A STEP TOWARDS ALL ROUND DEVELOPMENT…
WOMEN AND CHILD-DEVELOPMENT
NEED FOR WOMEN & CHILD WELFARE
The world depends on women for existence. Its necessary for children to be bought
up in a suitable environment for they are the future of the nation. Over the time they
have been the most suppressed section of the society.
WOMEN- SOURCE OF EXISTENCE
Women”, the entire world is dependent on them for its existence. Women
who is called as jannani in Vedas means the birth giver the mother of life all
this sounds great and these words used for her clearly depicts that she is
the one who is to be given the highest respect in the society, but the truth
lies somewhere really far from this statement.
A Sanskrit phrase goes like, “ Yatra Nariyastu Pujyante, Ramante tatra
Devah” It means, where women are respected, gods reside there, or good
luck follows there.
Some Important Women Problems
Literacy, Poverty, Domestic Violence, Female Feticides, Improper
Sanitation, Child Marriage, Security Gender Divide, Lack of Health Care,
Child Abuse, Shortage of Food Population, Ill Practices like - Dowry
Empowerment of women is one of the issue in the process of development of
countries all over the world. Government of India had made empowerment of
women as one of the principal objectives of the ninth five year plan (1997-2002)
and also declared 2001 as the year of ‘Women’s Empowerment’ .Also, year 2003
was regarded as the year of adolescent girls.
WHAT HAS BEEN DONE
POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES
From the Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-78) onwards has been a marked shift in the
approach to women’s issues from welfare to development. The National
Commission for Women was set up by an Act of Parliament in 1990 to safeguard the
rights and legal entitlements of women. The 73rd and 74th Amendments (1993) to
the Constitution of India have provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies of
Panchayats and Municipalities for women. National Policy for the Empowerment of
Women was formulated 2001.
This policy aims at: Gender equality, Gender justice, Social security, Elimination of
discrimination against women in all walks of life, Economic development and
integration of women into main stream of economy
Women Health Volunteers:
Accredited Social Health Activitist (ASHA): Started during 2005-06 with an
objective of providing health services in rural sector.
Girl Child Protection Scheme (GCPS): Launched in 2005 by child welfare and
Department state oriented policies like, in Delhi, by the department of
women and child development: ladli scheme (2008) tree shakti and gender
resource centres (2003) balika smridhi yojna (2001) scheme of financial
assistance to widows ( pension to widows ) (2000) working women hostels
(since 1999) protection of women from domestic violence act (2005)
ROLE OF NGO’S
Save The Children works on awareness generation, education and training,
health and nutrition among women and youth
Focuses on women’s issues: violence against women, alternative health
systems, sexual violence, communication, trafficking of women and children.
Provides financial and technical assistance to innovative programs and
strategies that promote women’s human rights, political participation and
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE
Evolving all round development strategies.
Legal-judicial system should be made more responsive and gender sensitive to
women’s needs, especially in cases of domestic violence and personal assault.
New laws should be enacted and existing laws reviewed to ensure that justice is
quick and fitting punishment is given.
Mainstreaming of Gender Perspective in the Development Process.
Social Empowerment of Women .Need of psychological reforms of the people’s
general mind set. Awareness among people about their rights.
Worlds Most Valuable Resource
CHILDREN- CITIZENS OF
Children are considered to be important assets for a country’s future. In
India, a child is born in everyone second. In our country, a large number of
children below the age of 6 live in economically and socially deprived
environment which hinders their physical and mental development.
Poverty, poor sanitation, malnutrition and under nutrition, diseases and
infections, lack of primary health care, limited access to primary education
are some of the main factors which affect the children in India.
Nutritious foods along with educational and recreational facilities are basic
child rights. A significant number of new born infants are abandoned every
year due to socio-economic reasons. More than 12 million children below
the age of 14years are working as child labors in hazardous occupations.
These include match stick industry, firework industry, diamond kilns etc.
Government of India in August 1947 proclaimed a national policy on
children declaring children as “supremely important assets”.
NEED FOR CHILD WELFARE
Lack of nation-wide uniform practices in child welfare A need for a more
child-oriented approach in child welfare Practical operators Social work
researchers New Child Welfare Act commenced on 1 January 2008- aims
at early support, preventive work, child-oriented method, systematic working
approach, uniform decision-making, increased cooperation between
Set of usually government-run services designed to protect children and
young people who encourage family stability. These typically include foster
care, adoption services, services aimed at supporting at-risk families so
they can remain intact, and investigation of alleged child abuse. Most
children who come to the attention of the child welfare system do so
because of any of the following situations, which are often collectively
termed as :
•Child sexual abuse
Neglect including the failure to take adequate measures to safeguard a child
from harm and/or gross negligence in providing for a child’s basic needs:
POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES
There are specific clauses in the Indian constitution regarding children:
( Article 24) No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine
or engaged in any other hazardous employment.
(Article 45) Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
(Article 23) Right to being protected from being trafficked and forced into bonded labor.
(Article 39) State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing:
(a) that the citizen, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood
(b) that the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed
as best to sub serve the common good
(c) that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and
means of production to the common detriment
(d) that there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women
(e) that the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are
not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited
to their age or strength
(f) that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in
conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against
exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.
It would be wrong to say that there are no steps being taken, but the effect due with them is gradual. In
our country, women constitute 48.5% of the population, with the sex ratio of 940 women per 1000males.
(census 2011) But there is lot to be done. Among the crimes committed against women in 2006, the
crimes of torture and molestation together constitute 60.53%. As per NFHS-3, (2005-06), at all India
level, 52.5% of currently married women participate in house hold decisions.
Till 2007, women members constitute only 9.07% of the National Parliament. There prevail practices
like- Dev Dasi, dowry, child marriage, child labor etc which still exist even after various laws made to
curb them. Moreover there is a need for social reforms, the general mind set of the people has to be
changed to bring about a relevant change.
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