20.nov .13 myanmar mirror

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20.nov .13 myanmar mirror

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20.nov .13 myanmar mirror

  1. 1. jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEkdifiHawmf? zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yk'fr 308? yk'frcGJ (c)? yk'frcGJi,f (4)? jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJU Oya' yk'fr 82? yk'frcGJ (C)? jynfaxmifpkw&m;pD&ifa&; Oya'yk'fr 50 ESifh wki;f a'oBu;D odr[kwf jynfe,ftpd;k &tzGUJ Oya'yk'r 18? yk'rcGJ (C)wdyg jy|mef;csursm;t& ausmufjzL d Yk f f Yk f c½dkifw&m;olBuD; a':pef;pef;&Dtm; &ckdifjynfe,f w&m;vTwfawmfw&m;olBuD;tjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay; vdkufonf/ (ykH) odef;pdef EkdifiHawmfor®w jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEkdifiHawmf aejynfawmf Ekd0ifbm 19 ,aeYjrefrmpHawmfcsef rGe;f vGJ d 12 em&DcGJtcsdef wkdif;xGmcsuf rsm;t& b*Fvm;yifv,fatmf tv,fyi;f wGif jzpfay:aeaom dk rkefwkdif;i,f t&SdefaMumihf ,aeYrGef;wnhfrS aemuf 48 em&DtwGif; rEÅav;wkdif; a'oBuD;? yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;? &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;? {&m0wD wkdif;a'oBuD;? weoFm&Dwkdif; a'oBuD;? &Srf;jynfe,f? &ckdif jynfe,f? u,m;jynfe,f? u&if jynfe,fESihf rGefjynfe,fwkdYwGif ae&muGufusm;rS ae&musJusJ tcsdeftcgr[kwf rkd;xpfcsKef; &GmEdkifonf/ (owif;pOf) aejynfawmf Edk0ifbm 19 jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmf EkdifiHawmfor®w OD;odef;pdefonf *syefEkdifiH umem*g0gjynfe,f tpd;k &tzJUG tBu;D tuJ Mr. Yuji KUROIWA ESitzJUG tm; ,aeY eHeuf 11 em&Dwif Ekiiawmfor®wtdrawmf&dS hf G d f H f {nfhcef;raqmifü vufcHawGUqkHonf/(atmufykH) ,if;odkYawGUqkH&mwGif obm0 ywf0ef;usif xdef;odrf;a&;qkdif&m vk y f i ef ; u@rsm;ü umem*g0g jynfe,ftpdk;&u EkdifiHawmftpkd;& ESifhyl;aygif;í ulnDaqmif&Guf oGm;a&;? xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef taumiftxnfazmfwnfaqmuf rIwGif *syefpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sif rsm;tm; zdwfac:xm;&m umem *g0gjynfe,frS pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; &Sirsm; yg0if&if;ES;D jrK§ yErjI yKa&;ESifh f f HS jynfolYusef;rma&;vkyfief;qkdif&m rsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í aqG;aEG;cJhMu onf/ tqkygawGUqkyoYdk jynfaxmifpk d H JG 0efBu;D OD;0PÖarmifvi?f OD;vSxe;f ? G G OD;0if;jrifh? OD;oef;aX;ESifh wm0ef &Sdolrsm; wufa&mufMuonf/ umem*g0gjynf e ,f ,k d u k d [m;rm;NrKd UwGif obm0ywf0ef;usif npfnrf;rIukd jzpfay:apjcif;r&Sd aom ausmufr;D aoG;puf½udk wnf Hk aqmufxm;&m Ekiiawmfor®w d f H 2012 ckESpf {NyDvtwGif; oGm; a&mufcaom *syefEiic&D;pOfwif hJ dk f H G tqkdygpuf½kHtm; oGm;a&muf avhvmcJhaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ (owif;pOf) aejynfawmf Ekd0ifbm 19 ,aeYjrefrmpHawmfcsdef nae 5 em&DcGJtcsdef wkdif;xGmcsuf rsm;t& b*Fvm;yifv,fatmf taemuftv,fydkif;wGif jzpf ay:aeaom rkefwkdif;i,fonf (tdE,Ekii)csi;f EkiNf rKd U ta&SU ´d d f H d ajrmufbuf 346 rkdifcefY? (tdEd´,EkdifiH) ADqmumywåerf NrdKU ta&SUawmifbuf rkdif 250 cefY? (jrefrmEdkifiH) ukdukd; uRef;NrdKU taemuf-taemuf ajrmufbuf rkdif 430 cefYtuGm yifv,fjyifukd A[kdjyKae onf/ tqkdyg rkefwkdif;i,fonf taemuf - taemuf a jrmuf bufokdY qufvufa&GUvsm;rnf [k cefYrSef;&onf/ rkefwkdif;i,f t&SdefaMumihf jrefrmhurf;½k;d wef;wpfavQmufEifh S pmrsuEm 3 aumfvH 4 okYd  f S
  2. 2. rdbESpfyg; om;orD;tay:xm;onfh arwåmudk tEIdif;rJh[k wifpm;oH;k EIe;f Muonf/ rnfonft&mESirQ wkEi;f í r&paumif;aom h hf Id &wem[k ESv;kH om;wGif rSwausmufwifxm;Muonf/ xdxaom teEÅ f k kd arwåm&Sirsm;onfyif wpfcgwpf&H tvdrusygvQif wpfcgwpfcg vdtyf f k k onf[k xifrSwfygvQif om;orD;tay: qlylaigufirf; jypfwifrIjyKMu onf/ om;orD;tay: rnfodkYyifarwåmxm;wwfMuapumrl tcsKdUrdb rsm;taejzifhvnf; rwwfomonfhtcg ]]urÇmrD;avmif om;aumif cseif;}}jyKrlwwfMuao;onf/ ,if;rSm rdbESifhom;orD; jzpfwwfonfh Oyrmjzpfovdk ouf&Sdowå0gwkdYwGifvnf; tvm;wljzpf/ ouf&Sdvlowå0grsm;rSm xdkodkYjzpfaomfvnf; rdrdwdkYywf0ef;usif&Sd ouf&tyifrsm;rSmrl ,if;odr[kwacs/ ouf&vowå0grsm; vdtyf dS Yk f dS l k csuukd ½ky0w¬Kwpfcv;kH tepfemtqH;k ½I;H cHum xm0&ay;qyfaeonfh f f k tjzpfudkrl vlwdkYowdrlrdMurnf r[kwfyg/ jrefrmwdkYqdk½dk;pum;wGif ]]vlYtvdk ewfrvdkufEkdif}}[lí &Sdonf/ vdkcsifaomavmb vlwdkYobm0aMumifh opfawmopfyifrsm;udk vlwdkY tvdk&Sdwdkif; ckwf,lMuonf/ opfyif? opfO? opfjrpfygrusef toHk;jyKMu onf/ ,kwfpGtqHk; udkif;zsm;? udkif;em;rusef vlwdkYtwGuf xif;? rD;aoG; tjzpf toHk;csMuonf/ xdtjyif vlEiywf0ef;usirS pGeypfvuaom tEÅ&m,f&dS umAGe'if Yk S hf f Yf kd f f dk atmufqu"mwfaiGUudk vufcpy,Nl y;D vlowå0gwdtouf&ioefEi&ef kd f H k f Yk S f dk f xkwvway;onfh atmufq*si"mwfaiGUudk toH;k jyKaeqJjzpfonf/ vlwYkd f T f D f twGuf toHk;taqmifrsm;udk xkwfay;½Hkomru obm0ab;tEÅ&m,f wdkuf½dkufrusa&mufEkdifap&eftwGufvnf; tumtuG,fay;onf/ a&S;vlBuD;olrrsm;u ]]opfwpfyifaumif; iSufwpfaomif;em;}} qdkpum;jzifh opfyifudk csifciftrTrf;wifxm;onf/ opfawmopfyifudk tav;xm;cJhonf/ xdkYaMumifh ]]Owk&moD awmudkrSD}}[lí opfawm xdef;odrf;olwdkYu nTef;qdkjyonf/ opfawmzHk;vTrf;&mt&yfa'oü &moD Owkaumif;rGefrQwNyD; ajrqDajrom;aumif;rGefvSonfrSm vufawGU om"ujzpfonf/ opfawmopfyifwdkY tusKd;aus;Zl;ESifh aumif;jcif;tjzmjzmwdkYrSm ajymíruke?f ,lírqH;k &Sacsvrrnf/ [dr0EÅmcs;D rGr;f cef; ½I;H avmufayvdrhf d d hf &efuef k rEÅav; &efuef k a&Taps; a&Taps; rnf/ wpfaxmifhwpfnyHkjyifyrm opfawmBuD;rsm; taMumif;rSm rqHk;Edkifatmif&Sdayvdrfhrnf/ odkYaomf opfawmopfyifrsm; aus;Zl;BuD;rm;yHkudkrl