Dr. Satyakam Mohapatra
Junior Resident 1
Department of Psychiatry
CSMMU, UP, Lucknow
Definition- Normal activity of
normal mind through which
attention is more focused, critical
judgment is partially suspended
and peripheral awareness is
Hypnosis can produce changes in
perception and states of
Hypnotizability is a stable and measurable
Peaks during the late childhood years and
declining for some during adolescence.
Degree of Hypnotizability provides
information about the way in which an
individual relates to the self and the social
Highly hypnotizable patients have an
increased incidence of spontaneous trance-like
Three essential components
Absorption- Ability to reduce peripheral
awareness to facilitate greater focal attention.
Dissociation- Functional separation of
identity, memory, perception, consciousness, or
motor response from the mainstream of
Suggestibility- Tendency to perceive and to
accept signals and information with a relative
suspension of customary critical judgment.
Standard technique- Suggestions
Susceptibility to hypnotism-
15 percent- Highly susceptible
10 percent- Highly resistant
Rest are somewhere in between
Enhancing Medical and Dental Care
Side Effects of Chemotherapy
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Social-Cognitive or Role Playing View
Hypnosis is mainly due to belief and clear
ideas about hypnosis.
Subject plays a social role- ‘Hypnotized
Patient is not consciously faking.
Dissociation between executive function and
Suggest that hypnosis produces altered state of
Leads to ‘hypnotic amnesia’ ...(Hilgard 1986, 1993)
Theory of dissociated control-
Weakening of control by central function over
cognitive and behavioral subsystems
…(Bowers, 1992; Woody & Bowers, 1994)
Strong support for views supporting
More support for the social-cognitive view.
…(Kirsch & Lynn, 1998; Spanos, 1991)
Existing evidence offers a mixed and complex
picture. …(Kirsch & Lynn, 1998; Noble & McConkey, 1995)
Helps patients better control
stress, pain, habits, dissociative symptoms, and
Provides information about the patient's
cognitive and relationship style.
More useful in highly hypnotizable
Less hypnotizable individuals make some use
of hypnosis, in partial and measured ways.
KAPLAN AND SADOCK'S
COMPREHENSIVE TEXTBOOK OF
PSYCHIATRY 8th EDITION.
KAPLAN AND SADOCK'S SYNOPSIS OF
PSYCHIATRY 10th EDITION.
PSYCHOLOGY 5th EDITION- ROBERT A.