Clean W aterLan d Care
M ich aelTalbot,M CH ,ISA ,A SCA
Co-ow n er,TalbotEcologicalLan d Care,M ash pee,M A
P rin cipalCon...
A N A LTERNA TIVE LA NDSCA P E
CONCEP T FORB EST DESIGN/CA RE
EcologicalDesign an d Lan d Care seeks
com m on groun d betw...
W H Y ECOLOGICA L LA ND CA RE in
SOUTH COA STA L M A SSA CH USETTS?
 Ourregion ten d sto be ecologically
fragile.M an y p...
W H Y ECOLOGICA L LA ND CA RE in
SOUTH COA STA L M A SSA CH USETTS?
 A typical professional lawn service
program uses two...
W H Y ECOLOGICA L LA ND CA RE in
SOUTH COA STA L M A SSA CH USETTS?
 Th e M assach usettsEstuariesP rogram
(M EP )stud ie...
W H Y ECOLOGICA L LA ND CA RE in
SOUTH COA STA L M A SSA CH USETTS?
 40% ofm un icipalw aterin th e Un ited
Statesgoesto ...
ECOLOGICA L LA NDSCA P E DESIGN
ECOLOGICA L LA W N an d LA ND CA RE
ECOLOGICA L LA NDSCA P ING in clud es
oth eraltern ati...
ECOLOGICA L LA ND DESIGN
 P reserve n aturally vegetated areas—
especially buffersto surface w ater
 Con serve resources...
LOW IM P A CT DESIGN or
DEVELOP M ENT (LID)
Urban ized lan d scapes,in clud in g turf,
often h ave over100 tim esth e
stor...
L a w n fertilizers,in pa rtic ula r,a reover-a pplied a nd a pplied
im properly.A sa result,they a rea lea d ing c a useo...
LOW IM P A CT DESIGN or
DEVELOP M ENT:A Key B M P
In filtratin g storm w ateralon g grass
sw alesan d th rough m ultiple,
...
Conventional
An example of a poorly designed bioretention cell
T heb uild ertookouta llthetrees.Instea d ofla w n insta lled tothestreet,
ourd esign w a stoinsta lla sc reen pla nting o...
W ithin thena tura lvegeta tion a nd thesc reen pla nting isa priva te,sec lud ed G a rd en
R oom —six yea rsa fterinsta l...
S a nd pla in G ra ssla nd -a
ra rem ea d ow ha b ita tof
ourregion
N ew E ngla nd
b la zingsta r
L ittleb luestem
A portion ofthisc lient’sla w n w a srem oved a nd repla c ed w ith a pla nting of
na tivea nd a ppropria tenon-na tivegra...
Native grassland/shrubland buffer planting (15
feet wide minimum) between a highly managed
lawn and Popponesset Creek; Con...
ENVIRONM ENTA LLY FRIENDLY
LA NDSCA P E DESIGN an d LA ND CA RE
 Assess the site thoroughly, especially soils
 Design la...
SITE ASSESSMENT FOR:
• SUN VS. SHADE (DEGREE OF EACH)
• EXPOSURE TO WIND AND SALT
• SITE CHARACTERISTICS (SLOPES,
MICROCLI...
SAMPLE AND TEST SOILS
TO DETERMINE:
• D E P T H O F T O P S O IL
• T E XT U R E O F T O P S O IL
• S U B S O IL
C HA R A C...
FO R S O IL
pH &P la nts:
• Turf:6.0–7.0is
good ;6.4–6.8is
id ea l
• R hod od end rons,
b lueb erriesa nd
othera c id soil...
C hooseT urfgra ssB lend sHigh in Fesc ues,suc h a sT a llFesc uea nd
S ha d eM ixesw ith FineFesc ues;
“E nd ophyteE nha ...
C HO O S E T HE R IG HT P L A N T FO R T HE R IG HT
P L A C E :P la ntsa d a pted tothesitec ond itions;
pla ntstha ta red...