vlwdkY owdrrlrdMuonfrSm trSefjzpfonf/ ]]tod acgufcuf t0ifeuf}}[k qkd&ravmufyif vlwdkYonf opfyifrsm;udk ckwfvSJaeMuqJjzpfí urÇm wpfciwif opfyifrsm; wjznf;jznf; wdraumvm&onfrm trSeyif G f G f S f jzpfonf/ ]urÇmEv;kH om;}[k wifpm;Edionfh rd;k opfawmrsm; avsmenf; h S k f h vmcJh&m tusKd;quftm;jzifh &moDOwkazmufjyefjcif;udk vufawGU cHpm;aeMu&onf/ urÇmwpf0ef; aomufoHk;a& tcufBuHKvm&onf/ 2025 ckESpf ta&mufwGif vlOD;a& oef;aygif; 6000ausmf aomufoHk;a&twGuf tcufBuKH EiaMumif; ynm&Sirsm;u owday;xm;onf/ tqdygqd;k usK;d kd f f k rsm;onf opfawmjyKef;wD;rIrS tpjyKcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ xdaMumifh opfawmrsm;udk tod&owi;f 0di;f 0ef;umuG,Mf u&rnf/ Yk dS l kd k 0dkif;0ef;xdef;odrf;Mu&rnf/ 0dkif;0ef;pdkufysKd;Mu&rnf/ ysuftpOf jyifcP 0dkif;0ef;jyKjyifMurnfqdkvQif opfawmopfyifrsm; tusKd;aus;Zl;udk jyefvnfqyf&ma&mufrnfjzpfovdk tjcm;wpfzufwGif rsKd;qufopf vlom;rsm;tm; opfawmopfyifrsm;udk cspcifwwfatmif vufqifurf; f h tarGay;EdkifrnfqdkvQif rMumjrifhrDumvwGif ]]EkdifiHwpf0ef; opfawm tpGrf;jzifh pdrf;vef;ap&rnf}} rSm ajrBuD;vufcwfrvGJygwnf;/ / Ek0ifbm 19 d 671800 - 672800 671500 - 672500 pufo;Hk qDaps;EIe;f (u) 'DZ,f wpfvwm 930 usyf D (c ) atmufwe;f 95 wpfvwm 1090 usyf d D (* ) atmufwe;f 92 wpfvwm 910 usyf d D (C) "mwfqD wpfvwm 814 usyf D EdiijH cm;aiGvv,Ee;f k f J S f I (u) tar&duef wpfa':vm = 973.00 &efukef Edk0ifbm 19 ygupöwefEkdifiH 0efBuD;csKyf rpöwm rkd[mruf em0wfZf&S&pfOD;aqmifaom ukd,fpm;vS,ftzGJUonf xkdif;EkdifiHokdYoGm;a&mufcJhNyD; tjyefc&D;wGif &efukef tjynfjynfqkdif&mavqdyfü 0ifa&muf&yfem;&m &efuewi;f a'oBu;D vkNH cKa&;ESihf e,fpyfa&;&m0efBu;D k f dk H AkdvfrSL;BuD;wif0if;ESifhZeD;? EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;XmerS wm0ef&orsm;? jrefrmEkiiqi&m ygupöwefEiiH acwå dS l d f H dk f dk f oHtrwfBuD; Mr. Adnan Majit ESifh tzGJU0ifrsm;u &efuetjynfjynfqi&mavqdyü BuKd qEwqufMu k f dk f f dk I f onf/(tay:ykH) xkdYaemuf ygupöwef0efBuD;csKyfESifh tzGJU0ifrsm; onf armfawmf,mOfrsm;jzifh &efukefNrdKUwGif; vSnfhvnf Munfh½IavhvmMuNyD; '*kHNrdKUe,fZD0uvrf;&Sd Zzm&f&Sm; *lAdrmefokdY oGm;a&muf*g&0jyKum rGef;vGJykdif;wGif &efuetjynfjynfqi&mavqdyrwpfqifh avaMumif; k f dk f f S c&D;jzifh jyefvnfxGufcGmoGm;Muonf/ (owif;pOf) (c ) Oa&my wpf,½dk l = 1314.3 (* ) w½kwf wpf,rf G = 159.72 (C) xki;f d wpfbwf = 30.801 (i ) rav;&Sm; wpf&if;*pf = 305.35 (p ) tdE, ´d wpf½y;D l = 15.588 (q) *syef wpf&m,ef; = 974.46 (Z ) awmifu&;D ,m; wpf&m0rf = 92.123 dk (ps ) MopaMw;vs wpfa':vm = 911.99 (n) pifumyl wpfa':vm = 780.62 jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEkdifiHawmfA[kdbPf owfrw&nfñe;f EIe;f S f T
