CONTENT INTRODUCTION HORTICULTURE CROPS (FRUITS) ARID AND SEMI – ARID CROPS TEMPERATE FRUITS TROPICAL AND SUB TROPICAL FRUITS OTHER FRUITS HORTICULTURE CROPS (VEGETABLES) BULB CROPS COLE CROPS CUCURBITS ROOT CROPS OTHER VEGETABLES 2007 PROVISIONAL ESTIMATE HORTICULTURAL OUTPUT IMPORTANT POINTS THANK YOU
INTRODUCTION• Horticulture is the science, art, technology and business involved in intensive plant cultivation for human use. It is practiced from the individual level in a garden up to the activities of a multinational corporation. It is very diverse in its activities, incorporating plants for food (fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, culinary herbs) and non-food crops (flowers, trees and shrubs, turf-grass, hops, grapes, medicinal herbs). It also includes related services in plant conservation, landscape restoration, landscape and garden design/construction/maintenance, horticultural therapy, and much more. This range of food, medicinal, environmental, and social products and services are all fundamental to developing and maintaining human health and well-being.
HORTICULTURE CROPS. (FRUITS)• Horticulture Crops (Fruits), falls under Pomology which mainly include tropical and subtropical fruits like mango and banana, Temperate Fruits like apple, arid region fruits like Aonla, etc. Indian has wide variety of climate and soils which is suitable for a large number of fruit crops.
ARID AND SEMI – ARID CROPS.• Arid and semi-arid crops are those which are grown under arid and semi-arid climatic conditions. Arid regions are very dry, especially having less precipitation than is needed to support most trees or woody plants. Deserts have arid climates.A Semi-arid climate or steppe climate generally describes climatic regions that receive low annual rainfall (250-500 mm or 10-20 in).
TEMPERATE FRUITS.• Temperate crops include those which are grown under temperate climatic conditions. Temperate climates are those without extremes of temperature and precipitation (rain and snow). The changes between summer and winter are generally invigorating without being frustratingly extreme. There are two types of temperate climate: maritime and continental.
TROPICAL AND SUB TROPICAL FRUITS.• These are the crops which are grown under tropical and sub-tropical conditions. A tropical climate is a type of climate typical in the tropics. Köppens widely-recognized scheme of climate classification defines it as a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures above 18°C (64.4 °F).Subtropical climate refers to zones in a range of latitudes between 30/40° and 45°.•
OTHER FRUITS.• The fruit crops that dont fall under Arid and semi-arid crops, Temperate crops, tropical and sub-tropical crops are being kept under this category. This section includes fruits like guava, papaya, pineapple, etc.
HORTICULTURE CROPS (VEGETABLES)• Horticulture Crops (Vegetables) that are grown in different parts of India include bulb, Cole, Cucurbits, Root, Solaneous Crops. Bulb crop include Onions; Cole crops include Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cucurbits, Ridge Gourd, Sponge Gourd and Carrot; Solaneous include Brinjal, Tomato etc. India has a diverse agro- climatic conditions and soils that support variety of horticultural vegetable crops.
BULB CROPS.• A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that are used as food storage organs by a dormant plant. A bulbs leaf bases generally do not support leaves, but contain food reserves to enable the plant to survive adverse conditions.
COLE CROPS.• Cole crops are in the Brassicaceae family, formerly called Cruciferae, and many are in the speciesBrassica oleracea. Cole crops grow best in cool weather. They include cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, etc
CUCURBITS.• A family of herbaceous vines, cucurbits includes any of various mostly climbing or trailing plants of the family Cucurbitaceae, which includes the squash, pumpkin, cucumber, gourd, watermelon, and cantaloupe.
ROOT CROPS.• Vegetable cultivated chiefly for its edible roots, e.g., the beet, turnip, carrot, and radish. All root crops have large water content and grow best in deeply cultivated soil in cool, overcast weather when the plants loss of water through transpiration is lowest.
OTHER VEGETABLES• Some vegetables that do not fall under bulb crops, cole crops, cucurbits, root crops and solanaceous crops, are being kept under this category. The vegetables included here are okra and spinach.