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5G Cloud RAN & IoT Architecture

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5G Cloud RAN & IoT Architecture

  1. 1. 5G Cloud RAN & IoT Architecture
  2. 2. Contents 1. 5G Talk 2. 5G Time Frame 3. 3Gpp -5g initiative –SMARTER 4. 5G Milestones 5. Stages for 5G Milestones 6. New C-RAN/Fronthaul of 5G 1. Why Redifne C-RAN/Fronthaul Architecture 2. Telecom Operator and Vendors view on 5G RAN A rchitecture 8. IOT Getting Hot 1. Welcome, IOTs! Why Now? 2. Launch-Manage-Monetize 3. Challenges 4. IPR & Standardization 5. IoT Architecture 6. No. 1 Challenge.
  3. 3. METIS-II - 5GPPP
  4. 4. 5G Time Frame
  5. 5. Milestones FROM 5G EXPLORATION TO 5G DEPLOYMENT
  6. 6. Project Planning and Control  Vision Statement  Blueprint  Benefits  Projects  Resources  Deliverable  Risks
  7. 7. New Cloud-RAN/Fronthaul of 5G
  8. 8. 5G Requirement • Ultra-high radio speed (20Gbps/UE) - New RAT, mm Wave, massive MIMO, massive Aggregation • Ultra-low latency (E2E few msec) - Tectile Internet, a utonomous driving, remote controlled machine • Massive connectivity (hundreds of millions of IoT dev ices)
  9. 9. How 5G, with higher technological requirements and distinguishe d use cases compared to those of 4G, will affect the current mobi le network architecture? What changes will it bring? 1. Ultra-High Radio Speed ⇒ Enormous traffic at fronthaul ⇒ New C-RAN/Fronthaul
  10. 10. 5G era, BBU and RRH should be re-defined, and fronthaul should be re-built as packet fronthaul.
  11. 11. 2. Ultra-High Radio Speed ⇒ Enormous traffic converging into the Core ⇒ Distributed 5G Core 5G Core (Data Plane), New BBU and Applications will run on virtualized servers at the local cloud RAN sites.
  12. 12. • Many agree that massive IoT and mission-critical IoT are t he biggest difference between 4G and 5G. • Mission-critical IoT (Ultra-reliable and low latency communi cations) applications include remote controlled machine, aut onomous driving (self-driving), etc. These types of ultra-real -time services require radio latency of less than 1ms, and end-to-end latency of less than a few ms. • The best way to achieve minimal end-to-end latency in terms of network architecture would be to eliminate backh aul delay by distributing 5G core closest to mobile devic es, and placing application servers right next to it. Distrib ution of 5G core that we have just discussed above will nat urally give us the same effect. • Key elements of the 5G mobile network architecture present ed by the Korean big 3 can be summarized as distribution of 5G core, and introduction of new packet-based fronthaul. 3. Ultra-low latency ⇒ Distributed 5G Core
  13. 13. SK Telecom: 5G RAN Architecture
  14. 14. KT’s Perspective on 5G
  15. 15. NTT Docomo
  16. 16. BT(UK)
  17. 17. BT(UK)
  18. 18. Orange(France)
  19. 19. AT&T (USA)
  20. 20. RAN Vendors
  21. 21. IoT Getting Hot
  22. 22. IOT Getting Hot!: Hype Curves -Gartner, 2012-
  23. 23. IOT Market Sizes and Shares
  24. 24. Welcome, IOTs! Why Now?
  25. 25. IOT Opportunities-Frameworks Industry 4.0 Welcome, IOTs! Why? Smart phone uses expanded • Sensor price down Device Tech Improved • Better Size and connection Network & Connection • Network Costs down • High Speed Internet Available • Various Platform available Aspiration of New Market and Innovation Data> intelligence Operational value Cost v. benefit
  26. 26. IOT Ecosystem: Complicated
  27. 27. IOT: Value Chain Analysis Chip vendor Module ventor App/ midware vendor Service provider MVNOs/ aggregator SI (system integrator) 5-10% 15-20% 30-40% 15-20% 15-20% Total Value ? % A mobile virtual network operator (MVNO), or mobile other licensed operator (MOLO) is a wireless communications services provider that does not own the wireless network infrastructure over which the MVNO provides services to its customers. An MVNO enters into a business agreement with a mobile network operator to obtain bulk access to network services at wholesale rates, then sets retail prices independently.
  28. 28. IOT Market Opportunities
  29. 29. Risk Management
  30. 30. Launch-Manage-Monetize
  31. 31. Launch Your IOT Business Companies new to The Internet of Things face three main challenges. To build a profitable business (or line of business) around connected devices, you have to: Launch your connected service. Once you have identified a business model that leverages the power of The Internet of Things for your business, you’ll have to: . Enable • Enable devices to connect to the wireless Internet. integrate • Integrate into mobile operator networks, anywhere and everywheren the world. Define • Define use cases and map out business and operational requirements for every stage of your product lifecycle. integrate • Integrate your new Internet of Things business with your existing infrastructure. configure • Configure application programming interfaces (APIs) to meet your unique business need and requirement of each and every mobile operator you work with Deliver • Deliver the new applications and services to the market
