Entry of Akbar in diwan-i-aam
History CCA 1
Yash, Manaf ,
Second battle of Panipat
Akbar was declared
the emperor when he
was only 12, because
of his fatherHumayun’s sudden
death from an
accidental fall from his
King Akbar or Akbar the Great
was crowned in 15 century at this placed
called Kalanaur, in Amritsar, Punjab.
She was born on
October 1, 1542 and
died on May 19, 1623,
she was the heir to the
throne of Raja Bharmal,
the Rajput king of
Amber. She was the
Empress of the Mughal
Empire. She was the
of Mughal Emperor
She was his first and
chief Rajput wife, and
the mother of the
grandmother of the
Emperor Shah Jahan
Begum was born on
23 February 1539 and she died
on 15 December 1612. She was
the daughter of Mirza Nuru'ddin-Muhammad and Gulberg
Begum She was an Empress of
the Mughal Empire as a wife
of Emperor Akbar. Salima
had been previously married
to Bairam Khan and after his
murder in 1561, she was
subsequently married by her first
cousin, the Emperor Akbar.
Salima Begum was a seniorranking woman in the
Imperial harem. As such, she
wielded major political influence
at Court and in the Empire.
DIWAN I KHAS
The Diwan-i-Khas (‘hall
of private audience’) with
openings of engrailed
arches on its sides
consists of a rectangular
surrounded by aisles of
arches rising from piers.
The lower parts of the
piers are inlaid with floral
designs, while the upper
portions are gilded and
painted. The present
wooden ceiling of the
hall was painted in 1911.
The four corners of its
roof are surrounded by
The Diwan-i-Aam or Hall of Public Audience
originally consisted of a square courtyard
surrounded by colonnades and the hall on the
eastern side. Apart from the actual hall, the rest of
the subsidiary structures have since disappeared.
The hall is a sandstone building measuring 185’ X
Its façade is formed of an arcade of 9 arches with
double pillars between each arch and a group of 4 at
each corner, thus making 40 pillars in all.
There is a large oblong recess in the plain back wall.
Although the structure is sandstone, it was probably
originally covered with an overlay of shell plaster,
ivory polished, the technical procedure carried out
by artisans from Rajputana.
Panch Mahal is a fivestorey palace in Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar
It is also known as "Badgir", which means
wind catcher tower. Panch Mahal stands
close to the Zenana quarters or Harem and
that supports the fact that it acted as a
pleasure palace. This is an extraordinary
structure, entirely columnar, consisting of
four storeys of decreasing size disposed a
symmetrically upon a ground floor, which
contains 84 columns. The pillars, that
originally had jaali between them, support
the whole structure. Once these screens
provided purdah (cover) to queens and
princess on the top terraces enjoying the
cool breezes and watching splendid views
of Sikri fortifications and the town nestling
at the foot of the ridge
Jodha Bai's palace
Jodha Bai's palace is the largest and most
important part of Imperial Harem, having all
facilities, provisions and safeguards. The
name Jodha Bai palace is a misnomer in itself.
It is most widely accepted that the building
was for Raniwas or Zenani-Dyodhi. The
palace building consists of a rectangular block
measuring 231'8"x215' in dimension, with a
single magnificent gateway on eastern side,
which was protected by guard rooms, having
triangular ceiling and other apartments.
Several Hindu motifs have been used in the
building, which confirms that occupant of the
building was a Hindu lady.
The Buland Darwaza is made of red and
buff sandstone, decorated by white and
black marble and towers above the
courtyard of the mosque. The Buland
Darwaza is symmetrical in plan and is
topped by pillars and chhatris with Buland
Darwaiosks on the roof, stylized
battlement and small turrets and inlay
work of white and black marble. On the
outside a long flight of steps sweeps down
the hill giving the gateway additional
height. A Persian inscription on eastern
archway of the Buland Darwaza records
Akbar's conquest over Uttar Pradeshand
the victory in Gujarat in 1601. It is 40
metres high and 50 metres from the
ground. The total height of the Structure is
about 54 metres from the ground level. It
is a 15-storied high gateway that guards
the southern entrance of the city of
This 94-acre (380,000 m2) fort has
a semicircular plan, its chord lies
parallel to the river and its walls
are seventy feet high. Double
ramparts have massive circular
bastions at intervals,
with battlements,embrasures, mac
hicolations and string courses.
Four gates were provided on its
four sides, one Khizri gate opening
on to the river.
Two of the fort's gates are notable:
the "Delhi Gate" and the "Lahore
Gate." The Lahore Gate is also
popularly also known as the "Amar
Singh Gate," for Amar Singh
The third Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great (1555–1605), himself
commenced its construction in around 1600, according
to Tartary tradition to commence the construction of one's tomb during
one's lifetime. After his death, Akbar's son Jahangir completed the
construction in 1605-1613. Akbar was one of the greatest emperors of his
It is located at Sikandra, in the suburbs of Agra, on the Mathura road
(NH2), 8 km west-northwest of the city center. About 1 km away from the
tomb, lies Mariam's Tomb, the tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani, wife of
the Mughal Emperor Akbar and the mother of Jahangir.
The south gate is the largest, with four white marble chhatritopped minarets which are similar to (and pre-date) those of
the Taj Mahal, and is the normal point of entry to the tomb. The
tomb itself is surrounded by a walled enclosure 105 m square. The
tomb building is a four-tiered pyramid, surmounted by a marble
pavilion containing the false tomb. The true tomb, as in other
mausoleums, is in the basement.
We can see
built a strong
Akbar turned against
Bairam khan was the only
reason Akbar was alive as
he was his gaurdian and
ruled in place Akbar.
However in 1560, when
Akbar turned 18 he
decided to take charge of
the affairs of the state
himself and so he
dismissed Bairam Khan
and assumed absolute
power and authority.
Akbar’s Nine Gems
1) Abul-Fazel - Akbar's chief advisor and
author of Akbarnama,
2) Faizi - poet laureate of Akbar's Court.
3) Miyan Tansen - Legendary Musician, well
known for his voice and music.
4) Birbal - known for great wit
5) Raja Todar Mal- was Akbar’s finance
6) Raja Man Singh- The Kacchwaha Rajput
Raja of Amber(Jaipur) was Akbar's trusted
general and Commander-in-chief.
7) Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana- was a poet
and son of Akbar’s trusted protector and
caretaker, Bairam Khan.
8) Fakir Aziao-Din - Was a mystic and
advisor to the Emperor.
9) Mullah Do Piaza- Was an advisor.