USE ‘B EST M A INTENA NCE
P RA CTICES’
 Th e m ostseriouspestin our
lan d scapesisH om o sapien s
 Learn an d use proper...
EcologicalLaw n Care:B est
M ain ten an ce P ractices
• Mow lightly; mow often. Avoid cutting so
much turf leaf blade that...
EcologicalLaw n an d P lan tCare:
B estIrrigation P ractices
• Ifyou ch oose to irrigate yourturf(n otvital),
w aterd eepl...
Lawn sprinklers poorly managed; waste and runoff
EcologicalLaw n & P lan tCare:
B estFertility P ractices
 M ostim portan tB M P sforw aterquality
 Use soiltestresultsto...
B RIEF H ISTORY OF FERTILIZER
REGULA TION IN M A SS.
 2012:Nan tucketad optslaw n fertilizer
regulation sth attake effect...
B RIEF H ISTORY OF FERTILIZER
REGULA TION IN M A SS.
 M ass.State Sen ate in clud esrid erin th e
B ud getA ctth atallow ...
B RIEF REVIEW OF KEY FEA TURES
OF TH E M DA RDRA FT REGS
 M DA Rd raftregulation slim itapplication s
ofn utrien tsto tur...
B RIEF REVIEW OF KEY FEA TURES
OF TH E M DA RDRA FT REGS
 No application ofplan tn utrien tson turf:
 B etw een Decem be...
EcologicalLaw n Care:B estP est
M an agem en tP ractices
 En d allpreven tative in secticid e apps,
in clud in g grub an ...
THANK YOU FOR INVITING US;
CLEAN WATER STARTS AT HOME
If you wish more information on
Ecological Lawns and Landscapes,
ple...
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
Clean Water Landscaping
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Clean Water Landscaping

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A presentation about clean water landscaping. Presented by Robert Roseen of Geosyntec Consulting during the Buzzards Bay Coalition's 2014 Decision Makers Workshop series. Learn more at www.savebuzzardsbay.org/DecisionMakers

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Clean Water Landscaping

  1. 1. Clean W aterLan d Care M ich aelTalbot,M CH ,ISA ,A SCA Co-ow n er,TalbotEcologicalLan d Care,M ash pee,M A P rin cipalCon sultan t,En viron m en talLan d scape Con sultan ts,LLC Restoration Ecologist,A uth or,Ed ucatoran d P lan n er M assach usettsCertified H orticulturistan d Lan d scape Design er I.S.A .Certified A rborist,A m erican Society ofCon sultin g A rborists 2008 Recipien t,A ssociation to P reserve Cape Cod ’s En viron m en talCh am pion A w ard B uzzard sB ay Coalition Keepin g Clean W aterin YourCom m un ity UM A SS Cran berry Station ,W areh am M A W ed n esd ay,A pril30,2014
  2. 2. A N A LTERNA TIVE LA NDSCA P E CONCEP T FORB EST DESIGN/CA RE EcologicalDesign an d Lan d Care seeks com m on groun d betw een con ven tion al lan d scapin g an d orn am en talh orticulture an d protection ofth e en viron m en tan d con servation restoration . Forexam ple,ecologicald esign seeksto m in im ize th e ad verse im pactof law n s an d lan d scapin g on groun d w ater, surface w aters,people an d w ild life. TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  3. 3. W H Y ECOLOGICA L LA ND CA RE in SOUTH COA STA L M A SSA CH USETTS?  Ourregion ten d sto be ecologically fragile.M an y people live on th eir w atersupply,m akin g itvuln erable to con tam in ation .  W e h ave m an y pon d s,stream s,in lets, baysan d estuariesad versely im pacted by n utrien tpollution --particularly n itrogen in estuariesan d ph osph orus in pon d san d stream s. TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  4. 4. W H Y ECOLOGICA L LA ND CA RE in SOUTH COA STA L M A SSA CH USETTS?  A typical professional lawn service program uses two to three times the fertilizer that the typical fine lawn requires—applying as much as 5 pounds of total nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft of lawn.  