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Introduction to research article

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Reading a research article is always a problem for the beginners. This powerpoint slides will introduce you to reading an article.

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Introduction to research article

  1. 1. Research Article Introduction Saurab Sharma, MPT Lecturer, KUSMS EBPP Lecturer 3
  2. 2. Objectives • At the end of the class, students should be able to: – identify the parts of an article – elaborate features of each segment of an article 2Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  3. 3. Terminologies • Research • Study • Paper • Article • Journal • Impact factor 3Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  4. 4. Components of an article • Title • Authors and affiliations • Abstract • Introduction • Methods • Results • Discussion • Conclusion • Acknowledgement • References 4Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  5. 5. How does an article look like? 5Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  6. 6. Title 6Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  7. 7. Authors • Names • Degrees (education, certification) • Affiliations • Correspondance address 7Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  8. 8. Abstract 8Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  9. 9. Abstract (Manual Therapy) 9Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  10. 10. Abstract (Cochrane) 10Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  11. 11. Abstract (Cochrane) 11Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  12. 12. Abstract (JOSPT) 12Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  13. 13. Abstract • Brief summary of the study (150-300 words) • Reflects the overall study 13Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  14. 14. Introduction • Broader to narrow • Background • Rationale or need of the study • Hypothesis • Objectives of the study 14Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  15. 15. Methods • Participants • Study design • Study setting • Duration of the study • Ethical approval/ informed consent 15Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  16. 16. Methods (contd…) • Blinding • Selection criteria: Inclusion/ exclusion • Operational definition • Sample size calculation 16Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  17. 17. Methods (contd…) • Equipment used • Tools and or outcome measures • Procedure • Data (statistical) analysis 17Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  18. 18. Results • Flow of participants • Tables and figures • Data vs results (in number) • Adverse events 18Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  19. 19. Discussion • From narrow to broader • Starts by stating the objectives or re- summarizing the results • Hypothesis for the results (why did results occur? / mechanism) • Comparison with previous studies • Discussion about the confounders 19Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  20. 20. Discussion • Strengths and limitations of the study • Recommendation for future studies • Clinical significance of the study 20Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  21. 21. Conclusion • Summarizes the results of the study • Should be in line with the objectives 21Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  22. 22. Acknowledgement • Who contributed to the study but is not the coauthors 22Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  23. 23. References • Vancouver format • APA format 23Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  24. 24. References • Vancouver format • APA format 24Saurab S, KUSMS 14'
  25. 25. • Physiotherapy • Physical therapy • Physiotherapy Canada • Journal of Orthopedic and Sports physiotherapy • Manual therapy • Journal of manual and manipulative therapy • Physical therapy in Sport • Journal of strength and conditioning • Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation • Pediatric Physical therapy • Journal of American/ British Sports medicine Saurab S, KUSMS 14' 25 Common Physiotherapy Journals
  26. 26. • Title • Abstract • Introduction • Methods • Results • Discussion • Conclusion • Acknowledgement • References Saurab S, KUSMS 14' 26 Summary

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