  3. 3. aejynfawmf Edk0ifbm 19 aejynfawmfüa&muf&Sdaeaom rGef*dkvD;,m;EdkifiHor®w rpöwm t,fvf bwfcf a'gh*sfZwfcf[D;vf,m'f ESitzGUJ onf ,aeYeeufyi;f wGif OyÜgwoEÅapwDawmfjrwfBu;D tm; oGm;a&mufz;l ajrmfMunfnKd Muonf/(atmufy) hf H kd d Hk xkdYaemuf apwDawmfy&d0kPf&Sd &wemqifjzLawmfaqmifü qifjzLawmfrsm;udk Munfh½IavhvmMuNyD; tpmrsm; auR;arG;Muonf/ rGef;vGJydkif;wGif rGef*dkvD;,m;or®wESifhtzGJUonf jrefrmhausmufrsuf&wemjywdkufodkY oGm;a&mufMunfh½I avhvmonf/ xdaemuf rGe*v;D ,m;or®wESitzGUJ onf avaMumif;c&D;jzihf yk*NH rKd UodxucmMu&m jynfaxmifp0efBu;D Yk f kd hf Yk G f G k OD;0PÖarmifvGifESifh wm0ef&SdolwdkYu aejynfawmftjynfjynfqdkif&mavqdyfü ydkYaqmifEIwfqufcJhMuonf/ (owif;pOf) aejynfawmf Ekd0ifbm 19 jrefrmEdkifiHESifh qGpfZmvefEkdifiH wktMum; pD;yGm;a&;yl;aygif;aqmif Yd &GufrIjr§ifhwifEkdif&eftwGufjzpfEdkif ajc&Sdrnfh pD;yGma&;e,fy,fu@ rsm; owfrSwfEdkif&ef? pD;yGm;a&;? &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI? tvkyform;ESihf ukefoG,frIqkdif&m udpö&yfrsm;wGif aumif;rGeonhf tavhtusirsm;ESihf f fh owif;tcsuftvufrsm; zvS,f Ekdif&ef&nf&G,fí jynfaxmifpk 0efBu;D a'gufwmuHaZmf OD;aqmif aom oufqdkif&m0efBuD;Xme udk,fpm;vS,frsm;ESihf qGpfZmvef EdiirS H.E. Mrs. Marie-Gabrielle k f H INEICHEN-FLEISCH (Secretary of State of Economic Affairs) OD;aqmifonfh pD;yGm;a&;udk,fpm; vS,ftzGJUwkdY yxrtBudrf jrefrm-qGpZmvef pD;yGm;a&;yl;aygif; f aqmif&GufrIn§dEIdif;aqG;aEG;yGJudk ,aeYeeuf 9 em&Dwif aejynfawmf H G &Sd trsKd;om;pDrHudef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI0efBuD;Xme tpnf; ta0;cef;rü usif;yonf/ n§Ei;f aqG;aEG;yGwif jynfaxmifpk d dI J G 0efBuD; a'gufwmuHaZmfu tzGihf trSmpum;ajymMum;&mü ,ck aqG;aEG;yGonf ,cifa&;xd;k cJonfh J h pD;yGm;a&;? &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI? tvkyf orm;ESihf ukefoG,fa&;udpö&yfrsm; qkdif&m em;vnfrIpmcRefvTmt& jrefrmEdkifiHESifh qGpfZmvefEkdifiHwkdY tMum; pD;yGm;a&;yl;aygif;aqmif &GufrIwkd;jr§ifh&mwGif jzpfEkdifrnfh e,fy,frsm;owfrSwf&eftwGuf Platform wpfctaejzifh aqmif&uf k G jcif;jzpfygaMumif;? jrefrmEkdifiH taejzifh EkdifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyif ajymif;vJrrsm;pGmudk jyKvyvsu&yg I k f f dS aMumif;? ,cifu A[dcsKyuiaom k f kd f pD;yGm;a&;pDrHudef;pepfudk usihfoHk; cJh&mrS ,cktcg jynfolA[dkjyKzGHUNzdK; wkd;wufa&;udk azmfaqmifaeyg aMumif;? pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqkdYrIrsm;udk z,f&Sm;ay;cJhonfhtwGuf jrefrm EdkifiH zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrIudk rsm;pGm taxmuftul &&SdapygaMumif;? Zefe0g&DvwGif usi;f ycJaom yxr h tBurf jrefrmEdiizUHG NzKd ;wk;d wufa&; d k f H zkd&rfrS zGHUNzdK;rIrdwfzuftzGJUtpnf; rsm; tultnDrsm;udk tusK;d &Spm d G toH;k jyKa&;aqmif&uEicygaMumif;? G f dk f hJ rMumao;rDu jrefrm-tD;,lvyief; k f tzGJUtpnf;ta0;wGif jrefrmtD;,lvyief;tzGUJ yl;wGaMunmcsuf k f J udk xkwjf yefaMunmEkicygaMumif;? d f hJ tD;,lvkyfief;tzGJU tpnf;ta0; tm; jrefrmEkdifiHrS tdrf&Siftjzpf vufcí atmifjrifpm usi;f yEdichJ H G k f jcif;onf tD;,ltzGUJ 0ifEiirsm;ESifh kd f H cspMf unf&if;ES;D rIEihf yl;aygif;aqmif S &GufrIrsm;tm; ydkrdkjr§ifhwifoGm;Edkif rnfjzpfygaMumif;? ,ck tpnf; ta0;onf jrefrmEkiiEihf qGpZmvef dfHS f EkdifiHtMum; cspfcif&if;ESD;rI&&SdNyD; pD;yGm;a&;tcGifhtvrf;rsm;udkazmf aqmifEirnf[k ,HMk unfygaMumif; kd f ajymMum;onf/ xkdYaemufqGpfZmvefEdkifiHrS H.E Mrs. Marie-Gabrielle INEICHENFLEISCH (Secretary of State of Economic Affairs)u rdrdESifh twl pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;? udk,fpm;vS,f rsm;pGmyg0ifyg aMumif;? jrefrmEkdifiH jyKjyif ajymif;vJa&;vkyaqmifaerIrsm;udk f BudKqdkygaMumif;? pD;yGm;a&; pOfqufrjywf zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;wGif qGpfZmvefEdkifiH tawGUtBuHK rsm;udk rQa0oGm;rnfjzpfygaMumif; ajymMum;onf/ jrefrmEdkifiHESifh qGpfZmvefEdkifiH wkdYonf aexkdiftvkyfvkyfudkifcGifh? aps;uGu&&Sr?I ukeo,rI vG,ul f d f G f f acsmarGUa&;? &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIESifh ukeo,rrabmif? tpk;d &ypönf; f G f I l 0,f,a&;vkyief;? ÓPypön;f rlyif l f kd cGifh? tajccHtaqmufttHk? c&D; oGm;vkyief;? bPfvyief;zGUH NzKd ;a&;? f k f pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;vkyuijf cif;? tvkyf f f kd orm;&ydkifcGifh? vlrIa&;qkdif&m wm0ef,lrIESifh a&&SnfpD;yGm;a&; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI ponfh taMumif; t&mrsm;udk ESpfEdkifiHtMum; tjyef tvSeaqG;aEG;cJNh y;D jrefrm-qGpZmvef f f aqG;aEG;rIrwwrf;udk 'kw,0efBu;D S f d a'gufwma':cifpef;&DEihf qGpZmvef S f EdiirS H.E. Mrs. Marie-Gabrielle k f H INEICHEN-FLEISCH (Secretary of State of Economic Affairs) wkdYu vufrwa&;xk;d rSwwrf;wif S f f vJv,fMuonf/ S tqkdyg awGUqHkn§dEIdif;aqG;aEG; yGoYkd jynfaxmifp0efBu;D a'gufwm J k uHaZmf? 'kwd,0efBuD; a'gufwm a':cifpef;&D? 0efBuD;Xmersm;rS ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyfrsm;? jrefrm EkdifiH &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIaumfr&SifESihf jynf a xmif p k o r® w jref r mEk d i f i H ukefonfrsm;ESifh pufrIvufrI vkyief;&Sirsm;toif;csKyrS wm0ef f f f &Sdyk*¾dKvfrsm;? qGpfZmvefEkdifiHrS H.E. Mrs. Marie-Gabrielle aejynfawmf Edk0ifbm 19 rGef*dkvD;,m;EkdifiHor®w rpöwmt,fvfbwfcf a'gh*sfZwfcf[D;vf,m'fESifhtzJGUonf ,aeY nae 3 em&DcJGwGif avaMumif;c&D;jzifh yk*H- anmifOD;NrdKUodkY a&muf&MdS u&m rEÅav;wdi;f a'oBu;D 0efBu;D csKyf OD;&Jjrifh k ESihf wm0ef&orsm;u anmifO;D avqdyü BuKd qEwquf dS l f dk I f Muonf/ xkdYaemuf {nfhonfawmf rGef*kdvD;,m;or®wESifh tzJUG onf yk*jH ynf&if taemf&xmrif;ESihf useppfom; h S f rif;wkdY aumif;rIawmfjzpfonfh a&Tpnf;ckHapwDawmf (tay:yk)? a&Tpnf;ckapwDawmf