www.mailofislam.com Page 4NOTETHIS BOOK IS ONLY A BASIC GUIDELINESS FOR A NEWMUSLIM TO UNDERSTAND ABOUT THE GENERALINFORMATION OF ISLAM. DETAILED VERSION OF EVERYPRACTICES (E.G: PRAYERS) WILL BE PUBLISHED INSEPARATE BOOKS BY MAIL OF ISLAM PUBLICATIONSOON.HOWEVER, WE RECOMMEND YOU TO VISIT OURWEBSITE AND BECOME A MEMBER TO LEARN MOREABOUT ISLAM.WWW.MAILOFISLAM.COMDO YOU WANT TO GET UPDATES ABOUT OUR NEWPRODUCTS SUCH AS ISLAMIC BOOKS, AUDIOS & VIDEOS?www.facebook.com/official.mailofislamwww.youtube.com/mailofislam
www.mailofislam.com Page 5CONTENT1. INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM 071.1 WHAT IS ISLAM 071.2 WHO IS A MUSLIM? 071.3 WORLD MUSLIM POPULATION STATISTICS (2010 ESTIMATION)1.4 IS ISLAM A NEW RELIGION? 092. FUNDAMENTALS OF ISLAM 102.1 BASIS OF ISLAM 102.2 FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM 102.3 FAITH (IMAAN & KALIMA) 112.3.1 WHAT IS FAITH (IMAAN)? 112.3.2 WHAT IS KALIMAH? 112.3.3 BELIEF IN ALLAH ALMIGHTY 122.3.4 BELIEF IN THE ANGELS 142.3.5 BELIEF IN THE BOOKS 152.3.6 BELIEF IN THE PROPHETS 162.3.7 BELIEF IN THE DAY OF JUDGMENT 182.3.8 BELIEF IN DESTINY 192.4 WHAT IS PRAYERS 192.5 WHAT IS FASTING? 202.6 WHAT IS ZAKAT? 202.7 WHAT IS HAJJ? 20
www.mailofislam.com Page 63. SHARIAH & AQEEDAH & TASAWWUF 213.1 SHARIAH 213.2 AQEEDAH 213.3 TASAWWUF (SUFISM) 213.4 SIMPLE EXAMPLE FOR SHARIAH - AQEEDAH – TASAWWUF224. SOURCES OF SHARIAH (ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE) 244.1 WHAT IS AL QURAN? 244.2 WHAT IS AL HADITH? 254.3 WHAT IS IJMA? 254.4 WHAT IS QIYAS? 265. SCHOOLS IN ISLAM 275.1 DO SCHOOLS DIVIDE MUSLIM COMMUNITY? 275.2 SCHOOLS OF JURISPRUDENCE (MADHAB) 285.2.1 WHAT IS MADHAB? 285.2.2 WHICH MADHAB DO I WANT TO FOLLOW? 285.3 SCHOOLS OF THEOLOGY (AQEEDAH) 295.3.1 WHAT IS ISLAMIC THEOLOGY? 295.4 SCHOOLS OF SPIRITUALITY (SUFISM) 305.4.1 WHAT IS SUFISM? 305.4.2 WHICH TARIQA DO I WANT TO FOLLOW? 315.5 WHO IS A PERFECT MUSLIM? 31ATTACHMENT 1 AL HASMA AL HUSNAA - 99 NAMES OF ALLAH 32
www.mailofislam.com Page 7CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM1.1 WHAT IS ISLAM?Islam, the word has two meanings:1. Peace2. SubmissionIslam teaches that one can only find peace in ones life in this world and the hereafter bysubmitting to Almighty God (Allah) in heart, soul and deed. It means voluntary surrenderto the Will of Allah and obedience to His commands. Allah, also, an Arabic word, is theunique name of God. Muslims prefer to use Allah rather than God.Further Islam is not just a religion. In its fullest form, it is a complete, total, 100 percentsystem of life. It teaches every aspects of life such as legal, political, economic, social andfamily life.1.2 WHO IS A MUSLIM?A person who believes in and consciously follows Islam, i.e. believe in Allah, the onlyGod and follow his messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him), is called Muslim.The word Muslim also came from the same root word. So, the religion is called "Islam,"and a person who believes in and follows it is a "Muslim."1.3 WORLD MUSLIM POPULATION STATISTICS (2010 ESTIMATION)Total world population – Approx. 6.9 billionTotal Muslim population – Approx. 1.6 billionIt differs according to each organizations census estimation.According to the reports of Pew Research Center, the world Muslim population for 2010was approx. 1.6 billion, 23% of world total population.According to the report of Houssain Kettani, Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico, SanJuan, Puerto Rico, USA, the world Muslim population for 2010 was Approx. 1.65 billion,24% of world total population.
