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farm machinery & irrigation..pptx

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farm machinery & irrigation..pptx

  1. 1. Farm Machinery & Irrigation 01
  2. 2. Flow of Presentation 1. Introduction 2. Product Portfolio 3. Implements used in Paddy Cultivation 4. Global Agri - Machinery Companies and Scenario 5. Revenue of World's Largest Farm Machinery Manufacturers in FY 2021, in Million USD. 6. Indian Retail Market Share of Tractors (May 2022) 7. India’s Export Scenario of Farm-Machinery 8. Major Irrigation Companies, Automated Irrigation Systems 9. AI, Robotics and Drones in Agri-Farm Machinery 10. Policies and Schemes by GOI 11. Central Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institute, Custom Hiring Centers (2014-15), 4 FMT&TI 12. Mergers and Acquisitions 13. Recent Developments 14. Challenges of Farm machinery sector 02
  3. 3. Introduction Produces Maintains Tractors and Farm Machines. 03
  4. 4. Farm Machineries Transportation Processing Harnessing Potential Handling 04 Include tools ranging from:  Hand tools  Power tools  Tractors  Equipments etc.
  5. 5. Seed Drill Rotavator Cultivator Tractors Thresher 05
  6. 6. Diverse Product Portfolio - Agricultural Equipment Industry 06 Land Development Tillage Seedbed Preparation • Tractors • Levelers • Ploughs • Dozers • Scrapers Sowing & Planting • Drill • Seeder • Planter • Dibbler • Transplanter Weeding Inter Cultivation Plant Protection • Shovel / Plough • Harrow • Tiller • Sprayer • Duster Harvesting Threshing • Harvester • Thresher • Digger • Reaper • Sickle/ Dao Post Harvest & Agro Processing • Seed extractor • Dehusker • Huller/ Dehuller • Grader • Mill
  7. 7. Implements used in Land preparation Plough: Farming implement with one or more blades fixed in a frame, drawn over soil to turn it over and cut furrows in preparation for the planting of seeds. Used in primary tillage. Scrapers: Scrapers are used to move or remove dirt, gravel or other material from the ground surface. Levellers: Land levelling equipment uses for fertile and loosening the soil. Also, it breaks down soil particles and smoothens the land, which increases the soil quality. Tractors: They provide machine power for performing farm applications. 07
  8. 8. Scraper Levellers Tractor Plough 08
  9. 9. Implements used in Sowing and Planting  Seed drill: A seed drill is a device used in agriculture that sows seeds for crops by positioning them in the soil and burying them to a specific depth while being dragged by a tractor.  Dibbler: Manually used by farmer to put seeds into ground.  Transplanter: A transplanter is an agricultural machine used for transplanting seedlings to the field. 09 Seed drill Dibbler Transplanter
  10. 10. Implements for Weeding, Intercultivation and Plant Protection Implements that are used for Weeding include:  Plough: They help in turning up and breaking of soil, to bury crop residues and control weeds.  Harrow: It is used to pulverise soil, break up crop residues and uproot weeds. Implements that are used for Intercultivation include:  Tiller: It is used for breaking up the soil and aerate soil for planting. Implements that are used for Spraying include:  Sprayer: It is used for spraying plant protection chemicals.  Duster: It is used for spraying Pesticides and chemicals in the form of dust and protect the plants. 10
  11. 11. 11 Disc Plough Mould Board Plough Wooden Plough Harrow Types of Ploughs
  12. 12. Harvesters: Used for cutting of crops after maturing. Threshers: Used for separating grains from stalk. 12 Combined Harvester for Paddy Maize cum husk sheller Coconut Climber Sorghum Harvester Groundnut Thresher Tiller Implements for Harvesting and Threshing
  13. 13. Post Harvest Equipments Winnowing: Winnowing is the separation of the grains from the chaff or straw. Threshing: Threshing is the removal of grains from the rest of the plant. It involves three different operations: Separating the grain from the panicle; sorting the grain from the straw; winnowing the chaff from the grain. Decorticator: Removes shells of Ground nuts 13 Agro Food Processing Equipments Hulling: Several grains have an unpalatable husk or shell that needs to be removed by a decorticator. Polishing: Rice polishers are available for removing the rice bran after hulling. Oil Extractor: To expel oil form oilseeds like ground nut, mustard etc
  14. 14. Mahindra Sickle Sword It has a 170 cm long, double-action cutter bar. Can adjust skid height along with sugarcane height. Used in the post-harvest for cutting maize, bajra, sugarcane and many more. Price: Rs. 3.8 Lakh is reasonable for farmers. 14 Dasmesh 567 – Paddy Straw Chopper Its 216 pcs M type thresher blade, 36 pcs thresher concave blade and 18 pcs extra row of blade helps to cut the crops efficiently. Its 55 HP implement power makes it more compatible to work with the suitable tractor. Fig: Dasmesh 567 Fig: Mahindra Sickle Sword
  15. 15. Thresher 15 Implements used in Paddy Cultivation Disc Plough MB Plough Puddler Harvesting of Paddy Pesticide Application Paddy weeder Paddy Transplanter
  16. 16. Global Agri - Machinery Companies 16  The company's product range includes Tractors, Balers, Mowers, Rakes, Trailers, Wheel Loaders etc.  The CLAAS Group generated net sales of USD3962.79 Million in the FY2020-21  Agricultural equipment is sold under the New Holland Agriculture and Case IH brands  The Company's revenue in FY 2019 was USD 28.07 billion, in which the agriculture segment had contributed USD 11 billion  The company sells a full range of agricultural equipment’s include Tractors, Self-Propelled Sprayers, Hay Tools, Forage Equipment, Seeding and Tillage Equipment, Implement
  17. 17. Global Agri - Machinery Scenario CAGR of Agri-Machinery Market (2022-27): 5.4% In 2021, Global Agri-Machinery Market Size : USD 103.61 billion. In 2020, Tractors Market Share: 43.6%. 17 103.61 98.41 106.8 115.91 125.8 136.53 148.18 160.81 174.53 189.42 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 Market Size in USD Billion Year Size of the Global Agricultural Equipment Market between 2021 -30 (Billion USD) Source: Published by Martin Placek, Apr 13, 2022, in Statista.
  18. 18. 28369 16205 14721 11138 7590 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 Deere & Co.(U.S.) Kubota Corp. (Japan) CNH Industrial NV (Netherlands /U.K.) AGCO( U.S.) Claas(Germany) REVENUE (MILLION U. S. Dollars) COMPANY (Country) Revenue of World's Largest Farm Machinery Manufacturers in FY 2021, in Million USD. Source: Statista, Published by Martin Placek, Apr 12, 2022. 18
  19. 19. Indian Scenario The Indian agricultural equipment market reached a value of INR 926 Billion in 2021 Expected Market Size 2027: INR 1,689 Billion Expected CAGR 2022-27: 10.6% This market is currently being driven by a number of factors such as:  Easy availability of credit.  Government incentives.  Increasing agricultural productivity.  Emergence of contract farming.  Increasing rural incomes. 19 Source: IMARC Group.
  20. 20. The Indian agricultural machinery market is consolidated, with the major players occupying the maximum share of the market. Top Companies in India:  Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.  John Deere India.  Escorts Group.  TAFE.  Sonalika. 20
  21. 21. Indian Retail Market Share of Tractors (May 2022) M & M Limited(Swaraj Division) 22% Kubota 3% TAFE Limited 17% New Holland 6% John Deere 10% Sonalika 15% VST 1% ESCORTS 15% Others 4% 21 Source: FADA Research, 2022.
  22. 22. India’s Export Scenario of Farm-Machinery 22 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 United Kingdom France Italy Australia Denmark Kenya Hungary Nepal Germany USA 0.8 0.88 1.01 1.17 1.33 1.42 1.72 2.77 4.95 11.06 Value (USD Million) Country Exports of Indian Agri Machinery in 2020-21(Apr-Nov) Source: Statista, Published by Martin Placek, Apr 12, 2022.
