Comprehensive Wastewater  Planning in Your Town       Buzzards Bay Coalition  2013 Decisions Makers Workshop            Ap...
2
New Breach 2007          3
Background• 1966 Report recommends limited central sewer system, 2    phases•   1971 1st phase and WWTP on-line, 2nd phase...
Background continued•   2003 (2007)/2006 MEP Reports•   2006-2007 Alternatives (by watersheds)•   2007 Draft EIR/Draft CWM...
Wastewater Planning: Critical Components  • Who            Wastewater Planning is a  • What    complicated scientific and ...
Who:       A cooperative, team effort:       •Citizens Advisory Committee (CAC)       •Technical Advisory Group (TAG)     ...
Citizens Advisory Committee                                                        “…pro-actively•   Established at the on...
Technical Advisory Group•   Town Manager•   Finance Director (as needed)•   Community Development Director•   Director of ...
What:   • What is the problem – not always          evident/may not always be          agreement/may be multiple problems....
MEP ProcessData Collection            Linked Model & Report:                               Nitrogen LoadingWatershed      ...
Watershed Evaluations                        12
How:       • Plan a town-wide         response to a town-wide         problem.          – More efficient.          – More ...
Summary of Typical Nitrogen Removals for the                 Wastewater Management OptionsWastewater                      ...
Non-wastewater  –   Hydrodynamic Modifications  –   Boat/Pet Waste Management  –   Fertilizer Management  –   Freshwater A...
Site Evaluations                   16
Hydrogeologic and Site                       Evaluations• Hydraulic load testing  and groundwater  modeling   • Where   • ...
Watershed Evaluations(sewersheds)                        18
• Plan wastewater management to meet Town goals:  –   Nitrogen TMDLs  –   Other TMDLs  –   Low cost  –   Fiscal fairness  ...
Alternative Plan Formation andEvaluation       Plan No. 1: No Action Alternative       Plan No. 2: Combination of Sewers a...
Recommended Plan                   21
When:        Everything        takes longer        than you        expect or        plan for.                 22
Schedule•Start?•Year-round construction?•SRF Funding Cycle•Local Fiscal Impacts•Community Impacts•Business Impacts!!      ...
Where:   • Environmental           Sensitivity         • Project Coordination         • Maximize Impact         • Communit...
25
How Much?: The preverbal moving target. Must be addressed as early as realistically possible (level of confidence). Simpli...
Fiscal Planning•   Town-wide approach          “To demonstrate the fiscal impact                                of the imp...
Total Phase 1 and 2 Cost Summary (in Millions of Dollars)                     Component                                  C...
Property Tax Impact                      29
Total Cost ($600,000 Valuation)(yearly/monthly)                                  30
Multiple Funding Sources• Debt Dropoff• Targeted Tax Surcharge    (Real Estate Transfer, Meals,        Stable Tax rate    ...
Federal and State Funding Sources•State Revolving Fund (SRF)   • O’Leary Legislation      • SRF funds targeted to nutrient...
Other Considerations                 • Growth Implications                 • Shared Watersheds                 • Point of ...
Questions?           “How many times must I tell you, the sea is            not one vast, inexhaustible refuse dump.”For m...
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Comprehensive Wastewater Planning in Your Town

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A presentation about comprehensive wastewater planning at the town level. Presented by Dr. Robert Duncanson, Chatham Health & Environment Director, during the Buzzards Bay Coalition's 2013 Decision Makers Workshop series. Learn more at www.savebuzzardsbay.org/DecisionMakers

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Comprehensive Wastewater Planning in Your Town