teD;&Sd eH&Eiaygif;ul; H H H S hf rsm;wGif Ak'0ifEihf yk*jH ynfa&muf rGe*wmwmppfonf ¨ S f dk awmfykHrsm;a&;qGJxm;onfh usefppfom;OrifESifh yk*H NrdKUa[mif;twGif; uefawmhyv’ifbk&m;awmifbuf a&S a&SUzHk;rS urf;vGeyifv,fjyifwwif &Hzef f Ydk G &Hcg rk;d oufavjyif;rsm;usa&muf Ny;D vIi;f Bu;D rnf/ rk;d oufavjyif; d uspOf a&jyif ajrjyifavonf wpf e m&D v Qif rk d i f 40 txd wkdufcwfEkdifonf/ rkefwkdif;i,f vuf&Sdtajc taerSm t0ga&miftqihfom &SdNyD; jrefrmEkdifiHodkY OD;wnf a&GUvsm;rnfh tajctaer&Sd[k owfrSwfxm;aomfvnf; jrefrmh urf ; ½d k ; wef ; wpf a vQmuf E S i h f urf;vGeyifv,fjyifw&dS urf;eD;? f Ydk urf;a0;igzrf; a&,mOfrsm;? oabFmrsm;taejzihf rkefwkdif; tEÅ&m,f a&Smif&Sm;&efvkdtyf aMumif; rkd;av0oESihf ZvaA' ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xmeu owif; xkwfjyefxm;onf/ (aMu;rkH) Ineichen-Fleisch (Secretary of State of Economic Affairs) pD;yGm;a&;? ynma&;ESifh okawoe Xme0efBuD;? ukefoG,frIjr§ifhwifa&; tBuD;tuJ? ta&SUawmiftm&S qki&m tBuay;yk*Kd¾ vrsm;? ul;oef; d f H f a&mif;0,fa&;? pufrEib@ma&; I S hf qkdif&m udk,fpm;vS,frsm;? jrefrm Ekiiqi&m qGpZmvefotrwfBu;D d f H dk f f H ESifhoH½Hk;rS wm0ef&Sdyk*¾dKvfrsm; wufa&mufMuonf/ (owif;pOf) ajr{&d,m 8 'or 16 {uwGif &Spfajr§mifhoP²mef jrefrmrI t*Faw? opfom;yef;ykuEkw?f ,Ge;f a&TZ0gESihf a&Tcsnxkd;vuf&mrsm;jzifh wnfaqmufxm;onfh yk*H f a&S;a[mif;okawoejywkuwudk vSnvnfMunf½I d f Ydk hf h avhvmMuonf/ naeyki;f wGif yk*acwf t*Fawyef;awmhvuf&m d H rsm;ESifh eH&Hrifpmrsm;wnf&Sdonfh plVmrPd apwDawmf ESiy*NH rKd U ae0ifqnf;qmtvSrsm;ukd Munf½avhvm hf k h I Muonf/ nykdif;wGif rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;0efBuD;csKyf OD;&Jjrifhu cspfMunfa&;ukd,fpm;vS,ftzJGU0ifrsm;tm; Ayer River View Resort ü *kPfjyKnpmpm;yJGjzifh wnfcif;{nfhcHcJhonf/ (owif;pOf) aejynfawmf Ekd0ifbm 19 pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;0if;jrihtm; umem*g0gjynfe,ftpk;d &tzGUJ tBu;D tuJ Mr. Yuji Kurorwa f OD;aqmifonfh uk,pm;vS,tzGUJ onf ,aeY rGe;f vGJ 2 em&Dwif jynfaxmifpk d f f G 0efBuD; tpnf;ta0;cef;rü vma&mufawGUqkHonf/ awGUqkywijf refrm-*syefueo,rtajctaersm;? ykue^oGi;f ukef H JG G k f G f I Yd k f jriwifEia&;udp&yfrsm;? armfawmf,mOfvyief;? txnfcsKyvyief;rsm; § fh dk f ö k f f k f wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;wkd;jr§ihfa&;? v,f,mxGufukefypönf;rsm;ESihf jrefrmh xGuueypön;f rsm;tm; wefz;dk jrixwvywifyYdk a&mif;csEia&;twGuf f k f § fh k f k f dk f 'DZkdif;ESihfenf;ynm ulnDaxmufyHha&;qkdif&mudpö&yfrsm;? jrefrmEkdifiH vrf;? wHwm;? vQyfppfponfh tajccHtaqmufttkHrsm; jr§ihfwifEkdifa&; twGuf ESpEiiy;l aygif;aqmif&ua&;udp&yfrsm;ukd tjyeftvSef aqG;aEG; f kd f H G f ö cJhMuaMumif; od&onf/ (owif;pOf) &efukef Edk0ifbm 19 (27)Budrfajrmuf ta&SUawmiftm&Stm;upm;NydKifyGJudk BudKqdk*kPfjyK aomtm;jzifh 2013 ckEpf owårtBurajrmuf &efueNf rKd Uawmf0efzvm; S d f k wif;epfNyKd iyukd 'DZifbm 1 &ufrS 7 &uftxd&efueNf rKd U odrjf zLwif;epfui;f ü f JG k G usif;yrnfjzpfonf/ NydKifyGJwGif trsKd;orD;^trsKd;om; tvGwfwef;wpfOD;csif;NydKifyGJ? 