Cultura Japonesa


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Conoce cada detalle y cada aspecto sobre el país del Sol Naciente.
Desde la tradicional vestimenta hasta algunos de los problemas sociales más sonados:el suicidio.

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Cultura Japonesa

  1. 1. Soberanes Hernández Saúl
  2. 2.  Total territory: 377,915 km2.  Population: 127.3 million (2013)  Density of 337,7 people per square kilometer  Capital city: Tokyo
  3. 3.  Government: Constitutional monarchy  Head of state: emperor Akihito (since 1989)  Head of government: Prime minister: Shinzo Abe since September 2012.
  4. 4.  The word 'Japan' has its origin in the word 'Nippon‘.  The literal translation into Spanish is "the sun's origin".  Therefore, the official name of the nation and original Japanese is Nippon-koku, "the country of origin of the sun".
  5. 5.  The national currency is the Yen.
  6. 6.  Japan is divided in 9 regions, and these regions are subdivided into 47 prefectures.
  7. 7.  Japan is a unique island, the only limits it have are South Korea, North, and Russia.  Japan comprises more than 3000 islands.
  8. 8.  The Japanese flag represents the circle of the sun.  It’s traditional origin was born because of Amaterasu Omikami, is in the Japanese mythology the goddess of sun and the origin of the Japanese Imperial family.
  9. 9.  The National Anthem of Japan is called ‘Kimi ga yo’
  10. 10. A big percentage around the country speak the Japanese language.  This language and the local dialects are related with Ryukyuan languages (spoken in Ryukyu islands) in the south side of the country.  There are theories which consider the Japanese language as a secluded language.
  11. 11.  It’s an agglutinant language, it’s a complex writing system and have 3 kind of glyphs:  The Chinese symbols, called kanji, too, and were introduced from China since the fifth century.  Two primers: hiragana and katakana. Both created on Japan in the century ninth
  12. 12. Kanji katakana H I R A G A N A
  13. 13. The Japanese food is alike the Chinese food with respect the shushaku, the five carbohydrate foods (rice, wheat and oats, common millet and ozaku), these foods help to flavor the principal food, generally the food is salty.
  14. 14.  Congee  Donburi  Sushi  Ramen  Anpan
  15. 15.  In Japan we can find two sort of clothes: traditional and modern.  The traditional is wearing the famous ‘kimono’ (literally ‘thing to wear’) and women, men and children can wear it only in special situations.
  16. 16.  Yukata: it is like a summer ‘dress’.  Hakama:  Jinbei: a ceremonial clothes. a male article of clothing, like a pajama.  Junihitoe: is a sort of kimono but is a female clothing and exclusively is wear by the noble women.
  17. 17.  Tabi and jika-tabi: traditional socks.  Zori: wearied like sandals.  Geta:  Wara is a kind of clog. jai: a sandal wearied only by monks.
  18. 18.  Sake: a drink got of rice’s seed.  Koi fish: symbolize love and friendship and is related to mythic dragons in the legends.  Japanese cherry: is one of the most known symbols in the Japanese culture. Also is named Sakura.  Cat Maneki-Neko: it provides good luck and more money in the business.
  19. 19.  The      Judo Karate Kendo Jujutsu Sumo  The   most practiced sports in Japan are: most popular sports practiced are: Baseball Football soccer
  20. 20.  The Japanese painting has developed through a combination of many styles, with Chinese influences, Buddhism and occidental painting.  Buddhism was born in China and Korea.
  21. 21.  Between the seventh and eighth century, the people tried to paint through styles of the last period of the Six Dynasties (222 – 589) of China.  During the mid-term of Heian period, the native and new style called ‘Yamato-e’ (Nihonga) was born.
  22. 22.  The calligraphy is difficult because is using the traditional language written with paint brush. This art is used in poems, phrases, histories, etc.
  23. 23.  The Japanese sculpture and it’s techniques are alike the Buddhism's and Shinto’s traditions. The golden wood is the common type of sculpture material.
  24. 24.  Is a print on pieces of wood and provides an example about the Japanese painting.
  25. 25.  Is the japanese art of ‘Flowery’.
  26. 26.  Famous artists:                Sayaka Akiyama Exonemo Shingo Francis Groovisions Nobuya Hoki Tomoaki Ishihara Mami Iwasaki Toru Kamiya Sako Kojima Naritaka Sato Yoshihiko Satoh Yayoi Kusama Taiji Matsue Tatsuo Miyajima Ryuji Miyamoto
