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A Doll's House


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An old powerpoint from highschool for higher level IB engilsh. A doll's house is one of my favorite plays so if you're trying to cheat your way from reading it I'll be mad. Read it, it's awesome. And yes, the characters are excruciatingly whiny and obnoxious and all remind me of my sister. Hope it helps!

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A Doll's House

  2. 2. DRAMATIC IRONY Ibsen usesdramaticironytobuildtensiontowards the climax of the play. Italsomeansthatwesee the real nature of the Helmer’srelationshipwithoutpretence. Thisis a virtuethat Ibsen wishedtheretobe more of in hiscontemporary society. The mainexampleofthis in Act3, iswhen the audience isawareof Linde &Krogstad’splantoreveal the loantoThorvald. “Helmermustknowallaboutit. Thisunhappy secret mustbedisclosed.” (P.63)
  3. 3. JUXTAPOSITION WealsoseeThorvald and Nora contrast Linde and Krogstad, as the Helmer’srelationshipfallsapart the other’sisrekindled. Ibsen usesthistechniquetoemphasisehow society hadbecome so fixated on outwardappearancethat the truereasonsforcoupling. T and Nappear happy buthaverealproblems. “Alltheseeightyears–shewhowasmyjoy and pride– a hypocrite, a liar- worse, worse- a criminal!” (P. 72) K and Lhavehadproblemsbut are happy witheachother. “Allmy life...I haveworked, and ithasbeenmygreatest and onlypleasure...Nils, give me someone and somethingto work for.” (P.61)
  4. 4. JUXTAPOSITION In particular Mrs. Linde’simportanceas a minor characterisastojuxtaposeNora Nora Mrs. hasneverhadto Lindehashadto work and work allher life, treatsherrelatio and nshipsas way treatsrelationships tobecaredfor. as way ofcaringforothers
  5. 5. SYMBOLISM SLAMMING DOOR Nora walks out on her husband and children and asserts her humanity The final stage direction of the sound of the door slamming shut could symbolize the closing of the 19th century beliefs and the birth of modernism “my duty to myself” –Nora (act 3)
  6. 6. SYMBOLISM CLOTHES Norasfancydressfor the WhensheleavesTorvald in party symbolizes the the last act, she first charactersheplays in changesintodifferentcloth hermarriagetoTorvald es Pg. 55, Act 2 NORA: Yes, nobody is to have the chance of admiring me in my dress until to-morrow. Thisrepresentsherdecisiontobecomenew woman. Shetakes out herdressto wear a usualeverydaydaygarment, withthatsheputshernew persona of a free women.
  7. 7. SYMBOLISM TARANTELLA DANCE -The dance itself centralizes around dancing until one is so exhausted that they fall to the ground or a miracle occurs and the person is saved Someonebittenby the -The dance originated in tarantella usuallymovesaroundwi Taranto, where Italians would dely in agony, but in the attempt to rid themselves of processofsuch wide Tarantula venom through movements, ends up working the poison out dancing. They would dance of the system. until death.
  8. 8. "An atmosphere oflieslikethatinfects and poisons the whole life of aSYMBOLISM home.” (Torvald) -Act1 “I don’t believe in wonderful things anymore” (Nora) -Act 3 (p.82) ByleavingTorvald (uponfinishing the dance) shehas in effectridherselfofpoison. Shemanifestsherpsychologic RELEASE OF aldiscomfortphysically. POISON “Wonderfulthings” couldbe a referenceto a miracle–like the onethathas just = occurred–unexpected, TARANTELLA surprising, unlikely DANCE
  9. 9. “…a trifle too realistic” - TorvaldSYMBOLISM -Act 3 Hermental and physicalpainismanifeste d in herrapid and oftenundirectedmovem ents.
  10. 10. SYMBOLISM RINGS “I havebeenperformingtricksforyou, Torvald,” Nora comestorealizethat in additiontoherliteral dancing and singingtricks, shehasbeenputting on a show throughouthermarriage… Rings = Symbol of perpetuity and continuity Exchange of rings represents change. There is a concept of time without end explored.
  11. 11. SYMBOLISM
  12. 12. MOTIFS Loss of innocence (Despite Nora illegally taking out a loan, Nora’s motives were honest and innocent. She losses this innocence when she leaves Torvald.) “It gives me great pain, Torvald, for you have always been so kind to me, but I cannot help it. I do not love you anymore” (pg. 79)
  13. 13. DOLL IMAGERYIMAGERY Torvald rules Nora as ifshewere a marionetteon a string. Thisis comparable tothehanginghorseheadsonthe set ofEquuswhich are alsoused as a pointedreferencetothepuppet-likewaysofthesociety Dr. Dysartgrew up in (70’sBritain). AlsoTorvald?
  14. 14. DOLL IMAGERYIMAGERY EVIDENCE OF DOLLHOUSE – (Nora lives in a doll house and is played with like a doll throughout her life by her father or Trovald.) “I have been your doll-wife, just at home I was was papa’s doll-child” (77) EVIDENCE OF DOLL AS OBJECTIFICATION OF NORA- “Doll-child (…) play (…) transferred from Papa’s hands into yours (…) arranged everything (…) tricks for you (…) room has been nothing but a playroom p.76
  15. 15. BIRD IMAGERYIMAGERY Lexical field of bird imagery “singing-bird (74) dove (74) hawk’s claws (74) poor beating heart (74) scared, helpless, darling (75) Birds are normallyappreciatedbymost people, butthey are stilllocked in cages… NORA (+ OTHER 19TH CCENTURY WOMEN)= Admired and idolized(“lovelysingingbird,” “look at mydearesttreasure”) butnotRespected(“sillyfeatherbrain”)
  16. 16. OnepurposecouldbeSocial criticismIMAGERY DOLL AND BIRD IMAGERY Constriction and Thesenicknamesthat restraintswithinhero Torvaldgives Nora wn home are allusuallyfollowedby the possessive "my," signalingTorvaldsbel iefthat Nora ishis.
  17. 17. Ibsen shows character developmentDEVELOPMENT through the use of language. The use CHARACTER of past tense and describing her past self shows how she has developed as a character. “When the whole thing was past, as far as you were concerned it was exactly as if nothing at all hadhappened. Exactly as before, I was your little skylark, your doll which you would in future treat with doubly gentle care, because it was so brittle and fragile” (80).
  18. 18. ACT 1DEVELOPMENT Child like personality. Loyal pet CHARACTER To have a clean beautiful house, the way Torvald likes it. ACT 2 Seems more desperate. Thinks individually. Erases the image of a silly girl “Oh, if it is a wife who has any head for business…..has the wit to be little bit clever.” Gains sense of reality Independent Enlightened + Self Awareness Real protagonist