  23. 23. Tractors and Farm Equipment Limited (TAFE)  A unit company of the Amalgamations Group, one of India's largest Light Engineering Groups.  3rd largest tractor manufacturer in the world and 2nd largest in India by volumes.  TAFE sells over 180,000 tractors (domestic and international) annually. 23 Source: Mordor Intelligence, 2022. Mahindra & Mahindra Limited (M&M)  One of the top five tractor brands in the world today.  Domestic Tractor Market Share across India in FY2021: 22%.  Domestic sales:  March 2021, 29,817 units.  March 2022, 28,112 units.
  24. 24. John Deere  3 major business categories: Agriculture and Turf, Construction and Financial Service  Major Revenue Resource: U.S. and Canada USD 20.6 billion in FY 2019  John Deere established a green field project in 1999 under a 50:50 joint venture with Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T)  In August 2021, it gained:  No. 3 tractor manufacturer position  Registered 7,158 units sales 24 Source: Mordor Intelligence, 2022.
  25. 25. Major Irrigation Companies in India Netafim:  Netafim is an Israeli irrigation equipment manufacturer. Drippers, dripper lines, sprinklers, and micro- emitters are all manufactured by the firm.  Netafim also develops and distributes crop management technology like monitoring and control systems, dosing systems, and crop management software, as well as a range of services such as managed irrigation, agronomical consulting, and operation and maintenance.  Netafim was the global leader in the rapidly increasing drip- and micro-irrigation business in 2012. It was the world's leading provider of drip irrigation systems, with a 30% worldwide market share. 25
  26. 26. Jain Irrigation System  Jain Irrigation Systems, or Jains, is a worldwide company headquartered in the Indian city of Jalgaon.  It has about 33 production locations throughout the world.  Drip and sprinkler irrigation systems and components, integrated irrigation automation systems for monitoring and control, dosing systems, PVC and PE piping systems, plastic sheets, greenhouses, bio-fertilizers, solar power, solar water-heating systems, solar water pumps, photovoltaic systems, are manufactured by company. 26
  27. 27. Automated Irrigation Systems Reducing production cost of vegetables, Making the industry the more competitive and sustainable. Maintaining average (or increasing) vegetable yields. Minimizing environmental impacts caused by excess applied water and subsequent agrichemical leaching. Maintaining a desired soil water range in the root zone that is optimal for plant growth. Low labour input for irrigation process maintenance. Substancial water aving compared to irrigation management based on average historical weather conditions. 27
  28. 28. AI in Agri-Farm Machinery Yield Forecasting:  AI allows for accurate crop yield prediction, ground sensors data collection and analysis and visual analytics of data from drones and satellites.  Different ground sensors can collect data on soil temperature and moisture, nutrients and fertilizer content, and more to help farmers see how their crop is developing throughout the season.  AI provides the possibility to analyze information for several years, presenting agronomists with crop development patterns, which can be used to predict yield and to make an impact timely if needed.  Maintaining the “Crop Recipe: “Crop recipe” is a set of conditions under which the crop develops best. These conditions depend on farm location, chemicals used for soil and plants treatment, and harvest time AI-powered tools allow for finding out the best “crop recipe” for a particular crop to flourish. 28
  29. 29. Robotics in Agri-Farm Machinery Prominent tasks of robotization in Agriculture:  Monitoring and Forecasting  Production costs reduction  Activities precision and quality improvement  Minimization of food production impact on the environment  Increased food safety  Ability to use agricultural robots in any weather, any time of the day 29 AI-Remote Sensing Crop Health Monitoring: Hyper spectral imaging, 3D Laser Scanning:  Provide enhanced information and plant metrics across thousands of acres with the spatial resolution to delinate individual plots or plants
  30. 30. AI in Agri-Machinery  AI-Driver Less Tractors:  Using more sophisticated software coupled with off-the-shelf technology including sensors, radar and GPS.  AI-for Weeding:  Hortibot is about 3-foot-by-3-foot, is self propelledand uses GPS. It can recognise 25 different types of weeds and eliminate them by using its weed removing attachments.  Eco friendly, sprays exactly above the weeds  Can reduce herbicide usage by 75%. 30 AI Drivder less Tractor Horti-bot