  32. 32. Manage Your IOT Business Companies new to The Internet of Things face three main challenges. To build a profitable business (or line of business) around connected devices, you have to: Launch your connected service. Once you have identified a business model that leverages the power of The Internet of Things for your business, you’ll have to: . Monitor • Monitor your connected devices in real-time, tracking data usage,connectivity, etc. Run • Run diagnostics to identify and troubleshoot issues on any device, anywhere at any time. Define • Define the events that trigger each device’s activation and deactivation. Set up • Set up real-time controls that give you visibility into every deployed device and let you manage data usage.
  33. 33. Monetize Your IOT Business Companies new to The Internet of Things face three main challenges. To build a profitable business (or line of business) around connected devices, you have to: Launch your connected service. Once you have identified a business model that leverages the power of The Internet of Things for your business, you’ll have to: . Set Rate • Set rates for each type and level of service you offer and define how those plans will be managed over time (e.g. free trial periods, introductory discounts, subscriptions of different lengths, renewal plans, split billing, etc.) Handle • Handle billing, charges, and payments to and from customers, operators, OEMs, partners, suppliers, etc. Establish • Establish data usage thresholds and cost controls. Gather • Gather intelligence from all the data you’re now gathering and use it to create new revenue streams, optimize processes, build new products, and improve existing ones. Anal/Opt • Analyze and optimize your supplier costs in real-time Automate • Automate every stage of the billing process
  34. 34. 5 Tips for IOT Monetization
  35. 35. Challenges
  36. 36. Challenges for Business Enterprise Software complexity: embedded system demands Interoperability: different devices need to work together Scalability: devices and service need to collaborate Data: how to handle volume and interpretation Instant Availability: situational spontaneous operation and also instant identification of service Battery: Power: Supply: need to be longer lasting and flexible, at the end. Fault Tolerance: Things works properly in changing context with uncertainty Security and Privacy : security for crime/ Privacy for Constitution issue IOT capitalization & monetization by Daniel Lee, KOTRA Incubator 2014 ®
  37. 37. Problems and Solutions Classification Problem Solution Hardware 1) Short battery life 2) High price 1) Focus on distinctive service (narrow use) 2) Attractive design User Interface 1) Voice/ action activation short 2) Smart phone domain 1) Minimize data entry 2) Operation integrated smart phone Social Recognition Privacy; leaking personal info; security Anonymous data from beginning of use Service 1) Too focused on gaming 2) Supplier oriented service Custom tailored idea/ service by utilizing user’s action/ health info
  38. 38. IPR & Standardization
  39. 39. Standardization of IOT Tech One M2M Framework One M2M WG1 demands WG5 Management WG4 Security WG3 Protocol WG2 structure Chronicles & performances 2011: Consensus Meeting 2012: 1st Executive Committee Seattle (MOU + 20 enterprises) Now: Tech. Committee with 5 Working Groups 1) WG1: 2 Tech Reports 2013 08 approved - Tech Reports: ROA method + SOA under development: Resource of Architecture combined with Service of Architecture 2) WG3: protocol analysis for necessity on each interface 3) WG4: security standards, countermeasure, token authorization, - will be approve by end of 2014 4) WG5: device management, semantic standard development. - OMA + BBF= management standard - Watch One M2M: http://www.onem2m.org/-
  40. 40. The key LPWA IoT solutions
  41. 41. 3GPP - SMARTER – NexGen(5G) From SMARTER spec (TR 22.891),there are 14 use cases Related to IoT: • Massive Internet of Things M2M and device identification – Should be able to identify and address large number of devices • Light weight device communication – Provide Simple light-weight messaging for user to control IoT devices • Telemedicine – Method for prioritize critical data transmission • Light weight device – Support light weight device which may not equip IMS. – Support light weight signalling for device configuration. • wide area sensor – critical triggering for event • IoT initialization – remote provide 3GPP subscription • Wearable device communication – connection switch between direct network connection and smartphone connection • Industrial Factory Automation – Communication between controller and sensors located in small area – very low fail rate (< 10-9) – support cycle times of [1ms to 2ms.]
  42. 42. IoT Architecture
  43. 43. IOT Architecture
  44. 44. Microsoft Azure IOT Platform
  45. 45. AWS IoT Platform
  46. 46. Google IoT Platform
  47. 47. Cloud Data Acquisition(Open Source)
  48. 48. Data Analytics (Open Source)
  49. 49. Cloud View(Open Source)
  50. 50. The No.1 Challenge
  51. 51. Thank you

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