Chicago Olpc Idca Oct 09


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One Laptop per Child India: What can we do to change the world of our children and teh future of our nation

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Chicago Olpc Idca Oct 09

  1. 1. A Laptop for Every Child in India Satish Jha President & CEO, OLPC India At India Development Coalition of America Chicago Oct 31, 2009 Satish Jha, OLPC,
  2. 2. A Laptop for Every Child: Learning “Learning” Satish Jha, OLPC,
  3. 3. A Billion questions.. A billion children have little access to computing A quarter of them live in India They are falling further behind the rest of the world.. Everyday − A Huge DIVIDE . − A Huge OPPORTUNITY
  4. 4. A worm’s eye view.. Challenges of Electricity Cost of computers Internet Software costs School buildings Curriculum Climate Basics of life Teachers Resources Maintenance
  5. 5. A bird’s eye view Laptop for the poorest??? − Too large a challenge to handle?? − Poor have little interest in education?? − Give the poor children food first?? − Let the children read and write first?? − A luxury we cannot afford..??
  6. 6. Our response Technologies afford us an opportunity − Making learning fun − To overcome infrastructure challenges − Making learning affordable
  7. 7. Design a laptop for learning That takes little power, any source of power That can connect with or without internet That is village friendly or “village proof” Rugged Zero Maintenance No software costs Affordable Makes learning fun
  8. 8. What brings us together? We are here because we are passionate about education as an agent of change Quality education for poor and rural population is central to the economic and social development – Source – World Bank
  9. 9. Poor have aspirations beyond survival They recognize that only education can help achieve aspirations. And they are willing to invest in the future. Can our current educational eco-system alone deliver on these aspirations?
  10. 10. Significant progress in reducing out of school children But challenges of Quality and Adequacy of current education format remain . Can more of the same really make our children compete for opportunities in 2020?
  11. 11. A solution needs to not just address challenges of today but adjust to opportunities of tomorrow. What kind of education do we need to take 1% of our children into the service economy?
  12. 12. The solution needs to be Future ready – ‘the cell-phone of education’ Transformational – generational leaps Doable – practical, implementable and accepted by the stakeholders Financially viable – entrepreneurial thinking to make it available at $ 1 a week An idea originated in villages of India, Africa, South America.. ….. spreading across the globe
  13. 13. What is OLPC [one laptop per child] A project designed to help underprivileged children access sustainable education that is in sync with today’s needs. A rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop with content and software designed for collaborative, joyful, self-empowered learning. It is a tool for education that creates skill sets that can transform lives
  14. 14. What can we do today? Opportunity to pilot the project in several schools At a cost of $1 a week − Educating a million children will cost less than one half % of annual education budget Anyone can adopt a village school for − Rs $10,000 in total or − Rs $2000 a year or − Rs $200 a month One can become a Social Entrepreneur with an investment of $2000 earn $200 a month or scale it up as you please One can raise money through e.g., ICICI’s Social Venture Fund and several similar Funds available through various other FIs
  15. 15. What is the Potential? We have 600,000 villages Roughly 500,000 have the population averaging 1000 − They typically have less than 50 children in primary school Aggregating at 10 villages offers − About 500 students − Up to $3000 pm gross revenue Aggregating Village Level SEs − About 5000 coordinators or second order SEs − Revenue potential :$6000+ pm And so on..
  16. 16. A modern “Shantiniketan” “XO Outside” Learning under a Tree •For the Child •Sun-friendly •Rain-proof •Dust-proof •Shock-proof •A couple Watts of power •Solar powered •Tablet – like •Open Source - Sugar •Free Microsoft Windows •And MS Office
  17. 17. Mechanical Design No moving parts − No hard drive, no fans Droppable − Extra rigid shell − Bumper (replacable) − Shock mounted LCD Moisture/dust/dirt resistant − Keyboard − USB, microphone etc - protected Connector reinforcement Transformer hinge
  18. 18. Internet Every Laptop connects to Internet With a built-in Wi-Fi Optional distribution network Cellular packet-data link (2.5G, 3G) 802.11s Terrestrial wireless links (wifi, wimax) Every Laptop 802.11s Connects 802.11s With Each Other Without a Server or Wi-fi
  19. 19. Environmental vs 1 laptop 5 years of text books * RoHS compliant ++ * deforestation * 2W power (human recharge) * chemicals to make paper * 5 year life (including batteries) * distribution costs * recyclable
  20. 20. Financial Model . To reach the least developed countries and get laptops into the hands of the poorest children, a new model of partnership (and funding) is needed. To reach the least developed countries and get laptops into the hands of the poorest children, a new model of partnership (and funding) is needed.
  21. 21. “Give” Model Options .. 1. Give to a child 2. Give Many 3. School Giving (Min. 100 Laptops) 4. Corporate Giving 5. Adopt a Village, a Block, a District
  22. 22. Progress so far LAUNCH COUNTRIES in ‘07/’08: • Argentina 100 K • Turkey 100 K • Uruguay 750 K • Ethiopia 50 K • Peru 1000 K • Mexico 250 K • 1200 K built and deployed to date Milestones Nov 2006 Laptops first available (beta) Nov 2007 Mass production ramp Year 1 1.2 Million units shipped Year 2 3-5 Million units - > OLPC/United Nations collaboration
  23. 23. Challenges ahead.. Changing the mindset Persuading the leadership Cajoling the Corporations Informing the Socially Oriented Requesting the Affluent Empowering the motivated..
  24. 24. The Book of the Future .
  25. 25. Sharing in the Future
  26. 26. Key Partners from Private & Public Sectors