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The Hanging Gardens Of Babylon


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The Hanging Gardens Of Babylon

  1. 1. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon<br />One of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World<br />By Satyen Singh<br />
  2. 2. Introduction: Basic Facts<br />One of the seven ancient wonders of the world<br />Built by King Nebuchadnezzar II, along the banks of the Euphrates river (south of the modern city of Baghdad, Iraq)<br />400 feet long, 400 feet wide, and 80 feet high<br />Supposed to be a truly amazing sight: A green, leafy, artificial mountain rising off the desert plain<br /> But the main question not really answered till today is whether they actually existed<br />
  3. 3. Who was it built for??<br />Built by King Nebuchadnezzar II <br />Built to make the king’s wife happy<br />Nebuchadnezzar’s wife-Amyitis was homesick<br />Amyitis was Medes’s daughter, who was a king. She was married to the Babylonian king to create alliance between the two kingdoms <br />Came from a green, rugged mountainous land<br />Did not like the dry land of Mesopotamia<br />Built to make her feel home <br />
  4. 4. When was it built??<br />Said to built around 600 B.C. by King Nebuchadnezzar II <br />Less reliable alternate story suggest that the gardens were built by the Assyrian Queen, Semiramis in 810 B.C.<br />
  5. 5. How was it built??<br />Did not actually “hang” on cables and wires and ropes<br />Name comes from the inaccurate translation of the Greek word kremastors or the Latin word pensilis, which meant not only hanging but overhanging like a balcony or terrace<br />
  6. 6. Chain Pumps<br />Though Babylon was a dry area, the hanging gardens were watered by the Euphrates River<br />Chain pumps lifted the water into the air so it flowed through terraces watering plants on each level<br />
  7. 7. Chain Pumps<br />Chain pump consists of two large wheels, one on top of the other connected by a chain<br />Below the bottom wheel is a pool with the water source<br />As wheels turned, buckets scoop up water from the pool <br />When the buckets get to the top, they overturn watering the plants<br />Then the chain pumps repeat the process<br />
  8. 8. What was it built out of??<br />Terraces<br />Overhung Babylon<br />Made of slabs of stone that were covered with reed, asphalt, and tiles<br />Soil was laid upon this with a thickness that was sufficient for the growth of great trees<br />
  9. 9. Credits<br />Made by Satyen Singh<br />Hope You Enjoyed my Presentation!<br />