Homeowner 4-step programs apply 4 lb of N per 1,000 sq ft, when most managed lawns would be fine with 1 to 2 lb. of N.  What are the implications for the health of our surface and ground waters? TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  5. 5. W H Y ECOLOGICA L LA ND CA RE in SOUTH COA STA L M A SSA CH USETTS?  Th e M assach usettsEstuariesP rogram (M EP )stud ied th e effectsof n itrogen load in g (pollution )ofourbays,in lets, h arborsan d estuariesin ourregion .  Nextto th e d am age caused by septic system s,th e lead in g causesof n itrogen pollution on Cape Cod an d south eastern M assach usettsw aslaw n fertilizersan d storm w aterrun off. TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  6. 6. W H Y ECOLOGICA L LA ND CA RE in SOUTH COA STA L M A SSA CH USETTS?  40% ofm un icipalw aterin th e Un ited Statesgoesto w aterin g law n s.This is not sustainable!  A typicalprofession allaw n service program usestw o to th ree tim esor m ore of th e pesticid esasth e m ost h eavily sprayed food crop in th is state— sw eetcorn .  Is all this really necessary? What are the implications for the health of our families, pets, wildlife and the environment? TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  7. 7. ECOLOGICA L LA NDSCA P E DESIGN ECOLOGICA L LA W N an d LA ND CA RE ECOLOGICA L LA NDSCA P ING in clud es oth eraltern ative con ceptssuch as:  Organ ic an d Low Im pactLaw n Care  Sustain able Design (low m ain ten an ce)  Naturescapin g (lan d scapin g w ith n atives)  Xeriscapin g (lan d scapin g ford rough t)  Ed ible Lan d scapin g (usin g food plan ts)  LeastToxic W eed an d P estM an agem en t TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  8. 8. ECOLOGICA L LA ND DESIGN  P reserve n aturally vegetated areas— especially buffersto surface w ater  Con serve resources— soil,w ater,air quality,w ild life h abitat,biod iversity  Design in h arm on y w ith th e site for sustain ability an d low m ain ten an ce  Use n ative plan tsan d pattern lan d scapes on region alplan tcom m un ities  Create in terestin g lan d scapesth atpeople w illw an tto use an d en joy! TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  9. 9. LOW IM P A CT DESIGN or DEVELOP M ENT (LID) Urban ized lan d scapes,in clud in g turf, often h ave over100 tim esth e storm w atersurface run off (30% versus0.3% )ofm in im ally d isturbed forest,sh rublan d orgrasslan d / m ead ow areas.Th isstorm w aterrun off can carry a w id e ran ge ofpollutan ts: n utrien ts,solid s,h eavy m etals, h yd rocarbon s,an im alscat,etc. TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  10. 10. L a w n fertilizers,in pa rtic ula r,a reover-a pplied a nd a pplied im properly.A sa result,they a rea lea d ing c a useofnutrient pollution (nitra tesa nd phospha tes)d egra d ing ourb a ys, estua ries,pond sa nd strea m s—a nd ourground w a ter.
  11. 11. LOW IM P A CT DESIGN or DEVELOP M ENT:A Key B M P In filtratin g storm w ateralon g grass sw alesan d th rough m ultiple, d ecen tralized biological/bio-reten tion filters,also kn ow n asrain gard en s, provid essuperiorpollution m itigation versusalloth ersystem s,w h ile also en h an cin g aesth etics,biod iversity an d w ild life h abitat— an d even red ucin g d evelopm en tcosts. TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  12. 12. Conventional
  13. 13. An example of a poorly designed bioretention cell
  14. 14. T heb uild ertookouta llthetrees.Instea d ofla w n insta lled tothestreet, ourd esign w a stoinsta lla sc reen pla nting ofna tivepla nts,suc h a sthese red c ed a rs,a sw ella sw hitepines,shrub a nd m ea d ow pla nts.
  15. 15. W ithin thena tura lvegeta tion a nd thesc reen pla nting isa priva te,sec lud ed G a rd en R oom —six yea rsa fterinsta lla tion a nd inc lud ing a sm a ll,orga nic a lly m a na ged la w n.
  16. 16. S a nd pla in G ra ssla nd -a ra rem ea d ow ha b ita tof ourregion N ew E ngla nd b la zingsta r L ittleb luestem
  17. 17. A portion ofthisc lient’sla w n w a srem oved a nd repla c ed w ith a pla nting of na tivea nd a ppropria tenon-na tivegra ssesa nd flow ering forb s.T hisnew ga rd en isa b utterfly a nd hum m ingb ird m a gneta ttra c tivea llyea r.
  18. 18. Native grassland/shrubland buffer planting (15 feet wide minimum) between a highly managed lawn and Popponesset Creek; ConCom mandated
  19. 19. ENVIRONM ENTA LLY FRIENDLY LA NDSCA P E DESIGN an d LA ND CA RE  Assess the site thoroughly, especially soils  Design landscapes appropriate to the site  Design to reduce outside inputs, such as water, fertilizer, pesticides, excess labor  Choose plants for drought tolerance and water conservation, including turf mixtures  Choose plants resistant to pests and stress  Enhance natural pest control TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  20. 20. SITE ASSESSMENT FOR: • SUN VS. SHADE (DEGREE OF EACH) • EXPOSURE TO WIND AND SALT • SITE CHARACTERISTICS (SLOPES, MICROCLIMATES, POOR DRAINAGE) • TYPES OF PLANTS (LAWNS, TREES, SHRUBS, PERENNIALS, NATURAL AREAS—EVEN WEEDS TELLA STORY ABOUT THE SITE CONDITIONS) • CONDITION OF PLANTS (HEALTHY, DROUGHT OR WINTER STRESS, GOOD OR POOR COLOR, DENSITY) • KEY PEST PROBLEMS AND KEY PLANTS WITH SIGNIFICANT ISSUES • SOILS (pH, COMPACTION, DEPTH AND TEXTURE OF TOPSOIL, SUBSOIL, DRAINAGE, ORGANIC MATTER) • MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (MOWING PRACTICES, MULCHING, IRRIGATION, PEST MANAGEMENT, FERTILIZATION) • SITE USE (PLAY, PETS, EQUIPMENT) • CLIENT DESIRES AND CAPABILITIES (MANAGEMENT BUDGET, FUTURE USES)
  21. 21. SAMPLE AND TEST SOILS TO DETERMINE: • D E P T H O F T O P S O IL • T E XT U R E O F T O P S O IL • S U B S O IL C HA R A C T E R IS T IC S • D E G R E E O F C O M P A C T IO N • D R A IN A G E (P oorly D ra ined T o E xc essively W ellD ra ined ) • S O IL VA R IA T IO N S (From O ne S ec tion O fT heL a nd sc a peT o A nother) • S O IL T E S T IN G :G a ther S a m ples;M ix;S iftO utR oc ks, C oa rseO rga nic M a tterA nd D eb ris;P a c k;S E N D T O A G O O D S O IL T E S T L A B FO R – pH – N utrientlevels – O rga nic m a tterc ontent – C a tion exc ha ngec a pa c ity
  22. 22. FO R S O IL pH &P la nts: • Turf:6.0–7.0is good ;6.4–6.8is id ea l • R hod od end rons, b lueb erriesa nd othera c id soilloving pla nts(hea th fa m ily):5.0–5.9is good • M ostvegeta b les, fruittreesa nd orna m enta lpla nts, inc lud ing m a ny non-na tives:6.0- 6.8isgenera lly preferred
  23. 23. C hooseT urfgra ssB lend sHigh in Fesc ues,suc h a sT a llFesc uea nd S ha d eM ixesw ith FineFesc ues; “E nd ophyteE nha nc ed ”T urfgra ssB lend sha veIm proved P la ntG row th, P ersistenc e,a nd S tressT olera nc e,a sw ella sR esista nc etoM a ny Insec tP ests(suc h a sC hinc h B ugs)a nd M a ny D isea ses. E C O -B L E N D is specially designed for lawns managed organically, without the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers or chemical pesticides. Eco- Blend is made with