www.mailofislam.com Page 8Out of total Muslims,Sunni Muslims are 87% to 90%Shia Muslims are 10% to 13% Muslims live in all five continents of the world. Out of total world Muslim population, approx. 62% of Muslims live in Asiancontinent. Out of total world Muslim population, approx. 20% of Muslims live in Middle Eastand North Africa. Out of total world Muslim population, approx. 16% of Muslims live in Sub-SaharanAfrica. Out of total world Muslim population, more than 66% of Muslims live in 10 countries.Those are: Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Egypt, Iran, Turkey,Algeria, and Morocco. Approx. 27% of Muslims live in the countries where Islam is the Minority. Indonesia is the country with the world’s largest Muslim population (209 million);about 13% of all Muslims in the world live in Indonesia. Out of the 232 countries and territories, 49 are Muslim-majority countries. The first ten countries with largest Muslim population.Country Number of MuslimsIndonesia 209 millionIndia 176 millionPakistan 167 millionBangladesh 134 millionNigeria 77 millionEgypt 77 millionIran 74 millionTurkey 71 millionAlgeria 35 millionMorocco 32 millionData Source : PEW RESEARCH CENTER, (The Global Religious Landscape - A Report on theSize and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010)
www.mailofislam.com Page 91.4 IS ISLAM A NEW RELIGION?No. some might think that Islam is a new religion which was started with the belovedProphet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). That is wrong.According to Islam, Allah Almighty created Adam (Peace be upon him), the first man,and he was a Prophet. The fundamental message what he propagated to his nation wasthe same as of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be uponhim). That is, do not worship anything except Allah Almighty. Obey to his commands,etc. The same message was propagated by each prophets who were sent before to thebeloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). However, thedivine law and instructions revealed to each prophet and each nation were different.Each prophet was sent with the divine law or instructions to a particular nation. It wasnot valid to other nations or other generations. However, the beloved ProphetMuhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the last messenger and seal ofthe all the prophets. Allah Almighty completed the Religion of Islam through him. AlQuran, the final scripture which was revealed to the beloved Prophet Muhammad(Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has the complete set of instructions to wholemankind until the Day of Judgment.Accordingly, Islam is the complete religion which testifies all the previous prophets andbelieves in one God Almighty.QUICK FACTSAlhamdulillah! Islam is the fastest growing religion in theworld, especially in Europe and America.More than 100,000 Britons have converted to Islam. Thefigure has almost doubled in ten years. Around 5,200Britons have adopted Islam only in year 2010. Nearly two-thirds were women, more than 70 per cent were whiteand the average age at conversion was 27********************************************“And Allah calls (people) towards Darus Salam (the Home ofPeace), and guides whom He wills to the straight path”Holy Quran 10: 25
www.mailofislam.com Page 10CHAPTER 2 - FUNDAMENTALS OF ISLAM2.1 BASIS OF ISLAM"La ilaha illallaahu Muhammadur Rasoolullah"Trans: There is no God but Allah, Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah beupon him) is the messenger of Allah.According to the above statement, every Muslim must believe Allah Almighty as the oneand only God and must worship him alone. Further, Muslims must believe ProphetMuhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) as the final messenger of Allahand follow him in every aspects of life. Every Muslim should love Allah Almighty and hisbeloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) more than hissoul, parents, kids and anything. That is compulsory for every Muslim.Also every Muslim must believe all the previous Prophets who were sent by AllahAlmighty before to the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah beupon him). Hence, Muslims believe, accept and respect all the Prophets like Adam,Noah, Abraham, Moses, David and Jesus (Peace be upon them). But Muslims neverworship them as what Jewish and Christians do, because they are not God but theprophets of God.2.2 FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAMFive pillars are the five practices essential toevery Muslims. If a person becomes aMuslim, these five practices becomeobligatory upon him, provided if he fulfillsthe certain conditions in case of certainpractices.1. Faith (Imaan or Kalima)2. The Prayer (Salat)3. The Fasting (Sawm)4. The Compulsory Charity (Zakat)5. The Pilgrimage (Hajj)
www.mailofislam.com Page 112.3 FAITH (IMAAN & KALIMA)2.3.1 WHAT IS FAITH (IMAAN)?Imaan is the base of Islam. Without Imaan whatever good deeds a person does, will notbe accepted by Almighty Allah. We can see today many people feeding food to poor,caring orphans and orphanages, providing the medical and all types of assistance toneedy. However, these all merits will be nullified due to his unbelief. If the pot isunclean, whatever Milk you pour into it also will become unclean.Hence, every Muslim must believe 6 things in Islam. If he refutes to believe even one ofthem, he will not be considered as a Muslim.Those are:1. Belief in Allah2. Belief in Angels3. Belief in Scriptures4. Belief in Prophets5. Belief in "Day of Judgment”6. Belief in Divine Decree2.3.2 WHAT IS KALIMAH?Kalimah is the statement (words) which testifies the belief of Islam. There are 5 kalimahin Islam.1. Kalimah ThoibaLaa ilaaha illallaahu Muhammadur Rasoolullaah(Trans: There is no god but Allah, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is themessenger of Allah)2. Kalimah ShahaadaAsh-hadu an-laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahoo laa shareeka lahoo, wa ash-hadu annaMuhammadan abduhoo wa rasooluh(Trans: I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship besides Allah. He is alone. Hehas no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger)
www.mailofislam.com Page 123. Kalimah ThamjeedSubhaanallaahi wal hamdulillaahi wa laa ilaaha illallaahu wallaahu Akbar, wa laa hawlawalaa quwwata illaa billaahil aliyyil adheem(Trans: Glory be to Allah. All praise be to Allah. There is none worthy of worship besidesAllah and Allah is the Gratest. There is no power and might except from Allah, the MostHigh, the Great)4. Kalimah TawheedLaa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahoo laa shareeka lah. Lahul mulk, wa lahul hamd, yuhyiy wayumeet biyadihil khayr wa huwa alaa kulli shay-in qadeer(Trans: There is none worthy of worship besides Allah who is alone. He has no partner.For him is the Kingdom, and for Him is all praise. He gives life and causes death. In Hishand is all good. And He has power over everything)5. Kalimah Radd KufrAllaahumma inniy a’oodhu bika min an ushrika bika shay-an wa ana a’alamu bihi waastaghfiruka lima laa a’alamu bih. Tubtu anhu wa tabarratu minal kufri wash-shirki walkizbi wal ma’aasi kullihaa aslamtu wa aamantu wa aqoolu laa ilaaha illallaahuMuhammadur rasoolullah(Trans: O Allah, surely I do seek refuge in You from knowingly associating any partnerwith You, I beg Your forgiveness for the sin from which I am not aware of, I repent it andI declare myself free from infidelity, polytheism (associating any partner with Allah),telling lies and all other sins. I accept Islam and believe and declare that there is noneworthy of worship besides Allah and Muhammad [sallallaahu alayhi wasallam] is themessenger of Allah.2.3.3 BELIEF IN ALLAHAllah is the unique name of God. Muslims prefer to use Allah rather than God. Allah isthe only God, all-powerful and all-knowing creator, sustainer, ordainer and judge of theuniverse. He is unique (wahid) and inherently one (ahad), all-merciful and omnipotent.
