1 Principles In Hse


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  • 1 Principles In Hse

    1. 1. Principles in HSE
    2. 2. <ul><li>At the end of this exposition you will know about: </li></ul><ul><li>Mission and responsibilities of OSHA </li></ul><ul><li>Rights and duties of workers </li></ul><ul><li>Duties of employers </li></ul><ul><li>HSE Policy </li></ul>1. Objectives
    3. 3. <ul><li>The safety of personnel and the protection of the environment and facilities is a primary concern of any company </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure this concern is recognized, understood and accepted by all. All employees must become familiar with: HSE Policy, Procedures and management rules </li></ul>
    4. 4. What´s OSHA? <ul><li>Occupational Safety & Health Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Agency created in 1970 </li></ul>Responsable of health protection and Safety of worker
    5. 5. Mission <ul><li>To make sure that the safety and health concerns of all workers in USA </li></ul><ul><li>Develops specific workplace standards and policies </li></ul><ul><li>Provides training and educational programs </li></ul>
    6. 6. Why is OSHA important ? <ul><li>Every year: </li></ul><ul><li>6000 accidents in workplaces </li></ul><ul><li>50000 deaths caused by professional diseases </li></ul><ul><li>The injuries cost about 125 billions dolars </li></ul>
    7. 7. Which is the function of OSHA? <ul><li>To do than the employer be responsible face to health and safety of its employees </li></ul><ul><li>To develop and to promove health and safety standards </li></ul><ul><li>To answer to complaints of workers about health hazards and safety in their workplace </li></ul>
    8. 8. The poster must be placed in every workplace, where everybody can see and read it
    9. 9. Employee workplace rights <ul><li>Request information from the employer on safety and health hazards in the workplace, appropriate precautions to take, and procedures to follow if the employee is involved in an accident </li></ul><ul><li>Request an OSHA inspection if they believe hazardous conditions or violations of standards exist in the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Respond questions from OSHA accompliance officer </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Read the OSHA poster at the jobsite </li></ul><ul><li>Comply with all applicable OSHA standards </li></ul><ul><li>Follow all lawful employer safety and health rules and regulations, and wear or use prescribed protective equipment while working </li></ul><ul><li>Report hazardous conditions to the supervisor </li></ul>Employee responsibilities
    11. 11. Employer responsibilities <ul><li>Employers have a legal obligation to inform employees of OSHA safety and health standards that apply to their workplace </li></ul><ul><li>The employer must prominently display the official OSHA poster that describes rights and responsibilities under the OSH act </li></ul><ul><li>Employer must inform employees of the existance, location and availability of their medical and exposure records </li></ul>
    12. 12. OSHA Inspection The inspections are very important because they guarantee than the norms and standards be respected
    13. 13. Some definitions: <ul><li>Accident: </li></ul><ul><li>An unexpected and undesirable event, especially one resulting in illness, injury, death, damage to environment or facilities </li></ul>
    14. 14. Some definitions: <ul><li>Incident: </li></ul><ul><li>An unwanted event which, in different circumstances, could have resulted in harm to people, damage to property or loss to a process </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Risk: </li></ul><ul><li>The probability of a worker suffering an injury or health problem, or of damage occuring to property or the environment as a result of exposure to or contact with hazard </li></ul>Some definitions:
    16. 16. <ul><li>Risks evaluation: </li></ul><ul><li>General process of risk magnitude estimation and deciding if it is acceptable or not </li></ul>Some definitions:
    17. 17. <ul><li>Hazard: </li></ul><ul><li>The potential of any machine, equipment, process, ametrial (including biological and chemical) or physical factor that may cause harm to people, or damage to property or the environment </li></ul>Some definitions:
    18. 18. <ul><li>Hazard identification: </li></ul><ul><li>Process of determining the existence of a hazard and the definition of its characteristics </li></ul>Some definitions:
    19. 19. <ul><li>Health: </li></ul><ul><li>The world health organization has defined health as more than just the absence of disease. Rather, it is a state of complete physical, mental and social weel- being </li></ul>Some definitions:
    20. 20. <ul><li>Occupational health: </li></ul><ul><li>The development, promotion, and maintenance of workplace policies and programs taht ensure the physical, mental and emotional well-being of employees </li></ul>Some definitions:
    21. 21. <ul><li>Industrial hygiene: </li></ul><ul><li>A science that deals with the anticipation, recognition, and control of hazards in the worplace. These hazards may cause sickness, harm to employee health, discomfort, and inefficient performance on the job </li></ul>Some definitions:
    22. 22. <ul><li>Unsafe condition: </li></ul><ul><li>An imminent danger caused by a workplace hazard </li></ul>Some definitions:
    23. 23. <ul><li>Personal Protective Equipment: </li></ul><ul><li>Any device worm by a worker to protect against hazards </li></ul>Some definitions:
    24. 24. <ul><li>Environmental aspect: </li></ul><ul><li>Activities, products, or services elements of an organization that can interact with the environment, i.e. generation of waste water </li></ul>Some definitions:
    25. 25. <ul><li>A serious situation or ocurrence that happens unexpectedly and demands inmediate action </li></ul>Some definitions: