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Data Con LA 2022 - Pre - recorded - Quantum Computing, The next new technology in computing

Data Con LA 2022 - Pre - recorded - Quantum Computing, The next new technology in computing

Mark Jackson, Quantum Evangelist at Quantinuum
Emerging Tech
Quantum computing is rapidly becoming commercially feasible. Many tech giants - Google, IBM, Honeywell, and Microsoft - are spending billions to far outpace Moore's Law. Last year achieved the major milestone of Quantum Supremacy where it was shown that a quantum computer could greatly outperform a classical computer. Quantum computing offers the promise of solving problems which would be impossible for a classical computer including optimization, anomaly detection, and material design. It also allows unhackable communication. In this presentation I will summarize what quantum computing is and why it is so important. I will sketch the landscape of the field including the hardware, software, and major customers at present. The tool most critical for data analysis - quantum machine learning - will be explained, along with the type of applications it is best suited for. Finally I will explain how you can take the first steps into leveraging quantum computing for your enterprise's benefit. -What is quantum computing -Who are the major players in the field -What is quantum machine learning and what types of problems can it address -How your company can take advantage of this

Mark Jackson, Quantum Evangelist at Quantinuum
Emerging Tech
Quantum computing is rapidly becoming commercially feasible. Many tech giants - Google, IBM, Honeywell, and Microsoft - are spending billions to far outpace Moore's Law. Last year achieved the major milestone of Quantum Supremacy where it was shown that a quantum computer could greatly outperform a classical computer. Quantum computing offers the promise of solving problems which would be impossible for a classical computer including optimization, anomaly detection, and material design. It also allows unhackable communication. In this presentation I will summarize what quantum computing is and why it is so important. I will sketch the landscape of the field including the hardware, software, and major customers at present. The tool most critical for data analysis - quantum machine learning - will be explained, along with the type of applications it is best suited for. Finally I will explain how you can take the first steps into leveraging quantum computing for your enterprise's benefit. -What is quantum computing -Who are the major players in the field -What is quantum machine learning and what types of problems can it address -How your company can take advantage of this

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Data Con LA 2022 - Pre - recorded - Quantum Computing, The next new technology in computing