www.mailofislam.com Page 13Allah says in Al Quran about him:(O Esteemed Messenger!) Proclaim: ‘He is Allah, Who is the One. Allah is theTranscendent of all, the Protector and Far-Superior to all. He has not begotten any, noris He begotten. Nor is there anyone equal to Him.’(Al Quran 112: 1-4)It is the fundamental belief of the Muslims that Allah does not resemble anything. Hedoes not have body, face, hands, legs or any other parts. But He sees without the eyes.He hears without the ears. He exists without a place. According to Al Quran, "No visioncan grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision. God is above all comprehension, yet isacquainted with all things"(Al Quran 6:103)Allah created whole universe and all the creatures by his command “Kun” means “Be”.According to Al Quran,“(He is the) Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decides a matter, Hesimply says to it: “Be”, and it comes to be.”(Al Quran 2: 117)Further Allah says that the purpose of human creation is to worship him.“I did not create the Jinns and the human beings except for the purpose that they shouldworship Me.”(Al Quran 51: 56)There are 99 Names of Allah which is called as “al hasma al husnaa” means "Thebeautiful names". Each of which evoke a distinct characteristic of Allah. All these namesrefer to Allah, the supreme and all-comprehensive divine name. Among the 99 names ofGod, the most famous and most frequent of these names are "the Merciful" (ar-raḥman)and "the Compassionate" (ar-raḥim).Please see the ATTACHMENT 1 to learn “AL HASMA AL HUSNAA - 99 NAMES OF ALLAH”
www.mailofislam.com Page 142.3.4 BELIEF IN ANGELSBelief in the angels is the part of faith of Islam. The Arabic word for angel is malaak.Angels were created from light.Hazrat Aa’ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:"The Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings be upon him) said: ‘The angels are createdfrom light, just as the jinn are created from smokeless fire and mankind is created fromwhat you have been told about.’"(Book: Sahih Muslim)Angels do not possess free will, and worship God in total obedience. Angels dutiesinclude communicating revelations from Allah Almighty, glorifying Allah Almighty,recording every persons actions and taking a persons soul at the time of death. Theyare also thought to intercede on mans behalf.The most important names of angels and their duties are listed below:1. Jibril (Gabriel) (Peace be upon him)Duty: Conveying revelation to the Prophets from Allah Almighty2. Mikkail (Michael) (Peace be upon him)Duty: Responsible for nature and delivering food3. Israfil (Raphael) (Peace be upon him)Duty : Responsible for blowing the trumpet on the Day of Judgment4. Israel (Samael) (Peace be upon him)Duty : Responsible for death (taking a life)5. Ridwan (Peace be upon him)Duty : Responsible for maintaining Paradise (Jannah)6. Maalik (Peace be upon him)Duty : Responsible for Hellfire (Jahannam)7. Munkar (Peace be upon him)8. Nakir (Peace be upon him)Duty : Responsible for testing the faith of the dead in their graves. These angels will askthe soul of the dead person questions. If the person fails the questions, the angels makethe man suffer until the Day of Judgment. If the soul passes the questions, he will have apleasant time in the grave until the Day of Judgment.9. Raqib (Peace be upon him)10. Atid (Peace be upon him)Duty : Responsible for recording a persons good and bad deeds
www.mailofislam.com Page 152.3.5 BELIEF IN SCRIPTURESMuslims believe that four Holy Scriptures were revealed by Allah Almighty toMessengers of Allah in various time periods. However, they believe that except AlQuran, all the previous books were distorted either in interpretation, text or both. AlsoAl Quran is the final scripture revealed by Allah Almighty for the entire people ofuniverse.The four books which were revealed by Allah Almighty are:In addition to the above books, Allah Almighty revealed 110 Suhufs (Commandments) tovarious Prophets.Prophet No. of SuhufsProphet Adam (Peace be upon him) 10Prophet Sheeth (seth) (Peace be upon him) 50Prophet Idris (Enoch) (Peace be upon him) 30Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) (Peace be upon him) 10Prophet Musa (Moses) (Peace be upon him) 10Scripture Prophet LanguageTawrat Prophet Musa (Moses) (Peace be upon him) HibrZabur Prophet Dawud (David) (Peace be upon him) GreekInjil Prophet Eissa (Jesus) (Peace be upon him) SyriacAl Quran Prophet Mohammad (Peace be upon him) Arabic
www.mailofislam.com Page 162.3.6 BELIEF IN PROPHETSAllah created the mankind and sent the prophets to every nation throughout the historyto show the straight path to the mankind. They were sent with the message of Allah andshowed mankind the right path that will lead them to Paradise and to salvation fromHell-fire. All the Prophets preached to their people about the message of Islam; i.e. AllahAlmighty is the one and only God and submission to the will of God.Each prophet was sent only for his respective nation except the last prophet, belovedProphet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who was sent to theentire world. The Holy Quran, the scripture which was revealed to him, is also Almightyslast testament and it is the message for whole world.Each Prophet taught his nation about the Oneness of Allah, power of Allah, what are thehalal (permissible) and what are the haram (sinful) in the religion of Allah.It is the Islamic belief that Adam (Peace be upon him) was the first man as well aProphet and beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)was the final Prophet. It is said that Allah has sent almost 124,000 Prophets to the entireworld. However, 25 names of Prophets have been mentioned in Al Quran.Names of Prophets mentioned in Al Quran1. Hazrat Adam (Peace be upon him)2. Hazrat Idris (Peace be upon him)3. Hazrat Nuh (Peace be upon him)4. Hazrat Hud (Peace be upon him)5. Hazrat Saleh (Peace be upon him)6. Hazrat Ibrahim (Peace be upon him)7. Hazrat Lut (Peace be upon him)8. Hazrat Ismail (Peace be upon him)9. Hazrat Ishaq (Peace be upon him)10. Hazrat Yaqub (Peace be upon him)11. Hazrat Yusuf (Peace be upon him)12. Hazrat Ayyub (Peace be upon him)
www.mailofislam.com Page 1713. Hazrat Shuayb (Peace be upon him)14. Hazrat Musa (Peace be upon him)15. Hazrat Harun (Peace be upon him)16. Hazrat Dawud (Peace be upon him)17. Hazrat Sulaiman (Peace be upon him)18. Hazrat Ilyas (Peace be upon him)19. Hazrat Alyasa (Peace be upon him)20. Hazrat Yunus (Peace be upon him)21. Hazrat Dhulkifl (Peace be upon him)22. Hazrat Zakariya (Peace be upon him)23. Hazrat Yahya (Peace be upon him)24. Hazrat Eissa (Peace be upon him)25. Hazrat Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)(Read our book - Biography of Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) –“Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihiwasallam)”QUICK FACTS‘Hazrat’ is an honorific Arabic title used before the names of great Islamic people such asProphets, Companions of Prophet and Islamic Scholars. (E.g – Hazrat Adam, Hazrat Umar)‘Sayyid’ (female: ‘Sayyida’) is an honorific Arabic title, it denotes as descendants of prophetMuhammad (peace be upon him) through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Husain ibn Ali,sons of the prophets daughter Fatima Zahra and his son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib (May Allahbe pleased with them) (E.g – Sayyiduna Abdul Qadir Jeelani, Sayyida Fathima)Additionally the following phrases should be used after the names of:Prophet Muhammad - ‘Sallallahu Alaihiwasallam’ (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)Other Prophets and Angels – ‘Alaihissalam’ (peace be upon him)Companions & Islamic scholars – Male - RadhiAllahu Anhu – May Allah be pleased with himFemale - RadhiAllahu Anha – May Allah be pleased with her