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  12. 12. vufa0SausmarmifñeYf 1952 ckEprS 1964 ckEpf Y f G S f S txd jynfwGif;jynfyyGJaygif; 70 ausmfxkd;cJhonf/ 1952 ckEpyO;D xGuyrpí yGaygif; &Spyww½;HI cJonf/ S f JG f JG S J f JG d d h xk½;HI yGrsm;aMumihf vufa0SarmifñeYf wkevyjf cif;r&Sonf d J Y G f I d ukd awGU&onf/ ]]'D½;HI yJawGu uk,twGuf &Jpr;f owdeYJ G d fh G å atmifyGJtwGuf pGrf;tm;awGyJ oli,fcsif;wkdY}} [k uRefawmfwkdYukd ajymcJhonf/ 1957 ckEpwif t*Fvefvufa0Stoif;ESihf jrefrm S f G Y vufa0Stoif;wkYd atmifqef;uGi;f wGif cspMf unfa&;yGJ Y usif;yonfhtcsdefü vkduf0dwf 132 aygifwef;wGif vufa0SYausmfarmifñGefYonf EkdifiHvufa&G;pifjzpfae csdefESihf wkdufqkdifaeonf/ t*Fvefvufa0SYausmf Supper Gary ESix;&rnf/ Supper Gary onf vkuf fh dk d 0dwf 132 aygifwef;wGif yGaygif; 200 ausmEiconfh J f kd f hJ vufa0SYorm;jzpfonf/ ukd,fcE¨mawmihfwif;oefrm onf/ t&yfajcmufayausmonf/ ajcqH? vufq&nf f H S onf/ vufa0SYarmifñGefYrSm t&yf 5 ay 4 vufr ceYf&Sdonf/ Supper Gary ESihfqkdvQif qifESihf qdwf taetxm;/ 21-6-57 &ufaeYwiatmifqef;uGi;f ü olwEpO;D G f Ydk S f cspfMunfa&;yGJqifETJ&onf/ Supper Gary onf vufa0SYarmifñGefYtm; yxrtcsDwGif tvJxkd;&ef &nf&G,fcsufxm;ykH&onf/ vufa0SYyGJpvQif Supper Gary onf vufa0SYarmifñGefYukd tuJcwfaeonf/ xktcseukd armifñeu aumif;aumif; tok;H csvuf d d f G Yf dk onf/ vQyfjyufovkd Supper Gary xHajy;0ifNyD; wGvufo;D ? yihvufo;D ? 0kuvufo;D rsm;ukd rem;wrf; J f d f ypfoi;f vkuonf/ csucsi;f vlcsi;f tjrefcmvkuonf/ G d f f G d f armifñeYf em;xifwpfcsuf ylom;onf/ Supper Gary G G ukd cGmxkd;írjzpf vQyfjyufovkd0ifí yl;xkd;rSjzpfrnf/ cGmxkd;vQif ukd,ftxdemrnfudk armifñGefY aumif;pGm em;vnfxm;onf/ yxryGJonf oa&yGJjzpfNyD; aemuftcsDrsm;wGif vufa0SYarmifñGefY trSwfjzihf jywfjywfom;om;Ekdif cJhonf/ yxrtcsDNyD;awmh ]]uRefawmfhq&majymovkd armifñeudk tvJx;dk zkxuf tEkix;dk &ef rvG,aMumif; G Yf Yd d f f odcJhw,f}}[k yGJNyD;awmh Supper Gary u vufa0SY armifñGefYudk 'kdifvlBuD;rsm;a&SUarSmufü 0efcHcJhonf/ xkyNJG y;D aemufxyf EkiijH cm;yGaygif; 10 yGx;dk &onfd d f J J - 1957 ckESpf &efukefNrdKUwGif usif;yaom ta&SU aom vufzaemihf&Sd BudK;rsm;jzihf xkd;ojzihf armifñGefY rsufckH;uGJjcif;aMumihf ½IH;&onf/ wwd,aMu;wHqdyfjzihf auseyfcJh&onf/ - 1961 ckESpfwGif uarÇm'D;,m;EkdifiH zEGrf;yifü cspfMunfa&;yGJtjzpf Swantai (uarÇm'D;,m;) ESifhyGJwGif armifñGefY Ekdifonf/ - 1961 ckESpf 'kwd,tBudrf ta&SUawmiftm&S uRe;f qG,tm;upm;yGukd jrefrmEkiiH &efueNf rKd Uü f J d f k