Marxist Theory on International
Name : Manjri
Sap id: 500024231
What is Marxist Theory?
• Marxism is a theory of capitalism
• To Karl Marx and his followers International
Politics is an extension of class war at the
• In it the capitalists (states) are exploiting the poor
(states) and for safeguarding their interests are
resorting to wars and imperialism.
• The popularity of this approach has been
increasing ever since 1917.
• Here is the list of capitalist countries and
• North America, Central America, most of
South America, Dominican Republic, Jamaica,
Iceland, South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda,
most of Europe, Russia, Georgia, Lebanon,
Israel, India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Japan,
South Korea, Taiwan, Cambodia, Philippines,
Malaysia, Australia, New Zealand
Philosophical Foundations of Marxian
• Marxist advocates that the class struggle
between the two economic classes is a true
• The working class in these countries are yet
not in a position to overthrow this rule.
• The exploitation of the working class can
come to an end in regard to their capacity to
resist the exploitation done by the capitalists.
Fundamentals of Marxian approach to
the study of international features.
1. Proletarian internationalism: Marxian view of
internationalism politics is based on the concept of
the proletarian internationalism.
Proletarian internationalism includes:
a. The world proletarian have a common interest
(to get rid of the exploitation by the
b. b. United action by the proletariat is one of the
first condition for the emancipation of the
2. Anti - Imperialism
• Marxian view of International Politics believes that
the breakup of the bourgeoise world order is
• Capitalism has reached its final imperialism.
• Wars, militarism and armed conflicts have become
the ways of imperialists. The contemporary era of
international relations shows that:
a. capital has become international and monopolistic.
b. Uneven political economic development is an
absolute law of capitalism.
c. The revolution by the proletariat class in one part of
the world would attract/ignite the oppressed classes of
other countries for socialist revolution.
3. Self- determination
• Marxian approach accepts self determination
as the principle of organizing the international
society. It advocates that all nations of the
world must be free to determine their political
destiny. Colonial system must go. Self
determination by all the nations alone can
give an enduring and strong basis to
4. Peaceful co-existence
• The marxist advocate that all nation states of the world
must live peacefully without criticizing or undermining
others social, economic and political systems.
• The best way to achieve this is to try to work at the
relations of the peaceful co-existence between socialist
states and at least some if not all the capitalist states.
• The acceptance of peaceful co-existence however
doesn’t means that limits of socialism have been
achieved. That capitalism and imperialism will continue
to prevail and shall never be overthrown but the
struggle between the labour and the capitalist will
Marxism and International Relations
• the world, according to marxism, is dominated by the
capitalist class, who control not only the means of production,
but the instruments of governance in their respective
• These instruments include, most prominently, the state and
all its agencies (e.g., the military, the police, the courts), but
also the media, educational institutions, dominant religious
• to understand IR, in short, one must recognize that much of
what happens in the world, domestically, internationally and
globally, is an expression of the interests and power of the
• There is no such thing as the national interest; there is only
The continuing exploitation and poverty of
much of the world:
• 2.7 billion people live on less than $2.00 a day,
and wealth is becoming more and more
• In 2010, according to the world bank, the
richest 50 people (!) in North America and
Europe had the same income as poorest 2.7
billion people combined.
• Democratic socialists and social democrats reject the
idea that socialism can be accomplished only through
class conflict and a proletarian revolution.
• Some contemporary supporters of Marxism argue that
many aspects of Marxist thought are viable, but that
the corpus is incomplete or somewhat outdated in
regards to certain aspects of economic, political or
• The critics describe it as a approach which cannot
realistically explain the realities of politics and
• Marxist theory talks about the capitalism: as to how
the bourgeoise rule over the proletariat. They exploit
the working class for their self interest.
• It tells that proletariat have to take some steps(unite
and revolt) in order to overthrow the rule of
• But in actual practice socialism cannot be
accomplished only through class conflict and a
proletarian revolution according to some social
• An Introduction to International Realtions
- Gulam Mohammad Dar