www.mailofislam.com Page 18Difference between Prophets (Nabi) and Messengers (Rasool)Messengers are the Prophets, but they were sent with new scriptures or new divine lawto propagate to their nation while Prophets taught the previous established teachings totheir nation. Hence, all the Messengers are the Prophets. But all the Prophets are notMessengers. It is said that Allah sent about 124,000 prophets to entire world throughoutthe history but out of them only 313 are messengers.The Messengers are ranked more than the Prophets. The best of them are called, UlulAzm (Possessors of strong will and perseverance), in patience and enduring difficulties,who are five:1. Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)2. Prophet Eissa (Jesus) (Peace be upon him)3. Prophet Musa (Moses) (Peace be upon him)4. Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) (Peace be upon him)5. Prophet Nuh (Noah) (Peace be upon him)Some scholars consider Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him) is one of them, hence UlulAzms are six. However, majority of scholars consider as five as stated above.2.3.7 BELIEF IN DAY OF JUDGEMENTBelief in the Day of Judgment is considered as a fundamental tenet of faith in Islam.Every human, whether Muslim or Non-Muslim, will die and be resurrected, be heldaccountable for their deeds and be judged by Allah Almighty accordingly.During divine judgment, each persons Book of Deeds, in which "every small and greatthing is recorded", will be opened. Throughout the judgment, the underlying principle iscomplete and perfect justice administered by Allah Almighty. Accounts of the judgmentare also replete with the emphasis that Allah is merciful and forgiving, and that mercyand forgiveness will be granted on that day. Anyhow whoever did not accept AllahAlmighty and his beloved Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) in his lifetime andthose who worshiped other than Allah Almighty will be sent to the Hell.Since Allah Almighty says in Al Quran:"Surely, Allah does not forgive setting up of partners with Him, and He forgives (anyother sin) lesser in degree for whom He wills. And whoever sets up partners with Allahcertainly fabricates a horrible sin" Chapter: 4, Verse: 48
www.mailofislam.com Page 19Further Allah Almighty says in Al Quran that even the smallest acts of the believers willnot be wasted."So whoever does an atom’s weight of good shall see it and whoever does an atom’sweight of evil shall see it."Chapter: 99, Verse: 7-82.3.8 BELIEF IN DIVINE DECREE / DESTINYPredestination is the sixth article of belief in Islam. In accordance with the Islamic beliefin predestination, or divine preordainment (al-qadā wal-qadar), Allah has fullknowledge and control over all that occurs. Nothing will happen without Allahs willing.This is explained in Qur’anic verses such as:(O Beloved!) Say: ‘Never shall (anything) befall us but what Allah has decreed for us; Healone is our Protector. And in Allah alone the believers should put their trust.’Chapter: 9, Verse: 51Muslims should believe that everything in the world that occurs, good or evil, has beenpreordained and nothing can happen unless permitted by Allah Almighty. Althoughevents are pre-ordained, man possesses free will in that he has the faculty to choosebetween right and wrong, and is thus responsible for his actions.According to the Islamic belief, all that has been decreed by Allah Almighty has beenwritten in al-Lawh al-Mahfūz, the "Preserved Tablet".2.4 WHAT IS PRAYERS?It is the duty of every Muslim to pray five times a day.Prayers are intended to focus the mind on Allah, and isseen as a personal communication with him thatexpresses gratitude and worship. According to Islam, if aperson offers the prayers, he will get merits and blessingsof Allah Almighty, on the other hand, if he misses theprayers, he will get sins which will lead for the divinepunishment.
www.mailofislam.com Page 20Followings are the names of those prayers1. Fajr — The dawn prayer: 2 rakaat2. Dhuhr — The noon prayer: 4 rakaat3. Asr — The afternoon prayer: 4 rakaat4. Maghrib — The sunset prayer: 3 rakaat5. Ishaa — The night prayer: 4 rakaatThe Jumuah (Friday prayer) consists of 2 rakaat and is prayed in place of the Dhuhrprayer on Friday.LEARN THE FULL DETAILS & METHOD OF PRAYERS IN OUR BOOK “PRAYERS IN ISLAM”2.5 WHAT IS FASTING?It is obligatory to every Muslim to fast during the month of Ramadan. That is, abstainfrom eating, drinking (including water), having sex and anything against to Islamic lawfrom dawn to dusk.LEARN THE FULL DETAILS & METHOD OF FASTING IN OUR BOOK “FASTING IN ISLAM”2.6 WHAT IS ZAKAT?Zakat is the fixed portion of one’s wealth should be given as the Charity to the needy.Zakat, however, is not obligatory for all the Muslims, except those who exceed the limitof wealth, which is prescribed by the Islamic Jurisprudence.LEARN THE FULL DETAILS & METHOD OF ZAKAT IN OUR BOOK “ZAKAT IN ISLAM”2.7 WHAT IS HAJJ?Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is the pilgrimage to holy city of Makkah, Saudi Arabiaduring the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah. Every able-bodied Muslim who can afford itmust make the pilgrimage to Makkah at least once in his or her lifetime. Rituals of theHajj include walking seven times around the Kaaba, touching the black stone if possible,walking or running seven times between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah andsymbolically stoning the Devil in Mina.LEARN THE FULL DETAILS & METHOD OF HAJJ IN OUR BOOK “HAJJ IN ISLAM”NoteNote : All the above mentioned books (detailed version of the practices) will be published soon inour official website - www.mailofislam.com
www.mailofislam.com Page 21CHAPTER 3 - SHARIAH & AQEEDAH & TASAWWUFThese three concepts all together make the religion complete. In other words, thesethree concepts are the three aspects of Islam.3.1 SHARIAHShariah is referred to the sacred IslamicLaw. Muslims believe that Shariah is the law ofAllah Almighty.It teaches what are the "dos and donts" inIslam and what is lawful for a Muslim and whatis not.In simply, the Shariah is an outer lawconcerned with actions.3.2 AQEEDAHAqeedah is the theology of Islam. Islamic theology has been tied up with the six articlesof belief. Hence, if a persons theology (Aqeedah) deviates from the fundamentalaccepted Islamic theology, then that person will not be considered as a person who is inrighteous path, that is a true Muslim.For example; it is the basic theology of Islam, that is, Allah Almighty does not resembleanything, HE does not have body or sharp. HE should not be worshiped as the form of anIdol. But if a Muslim considers that Allah Almighty has body, then it is contradictory tobasic Islamic belief on Allah Almighty. Then that person will not be considered as arighteous person but is in misguidance.3.3 TASAWWUF (SUFISM)Tasawwuf (Sufism) is referred to the Spirituality, its objective is purifying the heart andturning it away from all else but Allah. This helps to draw closer to Allah Almighty and tomore fully embrace the Divine Presence in the life.In simply, the Tasawwuf is an inner law concerned with the human heart.