seed cultivars selected for their improved stress tolerance and reduced fertility needs. CONTAINS: 35% Blade Runner Tall Fescue, 15% Longfellow II Chewings Fescue, 15% Applaud Perennial Ryegrass, 15% Spartin II Hard Fescue, 9.5% (9.75% if no clover) Blue Sapphire Kentucky Bluegrass, 10% Navigator Red Fescue, 0.25% Highland Colonel bentgrass and 0.25% White Clover (optional). AREA FOR USE: North of the Mason Dixon line. RATE: 5-7 lbs. per 1,000 ft.2 WHEN TO PLANT: Apr 1 - Jun 10 or Aug 1 - Oct 1. NOTES: Overseeding (slit seeding 2½#1000 sq ft) (top seeding 3¼# 1000 sq ft). D E N S E S HA D E M IX is well adapted to areas of 60% or more daily shade in mature landscapes. Dense Shade Mix has low maintenance requirements for water, fertilizer, and lime. Requires 2-3 hours of filtered sunshine per day. CONTAINS: 40% Longfellow II Chewings Fescue, 35% Titanium Tall Fescue, 15% Spartin II Hard Fescue, and 10% Navigator Red Fescue. AREA FOR USE: North of the Mason Dixon line. RATE: 4-5 lbs. per 1,000 ft. 2 WHEN TO PLANT: Apr 1 - Jun 10 or Aug 1 - Oct 1.
  24. 24. C HO O S E T HE R IG HT P L A N T FO R T HE R IG HT P L A C E :P la ntsa d a pted tothesitec ond itions; pla ntstha ta red roughta nd pestresista nt These are examples of plants tolerant of dry soils and droughty conditions. Once established, they will also require little or no irrigation, saving money and valuable groundwater resources. Native plants are noted with an asterisk.
  25. 25. USE ‘B EST M A INTENA NCE P RA CTICES’  Th e m ostseriouspestin our lan d scapesisH om o sapien s  Learn an d use properm ow in g, prun in g an d oth erm ain ten an ce practices  Use n atural-based an d slow release fertilizersw isely to en h an ce plan ts  Irrigate w h en n ecessary,butw ater law n san d oth erplan tin gsproperly TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  26. 26. EcologicalLaw n Care:B est M ain ten an ce P ractices • Mow lightly; mow often. Avoid cutting so much turf leaf blade that your lawn is yellow. This can suppress root growth for a month! • Mow high (3 inches; 3.5 inches is even better). This has so many benefits. • Leave clippings to recycle on the lawn; this enhances lawns in 25 measurable ways. • Be sure you are mowing (or your contractor is mowing) with sharp blades. TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  27. 27. EcologicalLaw n an d P lan tCare: B estIrrigation P ractices • Ifyou ch oose to irrigate yourturf(n otvital), w aterd eeply on ce ortw ice a w eek, especially ifyou are also irrigatin g treesan d sh rubs.Law n sin very san d y soilsm ay n eed w aterin g 2 to 3tim esa w eek to rem ain green — butin h ot,d ry w eath eron ly. • Trees,sh rubs,peren n ialsan d oth ergard en areasare bestirrigated on ce a w eek to a d epth of12 to 18 in ch es— asopposed to 4to 6in ch esforturf;create separate zon esto irrigate th ese plan tin gs.Use d rip irrigation . TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  28. 28. Lawn sprinklers poorly managed; waste and runoff
