territory: 377,915 km2.
127.3 million (2013)
of 337,7 people per square kilometer
Head of state:
emperor Akihito (since 1989)
of government: Prime minister: Shinzo
Abe since September 2012.
word 'Japan' has its origin in the word
The literal translation into Spanish is "the
Therefore, the official name of the nation
and original Japanese is Nippon-koku, "the
country of origin of the sun".
is divided in 9 regions, and these
regions are subdivided into 47 prefectures.
is a unique island, the only limits it
have are South Korea, North, and Russia.
comprises more than
Japanese flag represents the circle of
It’s traditional origin was born because of
Amaterasu Omikami, is in the Japanese
mythology the goddess of sun and the origin
of the Japanese Imperial family.
National Anthem of Japan is called ‘Kimi
big percentage around the country speak the
language and the local dialects are
related with Ryukyuan languages (spoken in
Ryukyu islands) in the south side of the
are theories which
consider the Japanese
language as a secluded
an agglutinant language, it’s a complex
writing system and have 3 kind of glyphs:
The Chinese symbols, called kanji, too, and were
introduced from China since the fifth century.
Two primers: hiragana and katakana. Both created
on Japan in the century ninth
The Japanese food is alike the Chinese food with
respect the shushaku, the five carbohydrate foods
(rice, wheat and oats, common millet and ozaku),
these foods help to flavor the principal food,
generally the food is salty.
Japan we can find two sort of clothes:
traditional and modern.
The traditional is wearing the
famous ‘kimono’ (literally
‘thing to wear’) and women,
men and children can wear
it only in special situations.
it is like a summer ‘dress’.
a ceremonial clothes.
a male article of clothing, like a pajama.
is a sort of kimono but is a female
clothing and exclusively is wear by the noble
and jika-tabi: traditional socks.
wearied like sandals.
is a kind of clog.
jai: a sandal wearied only by monks.
a drink got of rice’s seed.
fish: symbolize love and friendship and is
related to mythic dragons in the legends.
cherry: is one of the most known
symbols in the Japanese culture. Also is named
Maneki-Neko: it provides good luck and
more money in the business.
most practiced sports in Japan are:
most popular sports practiced are:
Japanese painting has developed through a
combination of many styles, with Chinese
influences, Buddhism and occidental painting.
was born in China and Korea.
the seventh and eighth century, the
people tried to paint through styles of the last
period of the Six Dynasties (222 – 589) of China.
the mid-term of Heian period, the native
and new style called ‘Yamato-e’ (Nihonga) was
calligraphy is difficult because is using
the traditional language written with paint
brush. This art is used in poems, phrases,
Japanese sculpture and it’s techniques
are alike the Buddhism's and Shinto’s
traditions. The golden wood is the common
type of sculpture material.
a print on pieces of wood and provides an
example about the Japanese painting.
in Japan, is the equivalent word for say
In 18th century, the Japanese painter Hokusai
used to call at this way his drawings: It was a
combination of drawing and text.
Second World War, born in Japan the
the result of contact between Japanese
and western comics.
started in 1947 with Tezuka Osamu, a failed
doctor, who copied Disney’s style, created a
story about robots named ‘Putcha’.
most important project was ‘Tatsuwan
Atom’ (Astro Boy)
Akira Toriyama with his famous ‘Dr. Slump’
and ‘Dragon Ball’,
Rumiko Takahashi with her famous ‘Ranma
Mazakazu Katzura with the famous ‘Video
is not a genre, but a style could be.
are many kind of manga: for children,
teenagers, adults, etc.
are specific topics about manga:
the most important point, in each anime
exists a little part of each genre.
is the most important magazine about anime
on Japan and around the world.
1992 were sold 400 million of comics as
a month, can be sold 125 million of
Ball and Captain
published at this magazine.
magazine sold above 6 million of copies
each week with above 300 pages each one!!!
for women is called ‘shojo’ and manga
for men is called ‘shonen’.
for adults (exclusively adult people) is
called ‘Hentai’ and it’s most exponent
representative is Urotsukidoji (The Legend of
It’s a mix of violence and pornography.
modern manga was born, it’s
consequence born, the animation for television
and cinema, called ‘anime’.
Japanese people, anime is whatever kind of
animated draw but in West the use of this word
is for cartoons which origin is from Japan.
for TV was born on 1962 with the
program ‘Manga Calendar’, it started on June
25th 1962 and ended on July 4th 1964.
true anime’s beginning started with Tezuka
Osamu with the animated version of Tetzuwan
Atom (Astro Boy) and was transmitted since
January 1st 1963 to December 31st 1966.
Tatei (Kimba, the white lion) was the
first anime in colors.
has the same characteristics than manga
but as it’s an animation, new characteristics are
6 photogram per second in an normal action.
American animation uses 16 photograms.
action scenes are statics and show different
perspectives of the same situation.
stays the same background.
it’s possible, saving animation.
In the 80, OVA are born (Original Animation for
Best quality, both in drawing and in the
The story is shorter, is quickly and the video is
the only format.
Doga is the most important producer
talking about anime.
anime have a equivalent manga.
most famous are:
Sailor Moon; and
most famous movies are:
Tonari no Totoro (My neighbor Totoro)
Mononoke Hime. Both are property of Hayao
Hotaru no Haka (Tomb of fireflies) of Isao
Akira and Memories, of Katsugiro Otomo
is a person who draws anime.
Seiyuu is a person which work is lend the
voice to a character.
Otaku is a person who ‘loves’ anime and
in Japan are always in time, there are
Sometimes the trains arrive late with a
phrase on a monitor like ‘there was an
people is a discriminated population
of Japan because the works made by the
ancient members of their families hundred
These works were hunters and cops.
is the most recent social issue in Japan.
It is considered like a honorable die when
someone has failed.
world was born along the seventeenth
century and actually, still alive.
Is the most powerful organization in Japan.
Controls the police and the politician people.
members of this organization have specific
signals: all are tattooed and respect their
If someone have a tattoo, could be considered like a
Ossa, F. (1986). La historieta y su historia Ed. La Rosa, Bogotá.
Vidal, J.R. (1993), "Manga, La fiebre amarilla." Revista Muy