Charles River Watershed Association
Strategies for Urban Development:
The Blue Cities Approach and Case Studies
• Who we are and what we do
• The Blue Cities approach
• Implementing the approach
• Project case studies
• Successes and ...
• Environmental Science and
Advocacy Organization
founded in 1965
• Mission: To use science,
advocacy and the law to
prote...
• Water quality
• Sediments
• Floods and low flows
• Groundwater
• Ecosystem and habitat
• Algal blooms
Impacts of Urbaniz...
Standard Urban
Development
• Pave
• Pipe
• Pump
Standard Urban
Problems
• Floods
• Water table changes
• Degraded rivers a...
In Massachusetts, average annual runoff increases from 4.2” to 23” and
groundwater recharge decreases from 21” to 6.3”.
Im...
Blue Cities is a water-oriented approach to urban
development and redevelopment that promote designs
for the built environ...
• Water centric planning
and urban design
• Mimic natural water
cycle and restore
hydrologic integrity
• Retrofit sites to...
CRWA’s Blue Cities Initiative
…function like this!
Try to make this…
Blue Cities Guide
Public realm/neighborhood scale approaches
• Green streets and Greenways
• Integrate stormwater management
with existing o...
Large site scale approaches
• Parking lot retrofits
• Courtyard retrofits
• Permeable
pavement
• Constructed
wetlands and ...
• Cisterns/ rainbarrels
• Rain gardens
• Stormwater planters
Residential/ small site scale approaches
Blue Cities Analysis and Design Process
Existing Conditions Analysis and Data Compilation
Neighborhood Assessment and Surv...
Implementing Blue Cities
• Creating Partnerships
– Engaging cities, towns, state, universities /
institutions
– Grassroots...
Blue Cities Projects
• Environmentally Sensitive Urban Development
– Blue Cities Guide- North Allston, Zakim North
and LMA...
Blue Cities Projects
Environmentally Sensitive Urban Development
• Blue Cities Guide -North Allston, Zakim North
and LMA
•...
Blue Cities Projects
Sub-watershed Scale
• Franklin and Bellingham Sub-watershed Restoration Plans
• Sub-watershed Plan fo...
Neighborhood / Street Scale
• Green Streets Guide for Allston Brighton, Boston MA
Blue Cities Projects
Blue Cities Projects
• Site Scale Demonstration Projects
– Everett Street Pilot, Allston
– Peabody Square, Dorchester
– Wa...
Everett Street Pilot
Everett Street Pilot
Everett Street Pilot
Peabody Square
Waltham Watch Factory
Parmenter School and Fletcher Field
Crescent Ave / Mace Apartment Retrofit
Crescent Ave / Mace Apartment Retrofit
Porous Alley Retrofit
Successes and Challenges
Challenges
• Coordination between traditionally silo’ d agencies
• Construction supervision and o...
Charles River Watershed
Association
Thank You!
For more information
Visit us at www.crwa.org
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Strategies for Urban Development

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A presentation about strategies for urban development. Presented by Pallavi Kalia Mande with the Charles River Watershed Association during the Buzzards Bay Coalition's 2014 Decision Makers Workshop series. Learn more at www.savebuzzardsbay.org/DecisionMakers

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Strategies for Urban Development