  27. 27.  Famous writers:              Abe Kōbō Aeba Takao Akagawa Jirō Akutagawa Ryūnosuke Anzai Fuyue Ariyoshi Sawako Ayukawa Nobuo Dazai Osamu Endō Shūsaku Etō Jun Fujino Chiya Fujisawa Shū Futabatei Shimei
  28. 28.  Manga in Japan, is the equivalent word for say ‘comic’.  In 18th century, the Japanese painter Hokusai used to call at this way his drawings: It was a combination of drawing and text.
  29. 29.  After Second World War, born in Japan the called ‘emonogatari’.  It’s the result of contact between Japanese and western comics.
  30. 30.  It started in 1947 with Tezuka Osamu, a failed doctor, who copied Disney’s style, created a story about robots named ‘Putcha’.  His most important project was ‘Tatsuwan Atom’ (Astro Boy)
  31. 31.  Actually, stand:  Akira Toriyama with his famous ‘Dr. Slump’ and ‘Dragon Ball’,  Rumiko Takahashi with her famous ‘Ranma 1/2’,  Mazakazu Katzura with the famous ‘Video Girls’.
  32. 32.  Manga is not a genre, but a style could be.  There are many kind of manga: for children, teenagers, adults, etc.  There are specific topics about manga: Love  Horror (gore)  Sci-fi  Humor  Action   And the most important point, in each anime exists a little part of each genre.
  33. 33.  It is the most important magazine about anime on Japan and around the world.  In 1992 were sold 400 million of comics as format volume.  During a month, can be sold 125 million of magazines.
  34. 34.  Dragon Ball and Captain published at this magazine.  This Tsubasa were magazine sold above 6 million of copies each week with above 300 pages each one!!!
  35. 35.  Manga for women is called ‘shojo’ and manga for men is called ‘shonen’.
  36. 36.  Manga for adults (exclusively adult people) is called ‘Hentai’ and it’s most exponent representative is Urotsukidoji (The Legend of the Ovefiend).  It’s a mix of violence and pornography.
  37. 37.  After modern manga was born, it’s consequence born, the animation for television and cinema, called ‘anime’.  For Japanese people, anime is whatever kind of animated draw but in West the use of this word is for cartoons which origin is from Japan.
  38. 38.  Anime for TV was born on 1962 with the program ‘Manga Calendar’, it started on June 25th 1962 and ended on July 4th 1964.  The true anime’s beginning started with Tezuka Osamu with the animated version of Tetzuwan Atom (Astro Boy) and was transmitted since January 1st 1963 to December 31st 1966.  Jungle Tatei (Kimba, the white lion) was the first anime in colors.
  39. 39.  Anime has the same characteristics than manga but as it’s an animation, new characteristics are included:  6 photogram per second in an normal action.  American animation uses 16 photograms.  The action scenes are statics and show different perspectives of the same situation.  It stays the same background.  If it’s possible, saving animation.
  40. 40.  In the 80, OVA are born (Original Animation for Video).  Best quality, both in drawing and in the animation.  The story is shorter, is quickly and the video is the only format.
  41. 41.  Toei Doga is the most important producer talking about anime.  Many  The anime have a equivalent manga. most famous are:  Dragon Ball  Sailor Moon; and  Neon-Genesis Evangelion
  42. 42.  The most famous movies are:  Tonari no Totoro (My neighbor Totoro) Mononoke Hime. Both are property of Hayao Miyazaki.  Hotaru no Haka (Tomb of fireflies) of Isao Takahata.  Akira and Memories, of Katsugiro Otomo
  43. 43.  Mangaka is a person who draws anime.  Seiyuu is a person which work is lend the voice to a character.  Otaku is a person who ‘loves’ anime and manga.
  44. 44.  Trains in Japan are always in time, there are punctual.  Sometimes the trains arrive late with a phrase on a monitor like ‘there was an accident’.
  45. 45.  Baruku people is a discriminated population of Japan because the works made by the ancient members of their families hundred years ago!!!  These works were hunters and cops.
  46. 46.  Suicide is the most recent social issue in Japan.  It is considered like a honorable die when someone has failed.
  47. 47.  Yakuza’s world was born along the seventeenth century and actually, still alive.  Is the most powerful organization in Japan.  Controls the police and the politician people.  The members of this organization have specific signals: all are tattooed and respect their ‘rules’.  If someone have a tattoo, could be considered like a Yakuza’s member.
  48. 48.            Ossa, F. (1986). La historieta y su historia Ed. La Rosa, Bogotá. Vidal, J.R. (1993), "Manga, La fiebre amarilla." Revista Muy Interesante, 9(98).