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY: Dr. Mark Jackson Senior Quantum Evangelist August 13, 2022 Q U A N T U M C O M P U T I N G : T H E N E X T N E W T E C H N O L O G Y I N C O M P U T I N G Confidential & Proprietary 1
  2. 2. ! About Quantinuum ! Hardware ! TKET ! Commercial Application Software 2 O U T L I N E Confidential & Proprietary
  3. 3. A B O U T Q U A N T I N U U M
  4. 4. S C I E N C E - L E D , E N T E R P R I S E D R I V E N WORLD 1ST Launched cybersecurity SaaS in December 2021 System Model H1 achieves a quantum volume of 4,096 – the 6th demonstration of a world record Real-time fault-tolerant quantum error correction with proof of how it was done New algorithm for combinatorial optimization(2), with applications in fields such as supply chain optimization, reservoir flow rates and genetic sequencing Open-sourcing TKET is critical for the development of the ecosystem and growing community of quantum algorithm and application developers Launched λambeq, a toolkit for quantum natural language processing, in October 2021 Highest Quantum Volume (1) First Real-Time Error Corrected Qubit Advanced Optimization Solution Click to view Click to view Click to view Open-sourced TKET λambeq Quantum Cybersecurity Click to view Click to view WORLD 1ST WORLD 1ST WORLD 1ST WORLD 1ST 1 Quantum volume is a metric used to express the performance and operational fidelity of a given quantum computer. 2 Combinatorial optimization – concerned with finding an optimal or close to optimal solution among a finite collection of possibilities. 3 SPAM - state preparation and measurement - two of the five conditions identified by theoretical physicist David DiVincenzo as necessary for the operation of quantum computer. Click to view INDUSTRY MILESTONE WORLD 1ST Our researchers have achieved a SPAM fidelity of 99.9904 using hyperfine qubits formed from non-radioactive barium Click to view Highest SPAM fidelity (3) Modeling Carbon Capture with Quantum Computing, in collaboration with TotalEnergies, INDUSTRY MILESTONE Click to view Quantum Chemistry © 2022 by Quantinuum. All rightsreserved.
  5. 5. 5 W H AT W E B U I L D
  6. 6. H A R D W A R E The Highest Performing Quantum Hardware
  7. 7. ©2021 by Quantinuum. All Rights Reserved. ION-TRAP AT THE HEART OF A SYSTEM
  8. 8. 8 ! Quantinuum has increased the Quantum Volume by a factor of 10x each year ꟷ This is much faster than Moore’s Law, which is 2x every 18 months ! This suggests commercial applications in just 3-5 years R O A D M A P F O R Q U A N T U M H A R D W A R E I M P R O V E M E N T Confidential & Proprietary
  9. 9. © 2022 by Quantinuum. All rights reserved. 9 • Highest measured quantum volume QV4096 • Real-time quantum error correction • 2Q Fidelity: ≥ 99.7% • Mid-circuit measurement • Qubit re-use • Conditional logic Scalable Multi-Zone Quantum Operations Scalable Laser Delivery Modular Cross Ion- Trap Transport Scalable Control Systems LINEAR Model H1 (Q3 2020) 2020 2030 RACETRACK Model H2 (Q4 2022) GRID Model H3 INTEGRATED OPTICS Model H4 LARGE SCALE Model H5 1st Opportunity to Demonstrate Quantum Advantage Full-Scale Universal Fault- Tolerance H-Series Hardware Provides a Unique Opportunity to Build & Test Industry OS • Proven roadmap • Rapidly scaling computing power and accuracy • Many key enabling technologies already demonstrated for generational upgrades Expanded Value Creation in Chemistry and Machine Learning Fault Tolerant Applications Integrated into Businesses T h e F u t u r e o f Q C a n d W h a t ’ s N e e d e d t o G e t T h e r e © 2022 by Quantinuum. All rightsreserved.
  10. 10. T K E T The Leading Quantum Software Development Kit
  11. 11. 11 C O N N E C T I N G T H E Q U A N T U M W O R L D Ion Trap Superconducting Photonic QML Chemistry Cybersecurity 488,000 downloads as of August 1
  12. 12. 12 AVA I L A B L E B A C K E N D S
  13. 13. C O M P I L AT I O N TA S K S 13 @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved. CIRCUIT OPTIMIZATION Preserve semantics and make smaller SOLVE CONSTRAINTS Alter the form to meet the restrictions of the backend
  14. 14. Local graph rewrites Pattern-replacement Optimal 1q and 2q subcircuits Commutation- and basis-invariant Clifford reduction PEEPHOLE OPTIMIZATION MACROSCOPIC OPTIMIZATION Resynthesis Product formula optimisation (e.g., Trotterised Pauli operators, UCCSD) O P T I M I Z AT I O N : R E D U C E G AT E C O U N T 14 @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved.
  15. 15. Q U A N T U M C I R C U I T S 15 @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved.
  16. 16. ! For more technical detail see arXiv:2003.10611 16 E X A M P L E C I R C U I T O P T I M I Z AT I O N Confidential & Proprietary
  17. 17. Map logical qubits to physical and solve for connectivity constraints QUBIT MAPPING AND ROUTING Match target language/gate set TRANSLATION Push measurements to final layer if mid- circuit measurements are not valid DELAYING MEASUREMENTS S O LV I N G C O N S T R A I N T S 17 @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved.
  18. 18. Basis Gates: CZ, PhasedX, RZ SYCAMORE Basis Gates: CX, ID, RZ, SX, X EAGLE Basis Gates: CZ, RX, RZ ASPEN Q U A N T U M H A R D W A R E A R C H I T E C T U R E S 18 @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved.
  19. 19. E X A M P L E R O U T I N G P R O B L E M 19 @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved. 4 qubit coupling max IBM MELBOURNE QUANTUM CIRCUIT 5 qubit coupling
  20. 20. R O U T I N G 20 @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved. Insert SWAP operations to move them closer together. Very expensive! Need to do this optimally. Difficult combinatorial problem — NP-hard. At each time step a pair of qubits need to interact but are not adjacent. PROBLEM SOLUTION x SWAP Gate x = = H H H H
  21. 21. P U B L I C AT I O N S U S I N G T K E T 21 @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved. TKET performance is continuously and extensively benchmarked, consistently outperforming competitors Used by major NISQ hardware vendors to significantly boost quantum algorithm performance [see Google’s latest Paper] TKET is used by leading research institutions and corporations tackling real-world problems on NISQ devices “…the number of two qubit operations is roughly quadratically reduced” ... “Tools leveraging the Qiskit transpiler infrastructure, that refine quantum circuits for increased performance on specified devices”
  22. 22. Arline Compiler Benchmarks, March 2022, https://github.com/ArlineQ/arline_benchmarks B E N C H M A R K S
  23. 23. As of September 29, 2021, It Is Completely Open-Source ! Enables quantum circuit execution on Microsoft Azure Quantum (public preview version) ! Extends classical control of quantum operations on ion trap systems from Quantinuum ! Improved circuit optimization and noise mitigation performance, with new methods to make constructing quantum circuits easier ! Substitution of named operations with other operations, boxes or circuits ! Support for mid-circuit measurement on IBM Quantum premium devices N E W F E AT U R E S @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved. 23
  24. 24. QERMIT MOVING TO THE CLOUD GETTING BEYOND NISQ T H E F U T U R E ! Error Mitigation Toolkit, open-source, coming soon @2022 by Cambridge Quantum. All rights reserved. 24 ! Easy to use experiment construction workflows ! Transparently multi-platform ! Integration of classical compute nodes ! User friendly data management and collaboration ! Accelerated compilation methods and noise control ! CQ is building a new team focusing on quantum error correction and fault tolerance ! Reaching fault-tolerance requires hardware and software improvement
  25. 25. 25 ! Free and available at https://gitub.com/CQCL/pytket I N S TA L L I N G T K E T Confidential & Proprietary
  26. 26. S O F T W A R E Commercially-ready Quantum Applications
  27. 27. ! Preclinical drug efficacy correlates poorly with real clinical outcomes, particularly in oncology. ! Predictive biomarker analysis could improve outcomes but is computationally expensive. ! Quantinuum is developing state-of-the-art quantum machine learning methods for bioinformatics. ! The focus is on deriving insight from the analysis of genetic data to identify cancer treatment biomarkers and drive the next generation of bioinformatics. ! This will improve oncology drug efficacy predictions, and ultimately patient care and outcomes. 27 M U LT I - G E N E B I O M A R K E R D I S C O V E R Y Confidential & Proprietary Using genetic biomarkers to predict drug responses within patients
  28. 28. ! Monte Carlo is nothing but a way to use randomness in order to solve a deterministic problem ! Quantum Monte Carlo is quadratically faster, as confirmed by our scientist Steven Herbert ! We have applied this toward financial forecasting, synthetic data generation, decision support system 28 Q U A N T U M M A C H I N E L E A R N I N G Confidential & Proprietary Better models for prediction and reasoning
  29. 29. ! Production scheduling optimization is essential to the steel industry in order to manufacture a diversified product line from a limited number of resources while minimizing equipment downtime. ! However, scheduling optimization is an NP-hard problem and classically intractable. ! Quantinuum developed methods to efficiently express our Nippon Steel’s problem and identified sources of quantum advantage. The work led to the development and implementation of a new algorithm. ! Quantinuum also compared solver algorithm performance across different hardware architectures (ion trap, superconducting). ! The developed methods could be applied to large scale optimization tasks in the future across steel manufacturing and distribution. 29 M A N U F A C T U R I N G O P T I M I Z AT I O N Confidential & Proprietary Job shop scheduling optimization for steel manufacturing
  30. 30. ! Quantinuum’s latest combinatorial optimization algorithm Filtering Variational Quantum Eigensolver (F-VQE), recently shown to outperform leading quantum algorithms, with DB’s operations research expertise, the team re-optimized realistic train timetables after simulated delays and are now identifying areas for continued study. ! This collaboration evidences how innovations in both quantum algorithms and domain-specific modeling can inform a long- term vision for a faster and greener transportation network. 30 T R A I N S C H E D U L I N G O P T I M I Z AT I O N Confidential & Proprietary Improving the rescheduling of rail traffic using quantum optimization heuristics
  31. 31. 31 FULL FRAME PHOTO EXAMPLE #1 with (optional) big message Confidential & Proprietary
  32. 32. 32 T H E F I R S T E N T E R P R I S E G R A D E Q U A N T U M C H E M I S T R Y D E V E L O P M E N T P L AT F O R M Confidential & Proprietary Tackle Industrially Relevant Systems Using NISQ Resources 1 10 100 Electrons System
  33. 33. 33 R & D C O L L A B O R AT I O N S Confidential & Proprietary Quantification of Protein- Ligand Interactions Modelling Iron Crystals With Novel Noise Mitigation arxiv.org/pdf/2109.08401.pdf arxiv.org/pdf/2110.08163.pdf arxiv.org/pdf/2203.15546.pdf Modelling Carbon Capture On Metal Organic Frameworks
  34. 34. 34 C Y B E R S E C U R I T Y T H R E AT S Confidential & Proprietary This is especially key for organizations that have data with a value lifespan of 5+ years Quantum computers will break RSA “Decrypt-later” attacks have already begun Existing keys are not quantum-proof Organizations moving to the cloud but want BYOK
  35. 35. ! Use perfectly unpredictable keys – Perfect Randomness ! Don’t trust. Prove your keys are perfect and private – Certifiable Randomness ! Generate keys that are quantum-proof – Quantum safe algorithms ! Maintain control of the foundations used for encryption – Cloud Strategy 35 4 G U I D I N G P R I N C I P L E S F O R K E E P I N G Y O U R D ATA S A F E Confidential & Proprietary
  36. 36. 36 G E N E R AT I N G Q U A N T U M - E N H A N C E D E N T R O P Y Confidential & Proprietary Quantum Computer Bell Test Randomnes s extractors Imperfect RNG Final Output Quantum-enhanced entropy
  37. 37. 37 O R I G I N S Y S T E M D E S I G N O V E R V I E W Confidential & Proprietary Quantum Origin Platform H1 Quantum Computer Keys Quantum Origin Client Customer’s system OpenSSL client Direct API request Authenticated API Request
  38. 38. Confidential & Proprietary Dr. Mark Jackson Senior Quantum Evangelist mark.jackson@quantinuum.com

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