </li></ul><ul><li>3rd Degree AV Block </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rhythm #10 60 bpm <ul><li>Rate? </li></ul><ul><li>Regularity? </li></ul>regular normal 0.08 s <ul><li>P waves? </li></ul><ul><li>PR interval? </li></ul>0.36 s <ul><li>QRS duration? </li></ul>Interpretation? 1st Degree AV Block
  8. 8. 1st Degree AV Block <ul><li>Deviation from NSR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PR Interval > 0.20 s </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 1st Degree AV Block <ul><li>Etiology: Prolonged conduction delay in the AV node or Bundle of His. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rhythm #11 50 bpm <ul><li>Rate? </li></ul><ul><li>Regularity? </li></ul>regularly irregular nl, but 4th no QRS 0.08 s <ul><li>P waves? </li></ul><ul><li>PR interval? </li></ul>lengthens <ul><li>QRS duration? </li></ul>Interpretation? 2nd Degree AV Block, Type I
  11. 11. 2nd Degree AV Block, Type I <ul><li>Deviation from NSR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PR interval progressively lengthens, then the impulse is completely blocked (P wave not followed by QRS). </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. 2nd Degree AV Block, Type I <ul><li>Etiology: Each successive atrial impulse encounters a longer and longer delay in the AV node until one impulse (usually the 3rd or 4th) fails to make it through the AV node. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Rhythm #12 40 bpm <ul><li>Rate? </li></ul><ul><li>Regularity? </li></ul>regular nl, 2 of 3 no QRS 0.08 s <ul><li>P waves? </li></ul><ul><li>PR interval? </li></ul>0.14 s <ul><li>QRS duration? </li></ul>Interpretation? 2nd Degree AV Block, Type II
  14. 14. 2nd Degree AV Block, Type II <ul><li>Deviation from NSR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occasional P waves are completely blocked (P wave not followed by QRS). </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 2nd Degree AV Block, Type II <ul><li>Etiology: Conduction is all or nothing (no prolongation of PR interval); typically block occurs in the Bundle of His. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Rhythm #13 40 bpm <ul><li>Rate? </li></ul><ul><li>Regularity? </li></ul>regular no relation to QRS wide (> 0.12 s) <ul><li>P waves? </li></ul><ul><li>PR interval? </li></ul>none <ul><li>QRS duration? </li></ul>Interpretation? 3rd Degree AV Block
  17. 17. 3rd Degree AV Block <ul><li>Deviation from NSR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The P waves are completely blocked in the AV junction; QRS complexes originate independently from below the junction. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. 3rd Degree AV Block <ul><li>Etiology: There is complete block of conduction in the AV junction, so the atria and ventricles form impulses independently of each other. Without impulses from the atria, the ventricles own intrinsic pacemaker kicks in at around 30 - 45 beats/minute. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Remember <ul><li>When an impulse originates in a ventricle, conduction through the ventricles will be inefficient and the QRS will be wide and bizarre. </li></ul>
  20. 20. End of Module IV c AV Junctional Blocks Proceed to Module IV c Practice Quiz on WebCT
  21. 21. <ul><li>FOR MORE FREE MEDICAL POWERPOINT PRESENTATIONS VISIT WEBSITE </li></ul><ul><li>www.medicalppt.blogspot.com </li></ul>

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