  1. 1. Charles River Watershed Association Strategies for Urban Development: The Blue Cities Approach and Case Studies
  2. 2. • Who we are and what we do • The Blue Cities approach • Implementing the approach • Project case studies • Successes and Challenges Strategies for Urban Development: The Blue Cities Approach and Case Studies
  3. 3. • Environmental Science and Advocacy Organization founded in 1965 • Mission: To use science, advocacy and the law to protect, preserve and enhance the Charles River and its watershed Charles River Watershed Association
  4. 4. • Water quality • Sediments • Floods and low flows • Groundwater • Ecosystem and habitat • Algal blooms Impacts of Urbanization on Rivers
  5. 5. Standard Urban Development • Pave • Pipe • Pump Standard Urban Problems • Floods • Water table changes • Degraded rivers and streams • Hot, noisy urban canyons
  6. 6. In Massachusetts, average annual runoff increases from 4.2” to 23” and groundwater recharge decreases from 21” to 6.3”. Impacts of Urbanization on Natural Water Cycle
  7. 7. Blue Cities is a water-oriented approach to urban development and redevelopment that promote designs for the built environment that engages with every stage of the water cycle. Going beyond “green” building, “blue cities” embraces green infrastructure design with the aim of restoring the natural water cycle in the built environment CRWA’s Blue Cities Initiative
  8. 8. • Water centric planning and urban design • Mimic natural water cycle and restore hydrologic integrity • Retrofit sites to incorporate “green infrastructure” • Build on links to open space, public health and public realm needs Pre-development Post-development CRWA’s Blue Cities Initiative
  9. 9. CRWA’s Blue Cities Initiative …function like this! Try to make this…
  10. 10. Blue Cities Guide
  11. 11. Public realm/neighborhood scale approaches • Green streets and Greenways • Integrate stormwater management with existing open space • Stream daylighting • Regional retention and detention systems
  12. 12. Large site scale approaches • Parking lot retrofits • Courtyard retrofits • Permeable pavement • Constructed wetlands and other retention and detention systems
  13. 13. • Cisterns/ rainbarrels • Rain gardens • Stormwater planters Residential/ small site scale approaches
  14. 14. Blue Cities Analysis and Design Process Existing Conditions Analysis and Data Compilation Neighborhood Assessment and Surveys Issues and Opportunities Analysis Concept Design and Visualization Recommendations for Green Infrastructure Retrofits
  15. 15. Implementing Blue Cities • Creating Partnerships – Engaging cities, towns, state, universities / institutions – Grassroots advocacy and work with community groups • Public Education, Site Visits, Workshops – Public charettes and forums – Target audience workshops – Site visit to University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center • Developing Sub-watershed Restoration Plans – Green infrastructure assessment and design in urban and sub-urban contexts • Building Demonstration Projects – Green Street retrofits – Site scale retrofits
  16. 16. Blue Cities Projects • Environmentally Sensitive Urban Development – Blue Cities Guide- North Allston, Zakim North and LMA – Mystic River Collaborative Project – Blue Cities National • Sub-watershed / Neighborhood Scale – Franklin and Bellingham Subwatershed Restoration Plans – Subwatershed Plan for Broadway, Chelsea – Green Streets Guide for Allston Brighton, Boston • Site Scale Demonstration Projects – Peabody Square Greening, Dorchester – Everett Street Pilot Project, Allston – Waltham Watch Factory, Waltham – Parmenter School and Fletcher Field, Franklin – Chester Avenue and Crescent Ave, Chelsea – Porous Alley Retrofit, Boston
  17. 17. Blue Cities Projects Environmentally Sensitive Urban Development • Blue Cities Guide -North Allston, Zakim North and LMA • Mystic River Collaborative • Blue Cities National- Louisville, KY & Michigan
  18. 18. Blue Cities Projects Sub-watershed Scale • Franklin and Bellingham Sub-watershed Restoration Plans • Sub-watershed Plan for Broadway, Chelsea
  19. 19. Neighborhood / Street Scale • Green Streets Guide for Allston Brighton, Boston MA Blue Cities Projects
  20. 20. Blue Cities Projects • Site Scale Demonstration Projects – Everett Street Pilot, Allston – Peabody Square, Dorchester – Waltham Watch Factory, Waltham – Parmenter School and Fletcher Field, Franklin – Crescent Ave / Mace Apartments, Chelsea – Porous Alley Retrofit , Boston
  21. 21. Everett Street Pilot
  22. 22. Everett Street Pilot
  23. 23. Everett Street Pilot
  24. 24. Peabody Square
  25. 25. Waltham Watch Factory
  26. 26. Parmenter School and Fletcher Field
  27. 27. Crescent Ave / Mace Apartment Retrofit
  28. 28. Crescent Ave / Mace Apartment Retrofit
  29. 29. Porous Alley Retrofit
  30. 30. Successes and Challenges Challenges • Coordination between traditionally silo’ d agencies • Construction supervision and oversight • Post construction monitoring and maintenance • Scaling up beyond demonstration projects • Funding for planning, design, implementation, monitoring, public outreach and education • Reduced flooding and increased recharge • Reduced ‘heat island’ effect in urban areas with increased vegetation • Aesthetic, pedestrian and public realm improvements • Improved water quality in receiving waters • Public support for neighborhood greening Successes
  31. 31. Charles River Watershed Association Thank You! For more information Visit us at www.crwa.org

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