Concept of motivation in Psychology

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Concept of motivation in Psychology

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Concept of motivation in Psychology

  1. 1. Concept of Motivation SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 1
  2. 2. What is Motivation? Motivation is a psychological and human aspect. It is the act of inspiring employees, peoples to devote maximum effort to achieve organizational objectives and goals. Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal- oriented behaviors. It involves the biological, emotional, social and cognitive forces that activate behavior. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 2
  3. 3. Type of Motives 1. Primary or Psychological 2. Secondary, Social or Psychological ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 3
  4. 4. Primary or Psychological Psychological arousal can provide the energy that activates social motives as well as biological ones biological motives are largely rooted in the physiological state of the body. IT is primary it is essential for individual to survive. The primary motive contains thirst, hunger, sleep, maternal need. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 4
  5. 5. Secondary, Social or Psychological They are acquired learned these motives result from mans’ interaction with his social environment some of social motives includes needs for prays, recognition, status, sympathy, power we can categorize secondary motives. 1. Achievement Motivation 2. Affiliation Motivation 3. Aggression Motivation 4. Work Motivation ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 5
  6. 6. Achievement Motivation Some people are always continuously goals driven in their lives. This is their achievement motivation. In the organization setting achievement oriented employee always work hard when they think that they will receive personal credits for their efforts. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 6
  7. 7. Affiliation Motivation It is a social need. Human being are social by nature and always want company share their basic emotional and help each other. Employees with affiliation needs are more happy with like- minded people, feel more happy with reward. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 7
  8. 8. Aggression Motivation It is related to those behaviors that are intended to inflict physical or psychological harm on others. Those believing is instinctive theory line Freud, Lorence held that an aggression motive is linked with expresses itself destructive and violent activates. Aggression is caused by the frustration, and some time it is related to social learning. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 8
  9. 9. Work Motivation When an individual is motivate by interpersonal or money or maternal gain his behaviors become goal directed. There are specific physiological and psychological deficiency to the person is driven to satisfy. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 9
  10. 10. Types of motivation theories Content theories Human needs and how people with different needs may respond to different work situations. Process theories How people give meaning to rewards and make decisions on various work- related behaviors. Reinforcement theory How people’s behavior is influenced by environmental consequences. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 10
  11. 11. Type of Motivation Type of Motivation On the basis of Source Extrinsic Motivation Intrinsic Rewards On the basis of approach Positive Motivation Negative Motivation ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 11
  12. 12. Extrinsic Motivation Extrinsic motivation refers to behavior that is driven by external rewards such as money, fame, grades, and praise. This type of motivation arises from outside the individual, as opposed to intrinsic motivation, which originates inside of the individual. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 12
  13. 13. Intrinsic Motivation Intrinsic motivation refers to behavior that is driven by internal rewards. In other words, the motivation to engage in a behavior arises from within the individual because it is intrinsically rewarding. This contrasts with extrinsic motivation, which involves engaging in a behavior in order to earn external rewards or avoid punishments. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 13
  14. 14. Positive Motivation Positive motivation initiates to offer rewards to persuade employees or workers by providing both monetary and non- monetary benefits. The positive reward can be measured in terms of money, monetary incentives increment in salary, cash rewards, bonus payment, share profit and pension and etc. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 14
  15. 15. Negative Motivation Negatives motivation initiates to hold out some punishment to employees to induce desired behavior. The negative motivation is measured in terms of monetary punishments, penalties, reduction of remuneration, bonus allowances, and reduction other financial incentives. For Efficiency we have to give positive motivation but, according to situation, negative motivation also plays important role, so it can't be avoided. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 15
  16. 16. Perspective of Motivation Instinct Theory. Drive‐Reduction Theory. Arousal Theory. Hierarchy of Motives. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 16
  17. 17. Instinct Theory According to instinct theories, people are motivated to behave in certain ways because they are evolutionarily programmed to do so. An example of this in the animal world is seasonal migration. These animals do not learn to do this, it is instead an inborn pattern of behavior. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 17
  18. 18. Drive‐Reduction Theory. People are motivated to take certain actions in order to reduce the internal tension that is caused by unmet needs. For example, you might be motivated to drink a glass of water in order to reduce the internal state of thirst. This theory is useful in explaining behaviors that have a strong biological component, such as hunger or thirst. For example, people often eat even when they are not really hungry. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 18
  19. 19. Arousal Theory It suggest to people take certain actions to either decrease or increase levels of arousal. When arousal levels get too low, for example, a person might watch and exciting movie or go for a jog. When arousal levels get too high, on the other hand, a person would probably look for ways to relax such as meditating or reading a book. According to this theory, we are motivated to maintain an optimal level of arousal, although this level can vary based on the individual or the situation. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 19
  20. 20. Hierarchal Need Theory Abraham Maslow (1970) suggested some needs have priority over others. Physiological needs like breathing, thirst and hunger come before psychological needs like achievement, self‐esteem and need for recognition. ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 20
  21. 21. Thank You… ST.XAVIER'S COLLEGE 012BIM031 SATYA PRAKASH JOSHI CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION 21

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