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Akbar and his life

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  1. 1. Entry of Akbar in diwan-i-aam Volume 3 History CCA 1 Story board Members: Yash, Manaf , Jaideep , Mariam, Kashika Second battle of Panipat Diwan-i-aam Diwan-i-khas
  2. 2. Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar was declared the emperor when he was only 12, because of his fatherHumayun’s sudden death from an accidental fall from his library. King Akbar or Akbar the Great was crowned in 15 century at this placed called Kalanaur, in Amritsar, Punjab.
  3. 3. Jalaluddi n Muhamma d Akbar’s Crown
  4. 4. Mariam-Uz-Zamani , She was born on October 1, 1542 and died on May 19, 1623, she was the heir to the throne of Raja Bharmal, the Rajput king of Amber. She was the Empress of the Mughal Empire. She was the wife of Mughal Emperor Akbar. She was his first and chief Rajput wife, and the mother of the next MughalEmperor, Jahangir, and grandmother of the following Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan
  5. 5. Salima Sultan Begum was born on 23 February 1539 and she died on 15 December 1612. She was the daughter of Mirza Nuru'ddin-Muhammad and Gulberg Begum She was an Empress of the Mughal Empire as a wife of Emperor Akbar. Salima had been previously married to Bairam Khan and after his murder in 1561, she was subsequently married by her first cousin, the Emperor Akbar. Salima Begum was a seniorranking woman in the Imperial harem. As such, she wielded major political influence at Court and in the Empire.
  6. 6. DIWAN I KHAS The Diwan-i-Khas (‘hall of private audience’) with openings of engrailed arches on its sides consists of a rectangular central chamber surrounded by aisles of arches rising from piers. The lower parts of the piers are inlaid with floral designs, while the upper portions are gilded and painted. The present wooden ceiling of the hall was painted in 1911. The four corners of its roof are surrounded by pillared chhatris.
  7. 7. The Diwan-i-Aam or Hall of Public Audience originally consisted of a square courtyard surrounded by colonnades and the hall on the eastern side. Apart from the actual hall, the rest of the subsidiary structures have since disappeared. The hall is a sandstone building measuring 185’ X 70’. Its façade is formed of an arcade of 9 arches with double pillars between each arch and a group of 4 at each corner, thus making 40 pillars in all. There is a large oblong recess in the plain back wall. Although the structure is sandstone, it was probably originally covered with an overlay of shell plaster, ivory polished, the technical procedure carried out by artisans from Rajputana.
  8. 8. Panch Mahal is a fivestorey palace in Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is also known as "Badgir", which means wind catcher tower. Panch Mahal stands close to the Zenana quarters or Harem and that supports the fact that it acted as a pleasure palace. This is an extraordinary structure, entirely columnar, consisting of four storeys of decreasing size disposed a symmetrically upon a ground floor, which contains 84 columns. The pillars, that originally had jaali between them, support the whole structure. Once these screens provided purdah (cover) to queens and princess on the top terraces enjoying the cool breezes and watching splendid views of Sikri fortifications and the town nestling at the foot of the ridge
  9. 9. Jodha Bai's palace Jodha Bai's palace is the largest and most important part of Imperial Harem, having all facilities, provisions and safeguards. The name Jodha Bai palace is a misnomer in itself. It is most widely accepted that the building was for Raniwas or Zenani-Dyodhi. The palace building consists of a rectangular block measuring 231'8"x215' in dimension, with a single magnificent gateway on eastern side, which was protected by guard rooms, having triangular ceiling and other apartments. Several Hindu motifs have been used in the building, which confirms that occupant of the building was a Hindu lady.
  10. 10. BULAND DARWAZA The Buland Darwaza is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated by white and black marble and towers above the courtyard of the mosque. The Buland Darwaza is symmetrical in plan and is topped by pillars and chhatris with Buland Darwaiosks on the roof, stylized battlement and small turrets and inlay work of white and black marble. On the outside a long flight of steps sweeps down the hill giving the gateway additional height. A Persian inscription on eastern archway of the Buland Darwaza records Akbar's conquest over Uttar Pradeshand the victory in Gujarat in 1601. It is 40 metres high and 50 metres from the ground. The total height of the Structure is about 54 metres from the ground level. It is a 15-storied high gateway that guards the southern entrance of the city of Fatehpur Sikri.
  11. 11. Agra Fort This 94-acre (380,000 m2) fort has a semicircular plan, its chord lies parallel to the river and its walls are seventy feet high. Double ramparts have massive circular bastions at intervals, with battlements,embrasures, mac hicolations and string courses. Four gates were provided on its four sides, one Khizri gate opening on to the river. Two of the fort's gates are notable: the "Delhi Gate" and the "Lahore Gate." The Lahore Gate is also popularly also known as the "Amar Singh Gate," for Amar Singh Rathore.
  12. 12. Akbar’s tomb The third Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great (1555–1605), himself commenced its construction in around 1600, according to Tartary tradition to commence the construction of one's tomb during one's lifetime. After his death, Akbar's son Jahangir completed the construction in 1605-1613. Akbar was one of the greatest emperors of his time. It is located at Sikandra, in the suburbs of Agra, on the Mathura road (NH2), 8 km west-northwest of the city center. About 1 km away from the tomb, lies Mariam's Tomb, the tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani, wife of the Mughal Emperor Akbar and the mother of Jahangir. The south gate is the largest, with four white marble chhatritopped minarets which are similar to (and pre-date) those of the Taj Mahal, and is the normal point of entry to the tomb. The tomb itself is surrounded by a walled enclosure 105 m square. The tomb building is a four-tiered pyramid, surmounted by a marble pavilion containing the false tomb. The true tomb, as in other mausoleums, is in the basement.
  13. 13. We can see here that Akbar has built a strong Mughal Empire during his reign
  14. 14. Akbar turned against Bairam Khan Bairam khan was the only reason Akbar was alive as he was his gaurdian and ruled in place Akbar. However in 1560, when Akbar turned 18 he decided to take charge of the affairs of the state himself and so he dismissed Bairam Khan and assumed absolute power and authority.
  15. 15. Akbar’s Nine Gems 1) Abul-Fazel - Akbar's chief advisor and author of Akbarnama, 2) Faizi - poet laureate of Akbar's Court. 3) Miyan Tansen - Legendary Musician, well known for his voice and music. 4) Birbal - known for great wit 5) Raja Todar Mal- was Akbar’s finance minister. 6) Raja Man Singh- The Kacchwaha Rajput Raja of Amber(Jaipur) was Akbar's trusted general and Commander-in-chief. 7) Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana- was a poet and son of Akbar’s trusted protector and caretaker, Bairam Khan. 8) Fakir Aziao-Din - Was a mystic and advisor to the Emperor. 9) Mullah Do Piaza- Was an advisor.