www.mailofislam.com Page 22So all these three concepts i.e Shariah, Aqeedah and Tasawwuf can be interpretedsimply as follows:The Shariah is an outer law concerned with actions, Aqeedah is the law concerned withthe basic beliefs of Islam and the Tasawwuf is an inner law concerned with the humanheart.The outer law consists of rules pertaining to worship, transactions, marriage, judicialrulings, and criminal law. The inner law consists of rules about repentance from sin, thepurging of contemptible qualities and evil traits of character, and adornment withvirtues and good character.3.4 SIMPLE EXAMPLE FOR SHARIAH - AQEEDAH – TASAWWUFPrayers are the one of five pillars in Islam. Shariah teaches about the outer law of theprayers, such as what are the words to be recited, where should the hands be placedand what are the actions to be done during the prayers. Sharia laws neither talk aboutyour concentration during the prayer nor the benefits that will be gained due to the pureremembrance of Allah Almighty during the prayers.On the other hand, Tasawwuf teaches about the inner law of prayers such as how topray with purified heart and how to have concentration on remembrance of AllahAlmighty during the prayer. Tasawwuf teaches that the complete prayer is the prayerthat is performed with purified heart and the pure concentration on remembrance ofAllah Almighty.Then again, Aqeedah teaches that how the belief of a person should be at the time ofprayers. That is, his belief must be that he prays Allah Almighty, one & only God, HEneither have body nor sharp. HE does not resemble anything. HE should never beformed as an idol. Likewise, all the matters of belief can be defined as the Aqeedah.It is said that these 3 concepts were arrived through a famous hadith:Hazrat Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) said:"While we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings be upon him),one day a man came up to us whose clothes were extremely white, whose hair wasextremely black, upon whom traces of travelling could not be seen, and whom none ofus knew, until he sat down close to the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him), sothat he rested his knees upon his knees and placed his two hands upon his thighs andsaid, Muhammad, tell me about Islam. The Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings be
www.mailofislam.com Page 23upon him) said, Islam is that you witness that there is no god but Allah and thatMuhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and you establish the prayer, and you give theZakat, and you fast Ramadan, and you perform the hajj of the House if you are able totake a way to it. He said, You have told the truth, and we were amazed at him askinghim and [then] telling him that he told the truth. He said, tell me about Imaan. He said,That you affirm Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, and thatyou affirm the Decree, the good of it and the bad of it. He said, You have told the truth.He said, Tell me about Ihsaan. He said, That you worship Allah as if you see Him, for ifyou dont see Him then truly He sees you.The hadith continues and finally the beloved Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him)said to Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) that the man who asked all thesequestions was Jibril (Gabriel), the angel.(Related by Imam Muslim in his book - Sahih Muslim)According to the above hadith,Islam, in other words Shariah, was interpreted through the practices of Islam. Imaan, inother words Aqeedah, was interpreted through the beliefs of Islam. Ihsaan, in otherwords Tasawwuf, was interpreted through the subject of Divine presence.Hence, these three concepts together make the religion complete. So every action of aMuslim should be performed based on all these three concepts. For example, when aMuslim prays, he performed all the outer actions according to the Islamic shariah, but hedid not remember Allah Almighty during the prayer. Even though according to Shariah,his prayers are valid, but it is not valid according to Tasawwuf, since there is nospirituality in his prayer. The main purpose of the prayer is remembering Allah Almighty.If he does not fulfill that purpose, then, there is no essence in his prayer. That is why,Tasawwuf is called as the Essence of Islam.Therefore, when a Muslim prays, he should properly perform all his actions according tothe Islamic Shariah, same time, his heart and mind should be in the remembrance ofAllah Almighty according to Tasawwuf. Then his prayers will be considered as perfect.
www.mailofislam.com Page 24CHAPTER 4 - SOURCES OF SHARIAH(ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE)Muslims follow the Shariah (Islamic Law) from two primary sources and two secondarysources.(a) Primary sources:1. Al Quran – The sacred scripture revealed from Allah Almighty to BelovedProphet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him)2. Al Hadith – The books containing "the words, actions and practices of BelovedProphet (Peace and blessings be upon him) and his tacit approval of somethingsaid or done in his presence."(b) Secondary sources:3. Ijma – The consensus of the scholars of Islam4. Qiyas – The process of analogical reasoning4.1 WHAT IS AL QURAN?The sacred scripture revealed from Allah Almighty to Beloved Prophet (Peace andblessings be upon him) through Angel Gabriel (Peace be upon him) over a period of 23years. It contains 114 chapters and approximately 6666 verses which explain the powerof Allah, guidance for humanity and the historical events. This is the Holy Scripture forMuslims. This is not only the guidance for Muslims, but also for Non-Muslims too. Whenthese verses were revealed, most of the companions memorized them and wrote down.Later it was compiled as a book in the governing period of Uthman ibn Affan (May Allahbe pleased with him). Therefore, it does not contain any words of human like in otherreligious scriptures. It contains purely words of Almighty Allah. Neither scribal errors norscientific errors could be found in Al Quran.