  1. 1. Comprehensive Wastewater Planning in Your Town Buzzards Bay Coalition 2013 Decisions Makers Workshop April 3, 2013 Robert A. Duncanson, Ph.D. CWMP Program Manager Director of Health & Environment Town of Chatham
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. New Breach 2007 3
  4. 4. Background• 1966 Report recommends limited central sewer system, 2 phases• 1971 1st phase and WWTP on-line, 2nd phase deferred• 1987 DEP Administrative Consent Order – “Town shall take all necessary steps to plan, design and construct a wastewater treatment and disposal facility to serve the Town’s wastewater needs…”• 1991 Town Meeting rejects 1982 & 1988 Facility Plan Updates• 1997 Comprehensive Wastewater Management Planning begins 4
  5. 5. Background continued• 2003 (2007)/2006 MEP Reports• 2006-2007 Alternatives (by watersheds)• 2007 Draft EIR/Draft CWMP• 2009 Final EIR/Final CWMP – July MEPA Certificate – October DRI Approval• 2010 Construction commences 5
  6. 6. Wastewater Planning: Critical Components • Who Wastewater Planning is a • What complicated scientific and engineering process – it needs to • How be simplified for public acceptance. • Where Repetition – Repetition – • When Repetition • How Much? 6
  7. 7. Who: A cooperative, team effort: •Citizens Advisory Committee (CAC) •Technical Advisory Group (TAG) •MEP •Consultant •Regulators (MassDEP, Cape Cod Commission/USEPA •Water & Sewer Advisory Committee •Citizens 7
  8. 8. Citizens Advisory Committee “…pro-actively• Established at the onset of the project. develop, village by village, public• Geographically diverse membership. involvement and• Integrated into all aspects of the project. support for a plan• Meetings televised. of action.”• Minutes provided on town’s website.• Regular updates to the Board of Selectmen.• Sponsors public outreach activities: educational workshops, flyers, speakers bureau, etc. “We want citizens to study why we’re doing what we’re doing, we want them to question us as we go along and “We need this to be supported by maybe lead us in another the taxpayers, because it’s going to direction.” cost us one way or another.” 8
  9. 9. Technical Advisory Group• Town Manager• Finance Director (as needed)• Community Development Director• Director of Health & Environment• Water & Sewer Manager• Health Agent Responsible for direction to the Consultant. 9
  10. 10. What: • What is the problem – not always evident/may not always be agreement/may be multiple problems. • Develop the data – some may exist/some may have to be developed. • Identify goal(s) 10
  11. 11. MEP ProcessData Collection Linked Model & Report: Nitrogen LoadingWatershed HydrodynamicDelineation Model Water Quality ModelLand Use Data Thresholds Analysis CWMP & TMDL more Development model runs Implementation! Slide Courtesy of MEP
  12. 12. Watershed Evaluations 12
  13. 13. How: • Plan a town-wide response to a town-wide problem. – More efficient. – More cost-effective. – More environmentally- sound. – Cost control through phasing. • Don’t lose sight of the forest for the trees. 13
  14. 14. Summary of Typical Nitrogen Removals for the Wastewater Management OptionsWastewater Typical Nitrogen Typical Concentration Percent Technology in the Effluent Removal Title 5 Septic System 20 to 40 mg/l 23% Individual Nitrogen Removal Septic System 15 to 25 mg/l 50% Community/Cluster System 5 to 15 mg/l 75% BAT WWTF 3 mg/l 93% Ecotoilets? 14
  15. 15. Non-wastewater – Hydrodynamic Modifications – Boat/Pet Waste Management – Fertilizer Management – Freshwater Attenuation – Shellfish/Macroalgal Harvesting – Stormwater Management 15
  16. 16. Site Evaluations 16
  17. 17. Hydrogeologic and Site Evaluations• Hydraulic load testing and groundwater modeling • Where • How much • Mounding 17
  18. 18. Watershed Evaluations(sewersheds) 18
  19. 19. • Plan wastewater management to meet Town goals: – Nitrogen TMDLs – Other TMDLs – Low cost – Fiscal fairness – Fewer raised systems – Address needs in other Areas of Concern 19
  20. 20. Alternative Plan Formation andEvaluation Plan No. 1: No Action Alternative Plan No. 2: Combination of Sewers and I/A Technology in Selected Watersheds Plan No. 3: I/A Technology Plan No. 4: Sewer Extension to Meet Nitrogen TMDLs Plan No. 5: Town-Wide Sewer Extension 20
  21. 21. Recommended Plan 21
  22. 22. When: Everything takes longer than you expect or plan for. 22
  23. 23. Schedule•Start?•Year-round construction?•SRF Funding Cycle•Local Fiscal Impacts•Community Impacts•Business Impacts!! 23
  24. 24. Where: • Environmental Sensitivity • Project Coordination • Maximize Impact • Community Input • Funding • Nimby • Banana 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. How Much?: The preverbal moving target. Must be addressed as early as realistically possible (level of confidence). Simplicity. The only thing anyone really cares about. 26
  27. 27. Fiscal Planning• Town-wide approach “To demonstrate the fiscal impact of the implementation of the• Affordability Wastewater Plan, and thereby the affordability of the balance of• Fiscal Credibility the capital facility plan.”• Identify All Costs – Connection Fees Demonstrate the worst – Annual User Charges case fiscal impact to homeowners. – Betterment Discuss betterment – Tax Rate versus property tax payment options. 27
  28. 28. Total Phase 1 and 2 Cost Summary (in Millions of Dollars) Component Capital Capital Capital Costs Costs Costs Phase 1(1) Phase 2 Total (1) (1)WWTF upgrade and expansion Construction Costs $25 $6.0 $31 Contingencies $5.0 $1.2 $6.2 Fiscal, Legal, and Engineering $4.9 $1.6 $6.5 Total $35 $8.8 $44Collection System Expansion Construction Costs $110 $60 $170 Contingencies $28 $14 $42 Fiscal, Legal, and Engineering $28 $14 $42 Total $170 $88 $250(1) All costs are rounded to two significant digits and are referenced to a date of June 2007 . 28
  29. 29. Property Tax Impact 29
  30. 30. Total Cost ($600,000 Valuation)(yearly/monthly) 30
  31. 31. Multiple Funding Sources• Debt Dropoff• Targeted Tax Surcharge (Real Estate Transfer, Meals, Stable Tax rate Hotel/Motel) DROP OFF• Property Tax – Deductible• Betterment DEBT – Improves value to Homeowner (some vs all) – Payment may be banked by town – Not Deductible
  32. 32. Federal and State Funding Sources•State Revolving Fund (SRF) • O’Leary Legislation • SRF funds targeted to nutrient projects • Eligible towns able to borrow @ 0% interest • 2009-2019•USDA, Rural Development, Rural UtilitiesService • Low interest loans • Grants • Population/Income based 32
  33. 33. Other Considerations • Growth Implications • Shared Watersheds • Point of Compliance • Monitoring • Watershed Permitting • Adaptive Management 33
  34. 34. Questions? “How many times must I tell you, the sea is not one vast, inexhaustible refuse dump.”For more info: http://www.chatham-ma.gov/public_documents/ChathamMa_CWMPlan/CWMP

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