Satya comment hypnosis

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Satya comment hypnosis

  1. 1. Dr. Satyakam Mohapatra Junior Resident 1 Department of Psychiatry CSMMU, UP, Lucknow
  2. 2. Definition- Normal activity of normal mind through which attention is more focused, critical judgment is partially suspended and peripheral awareness is diminished. Hypnosis can produce changes in perception and states of consciousness.
  3. 3.  Hypnotizability is a stable and measurable trait.  Peaks during the late childhood years and declining for some during adolescence.  Degree of Hypnotizability provides information about the way in which an individual relates to the self and the social environment.  Highly hypnotizable patients have an increased incidence of spontaneous trance-like states.
  4. 4. Three essential components  Absorption- Ability to reduce peripheral awareness to facilitate greater focal attention.  Dissociation- Functional separation of elements of identity, memory, perception, consciousness, or motor response from the mainstream of conscious awareness.  Suggestibility- Tendency to perceive and to accept signals and information with a relative suspension of customary critical judgment.
  5. 5.  Standard technique- Suggestions  Other techniques  Susceptibility to hypnotism-  15 percent- Highly susceptible  10 percent- Highly resistant  Rest are somewhere in between
  6. 6.  Smoking Cessation  Weight Control  Enhancing Medical and Dental Care  Side Effects of Chemotherapy  Anxiety Disorders  Phobias  Dissociative Disorders  Posttraumatic Stress Disorder  Pain
  7. 7.  Social-Cognitive or Role Playing View  Hypnosis is mainly due to belief and clear ideas about hypnosis.  Subject plays a social role- ‘Hypnotized Subject’  Patient is not consciously faking.  Evidence
  8. 8.  Neodissociation theory-  Dissociation between executive function and monitoring function.  Suggest that hypnosis produces altered state of consciousness.  Leads to ‘hypnotic amnesia’ ...(Hilgard 1986, 1993)  Theory of dissociated control-  Weakening of control by central function over cognitive and behavioral subsystems …(Bowers, 1992; Woody & Bowers, 1994)  Evidence
  9. 9.  Strong support for views supporting dissociation lacking.  More support for the social-cognitive view.  …(Kirsch & Lynn, 1998; Spanos, 1991)  Existing evidence offers a mixed and complex picture. …(Kirsch & Lynn, 1998; Noble & McConkey, 1995)
  10. 10.  Helps patients better control stress, pain, habits, dissociative symptoms, and psychosomatic problems.  Provides information about the patient's cognitive and relationship style.  More useful in highly hypnotizable individuals.  Less hypnotizable individuals make some use of hypnosis, in partial and measured ways.
  11. 11.  KAPLAN AND SADOCK'S COMPREHENSIVE TEXTBOOK OF PSYCHIATRY 8th EDITION.  KAPLAN AND SADOCK'S SYNOPSIS OF PSYCHIATRY 10th EDITION.  PSYCHOLOGY 5th EDITION- ROBERT A. BARON.

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