www.mailofislam.com Page 254.2 WHAT IS AL HADITH?Al Hadith means “the words, actions and practices of Beloved Prophet (Peace andblessings be upon him) and his tacit approval of something said or done in his presence."Al Hadith is the second source for Islamic Jurisprudence. The Beloved Prophet’s (Peaceand blessings be upon him) life is the practical explanation for the Divine Law. A personcannot obey the religion without follow the path of our beloved Prophet (Peace andblessings be upon him)Simple example: It has been mentioned in Al Quran that the prayers are compulsory forevery Muslim. However, how to pray, what are rules pertaining to the prayers, what arethe benefits can be achieved through the prayers and what are the punishments formissing the prayers were not mentioned in Al Quran. Answers for all these questions canonly be obtained from Al Hadith, that is, through the practices of beloved Prophet(Peace be upon him). Hence, following Al Hadith is the compulsory for a Muslim.There are six Hadith collections which are considered as the most authenticated hadithbooks by Muslims.(a) Sahih al Bukhari(b) Sahih al Muslim(c) Sunan Abu Dawud(d) Sunan al Tirmidhi(e) Sunan al Nasai(f) Sunan Ibn MajahHowever, there are many more hadith books available with the authenticated hadith ofthe Beloved Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him)4.3 WHAT IS IJMA?The great scholar Imam al-Shafi`i defines the ijma` thus in his Risala:“The adherence of the congregation (jama`a) of Muslims to the conclusions of a givenruling pertaining to what is permitted and what is forbidden after the passing of theProphet (Peace be upon him)”By "congregation of Muslims" he actually means the experts of independent reasoning(ahl al-ijtihad) and legal answers in the obscure matters which require insight andinvestigation, as well as the agreement of the Community of Muslims concerning what isobligatorily known of the religion with its decisive proofs.
www.mailofislam.com Page 26Imam Shafi`i continues (Risala p. 253): "The Prophets order that men should follow theMuslim community is a proof that the Ijma` of the Muslims is binding." Later on (p. 286)he quotes the hadith whereby the Prophet said: "Believe my Companions, then thosewho succeed them, and after that those who succeed the Successors. But after themfalsehood will prevail when people will swear to the truth without having been asked toswear, and testify without having been asked to testify. Only those who seek thepleasures of Paradise will keep to the Congregation..." Shafi`i comments: "He who holdswhat the Muslim Congregation (jama`a) holds shall be regarded as following theCongregation, and he who holds differently shall be regarded as opposing theCongregation he was ordered to follow. So the error comes from separation; but in theCongregation as a whole there is no error concerning the meaning of the Quran, theSunna, and analogy (qiyas)."Beloved Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said:"My community (ummah) will not agree on an error."Books - Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Musnad Ahmad4.4 WHAT IS QIYAS?It refers the process of analogical reasoning in which the teachings of the Hadith arecompared and contrasted with those of the Quran, i.e., in order to make an analogywith a known injunction (nass) to a new injunction. As a result of this method, the rulingof the Sunnah and the Quran may be used as a means to solve or provide a response toa new problem that may arise.For example, Qiyas is applied to the injunction against drinking wine to create aninjunction against cocaine use.1. Identification of a clear, known thing or action that might bear a resemblance to themodern situation, such as the wine drinking.2. Identification of the ruling on the known thing. Wine drinking is haraam, prohibited.3. Identification of the reason behind the known ruling (illah). For example, winedrinking is haraam because it intoxicates. Intoxication is bad because it removesMuslims from mindfulness of God. This reason behind the reason is termed hikmah.4. The reason behind the known ruling is applied to the unknown thing. For instancecocaine use intoxicates the user, removing the user from mindfulness of God. It istherefore prohibited.
www.mailofislam.com Page 27CHAPTER 5 - SCHOOLS IN ISLAMSchools referred to the teachings and opinions of various Islamic scholars on the mattersof Islamic laws, spirituality and theology based on Al Quran and Al Hadith. In otherwords, the different view of various Islamic scholars on the various subject matters ofIslam in the light of Al Quran and Al Hadith.5.1 DO SCHOOLS DIVIDE MUSLIM COMMUNITY?No. Some people misunderstand that the schools divide the unity of our Muslimcommunity. In fact, it is not. It should be understood that Division and Difference aretwo different terms. Division means one party tries to eradicate another party andclaiming that others are in misguidance except themselves. But Difference is anotherterm. A same subject can be viewed in different angles by different persons. But stilleach respects others point of view. This is called differences of opinions.Differences among the schools in Islam are actually of enormous benefit to the Islamicworld, rather than being damaging to it. Each scholar of different schools taught his ownijtihad (decision), but they never attempted to eradicate one another out of mutualhostility. Each scholar respected others.Imam Abu Hanifah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “Our thoughts consist of anopinion and are the best opinion we have. If someone else proposes a better opinion,then that one should be followed, rather than ours.”As stated in the hadith, it is clear that a disagreement based on mutual respect will be amercy and history confirms that this is indeed the case. The school’s disagreements wereconstructive, rather than destructive.It was said that the beloved Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said:"Difference of opinion in my Community is a mercy for people"
www.mailofislam.com Page 285.2 SCHOOLS OF JURISPRUDENCE (MADHAB)5.2.1 WHAT IS MADHAB?Madhab are the schools of Islamic Jurisprudence which are the opinions of greatscholars of Islam based on Al Quran and Al Hadith. It is impossible for an illiterate toobtain the laws directly from Al Quran and Al Hadith for the critical issues or any newissues based on Islamic jurisprudence. He, since, does not possess that knowledge to doso. Thus, the Madhab are the explanations and laws written by the great scholars ofIslam to resolve those issues.There are four Madhab followed by Muslims worldwide. Those are:Schools of Jurisprudence FounderHanafi school Imam Abu Hanifah (May Allah be pleased with him)Maliki school Imam Malik (May Allah be pleased with him)Shafi`i school Imam al-Shafi`i (May Allah be pleased with him)Hanbali school Imam Hanbal (May Allah be pleased with him)5.2.2 WHICH MADHAB DO I WANT TO FOLLOW?There is no compulsory in selecting a particular madhab. Generally a person can followone out of the above mentioned madhabs. It is a personal choice. Generally, Muslimsprefer to follow the madhab which is largely followed in their region. For example, thepeople who live in North India, Pakistan, Egypt and some part of Arab world followHanafi Madhab. While Shafii madhab is followed in South India, Sri Lanka, Yemen,Palestine, Syria, Malaysia and Indonesia. Maliki Madhab is followed in North Africa,West Africa, UAE and Kuwait. Hanbali madhab is followed in Saudi Arabia, Qatar andsome communities in Syria and Iraq.Hence, there is no compulsory in selection. But if a person decides to follow a particularmadhab, he should restrict to follow it alone. He should not change it time to time as hewants as he plays. Once he selected, he should start to learn the teachings (Islamic laws)of that madhab.
