Federalism

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a short presentation on federalism........according to the CBSE syllabus...

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  • Thank you Satya for sharing such a valuable source of information. It helped me a lot in explaining the concept of federalism to my students. I downloaded this PPT. Thanks for your efforts.
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  • kindly change the font and upload again to improve the readability. Thanks for sharing your prepration
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Federalism

  1. 1. FEDERALISM WE , the students of X-E , having solemnly made an effort to search for information & knowledge about FEDERALISM , thank our Social Science teacher for her guidance, and, to our CLASS , do hereby exhibit this PRESENTATION. by satya saha
  2. 2. Countries on the globe with the Federal System of Government (shaded in green)
  3. 3. what is Federalism? <ul><li>Federalism is a form of power-sharing </li></ul><ul><li>where the power is divided equally between </li></ul><ul><li>a central authority and various constituent </li></ul><ul><li>units of a country which’s known as a </li></ul><ul><li>federation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Features of a Federal Government <ul><li>There are 2 or more levels of the government. </li></ul><ul><li>The different levels of that Govt. govern the same citizens, but each has its own “area” or, for a better word, “jurisdiction”, for making laws & administration. </li></ul><ul><li>Sources of “revenue” for each level of govt. are clearly stated and ensured, so as to give them their respective “financial autonomy”. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>That “authority” is also constitutionally-guaranteed. So, you can’t “challenge” that, or for that matter, any citizen. </li></ul><ul><li>The “rules of the game”, I mean, “the Constitution”, can be changed or “amended” only by the consent of both levels of the Govt. </li></ul><ul><li>In case, both the Govts. are at loggerheads with each other in exercising their respective powers, then the judiciary gets to decide the “winner”. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Federalism in India </li></ul><ul><li>There is a three-fold distribution of the legislative </li></ul><ul><li>powers between the Union & the State Govts. The </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution contains 3 subject lists: </li></ul><ul><li>UNION LIST : Subjects of national importance. The </li></ul><ul><li>Union Government alone can make laws on these. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of them are: </li></ul><ul><li>Defence </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>STATE LIST : Subjects of the state/local importance. The </li></ul><ul><li>respective State Govts. have the jurisdiction for legislation on </li></ul><ul><li>these. Some of them are: </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture & Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>CONCURRENT LIST : Subjects of “common” interest to both </li></ul><ul><li>the Union & State Govts, and both have the jurisdiction to make </li></ul><ul><li>laws on these. In case of conflict, Union’s view prevails. </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul>
  8. 14. India has 22 SCHEDULED LANGUAGES listed in the Constitution. HINDI is the OFFICIAL language of India.
  9. 15. DECENTRALISATION <ul><li>When the power’s taken away from the Central & State Govts. And given to the local powers, it is known as decentralisation. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1992, with the efforts of former PM Rajiv Gandhi, Panchayati Raj institutions were set up in India, which initiated the decentralisation process. </li></ul>

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