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“Friends re-greening Embassy Row”
Presentation by
Deborah Shapley
President, Restore Mass Ave
Department of State, Mar. 5,...
Bare sidewalks, young dying trees.
Beautiful buildings, but what is this place?
Shrubbery overgrown, trash.
Front yards pa...
Restore Mass Ave formed
In late 2006. Since, we have:
Arranged > 300 trees of historic types. We add trees by:
Getting UFA...
Participating
The Legacy
L’Enfant’s Grand Plan
A Grand Avenue Axis - Berlin
Unter	
  den	
  Linden	
  in	
  Berlin.	
  	
  
	
  
The	
  raised	
  statue	
  of	
  Frederi...
Post-Civil War Greening
Washington population was 60,000 in 1860; grew to 110,000 by 1870.
Huge public works program 1871-...
•  Parking Commission of 3
distinguished horticulturalists
advise engineers and city nursery
from 1871 to early 1900s.
•  ...
Grand Avenue, Cont’d - 1892
DuBois map shows Engineers’ straight 150’ wide road to
the new circle; where road pivots 11o t...
“Urban Forest flows through streets and parks like
water through Venice.” – C.M. Robinson, 1901
1970
Lost History
•  Other iconic Grand Avenues lost in 20th Century
•  Thousands of Washington’s trees lost to
development, ro...
Landscape Design Guide:
1.  Full row of street trees
2.  Second tree rows in the “parking”
3.  Connect long views
4.  Supp...
Tree rows make views
Continuous lawn framed by trees
creates a connected public space.
	
  
Long axis to focal point
	
  
A marriage of
public and private space	
  
Star	
  Collection	
  –	
  Embassies	
  –	
  Turkey	
  -­	
  1956	
  
“Parking”
unifies
the public
street
Low	
  hedge	
  
2nd	
  row	
  tree	
  
Lawn	
  is	
  con;nuous	
  
Many stakeholders, one landscape
Embassy	
  of	
  Norway	
  -­	
  2006	
  
Historic Landscape Summary
Prefer no
•  Fences or hedges higher than 3’
•  Added impervious paved area
•  Pavement “creep” over green space
•  Indust...
Flagpole pair 2343 Mass
•  Above: before
•  Right: after installation 7-1-2013
Sign – 2217 Mass
•  Installed at Greek Embassy Oct 2013
•  Similar at church on Mass near Wisconsin
Critical Issues
Trees are killed by
construction Public space is walled off
How can regulation and policy restore this uni...
What are our values?
•  A revived Grand
Avenue of buildings
and public space
unified by landscape,
adds monetary value to
...
Questions?
Tree planting by RMA/Casey Trees hosted by Embassy of Ireland, with Embassies
of Greece, Georgia, Turkmenistan ...
Where We Work
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Restore Mass Ave at State Department

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The majestic trees and park-like landscape of Embassy Row form a street landscape that is unique in the nation, RMA President Deborah Shapley explained in a briefing at the State Department Office of Foreign Missions on March 5.

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Restore Mass Ave at State Department

  1. 1. “Friends re-greening Embassy Row” Presentation by Deborah Shapley President, Restore Mass Ave Department of State, Mar. 5, 2014  
  2. 2. Bare sidewalks, young dying trees. Beautiful buildings, but what is this place? Shrubbery overgrown, trash. Front yards paved and cars parked everywhere No sense of community; neighbors and diplomats don’t speak. The Problem
  3. 3. Restore Mass Ave formed In late 2006. Since, we have: Arranged > 300 trees of historic types. We add trees by: Getting UFA to plant street trees of historical types ~150 trees; Advising property owners on trees and landscape; of 150 new lawn and yard trees, most are donated by Casey Trees; Worked with DC govt, Dept of State and community reps to explain DC Tree Law and to protect green space.
  4. 4. Participating
  5. 5. The Legacy
  6. 6. L’Enfant’s Grand Plan
  7. 7. A Grand Avenue Axis - Berlin Unter  den  Linden  in  Berlin.       The  raised  statue  of  Frederick   the  Great  is  the  focus.  
  8. 8. Post-Civil War Greening Washington population was 60,000 in 1860; grew to 110,000 by 1870. Huge public works program 1871-73 under Alexander “Boss” Shepherd. Paving, utilities, 60,000 trees. “Parking” was created on public land between sidewalk and buildings.
  9. 9. •  Parking Commission of 3 distinguished horticulturalists advise engineers and city nursery from 1871 to early 1900s. •  Engineers’ annual reports map trees planted. One species per street. •  Linden trees were chosen for Mass Ave to be like Berlin’s •  Mass Ave’s “parking” is wider (40’ each side) and longer (4 miles) than Unter den Linden’s planting space. (only use if have UdL data) Mass. Ave is “Parked”   Engineer’s report Map (sectio 1880
  10. 10. Grand Avenue, Cont’d - 1892 DuBois map shows Engineers’ straight 150’ wide road to the new circle; where road pivots 11o to start new straightaway up to cross Rock Creek.
  11. 11. “Urban Forest flows through streets and parks like water through Venice.” – C.M. Robinson, 1901 1970
  12. 12. Lost History •  Other iconic Grand Avenues lost in 20th Century •  Thousands of Washington’s trees lost to development, roadway widening for commuters blights, eg Dutch Elm Disease, and neglect. •  Many buildings east of Dupont Circle on Mass Ave lost. •  Most buildings west of Dupont Circle on Mass Ave saved by historic designation and zoning. •  But many trees and landscape are lost.
  13. 13. Landscape Design Guide: 1.  Full row of street trees 2.  Second tree rows in the “parking” 3.  Connect long views 4.  Supporting landscape to scale 5.  Expand the urban forest and save energy
  14. 14. Tree rows make views Continuous lawn framed by trees creates a connected public space.   Long axis to focal point  
  15. 15. A marriage of public and private space   Star  Collection  –  Embassies  –  Turkey  -­  1956  
  16. 16. “Parking” unifies the public street Low  hedge   2nd  row  tree   Lawn  is  con;nuous  
  17. 17. Many stakeholders, one landscape Embassy  of  Norway  -­  2006  
  18. 18. Historic Landscape Summary
  19. 19. Prefer no •  Fences or hedges higher than 3’ •  Added impervious paved area •  Pavement “creep” over green space •  Industrial-looking flagpoles, so flagpoles, if vertical, scaled to architecture Prefer flagpoles over entrances •  Signs •  Statues that distract or are not scaled to street
  20. 20. Flagpole pair 2343 Mass •  Above: before •  Right: after installation 7-1-2013
  21. 21. Sign – 2217 Mass •  Installed at Greek Embassy Oct 2013 •  Similar at church on Mass near Wisconsin
  22. 22. Critical Issues Trees are killed by construction Public space is walled off How can regulation and policy restore this unique landscape?
  23. 23. What are our values? •  A revived Grand Avenue of buildings and public space unified by landscape, adds monetary value to Mass Ave and adjoining areas. It creates a new DC destination. •  A revived Grand Avenue has social value; it allows people from all over the world to experience our openness, civic engagement and respect for the planet.
  24. 24. Questions? Tree planting by RMA/Casey Trees hosted by Embassy of Ireland, with Embassies of Greece, Georgia, Turkmenistan and Togo participating.. Copyright Restore Mass Ave 2014  
  25. 25. Where We Work

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