  31. 31. Challenges in AI-Adoption in Agriculture  Though Artificial Intelligence offers vast opportunities for application in agriculture.  There still exists a lack of familiarity with high tech machine learning solutions in farms across most parts of the world.  Exposure of farming to external factors like weather conditions, soil conditions and presence of pests is quite a lot.  So what might look like a good solution while planning during the start of harvesting, may not be an optimal one because of changes in external parameters. 31
  32. 32. Drones in Agriculture As per a recent PWC Study, the total addressable market for Drone- based solutions across the globe is $127.3 billion and for agriculture it is at $32.4 billion. USES:  Managing adverse weather conditions, Productivity gains, Precision farming and Yield management.  Drone can be used to produce a 3-D field map of detailed terrain, drainage, soil viability and irrigation. Nitrogen-level management  Aerial spraying of pods with seeds and plant nutrients into the soil provides necessary supplements for plants.  Crop Monitoring and Health assessment 32
  33. 33. Policies and Schemes by GOI Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM):  During 2014-15 to 2020-21, Rs.4556.93 Crores of funds has been released  More than 13 Lakh Agricultural Machines have been distributed 33 Source: PIB, Press Information Bureau, GOI. NABARD Loan:  Subsidy of up to 30% is provided on the purchase of tractors  Up to 100% subsidy is given for other agricultural machinery
  34. 34. Custom Hiring Centers (2014-15)  GOI signed MOu with 3 companies  Mahindra & Mahindra  TAFE  EM3  To reach out to small & marginal farmers  Machineries on rental basis:  Rotavator  Reaper  Mulcher  Combine harvester  To open CHC, machineries up to 10 lakh to 1 Cr. Rupee can be purchased  Govt. giving 40% subsidies to owner.  Custom Hiring Centre Machinery App. 34
  35. 35. Central Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institute  Objective: To train prospective farmers on proper use maintenance and upkeep of farm machines  In 1959 testing wing was added to this center  Tests conducted at the Institute:  Commercial Tests  Confidential Tests  OECD Tests  Emission testing  Testing under CMV rules 35
  36. 36. Recent Developments Central Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institute, Budni(Madhya Pradesh) Northern Region Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institute, Hisar (Haryana) Southern Region Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institute, Garladinne (Andhra Pradesh) North Eastern Region Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institute, Biswanath Chariali, (Assam 36 Government has established 4 FMT&TI John Deere  In March 2021, John Deere introduced new 400 and 600 Series Sprayers.  The lineup of 400 Series Sprayers includes the 408R, 410R, and 412R, while the 600 Series includes the 612R and 616R. New Holland  In February 2020, New Holland launched three new WORKMASTER Utility Tractors, including 95, 105, and 120 horsepower models.
  37. 37. Mergers and Acquisitions 37 CNH Industrial completes minority investment in Monarch Tractors. John Deere and Co. acquired Kreisel Electric. Kubota acquired 40% shares of Escorts Agricultural Machinery India. Mahindra acquired 33% stake in Mitsubishi Agricultural Company. Source: Agri Equipment Intelligence, Business Line.
  38. 38. Challenges of Farm Machinery Sector a) Marginal farmers believe higher technology is complex and is not his cup of tea. b) Second deterrent is higher cost of equipment and need of high investment into variety of equipment/size/technology for different conditions/crops. c) Knowledge transfer both for usage and manufacturing. Importing new technology equipment is expensive and hence need to adapt for Indian conditions. d) The country needs to invest in design and development. Not only for adaption but also we need versatile equipment that can be used in multiple crops like we have multi crop harvesters and tractors. e) Field accessibility for farm machinery movement into the field is poor. Our fields are smaller and not connected with roads and hence many a time moving machine from one field location to other is not possible and/or efficient. 38
  39. 39. THANK YOU! 39

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