usif;ycJhonf/ vufa0SYyGJudk atmifqef;uGif;ü usi;f ycJonf/ tBuKd Avvywif uarÇm'D;,m; h dk f k JG G csefyD,H Swantai udk armifñGefY Ekdifonf/ - 'kw,n uRe;f qG,Avvywif Suitabon Chai d f dk f k JG G (xdi;f )udk armifñeEií SEAP GAMES vduf k G Yf dk f k 0dwf 132 aygifwef; csefyD,Ha&TwHqdyfqkudk qGwfcl;EkdifcJhonf/ - 1962 ckESpf &efukefNrdKUü usif;yaom cspfMunf a&;yGJwGif M.Kasim (ygupöwef)ESifh yGJwGif armifñGefY ½IH;onf/ awmiftm&Svufa0SYwGif S.Ral (tdEd´,)ESihf yGJ wGif armifñGefYu Ekdifonf/ aemuf*syef? zdvpf ykicsey,rsm;ukd tEki,Nl y;D a&Twqyqqwc;l d f f D H d f H d f k G f oGm;onf/ - 31-10-1959 &ufaeY pifumylwiusi;f yaom G f cspfMunfa&;yGJwGif Goparam (pifumyl) udk armifñGefYEkdifcJhonf/ - 4-11-1959 &ufaeY (pifumyl'kwd,yGJpOf)wGif J.Lar ESihfyGJwGif armifñGefY xyfEkdifonf/ - 7-11-1959 &ufaeYwGif rav;&Sm;EdkifiH uGmvmvrfylü cspfMunfa&;yGJwGif Pinan ukd armifñGefY Edkifonf/ - 1959 ckESpf yxrtBudrf ta&SUawmiftm&S uRef;qG,ftm;upm;yGJudk xkdif;EdkifiHü usif;y onf/ Swip (xki;f )ukd armifñefY ½I;H onf/ Swip d G onf vuftdwfESihfrxkd;bJ vuftdwfcsnfxm; vm;½dI; Ekd0ifbm 19 2013-2014 ynmoif E S p f vm;½dI;c½dkif 'kwd,tBudrftajccH ynmausmif;aygif;pkH tm;upm;NyKd iyJG f uGif;zGifhyGJudk Ekd0ifbm 18 &ufu vm;½dI;NrdKU jynfaxmifpktm;upm; uGif;üusif;y&m c½dkifynma&;rSL; OD;t,fvpefwu tm;upm;NyKd iyJG f JG f udk zGifhvSpfay;cJhNyD; c½dkiftaxGaxG tkycsKya&;rSL;OD;at;armifMunfu f f trSmpum;ajymMum;onf/ tm;upm;NydKifyGJ uGif;zGifhyGJodkY - 1964 ckESpf jynfycspfMunfa&;yGJudk &efukef NrdKUü usif;y&m A khatt (xkdif;)udk armifñGefY Ekdifonf/ vufa0Scsey,rsm;ESihf xk;d owf&mwGif wpfa,muf Y f D H wpfrsKd;pDcufaMumif;? t*Fvdyfvufa0SYausmfawGu y&d,m,f<u,f0NyD; xkdif;? uarÇm'D;,m;vufa0SYausmf awGu Murf;w,f? rmw,f? y&d,m,fodyfr<u,f aMumif; AdkvfrSL;armifñGefYu uRefawmfwdkYoli,fcsif; rsm;udk oltawGUtBuKH rsm;ESiywfoufí&Si;f jycJonf/ Y hf h jrefrmEkdifiHwGif vdkuf0dwf 132 aygifwef;wGif EkdifiH csefyD,Hjzpf&ef xdktcsdefu NydKifyGJ0ifol ckepfOD;? &SpfOD; ykHrSef&SdcJhonf/ AkdvfrSL;armifñGefY (Nidrf;) vufa0SYpGrf;aqmif&nf rsm;rSm- 1961 ckESpf 'kwd,tBudrf ta&SUawmiftm&S uRe;f qG,tm;upm;yGü vku0wwef; vufa0SY f J d f d f csefyD,H - 1959 ckEpf yxrtBurf ta&SUawmiftm&SuRe;f S d qG,f tm;upm;yGJü vufa0SYvdkuf0dwfwef; wwd,qk& - jrefrmEkdifiHvufa0SYvkduf0dwfwef; csefyD,H av; BudrfqGwfcl;cJhonf/ 1958 ck? 1959 ck? 1961 ckEpEihf 1963 ckEpwü S f S S f Ykd EkdifiHhcsefyD,HjzpfcJhonf/ &Srf;jynfe,f(ajrmufykdif;) jynfe,f 'kwd,tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;pdeftkyfESifh wGJzuf jynfe,fynma&;rSL; OD;jrifh Munf? c½dkiftqifhXmeqkdif&m tBuD;tuJrsm;? jynfe,f^c½dkif ynma&;rSL;½kH;rS v^x ñTefMum; a&;rSL;rsm;? 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