www.mailofislam.com Page 295.3 SCHOOLS OF THEOLOGY (AQEEDAH)5.3.1 WHAT IS ISLAMIC THEOLOGY?When the time of our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him), there was no need of anyschools for the theology. Every one followed the same theology of our beloved Prophet(peace be upon him). After the time of Prophet (peace be upon him), lot of new groupswere established with different and misguided theologies which were against to theaccepted mainstream Islamic theologies.Each of these misguided groups called themselves as Muslims and propagated theirdeviant theologies in the name of Islam. Then there was the need for the Muslims toestablish the correct and accepted Islamic theologies and to instruct the illiterateMuslims about these deviant groups. As a true Muslim, it is our duty to know aboutthese deviants and protect our Imaan and Aqeedah.The below names of misguided groups are presently active worldwide and real threatento Islam. Therefore, Muslims should take extra precautions from falling in their trap.1. Shia2. Wahabi/Salafi3. Khwarijite4. QadiyaniHoly Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said:The Banu Isra’il divided into seventy-two sects and my ummah (nation) will divide intoseventy-three sects. All of them will go into the Fire except one millat (sect). “Thecompanions of Prophet asked (him), “Who are they, O Messenger of Allah”. He said,“(Who follow) what I am on and my companions (are on).Book: Tirmidi - 2650That one and only righteous sect is called, Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jam’ah. “Ahlus Sunnah”means the followers of the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and the the “Jama’ah”means congregation, that is, followers of the congregation of companions of Prophet.Both words were adopted from the above Prophetic hadith.The followers of the righteous “Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jam’ah” sect are called “SunniMuslims” or “mainstream Muslims”. They are the majority of Muslims in the world,representing 87% of total Muslim population.Holy Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said:Without doubt, my Ummah (nation) will never be gathered in misguidance. Wheneveryou see disagreement and then hold fast to the greater majority."Book: Ibn Majah
www.mailofislam.com Page 30In terms of theology, there are two schools in Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jam’ah:Schools of Theology FounderMaturidi school Imam Maturidi (May Allah be pleased with him)Ash`ariyyah school Imam Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him)These two schools are essentially one. However, they differ in terms of about fortymatters. These differences, however, consist only matters of detail.Therefore, the righteous Sunni Muslims follow the theology of Maturidi and Ash`ariyyahschools. Other theologies like Shia, Wahabism, Salafism, Khwarijitte are considered asmisguided theology by Sunni Muslims.5.4 SCHOOLS OF SPIRITUALITY (SUFISM)5.4.1 WHAT IS SUFISM?The schools of spirituality in Islam are called as “Tariqa” (The way). The main purpose ofTariqa is to attain Divine Presence through mystical learning from a spiritual teacher,spiritual practices and purifying the hearts.One of the most famous companions of the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him),Hazrat Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him) said:“I have memorized two kinds of knowledge from Allahs Apostle. I have propagated oneof them to you and if I propagated the second, then my pharynx (throat) would be cut(i.e. killed).”Book: Sahih al Bukhari Book 3, Number 121From the above hadith, it can be understood that there are two types of knowledgewhich the beloved Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) has taught to hiscompanions. One is explicit. That is, the teachings of Shariah (Islamic Jurisprudence).Another one is secret knowledge or implicit knowledge. It cannot be taught or learnedthrough the books or materials. It is the knowledge from heart to heart. It is called theSpiritual Knowledge.This spiritual knowledge was taught by the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) to hiscompanions personally or secretly. Then this knowledge was transmitted to the peopleof next generation from the companions through the spiritual teachings.All the Tariqas have silsilas (chain, lineage). Almost all Tariqas except the NaqshbandiTariqa has a silsila that leads back to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) throughSayyiduna Ali (May Allah be pleased with him). The Naqshbandi Silsila goes back to
www.mailofislam.com Page 31Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through Hazrat Abu Bakr (May Allah bepleased with him)Each Tariqa has a Murshid (guide or teacher) who is the spiritual teacher. The student orfollower of a Tariqa is known as Murid. The student would take baiyat (oath ofallegiance) in the hands of his teacher. Then, the teacher would guide the studentthrough spiritual practices such as Dhikr (remembrance of Allah Almighty), teachings ofspiritual knowledge and guiding him in the ethical disciplines. Through the guidance ofhis Murshid, a Murid should come more and more close to Almighty Allah by submittinghis heart, soul and deed.In terms of Spirituality, there are many schools. However, the most famous schools are:Schools of Spirituality FounderQadriya Tariqa Seyyaduna Abdul Qadir GilaniRifaiyya Tariqa Seyyaduna Ahmed Kabeer RifaiChistiyya Tariqa Seyyaduna Abu Ishaq ShamiMehlavi Tariqa Moulana Jalaluddin RumiSuhrawardiyya Tariqa Seyyaduna Abu al-Najib al-SuhrawardiNaqshbandiyya Tariqa Seyyaduna Muhammad Baha ad-din an-NaqshabandiShadhiliyya Tariqa Seyyaduna Abu-l-Hassan ash-Shadhili5.4.2 WHICH TARIQA DO I WANT TO FOLLOW?There is no compulsory in selecting a particular Tariqa. It is a personal choice of a personto choose any of these Tariqa. Generally, Muslims follow the same Tariqa of theirforefathers. However, if a person finds a good spiritual teacher, then he can take baiyat(oath of allegiance) in the hands of that teacher and can follow his teachings in order toattain Divine closeness.5.5 WHO IS A PERFECT MUSLIM?A perfect Muslim is a person who should be a complete and perfect follower of Shariah,Aqeedah and Tasawwuf together. In other words, he is the practicing Muslim who obeysand follows the words of Allah Almighty and beloved Prophet (peace be upon him)practically and spiritually.