  29. 29. EcologicalLaw n & P lan tCare: B estFertility P ractices  M ostim portan tB M P sforw aterquality  Use soiltestresultsto en h an ce soil fertility (N,P ,K)w ith n atural-organ ic an d /orslow release fertilizers,com post, liquid seaw eed an d rock m in erals.  Use soiltestresultsto apply th e proper lim eston e,h orticulturalgypsum or gard en (elem en tal)sulfurto getth e propersoilpH foryourplan ts. TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  30. 30. B RIEF H ISTORY OF FERTILIZER REGULA TION IN M A SS.  2012:Nan tucketad optslaw n fertilizer regulation sth attake effectin 2013  A ugust,2012:M ass.becom esth e 10th state to regulate ph osph orusin fertilizer  Novem ber,2012:Falm outh ad optsa strictNitrogen FertilizerB ylaw  M ay 2013:Orlean sad optssim ilarbylaw  M ay 2013:A G rulesth atstate law supersed esth e localbylaw s— butCape Cod could ad optregsun d erth e CCC A ct TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  31. 31. B RIEF H ISTORY OF FERTILIZER REGULA TION IN M A SS.  M ass.State Sen ate in clud esrid erin th e B ud getA ctth atallow sth e Falm outh an d Orlean sbylaw sto rem ain in effect; th e H ouse agreesan d th e Govern or sign sitin to law ;th e bylaw sn ow law  2013:Th e Cape Cod Com m ission ad opts a Nitrogen FertilizerDCP C d espite h eavy in d ustry opposition ;w ritesd raftN fert regs,w h ich Cape tow n sm ay n ow en act  M arch 2013:M DA Rissuesitsd raft regulation sun d erth e 2012 law . TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  32. 32. B RIEF REVIEW OF KEY FEA TURES OF TH E M DA RDRA FT REGS  M DA Rd raftregulation slim itapplication s ofn utrien tsto turfto protectw aters  H elpsm un icipalitiesm axim ize cred its provid ed in NP DES perm itsissued by EP A  A lso regulate agriculturaln utrien ts  No fertw ith over0.67 % ph osph orus(K) can be applied to turfw /outa soiltest in d icatin g a n eed forK in th atturfsoil  P erm itsK forn ew oroverseed ed law n s  Exem ptsn atural-organ ic fert& com post TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  33. 33. B RIEF REVIEW OF KEY FEA TURES OF TH E M DA RDRA FT REGS  No application ofplan tn utrien tson turf:  B etw een Decem ber1 an d M arch 15  To frozen ,sn ow -covered orsaturated soils or24h oursbefore a h eavy rain orflood in g  W ith in 20 ftof surface w atersw ith spread er or10 ftw ith d eflectorord rop spread er  W ith in Zon e 1 of a public w atersupply w ell  W ith in 100 ftof surface public w atersupply  In am oun tin con sisten tw ith UM assTurf B M P  No application on im pervioussurfaces  Req.profession alsto keep 3yrofrecord s TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  34. 34. EcologicalLaw n Care:B estP est M an agem en tP ractices  En d allpreven tative in secticid e apps, in clud in g grub an d sum m erin sectapps w h ich killben eficialsforn aturalcon trol  Determ in e w eed toleran ce ofclien ts  Spottreaton ly th ose w eed sth atare truly un w an ted ;th isgreatly red uces h erbicid e use even forfussy clien t  Use th e leasttoxic prod uctth atw orks, w h ich could be h an d pullin g/pickin g,etc. TA L B O T E C O L O G IC A L L A N D C A R E
  35. 35. THANK YOU FOR INVITING US; CLEAN WATER STARTS AT HOME If you wish more information on Ecological Lawns and Landscapes, please do not hesitate to contact us: M IC HA E L TA L B O T,E nvironm enta lL a nd sc a pe C onsulta nts,L L C ;Ta lb otE c ologic a lL a nd C a re M ic ha el.T @Ta lb otE c oL a nd C a re.c om w w w .E L C N ew E ngla nd .c om w w w .Ta lb otE c oL a nd C a re.c om

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