www.mailofislam.com Page 32ATTACHMENT 1AL HASMA AL HUSNAA - 99 NAMES OF ALLAH1 الرحمن Ar-Raḥmān The Exceedingly Compassionate, The Exceedingly Beneficent,2 الرحيم Ar-Raḥīm The Exceedingly Merciful3 الملك Al-Malik The King4 القدوس Al-Quddūs The Holy, The Pure, The Perfect5 السالم As-Salām The Peace, The Source of Peace and Safety6 المؤمن Al-Muʾmin The Guarantor, The Affirming7 المهيمن Al-Muhaymin The Guardian8 العزيز Al-ʿAzīz The Almighty, The Invulnerable, The Honorable9 الجبار Al-Jabbār The Irresistible, The Compeller, The Lofty10 المتكبر Al-Mutakabbir The Majestic, The Supreme11 الخالق Al-Khāliq The Creator12 البارئ Al-Bāriʾ The Evolver, The Fashioner, The Designer13 المصور Al-Muṣawwir The Fashioner of Forms14 الغفار Al-Ġaffār The Repeatedly Forgiving15 القهار Al-Qahhār The Subduer16 الوهاب Al-Wahhāb The Bestower17 الرزاق Ar-Razzāq The Provider18 الفتاح Al-Fattāḥ The Opener, The Victory Giver19 العليم Al-ʿAlīm The All Knowing, The Omniscient20 القابض Al-Qābiḍ The Restrainer, The Straightener21 الباسط Al-Bāsiṭ The Extender / Expander22 ضِفاَالخ Al-Khāfiḍ The Abaser23 الرافع Ar-Rāfiʿ The Exalter24 المعز Al-Muʿizz The Giver of Honour25 المذل Al-Muḏill The Giver of Dishonour26 السميع As-Samīʿ The All Hearing27 البصير Al-Baṣīr The All Seeing28 الحكم Al-Ḥakam The Judge, The Arbitrator
www.mailofislam.com Page 3329 العدل Al-ʿAdl The Utterly Just30 اللطيف Al-Laṭīf The Gentle, The Subtly Kind31 الخبير Al-Khabīr The All Aware32 الحليم Al-Ḥalīm The Forbearing, The Indulgent33 العظيم Al-ʿAẓīm The Magnificent34 الغفور Al-Ġafūr The Much-Forgiving35 الشكور Aš-Šakūr The Grateful36 العلي Al-ʿAlī The Sublime37 الكبير Al-Kabīr The Great38 الحفيظ Al-Ḥafīẓ The Preserver39 المقيت Al-Muqīt The Nourisher40 الحسيب Al-Ḥasīb The Bringer of Judgment41 الجليل Al-Ğalīl The Majestic42 الكريم Al-Karīm The Bountiful, The Generous43 الرقيب Ar-Raqīb The Watchful44 المجيب Al-Muğīb The Responsive, The Answer45 الواسع Al-Wāsiʿ The Vast, The All-Embracing, The Omnipresent, The Boundless46 الحكيم Al-Ḥakīm The Wise47 الودود Al-Wadūd The Loving48 المجيد Al-Mağīd All-Glorious, The Majestic49 الباعث Al-Bāʿiṯ The Resurrecter50 الشهيد Aš-Šahīd The Witness51 الحق Al-Ḥaqq The Truth, The Reality52 الوكيل Al-Wakīl The Trustee, The Dependable, The Advocate53 القوي Al-Qawwī The Strong54 المتين Al-Matīn The Firm, The Steadfast55 الولي Al-Walī The Friend, Patron and Helper56 الحميد Al-Ḥamīd The All Praiseworthy57 المحصي Al-Muḥṣī The Accounter, The Numberer of All
www.mailofislam.com Page 3458 المبدئ Al-Mubdiʾ The Originator, The Producer, The Initiator59 المعيد Al-Muʿīd The Restorer, The Reinstater Who Brings Back All60 المحيي Al-Muḥyī The Giver of Life61 المميت Al-Mumīt The Destroyer, The Bringer of Death62 الحي Al-Ḥayy The Living63 القيوم Al-Qayyūm The Subsisting, The Guardian64 الواجد Al-Wāğid The Perceiver, The Finder, The Unfailing65 الماجد Al-Māğid The Illustrious, The Magnificent66 الواحد Al-Wāḥid The One, The Unique67 االحد Al-ʾAḥad The Unity, The Indivisible68 الصمد Aṣ-Ṣamad The Eternal, The Absolute, The Self-Sufficient69 القادر Al-Qādir The Omnipotent, The All Able70 المقتدر Al-Muqtadir The Determiner, The Dominant71 المقدم Al-Muqaddim The Expediter, He Who Brings Forward72 المؤخر Al-Muʾakhkhir The Delayer, He Who Puts Far Away73 األول Al-ʾAwwal The First, The Beginning-less74 األخر Al-ʾAḫir The Last, The Endless75 الظاهر Aẓ-Ẓāhir The Manifest, The Evident, The Outer76 الباطن Al-Bāṭin The Hidden, The Unmanifest, The Inner77 الوالي Al-Wālī The Patron, The Protecting Friend, The Friendly Lord78 المتعالي Al-Mutaʿālī The Supremely Exalted, The Most High79 البر Al-Barr The Good, The Beneficent80 التواب At-Tawwāb The Ever Returning, Ever Relenting81 المنتقم Al-Muntaqim The Avenger82 العفو Al-ʿAfū The Pardoner, The Effacer, The Forgiver83 الرؤف Ar-Raʾūf The Kind, The Pitying84 الملك مالك Mālik-ul-Mulk The Owner of all Sovereignty85 واإلكرام الجالل ذو Dhū-l-Ğalāli wa-l-ʾikrām The Lord of Majesty and Generosity86 المقسط Al-Muqsiṭ The Equitable, The Requiter
www.mailofislam.com Page 3587 الجامع Al-Ğāmiʿ The Gatherer, The Unifier88 الغني Al-Ġanī The Rich, The Independent89 المغني Al-Muġnī The Enricher, The Emancipator90 المانع Al-Māniʿ The Withholder, The Shielder, The Defender91 الضار Aḍ-Ḍārr The Distressor, The Harmer, The Afflictor92 النافع An-Nāfiʿ The Propitious, The Benefactor, The Source of Good93 النور An-Nūr The Light94 الهادي Al-Hādī The Guide, The Way95 البديع Al-Badīʿ The Incomparable, The Unattainable96 الباقي Al-Bāqī The Immutable, The Infinite, The Everlasting97 الوارث Al-Wāriṯ The Heir, The Inheritor of All98 الرشيد Ar-Rašīd The Guide to the Right Path99 الصبور Aṣ-Ṣabūr The Timeless, The PatientLOG INTO OUR MULTI-LINGUAL WEBSITE &LEARN MORE ABOUT ISLAMwww.mailofislam.com